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    as of 2022 who among these holds the record for being the longest reigning british monarch

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    Longest reigning British monarchs 827

    Between 1952 and 2022, Elizabeth II was the Queen of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth, making her the longest serving British monarch in history.

    Society› Historical Data

    Length of reign of British monarchs 827-2022

    Published by Aaron O'Neill Aaron O'Neill

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    , Sep 12, 2022

    Between 1952 and 2022, Elizabeth II was the Queen of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth, making her the longest serving British monarch in history. She was succeeded by her son Charles III following her death on September 8, 2022.

    History of the Crown

    With the conquest of the kingdoms Mercia in 827, King Egbert of Wessex became the first ruler of the Anglo-Saxon people. Since this time, there have been 69 rulers of England and (since 1707) Great Britain. The majority of these rulers have inherited their title and crown from a parent, or as a result of family ties, although some monarchs obtained their title through marriage or conquest, while others simply made a claim to the throne that was not always acknowledged by their subjects. The shortest reign on this list belongs to Lady Jane Grey in 1553, who had been named Edward VI's successor in his will, however, Jane was deposed after just nine days by Edward's half-sister Mary I (Bloody Mary), and she was subsequently executed for treason at the age of 16.

    Early Ruling Houses

    Egbert of Wessex was the first ruler to be named "Bretwalda" (Britain-ruler) in 827CE, although his grandson, Alfred the Great, is regarded by historians to be the first widely-accepted ruler of England following his defeat of the Vikings in the late 9th century. England was ruled mostly by the House of Wessex until William the Conqueror defeated Harold of House Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, marking the end of Anglo-Saxon rule in England. Norman rule ushered in a new era of French influence in the British monarchy, and vice-versa. The next three centuries were dominated by the House of Plantagenet, which included the Houses of Lancaster and York, most commonly associated with the Wars of the Roses; Britain's bloodiest civil war.

    The Houses of Tudor and Stuart

    Among the most famous royal houses is the House of Tudor, which came into power in 1485. This house included Henry VIII, Mary I, and Elizabeth I, whose lives have been widely publicized in popular culture, and it oversaw a period of heavy reform (and anti-reform). Following the Tudors was the House of Stuart, which oversaw most of the seventeenth century, however it was interrupted for a brief period in the 1650s. This interruption came as a result of Charles I's execution, where control passed from the monarchy to parliament, with 'Lord Protector' Oliver Cromwell (and later his son) at its head. The monarchy was re-established with the appointment of Charles II in 1660. The final Stuart monarch was Queen Anne, who was the head of State during the Act of Union in 1707, which brought England and Scotland together as the United Kingdom. Until this point the monarchy of Scotland and England had a complicated history, with many monarchs acting as the heads of both states, however this act now brought these monarchies together.

    The Houses of Hanover & Windsor

    George I became the King of Britain following the death of Queen Anne in 1714, who died without any legitimate heir, and George was appointed as he was the closest non-Catholic with a claim to the throne (The Act of Settlement 1701 excluded Catholics from becoming the head of state). During the 18th and 19th centuries the monarchy gradually transformed into the more ceremonial role that it has today. The British Empire also expanded to all corners of the world during the reigns of the Hanoverians and Windsors, and the heads of state eventually became the king or queen of all of these dominions. The final Hanoverian was Queen Victoria, whose reign of 63 years and 217 days is the second longest in British history, and this time is commonly known as the Victorian period. The House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha took over the monarchy following the death of Victoria in 1901, however their name was changed to Windsor in 1917, to avoid association with Germany during the First World War.

    Length of each English and British monarch's reign from 827 to 2022 in years

    Characteristic Windsor Hanover Stuart Protectorate/Disputed/Other Tudor York Lancaster Plantagenet Anjou Normandy Wessex/Anglo-Saxon Denmark

    Charles III (since 2022)* - - - - - - - - - - - -

    Elizabeth II (1952-2022) 70.58 - - - - - - - - - - -

    George VI (1936-1952) 15.16 - - - - - - - - - - -

    Edward VIII (1936) 0.89 - - - - - - - - - - -

    George V (1910-1936) 25.71 - - - - - - - - - - -

    Edward VII (1901-1910) 9.29 - - - - - - - - - - -

    Victoria (1837-1901) - 63.59 - - - - - - - - - -

    William IV (1830-1837) - 6.99 - - - - - - - - - -

    George IV (1820-1830) - 10.41 - - - - - - - - - -

    George III (1760-1820) - 59.27 - - - - - - - - - -

    George II (1727-1760) - 33.35 - - - - - - - - - -

    George I (1714-1727) - 12.86 - - - - - - - - - -

    Anne (1702-1714)** - - 12.4 - - - - - - - - -

    Showing entries 1 to 13 (69 entries in total)

    © Statista 2022

    SourceMore information

    OTHER STATISTICS ON THE TOPIC

    The British Royal Family

    +

    Support for the British monarchy 2022, by age group

    Most liked members of the British Royal Family 2019-2022

    स्रोत : www.statista.com

    Historian reflects on Queen Elizabeth II and the longest reign in the British monarchy

    Brooke Newman discusses how the world changed during the reign of Queen Elizabeth II, and what King Charles III’s reign might look like.

    Queen Elizabeth II in March 2015. (Joel Rouse/ Ministry of Defence)

    SEPT. 12, 2022

    Historian reflects on Queen Elizabeth II and the longest reign in the British monarchy

    Brooke Newman discusses how the world changed during the reign of Queen Elizabeth II, and what King Charles III’s reign might look like.

    SHARE THIS STORY

    Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Print page By Leila Ugincius

    Ruling from 1952 until her death on Sept. 8, 2022, Queen Elizabeth II was the longest-reigning monarch in British history, surpassing the reign of her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, who spent 63 years on the throne between 1837 and 1901. At her death, Victoria was not only Queen of Great Britain but also held the title “Empress of India” — despite never stepping foot on the Indian subcontinent.

    While Victoria’s reign was marked by the dramatic expansion of Britain’s overseas empire, the 70-year reign of her great-great-granddaughter, Elizabeth, witnessed the British Empire’s dissolution.

    “Queen Elizabeth and the 1,000-year-old institution she embodied offered continuity and reassurance in a rapidly changing world,” said Brooke Newman, Ph.D., associate professor in the Virginia Commonwealth University College of Humanities and Sciences' Department of History.

    Brooke Newman, Ph.D., associate professor in the VCU Department of History. (Contributed photo)

    Newman is a historian of early modern Britain and the British Atlantic, with current special interest in the history of slavery, the abolition movement and the British royal family. Her upcoming book, “The Queen’s Silence: The Hidden History of the British Monarchy and Slavery,” is the first to chronicle the evolving policies and attitudes of the British Crown and prominent members of the royal family toward African slave trading, enslavement and racial exploitation, from the reign of Elizabeth I to the reign of Queen Victoria. It blends groundbreaking archival research with narrative synthesis to offer the first full account of the British monarchy and slavery covering over 450 years. Aimed at general readers, the book will be released in late 2024 or early 2025.

    Newman spoke with VCU News about the past and future of the British monarchy.

    The world has changed so much over the past 70 years. How has the monarchy changed during this time? How did Queen Elizabeth herself change during her reign?

    Elizabeth acceded to the throne during the postwar era and as Britain’s once-extensive overseas empire was shrinking in the wake of hard-fought independence movements. Her coronation in 1953, which was steeped in imperial symbolism, was the first to be televised, and it was a grand event watched by viewers around the world. Held at arms-length during the reign of her father, George VI (1936-1952), the media became increasingly more invasive and less deferential to the royal family in the decades after Elizabeth took the throne.

    On the one hand, Queen Elizabeth and the 1,000-year-old institution she embodied offered continuity and reassurance in a rapidly changing world. Through seven decades of social and political upheaval, the queen remained a steadfast, seemingly timeless figure; a national symbol of duty, longevity and resilience. On the other hand, the monarchy, with its lavish, archaic customs and millennium’s worth of inherited wealth and privilege, often appeared outmoded and even wasteful, particularly during periods of economic crisis and austerity. To ensure the institution’s survival, Queen Elizabeth was forced to adapt and, at times, to bend to public pressure. For example, after a fire ravaged Windsor Castle in 1992, the British public protested having to pay millions of pounds for its repair. The queen broke with legal and royal tradition and voluntarily agreed to pay taxes.

    Queen Elizabeth II on the Royal Tour of New Zealand of 1953/54. (Communicate New Zealand - National Archives - CNZ Collection)

    What will she most be remembered for?

    Tight-lipped and inscrutable throughout her reign, Queen Elizabeth stood apart from the rest of the royal family, commanding a level of respect and reverence that her successor, Prince Charles, is unlikely to attain, either at home or abroad. She will be remembered as a stoic and dignified fixture of British life and a symbol of national unity. Still, despite her iconic status, the queen was not universally beloved. Head of an ancient institution whose privileges are hereditary, she never acknowledged or apologized for her ancestors' role in the brutal oppression and enslavement of colonized peoples across the globe. Nor did she speak out against the violent acts done in her name during her lifetime — the brutal suppression of the Mau Mau uprising in Kenya, for instance.

    How will Charles' reign be different? 

    At age 73, Charles III is the oldest monarch to ascend the throne; he’s spent his entire life waiting in the wings. Compared to his mother, Charles’s reign will be necessarily short-lived and less impactful. Charles has also become king at a moment when support for the monarchy is waning, particularly among young Britons, and as more Commonwealth Realms consider cutting ties with the monarchy following the queen’s death. With the U.K. facing unprecedented crises — spiraling post-Brexit inflation, the ongoing disruptions of the Covid-19 pandemic and war in Ukraine, climate change and mounting inequality — whether Britain’s new king can provide the same symbolic power and steadying influence as his mother is doubtful.

    स्रोत : www.news.vcu.edu

    Queen Elizabeth II is the second

    Taking the crown on Feb. 6, 1952, the queen has ruled the United Kingdom for more than 70 years. Her tenure on the throne is second only to French King Louis XIV.

    World

    Queen Elizabeth II is the second-longest reigning monarch in history

    June 13, 202210:19 AM ET

    JOE HERNANDEZ Twitter

    Queen Elizabeth II walks on the balcony of Buckingham Palace in London on June 2, 2022, the first of four days of celebrations to mark the Platinum Jubilee.

    Alastair Grant/AP

    It's a record fit for a queen.

    The head of the British royal family, Queen Elizabeth II, just became the second-longest reigning monarch in world history.

    Taking the throne on Feb. 6, 1952, the queen has ruled the realm for 70 years and 127 days.

    She just surpassed the lengthy reign of former Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadej, who ruled from 1946 until his death in 2016.

    French King Louis XIV remains in the top spot, having served as monarch for more than 72 years after taking the throne at age four and dying in 1715.

    It's not the first time Queen Elizabeth II, who is 96, has set a royal record.

    In 2015 she became the longest reigning monarch in British history, exceeding the tenure of Queen Victoria, her great-great-grandmother.

    THE PICTURE SHOW

    Photos: Britain celebrates Queen Elizabeth's Platinum Jubilee

    "Inevitably a long life can pass by many milestones — my own is no exception — but I thank you all and the many others at home and overseas for your touching messages of great kindness," the queen said at the time.

    The United Kingdom just celebrated the queen's Platinum Jubilee, marking her seven decades on the throne.

    She made several appearances during the festivities despite declining health, which has forced her to walk with a cane and miss other public events in recent months.

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