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    Book Summary: Digital Minimalism

    This is a book summary of Digital Minimalism by Cal Newport. Read this summary to review key ideas and lessons from the book.

    Book Summary

    Book Summary Digital Minimalism by Cal Newport

    16 minutes read

    Introduction

    The goal of this book is to make the case for digital minimalism, including a more detailed exploration of what it asks and why it works, and then to teach you how to adopt this philosophy if you decide it’s right for you.

    We cannot passively allow the wild tangle of tools, entertainments, and distractions provided by the internet age to dictate how we spend our time or how we feel. We must instead take steps to extract the good from these technologies while sidestepping what’s bad.

    Foundations

    A Lopsided Arms Race

    People don’t succumb to screens because they’re lazy, but instead because billions of dollars have been invested to make this outcome inevitable.

    There’s a whole playbook of techniques that get used by technology companies to get you using the product for as long as possible.

    Addiction is a condition in which a person engages in use of a substance or in a behavior for which the rewarding effects provide a compelling incentive to repeatedly pursue the behavior despite detrimental consequences.

    Two forces that repeatedly came up in my own research on how tech companies encourage behavioral addiction: intermittent positive reinforcement and the drive for social approval.

    Rewards delivered unpredictably are far more enticing than those delivered with a known pattern.

    Social media is now carefully tuned to offer you a rich stream of information about how much (or how little) your friends are thinking about you at the moment.

    These technologies are in many cases specifically designed to trigger this addictive behavior. Compulsive use, in this context, is not the result of a character flaw, but instead the realization of a massively profitable business plan.

    We didn’t sign up for the digital lives we now lead. They were instead, to a large extent, crafted in boardrooms to serve the interests of a select group of technology investors.

    When seen from this perspective, it becomes clear that this is a battle we must fight. But to do so, we need a more serious strategy, something custom built to swat aside the forces manipulating us toward behavioral addictions and that offers a concrete plan about how to put new technologies to use for our best aspirations and not against them. Digital minimalism is one such strategy.

    Digital Minimalism

    To re-establish control, we need to move beyond tweaks and instead rebuild our relationship with technology from scratch, using our deeply held values as a foundation.

    Digital Minimalism — a philosophy of technology use in which you focus your online time on a small number of carefully selected and optimized activities that strongly support things you value, and then happily miss out on everything else.

    By working backward from their deep values to their technology choices, digital minimalists transform these innovations from a source of distraction into tools to support a life well lived. By doing so, they break the spell that has made so many people feel like they’re losing control to their screens.

    Minimalists don’t mind missing out on small things; what worries them much more is diminishing the large things they already know for sure make a good life good.

    THE PRINCIPLES OF DIGITAL MINIMALISM:Clutter is costly. Digital minimalists recognize that cluttering their time and attention with too many devices, apps, and services creates an overall negative cost that can swamp the small benefits that each individual item provides in isolation.Optimization is important. Digital minimalists believe that deciding a particular technology supports something they value is only the first step. To truly extract its full potential benefit, it’s necessary to think carefully about how they’ll use the technology.Intentionality is satisfying. Digital minimalists derive significant satisfaction from their general commitment to being more intentional about how they engage with new technologies. This source of satisfaction is independent of the specific decisions they make and is one of the biggest reasons that minimalism tends to be immensely meaningful to its practitioners.

    The cost of a thing is the amount of what I will call life which is required to be exchanged for it, immediately or in the long run.

    It’s easy to be seduced by the small amounts of profit offered by the latest app or service, but then forget its cost in terms of the most important resource we possess: the minutes of our life.

    More often than not, the cumulative cost of the noncrucial things we clutter our lives with can far outweigh the small benefits each individual piece of clutter promises.

    Finding useful new technologies is just the first step to improving your life. The real benefits come once you start experimenting with how best to use them.

    The sugar high of convenience is fleeting and the sting of missing out dulls rapidly, but the meaningful glow that comes from taking charge of what claims your time and attention is something that persists.

    The Digital Declutter

    THE DIGITAL DECLUTTER PROCESS:

    Put aside a thirty-day period during which you will take a break from optional technologies in your life.

    स्रोत : booksconcepts.com

    Book Summary: Digital Minimalism by Cal Newport

    This is a book summary of Digital Minimalism by Cal Newport. Read this digital minimalism summary to review key takeaways and lessons from the book.

    Digital Minimalism by Cal Newport

    Hardcover | Get My Searchable Collection of 100+ Book Notes

    The Book in One Sentence

    Digital Minimalism is a philosophy of technology in which you focus your online time on a few carefully selected activities that support the things you value.

    The Five Big Ideas

    Digital Minimalism: “A philosophy of technology use in which you focus your online time on a small number of carefully selected and optimized activities that strongly support things you value, and then happily miss out on everything else.”Digital Declutter: A practice in which you define your technology rules, take a thirty-day break, and reintroduce technology.Solitude Deprivation: A state in which you spend close to zero time alone with your own thoughts and free from input from other minds.The Social Media Paradox: Social media makes you feel both connected and lonely, happy and sad.The Bennett Principle: A practice in which you prioritize demanding activity over passive consumption, use skills to produce valuable things in the physical world, and seek activities that require real-world, structured social interactions.

    Digital Minimalism Summary

    Introduction

    Newport is convinced that we need “a full-fledged philosophy of technology use, rooted in your deep values, that provides clear answers to the questions of what tools you should use and how you should use them and, equally important, enables you to confidently ignore everything else.”

    A Lopsided Arms Race

    “People don’t succumb to screens because they’re lazy, but instead because billions of dollars have been invested to make this outcome inevitable.”

    It’s Newport’s contention that checking “likes” is the new smoking.

    Addiction is defined as “a condition in which a person engages in the use of a substance or in a behavior for which the rewarding effects provide a compelling incentive to repeatedly pursue the behavior despite detrimental consequences.”

    After reviewing the relevant psychology literature and interviewing relevant people in the technology world, author Adam Alter discovered that:

    Our new technologies are particularly well suited to foster behavioral addictions; and

    In many cases, these addictive properties of new technologies are carefully engineered design features.

    Tech companies encourage behavioral addiction through:

    Intermittent positive reinforcement; and

    The drive for social approval.

    Digital Minimalism: A Minimal Solution

    Newport defines Digital Minimalism as, “A philosophy of technology use in which you focus your online time on a small number of carefully selected and optimized activities that strongly support things you value, and then happily miss out on everything else.”

    “Minimalists don’t mind missing out on small things,” writes Newport. “What worries them much more is diminishing the large things they already know for sure make a good life good.”

    Digital Minimalism Principles

    Principle #1: “Digital minimalists recognize that cluttering their time and attention with too many devices, apps, and services creates an overall negative cost that can swamp the small benefits that each individual item provides in isolation.”Principle #2: “Digital minimalists believe that deciding a particular technology supports something they value is only the first step. To truly extract its full potential benefit, it’s necessary to think carefully about how they’ll use the technology.”Principle #3: “Digital minimalists derive significant satisfaction from their general commitment to being more intentional about how they engage with new technologies. This source of satisfaction is independent of the specific decisions they make and is one of the biggest reasons that minimalism tends to be immensely meaningful to its practitioners.”

    The Digital Declutter: On (Rapidly) Becoming Minimalist

    Here’s how Newport describes what he calls, The Digital Declutter Process:

    Put aside a thirty-day period during which you will take a break from optional technologies in your life. During this thirty-day break, explore and rediscover activities and behaviors that you find satisfying and meaningful. At the end of the break, reintroduce optional technologies into your life, starting from a blank slate. For each technology you reintroduce, determine what value it serves in your life and how specifically you will use it so as to maximize this value.

    There are three steps to The Digital Declutter Process:

    Step #1: Define Your Technology Rules

    “The digital declutter focuses primarily on new technologies, which describes apps, sites, and tools delivered through a computer or mobile phone screen. You should probably also include video games and streaming video in this category.”

    “Take a thirty-day break from any of these technologies that you deem ‘optional’—meaning that you can step away from them without creating harm or major problems in either your professional or personal life. In some cases, you’ll abstain from using the optional technology altogether, while in other cases you might specify a set of operating procedures that dictate exactly when and how you use the technology during the process. In the end, you’re left with a list of banned technologies along with relevant operating procedures. Write this down and put it somewhere where you’ll see it every day. Clarity in what you’re allowed and not allowed to do during the declutter will prove key to its success.”

    स्रोत : www.samuelthomasdavies.com

    Digital Minimalism Book Summary by Cal Newport

    Digital Minimalism Book Summary by Cal Newport | Sipreads How to master your attention in an increasingly high-tech world.

    Book summary of

    Book summary of Digital Minimalism

    Book by Cal Newport.

    Summary by Basile Samel

    10 min read.

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    How to master your attention in an increasingly high-tech world.

    Digital Minimalism

    Why digital minimalism? The amount of time we spend staring at a screen is unsustainable. Mastering our high-tech habits is key to make the best use of it by prioritizing long-term benefits over short-term satisfaction.What's the bad thing about tech? It's not that tech isn't useful and that we should reject it, it's about the fact that it dictates how we behave/feel, resulting in a loss of control/autonomy. The question is, how can we take back control?Are we the problem? It's not that we are too lazy or too weak to resist, it's just that we don't know how to protect ourselves from the design patterns used by tech companies to foster moderate behavioral addictions.What's an addiction? "Addiction is a condition in which a person engages in use of a substance or in a behavior for which the rewarding effects provide a compelling incentive to repeatedly pursue the behavior despite detrimental consequences."Why addiction is a viable business plan? Addiction drives usage up by definition, which in turn gives companies a space to catch your attention to sell things and increase profits.What are the two forces driving behavioral addiction? Intermittent positive reinforcement and the drive for social approval.What's intermittent positive reinforcement? Unpredictable rewards in the form of likes, upvotes, swipes, or retweets distributed on a regular basis releases more dopamine than predictable ones. Opening an app to see notifications drives up the amount of time you spend on it significantly: it's like using a slot machine.What's a drive for social approval? Humans are social animals craving for attention and social approval. Inversely, we are programmed to avoid the disapproval of others.

    The Digital Declutter

    What is digital minimalism? "A philosophy of technology use in which you focus your online time on a small number of carefully selected and optimized activities that strongly support things you value, and then happily miss out on everything else."What's the objective? To transform the technologies you use from a source of distraction into tools to support a life well lived.What are the 3 principles behind digital minimalism? Clutter is costly, optimization is important, and intentionality is satisfying.Why is clutter costly? Clutter creates cumulative costs ("the amount of life which is required to be exchanged for it, immediately or in the long run") that outweight the benefits of most app, device, or service.Why is optimization important? Filtering the technologies you use is only the first step. You also need to think about how to use them effectively.Why is intentionality satisfying? Because control and the meaning you derive from it are more satisfying than blindly going with the flow.What is digital decluttering? It's a 30-day period where you take a break from the optional technologies in your life to rediscover meaningful activities. At the end of the break, you reintroduce those technologies one at a time after carefully determining their added values and how you'll use them to serve you.What's an optional technology? Any app, website, or digital tool that won't harm the daily operation of your professional or personal life during the one-month period.How to deal with the withdrawal symptoms? The first two weeks will probably feel unpleasant. The key is to focus on cultivating high-quality (as in, meaningful and enjoyable) alternatives that will fill in the periods of void you'll experience. Read a book instead of browsing Reddit during your commute, for example.What are the 3 criteria to allow an optional technology back into your life? It has to serve something you deeply value (clear mission), be the best way to use technology to serve said value (no better alternative), and be constrained by rules to tell you when (what day, how frequently) and how (methodology) to use it.

    Spend Time Alone

    What's solitude? "Solitude is a subjective state in which your mind is free from input from other minds."Why is solitude so important? Solitude is when new ideas are born, you develop an understanding of the self, and you build appreciation for interpersonal connections.What's the problem with hyper-connectivity? It creates solitude deprivation, possibly leading to anxiety, stress, and depression because humans are not wired to be constantly connected.What's solitude deprivation? "A state in which you spend close to zero time alone with your own thoughts and free from input from other minds."How to practice solitude?

    Leave your phone at home

    Take long walks

    Write letters to yourself

    Don't Click "Like"

    Why are humans social animals? Our species evolved by performing complex tasks involving high social intelligence (body language, emotional intelligence, elocution, mind reading, etc.). We crave rich social interactions. It's been proven that our brains default to thinking about our social lives when we do nothing specific.

    स्रोत : sipreads.com

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