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    Rotting in Pakistani Jails

    Government Apathy Towards 1971 Prisoners of War

    War means different things to different people. For business connected with war armament and supplies, it is an occasion to make quick and big money. For the ruling politicians, it provides a fertile ground for jingoism to project themselves as saviours of the nation and to make political capital out of it. Just as prime minister Vajpayee and his party used the Kargil war to good effect in the recent elections, Indira Gandhi was able to exploit the 1971 war with Pakistan to emerge as an indefatigable Durga of the subcontinent.

    However, war means something else for the soldiers and officers who are used as cannon fodder. A few of those who are killed in some dramatic battle might receive a measure of recognition by way of posthumous awards and rewards, but most remain anonymous, mere statistics for the chronicle writers.

    The worst fate though befalls those who are captured by the enemy, especially if they happen to be soldiers and citizens of a state that places shamefully low value on its own citizens' lives, including the ones expected to shed their young blood and lay down their lives for their country's defence.

    In this article Anjana Mehta provides us a glimpse of how the Indian government has maltreated the 54 armymen who are believed to be rotting in Pakistani jails since the 1971 Indo-Pak war. She compiled this article largely through information provided by Colonel R.K. Pattu, working president of the Missing Personnel Relatives Association.

    For nearly three decades, fifty-four families have awaited the return of their sons, husbands, fathers and brothers from the 1971 war. These men were reportedly captured alive by the Pakistan army and have been imprisoned ever since. When the Indian government released more than 92,000 prisoners of war in the aftermath of the Bangladesh war, it did not ensure that all Indian armed forces personnel captured by Pakistani authorities were simultaneously released. Over two hundred Indian soldiers were eventually repatriated from Pakistan, but not those of higher ranks. Though the officers' families went to welcome the train bearing repatriated Indian defence personnel from Pakistan, there was no reunion with their own loved ones. After suffering many years of agony, the families finally took action by forming a Missing Defence Personnel Relatives Association, whose mandate was to act jointly to pressure the Government of India to recover the missing officers.

    It was on December 3, 1971, that the Indo-Pak war broke out. It lasted for 14 days, culminating in the surrender of the Pakistan forces in the Eastern sector and the creation of Bangladesh. More than 92,000 Pakistani soldiers were taken prisoner by India. Likewise, in the Western sector, some Indian defence personnel were captured by Pakistan. Following the Simla Agreement of 1972, prisoners of war were exchanged, yet some of the Indian prisoners remained unaccounted for, and stayed in detention in Pakistan. The harsh condition of their existence in jail is highlighted by the following words in Victoria Schoffield's book, :

    In addition to these conditions at Kot Lakhpat, for three months Bhutto was subjected to a peculiar kind of harassment, which he thought was especially for his benefit. His cell, separated from a barrack area by a 10 foot high wall, did not prevent him from hearing horrific shrieks and screams at night from the other side of the wall. One of Mr Bhutto's lawyers made enquiries amongst the jail staff and ascertained that they were in fact Indian prisoners-of-war who had been rendered delinquent and mental during the course of the 1971 war. When the time came to exchange prisoners, the Indian government would not accept these lunatics, who had no recollection of their place of origin, and so they were retained as prisoners to eke out their existence in Kot Lakhpat. Bhutto, discovering the precise temperament of the inmates, wrote to the jail superintendent with a copy of the letter addressed to his lawyer (which was released to the press), requesting that they be moved - finally they were. Obviously the authorities would not accept that Mr Bhutto's sleep was being disturbed on purpose, but Bhutto did not forget the sleepless nights he spent and referred often to the lunatics in other letters of complaint. Fifty odd lunatics were lodged in the ward next to mine. Their screams and shrieks in the dead of night are something I will not forget,' he wrote.

    From Schoffield's account, it thus appears that it was the Government of India who did not accept these Indian prisoners of war, even though they were offered for exchange by Pakistan following the Simla agreement.

    The Geneva convention on prisoners of war states that they shall be released and repatriated without delay after cessation of active hostilities. Prisoners of war against whom criminal proceedings for indictable offences are pending may be detained until the end of such proceedings, and if necessary, until the completion of the punishment. The same shall apply to the prisoners of war already convicted for an indictable offence. Parties to the conflict shall communicate to each other the names of any prisoners of war who are detained till the end of proceedings or until punishment has been completed. By agreement between the parties to the conflict, commissions shall be established for the purpose of searching for dispersed prisoners of war and assuring their repatriation with the least possible delay (see "The Forgotten Heroes" by Tarun Basu with Asoka Raina; , April 6, 1980). India and Pakistan are both signatories to the Geneva Convention.

    स्रोत : indiatogether.org

    Sita Ramam

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    Jump to navigation Jump to search Sita Ramam

    Theatrical release poster in Telugu

    Directed by Hanu Raghavapudi

    Written by Hanu Raghavapudi

    Raj Kumar Kandamudi

    Dialogue by Hanu Raghavapudi

    Jay Krishna Raj Kumar Kandamudi

    Produced by C. Aswani Dutt

    Starring Dulquer Salmaan Mrunal Thakur Rashmika Mandanna Sumanth

    Cinematography P. S. Vinod

    Shreyaas Krishna

    Edited by Kotagiri Venkateswara Rao

    Music by Vishal Chandrasekhar

    Production companies Vyjayanthi Movies Swapna Cinema

    Distributed by Annapurna Studios

    Lyca Productions (Tamil Nadu)

    Wayfarer Films (Kerala)

    Pen Studios (North India) Release date 5 August 2022

    Running time 163 minutes[1]

    Country India Language Telugu

    Budget ₹30 crore[2][3]

    Box office est. ₹100 crore[4]

    is a 2022 Indian Telugu-language period romantic drama film co-written and directed by Hanu Raghavapudi and produced by Vyjayanthi Movies and Swapna Cinema. The film stars Dulquer Salmaan, Mrunal Thakur (in her Telugu debut), Rashmika Mandanna and Sumanth. Set in 1964, Lieutenant Ram, an orphan Indian army officer serving at the Kashmir border, gets anonymous love letters from Sita Mahalakshmi. Ram is on a mission to find Sita and propose his love.

    Principal photography commenced in April 2021 and ended in April 2022 with filming taking place in Hyderabad, Kashmir and parts of Russia. The film has music composed by Vishal Chandrasekhar, cinematography by P. S. Vinod and Shreyaas Krishna and editing by Kotagiri Venkateswara Rao. was released theatrically on 5 August 2022. The film emerged as a critical and commercial success, grossing over ₹100 crore at the box office.[4]


    1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 3.1 Development 3.2 Casting 3.3 Filming 4 Music 5 Release 5.1 Theatrical 5.2 Distribution 5.3 Home media 6 Reception

    6.1 Critical response

    6.2 Box office 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links


    This article's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. Please help improve it by removing unnecessary details and making it more concise.

    In 1964, Ansari, a Pakistani extremist, does not approve of the brotherly relationship between Kashmiri Muslims and Hindus. He plans on severing the bond and separating them. He strongly believes that the Indian Army is the reason for the unity. He resorts to brainwashing teenagers in Pakistan and sends them to Kashmir. He advises them to live in disguise to make his plans work.

    In 1985, Afreen is a fierce Pakistani-based rabble-rouser in London, who dislikes anything about India. She sets fire to the car of an Indian philanthropist, Anand Mehta, in retaliation for burning Pakistan's flag. The management board of her university asks her to apologize to him. As Afreen doesn't like to say sorry to Indians, the philanthropist gives her two choices: either to give him 1 million (10 lakhs INR) as compensation or go to prison. Being a stubborn and unapologetic patriot, she decides to compensate him and goes back to Pakistan to meet her grandfather, Pakistan Army Brigadier Tariq, for giving her the money to compensate him. However, upon her arrival in Pakistan, she finds out that her grandfather passed away. In his will, he asks her to deliver a letter, which he could not, written in 1965, by Indian Army Lieutenant Ram to his lover, Sita Mahalakshmi of India. Upon successfully doing so, she will inherit his wealth. Though relucant at first, Afreen agrees to deliver the letter to her, so that she can inherit Tariq's wealth.

    Afreen leaves for Hyderabad in search of Sita, where she is accompanied by Balaji, her senior at the university in London. She reaches the address, only to find that to be a ladies college. She asks Subramaniyam, who has been working there for more than 20 years, about Sita. He tells Afreen that the college was the royal palace of the Nawab of Hyderabad once which was donated by Princess Noor Jahan for the education of girls. He also adds that nobody with the name of Sita was there. Clueless, Afreen is unable to find Sita without any details. Upon getting an idea, she goes in search of Ram, instead, and learns about the address of Lt. Vikas Varma, who was in Ram's regiment, in Kashmir. Upon meeting Vikas, Afreen meets Ram's friend Durjoy Sharma and superior Vishnu Sharma, and learns about Ram's story.

    In 1964, Ansari, who sent teenagers to Kashmir, gives them the whereabouts of the Indian Army. After learning about them, Major Selvan orders the army to catch and kill the Pakistani teenagers, as they can compromise the safety of the Indians, in Kashmir. However, their plan backfires as Kashmiri Muslims, in the area, who thought of the youngsters as their own, attacked every soldier responsible for killing the youngsters. Knowing this would happen, Ansari steps over into Kashmir and brainwashes the Kashmiri Muslims. The enraged Muslims set fire on the houses of Kashmiri Pandits in Agarta. Aware that they are under the influence of Ansari, Ram tries to stop them, where he captures the informer and reveals the truth to the Kashmiri Muslims. After learning the truth, they apologize for trying to incite a religious riot and help the Indian Army in putting out the fires. This incident becomes national news, where Ram and his fellow regiment mates become national heroes.

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    Ordeal of 'Deserter' Who Didn't Desert

    Two Indian soldiers who disappeared five years ago, after conclusion of India's conflict with Pakistan in Kashmir, were not deserters, as was thought, but prisoners in Pakistani jail; they are released in prisoner exchange with Pakistan; Mohammed Arif, one of soldiers, lost his mother, who died, grief-stricken, his wife, who divorced him, and his honor; joy of his release is tinged with bitterness for lives spoiled and shame unnecessarily cast on him and his village of Mundali; photo; map (M)

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    Mohammed 18 day ago

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