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    NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Geography Social Science Chapter 4 Climate

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate provide the answers to all questions of the exercise in PDF format to assist students with their CBSE Term II exam. Click to download the Solution pdf for free!

    NCERT SolutionsNCERT Class 9NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social ScienceClass 9 GeographyChapter 4 Climate

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    NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Geography Social Science Chapter 4: Climate

    NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Geography Social Science Chapter 4: Climate NCERT Book Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 – CBSE Term II Free PDF Download

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate are designed by the subject matter experts at BYJU’S to assist students with their CBSE Term II exam preparation. Students might have read about landforms and the drainage of our country in Chapters 2 and 3, respectively. These are two basic elements that students have learned. In this chapter, they will learn about the third element: atmospheric conditions.

    The chapter deals with India’s climate condition, factors affecting India’s climate, the Indian monsoon, the onset of the monsoon and withdrawal, different seasons in India and the distribution of rainfall. Students will find the questions related to these topics in the exercise section. We have provided the answers to the exercise questions in NCERT Solutions Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate PDF. Students can download the PDF from the link provided below and refer to it for their CBSE Term II exam preparation.

    Chapter 4 Climate

    Download NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Studies (Geography) Chapter 4 – Climate

    Solutions for Chapter 4 of Geography are given below. Students can also check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 for other subjects.

    Exercise Page No 391. Choose the correct answer from the four alternatives given below. (i) Which one of the following places receives the highest rainfall in the world? (a) Silchar (b) Mawsynram (c) Cherrapunji(d) Guwahati Answer:

    Mawsynram

    (ii) The wind blowing in the northern plains in summer is known as: (a) Kaal Baisakhi (b) Loo (c) Trade Winds(d) None of the above Answer:

    Loo

    (iii) Which one of the following causes rainfall during winters in the northwestern part of India?(a) Cyclonic depression (b) Retreating monsoon (c) Western disturbances(d) Southwest monsoon Answer:

    Western disturbances

    (iv) Monsoon arrives in India approximately in: (a) Early May (b) Early July (c) Early June(d) Early August Answer:

    Early June

    (v) Which one of the following characterises the cold-weather season in India? (a) Warm days and warm nights (b) Warm days and cold nights (c) Cool days and cold nights (d) Cold days and warm nightsAnswer:

    Warm days and cold nights.

    2. Answer the following questions briefly. (i) What are the factors affecting the climate of India? Answer:

    The factors affecting the climate of India are

    1. Latitude 2. Altitude

    3. Pressure and Winds

    (ii) Why does India have a monsoon type of climate? Answer:

    The climate of India is described as the ‘monsoon’ type. Monsoon refers to the seasonal reversal in the wind direction during a year.

    The monsoon type of climate is characterised by a distinct seasonal pattern. The weather conditions greatly change from one season to the other. These changes are particularly noticeable in the interior parts of the country. The coastal areas do not experience much variation in temperature, though there is variation in the rainfall pattern.

    Four main seasons can be identified in India – the cold weather season, the hot weather season, the advancing monsoon and the retreating monsoon with some regional variations.

    The climate of India is strongly influenced by monsoon winds. The duration of the monsoon is between 100-120 days from early June to mid-September.

    (iii) Which part of India does experience the highest diurnal range of temperature and why? Answer:

    The regions experiencing this phenomenon are in the northwestern part of India. The reason behind this effect is the Thar desert. Moreover, this region does not have an ocean to moderate the temperature.

    (iv) Which winds account for rainfall along the Malabar Coast? Answer:

    Southwest monsoon winds are responsible for rainfall along the Malabar Coast.

    (v) What are Jet streams, and how do they affect the climate of India? Answer:

    Jet Streams are a narrow belt of high altitude (above 12,000 m) westerly winds in the troposphere. Their speed varies from about 110 km/h in summer to about 184 km/h in winter. A number of separate jet streams have been identified. The most constant is the mid-latitude and subtropical jet stream. They cause depression during the monsoon season.

    (vi) Define monsoons. What do you understand by “break” in monsoon?

    स्रोत : byjus.com

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Climate Questions

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 (Contemporary India) Climate Questions. CBSE Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Climate Questions are explained by the expert Social Science teacher and as per NCERT (CBSE) guidelines.

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Climate Questions

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Climate Questions NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Climate Questions

    Formulae Handbook for Class 9 Maths and ScienceEducational Loans in India

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 SST Geography Chapter 4 Climate Questions

    Question-1

    What are the controls affecting the climate of India?

    Solution:

    There are six major controls of the climate of any place. They are:

    Latitude Altitude

    Pressure and wind system

    Distance from the sea (continentality)

    Ocean currents Relief features

    Question-2

    Why does India have a monsoon type of climate?

    Solution:

    The monsoon type of climate is characterised by a distinct seasonal pattern. The weather conditions greatly change from one season to the other. These changes are particularly noticeable in the interior parts of the country. The coastal areas do not experience much variation in temperature though there is variation in rainfall patterns. Four main seasons can be identified in India – the cold-weather season, the hot weather season, the advancing monsoon, and the retreating monsoon with some regional variations.

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    Question-3

    Which winds account for rainfall along the Malabar Coast?

    Solution:

    Surface winds account for rainfall along the Malabar coast.

    Question-4

    What are Jet streams and how do they affect the climate of India?

    Solution:

    Jet streams are a narrow belt of high altitude (above 12,000 m) westerly winds in the troposphere. Their speed varies from about 110 km/h in summer to about 184 km/h in winter. A number of separate jet streams have been identified. The most constant is the mid-latitude and the subtropical jet stream.

    Over India, these jet streams blow south of the Himalayas, all through the year except in summer. The western cyclonic disturbances experienced in the north and northwestern parts of the country are brought in by this westerly flow. In summer, the subtropical westerly jet stream moves north of the Himalayas with the apparent movement of the sun. An easterly jet stream, called the tropical easterly jet stream blows over peninsular India, approximately over 14°N during the summer months.

    Question-5

    Define monsoons. What do you understand by “breaks” in monsoon?

    Solution:

    The seasonal reversal in wind direction during a yeat is called the monsoon. Monsoon tends to have ‘breaks’ in rainfall; which means that there are wet and dry spells in between The monsoon rains take place only for a few days at a time and then come to the rainless intervals.

    Question-6

    Why is the monsoon considered a unifying bond?

    Solution:

    Despite great moderating influences on the climate of India, there are great variations in the temperature conditions. Nevertheless, the unifying influence of the monsoon on the Indian subcontinent is quite perceptible. The seasonal alteration of the wind systems and the associated weather conditions provide a rhythmic cycle of seasons.

    Question-7

    Why does the rainfall decrease from the east to the west in Northern India?

    Solution:

    The western coast and northeastern India receive over about 400 cm of rainfall annually. However, it is less than 60 cm in western Rajasthan and adjoining parts of Gujarat, Haryana, and Punjab. Rainfall is equally low in the interior of the Deccan plateau, and east of the Sahyadris. The third area of low precipitation is around Leh in Jammu and Kashmir. The rest of the country receives moderate rainfall.

    Snowfall is restricted to the Himalayan region. Owing to the nature of monsoons, the annual rainfall is highly variable from year to year. Variability is high in the regions of low rainfall such as parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat and the leeward side of the Western Ghats. As such, while areas of high rainfall are liable to be affected by floods, areas of low rainfall are drought-prone.

    Question-8

    Give reasons as to why.

    (i) The bulk of rainfall in India is concentrated over a few months.

    (ii) The Tamil Nadu coast receives winter rainfall.

    (iii) The delta region of the eastern coast is frequently struck by cyclones.

    (iv) Parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat, and the leeward side of the Western Ghats are drought-prone.

    Solution:

    (i) The bulk of rainfall in India is concentrated over a few months

    The inflow of the south-west monsoon into India brings about a total change in the weather. Early in the season, the windward side of the Western Ghats receives very heavy rainfall, more than 250 cm. The Deccan Plateau and parts of Madhya Pradesh also receive some amount of rain in spite of lying in the rain shadow area. The maximum rainfall of this season is received in the north-eastern part of the country. Mawsynram in the southern ranges of the Khasi Hills receives the highest average rainfall in the world. Rainfall in the Ganga valley decreases from the east to the west. Rajasthan and parts of Gujarat get scanty rainfall.

    स्रोत : www.learncbse.in

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Contemporary India Chapter 4

    Free PDF download of NCERT solutions for Class 9 Social Science (Contemporary India) Chapter 4 - Climate. All questions are explained by the expert Social Science teacher and as per NCERT (CBSE) guidelines.

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Contemporary India Chapter 4 - Climate

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    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Contemporary India Chapter 4 - Climate PDF Download

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    The NCERT solutions for Class 9Social Science Chapter 4 ‘Climate’ offers precise and accurate answers of the questions of this chapter. These solutions will help the students with their exam preparations. They can refer to this study material alongside their textbooks to secure better marks in the exams.

    The Class 9 SST Geography Chapter 4 includes one of the essential topics of Geography, i.e. Climate. In this chapter, students will learn about Indian weather and its distinctive features. Download the free pdf and study the NCERT solutions of Class 9 Social Science Contemporary India Chapter 4 - Climate. NCERT Solutions Class 9 Maths can also be downloaded by the students along with Class 9 Science - these solutions are well prepared by our expert panel, do download them to enjoy free and reliable learning.

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    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Contemporary India Chapter 4 - Benefits of Studying the NCERT Solutions

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Contemporary India Chapter 4 must be adopted in the study routine of the students of Class 9, let us see some key benefits which will help the students to fetch good marks in this chapter by referring to this study:

    The language used in these study materials is simple and easy to understand. It helps students to comprehend any topic promptly.

    Subject experts curate the answers; thus, they are accurate and to the point.

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter Climate follow the syllabus drafted by CBSE. Hence, students can stay exam ready with these study materials.

    The topics are explained in detail; therefore, students do not require any additional reference books.

    NCERT Solutionsfor Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 are available online for free. Students can visit Vedantu’s official website to download it for free. They can also download the official app of this site to stay updated on the latest study-related news.

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