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    CBSE Notes Class 9 Political Science Chapter 3

    Are you wondering how representatives are elected in Indian democracy? Then go through the CBSE Notes Class 9 Political Science Chapter 3 on Electoral Politics and get a complete understanding of the chapter.

    CBSE NotesCBSE Notes For Class 9Class 9 Social Science NotesClass 9 Political Science NotesChapter 3 Electoral Politics

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    CBSE Notes Class 9 Political Science Chapter 3 - Electoral Politics

    In Chapter 3 of Class 9 Civics, you will understand how the representatives are elected. The chapter begins with the topic of why elections are necessary and useful in a democracy. Then it further explains how electoral competition among parties serves the people. The basic idea that this chapter tries to convey is to distinguish democratic elections from non-democratic elections. So, go through CBSE Notes Class 9 Political Science Chapter 3 on Electoral Politics and get a deep understanding of this chapter.

    After going through these CBSE notes, you will get to know the points that make an election democratic. These CBSE Class 9 Social Science Notes will help you in revision as well.

    Chapter 3 Electoral Politics

    Download CBSE Notes Class 9 Political Science Chapter 3 – Electoral Politics PDF

    Why Do We Need Elections?

    Elections take place regularly in any democracy. There are more than 100 countries in the world in which elections take place to choose people’s representatives. The mechanism by which people can choose their representatives at regular intervals and change them whenever they want to is called an election.

    In an election the voters make many choices:

    They can choose who will make laws for them.

    They can choose who will form the government and take major decisions.

    They can choose the party whose policies will guide the government and law making.

    What Makes an Election Democratic?

    Minimum conditions of a democratic election include the following points.

    Everyone should be able to choose their own representative.

    Parties and candidates should be free to contest elections and should offer some real choice to the voters.

    Elections must be held regularly after every few years.

    The candidate preferred by the people should get elected.

    Elections should be conducted in a free and fair manner where people can choose as they really wish.

    Is it Good to have Political Competition?

    Elections are all about political competition. This competition takes various forms. At the constituency level, it takes the form of competition among several candidates. Here are a few reasons that support political competition as being good for people.

    Regular electoral competition provides incentives to political parties and leaders.

    Political parties know that if they raise issues that people want to be raised, their popularity and chances of victory will increase in the next elections. On the contrary, if they fail to satisfy the voters with their work, they will not be able to win again

    If a political party is motivated only by the desire to be in power, despite that, it will be forced to serve the people.

    What is Our System of Election?

    Elections are held in India in Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha (Assembly) regularly after every 5 years. After 5 years, the term of all the elected representatives comes to an end.

    Elections held in all constituencies at the same time, either on the same day or within a few days is called a General Election. Sometimes elections are held only for one constituency to fill the vacancy caused by the death or resignation of a member. This is called a By-Election.

    Electoral Constituency

    India is divided into different areas for the purpose of elections. These areas are called electoral constituencies. The voters living in an area elect one representative.

    For Lok Sabha elections, India is divided into 543 constituencies. The representative elected from each constituency is called a Member of Parliament or an MP.

    Each state is divided into a specific number of Assembly constituencies. In this case, the elected representative is called the Member of Legislative Assembly or an MLA. Each Parliamentary constituency has within it several assembly constituencies.

    The same principle applies for Panchayat and Municipal elections. Each village or town is divided into several ‘wards’ that are like constituencies. Each ward elects one member of the village or the urban local body. Sometimes these constituencies are counted as ‘seats’, for each constituency represents one seat in the assembly.

    Reserved Constituencies

    Some constituencies are reserved for people who belong to the Scheduled Castes [SC] and Scheduled Tribes [ST]. In the Lok Sabha, 84 seats are reserved for the SC and 47 for the ST.

    In SC reserved constituency, only someone who belongs to the Scheduled Caste can stand for election.

    Only those belonging to the Scheduled Tribes can contest an election from a constituency reserved for ST.

    In many states, seats in rural (panchayat) and urban (municipalities and corporations) local bodies are now reserved for Other Backward Classes (OBC) and women candidates as well.

    Voters’ List

    In a democratic election, the list of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before the election and given to everyone, which is officially called the Electoral Roll and is commonly known as the Voters’ List. It is the responsibility of the government to get the names of all the eligible voters put on the voters’ list.

    स्रोत : byjus.com

    Electoral Politics Class 9 Notes CBSE Political Science Chapter 3 [PDF]

    Download Electoral Politics CBSE Class 9 Political Science Chapter 3 notes PDF for free. Secure good marks by referring NCERT Class 9 Electoral Politics revision notes prepared by Vedantu experts.

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    NCERT Class 9 electoral politics chapter describes the role of election in a democratic country. It gives information on how the representatives are elected, how the election takes place and the importance of the election. Furthermore, the chapter describes the election process in India.

    Electoral politics notes give an in-depth analysis of the different stages of an election in a democratic country. The chapter also answers what makes an election in India democratic. Finally, it describes the role of the Election Commission in ensuring fair and free elections.

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    Access Class 9 Social Science - Civics Chapter – 3 Electoral Politics

    Why Do We Need Elections?

    Election is a tool or a mechanism adopted by many countries, through which people choose their representative. In the world, more than 100 countries conduct elections. The process of selection of representatives at regular intervals is known as election.

    Election is necessary because:

    Citizens of that country can independently select the person who is going to take important decisions and shape the future.

    To maintain a peaceful environment in the country, by making and implementing good policies and laws.

    It guarantees that no government is elected for an indefinite period of time.

    It helps citizens of the country to engage themselves in their country’s betterment.

    What Makes an Election Democratic?

    The minimum required conditions for a democratic election are:

    Everyone should be able to vote with equal value.

    Parties and their candidates shall offer real choices to their voters and should contest elections.

    The choices need to be offered at regular intervals, that is, elections should be conducted after every few years.

    Only that should be elected which is preferred by the people of that country.

    Elections need to be conducted in a free and fair manner, keeping people’s wishes as first priority.

     Is it Good to Have Political Competition?

    Yes, political competition is good for, due to following reasons:

    If there is no competition among several candidates, then the election becomes pointless.

    Political leaders get motivated with a desire to do something in their political country.

    It provides incentives to the political leaders and their parties.

    What is Our System of Elections?

    After every 5 years, Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha (Assembly) elections are held regularly. The term of the elected representative ends after every 5 years. Elections are held in all the constituencies within a few days, this is called general elections.

    Electoral Constituencies –

    Our country is divided into different areas, to conduct elections, this is called as electoral constituencies. Voters elect one representative living in an area.

    For Lok Sabha, the country is divided into 543 constituencies.

    Representatives elected from each constituency are called Member of Parliament (MP).

    Each state is divided into a specific number of Assembly constituencies, and the representative elected here is called Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA).

    Each town or village is divided into many wards like constituencies. Each ward elects one member of the village.

    Reserved Constituencies –

    Constitution makers have made a special system for reserved constituencies for backward sections.

    In Lok Sabha, 84 seats are reserved for the Scheduled Castes and 47 seats for Scheduled Tribes.

    In various states, seats for other backward classes and for women as well in the rural and urban areas.

    Voters List –

    A list of those who are eligible to vote in a democratic election are prepared, this list is called the Electoral Roll and is commonly known as the Voter’s list.

    स्रोत : www.vedantu.com

    Class 9 Civics Chapter 3 Electoral Politics Notes

    Class 9 Civics Chapter 3 Electoral Politics Notes In Chapter 3 of Class 9 Civics, you will understand how the representatives are elected.

    Class 9 Civics Chapter 3 Electoral Politics Notes

    Class 9 Civics Chapter 3 Electoral Politics Notes 9 Class Political Science ( Civics ) Chapter 3 Electoral Politics Notes

    Textbook NCERTClass Class 9Subject CivicsChapter Chapter 3Chapter Name Electoral PoliticsCategory Class 9 Civics NotesMedium HindiClass 9 Political Science ( Civics ) Chapter 3 Electoral Politics Notes In Chapter 3 of Class 9 Civics, you will understand how the representatives are elected. The chapter begins with the topic of why elections are necessary and useful in a democracy.

    Class 9 Political Science ( Civics ) Chapter 3 Electoral Politics Notes

    Chapter = 3

    Electoral Politics

     Why do we need elections?

    We can choose who will make laws for them.

    We can choose who will form the government and take major decisions.

    We can choose the party whose policies will guide the government and law making.

    Elections :-

    Elections are an integral part of democracy because it is through elections that people choose their representatives so that the government is formed and the rest of the work is done.  Elections in India are no less than a festival.

    General Election :-

    Elections are held in all constituencies at the same time, either on the same day or within a few days. This is called a general election.

    By-Election :-

    Sometimes election is held only for one constituency to fill the vacancy caused by death or resignation of a member. This is called a by-election.

     What makes an election democratic?

    Everyone should have one vote and every vote should have equal value.

    Parties and candidates should be free to contest elections.

    Elections must be held regularly.

    The candidate preferred by the people should get elected.

    Elections should be conducted in a free and fair manner.

     It is good to have political competition?

    In a democracy political leaders know what is good for the people. It motivates them to serve the people.

    Regular electoral competition provides an initiative to political parties and leaders.

    Leaders realize that if they work for people they would become popular and their chance to win would increase.

    Demerits of electoral competitions :-

    It creates a sense of disunity and ‘factionalism’ in every locality.

    Political parties and leaders often level allegations against one another.

    Parties and candidates often use dirty tricks to win elections.

    Pressure to win electoral fights does not allow sensible long-term policies to be formulated.

    In respect of the above demerits or unhealthy competition some good people who may wish to serve the country do not enter this arena.

    Merits of Electoral Competition :-

    Regular electoral competition provides incentives to political parties and leaders.

    If they can satisfy voters with their work, they will be able to win again.

    Even if a political party is motivated only by the desire to be in power, it will be compelled to serve the people.

    This shows the real intention of the political parties.

    It gives the option to the voters to choose from the best.

     The minimum conditions of a democratic election :-

    Everyone should have one vote with equal weightage.

    Parties should offer some real choices to the voters.

    Elections must be held regularly.

    The candidate preferred by the people should get elected.

    Elections should be conducted in a free and fair manner.

    Election Process :-

    Election announcement.

    selection of candidates.

    filling nomination form.

    allotment of election symbols.

    Issuance of election manifesto by political parties.

    election campaign. vote. Counting of votes.

    Declaration of Results.

     What is our system of elections? 

    In India, Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha (Assembly) elections are held regularly after every five years.

    Elections are held regularly after every five years for Lok Sabha or Lower house of the Parliament and Vidhan Sabha (State Assembly), Panchayats, municipalities etc.

     Process of Election in India :-

    Formation of constituencies.

    Preparation of Voters’ list.

    Declaration of date of Polling.

    Filling of Nominations.

    Scrutiny of Nominations.

    Withdrawal of Nominations.

    Election Campaign.

    Polling (Election Day)

    Re – Polling ( If required)

    Counting of Votes and Declaration of Results.

    Electoral Constituency :-

    India is divided into different areas for the purpose of elections. These areas are called electoral constituencies. The voters living in an area elect one representative.

     Electoral constituencies :-

    The country is divided into different areas for purposes of elections. These areas are called electoral constituencies.

    E.g. :- our country is divided into 543 Lok Sabha constituencies. The same principle applies for State Legislative Assemblies, Panchayats and Municipalities. Reserved Constituencies :- 

    स्रोत : innovativegyan.com

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