if you want to remove an article from website contact us from top.

    comparative development experiences of india and its neighbours

    Mohammed

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    get comparative development experiences of india and its neighbours from screen.

    Comparative Development of India – Toppr Bytes

    BytesEditorialComparative Development of India

    Comparative Development of India

    Namratha Reddy November 27th, 2018

    Tags

    SCHOOL

    Comparative Development of India and its Neighbours:

    Comparative development of India and its neighbours is an important knowledge to possess as an Indian citizen.

    As a rational citizen of a country, it is crucial to have a deep understanding of the developments in your country. In fact, it is also very important to learn about the developmental processes of your neighbouring countries. Not only citizens but countries are also eager to understand the developmental system of their neighbours. This understanding enables comprehension of strengths and weaknesses of yours as well as the neighbouring countries. Due to the process of globalization, it is essential for every nation to compete with developed countries. Hence, it is important to study the comparative development of India and its Neighbours.

    This chapter entails the comparative study of the comparative development of India and its neighbours. We shall learn more about the Indian economy, the Pakistan economy as well a the Chinese economy. This will help in understanding where do we stand today in comparison to others.

    Comparative Development of India and its neighbours

    Indian and its neighbours – Pakistan and China, have very similar development strategies as an economy as a whole. A few such similarities in their development strategies are as follows:

    All three countries, India, Pakistan and China began towards their economic development at the same time. In addition, India and Pakistan attained independence in the year 1947. However, China was an independent economy in the year 1949.

    India and Pakistan began with similar strategies for creating larger public sector units. And soon began working on raising public expenditure on social development.

    All the countries began planning their development strategies in a very similar fashion. India made an announcement of its first 5-year plan in the year 1951. However, Pakistan made its 5-year plan announcement in the year 1956. China, on the other hand, had made this announcement in the year 1953.

    Up until the 1980s, all 3 countries had very similar growth rates and per capita incomes.

    Economic reforms took place in all the 3 countries – India, China and Pakistan.

    Development Strategies of India

    Following are some of the most prominent development strategies of India.

    A sound trade system was introduced in India to boost the growth.

    Indian began adopting many poverty alleviation programmes to fight and reduce poverty.

    India also began adopting measures for the development of areas that are lagging behind in the overall development of village economy.

    The aim was soon to generate employment and provide gainful self-employment.

    Development Strategies of China

    Following are some of the most prominent development strategies of China.

    Great Leap Forward (GLF) in 1958 was a campaign that was robustly aiming at industrialising the country on a massive scale.

    Mao Tse Tung was responsible for starting the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (1966-76) in 1965, a cultural revolution on a large scale.

    Since 1978, China began to introduce many reforms in phases. The reforms were initiated in agriculture, foreign trade and investment sector.

    Development Strategies of Pakistan

    The following are some of the most prominent development strategies of Pakistan.

    Pakistan began following a mixed economy system where both the public and private sectors could co-exist.

    They also began adopting a regulatory policy framework in the late 1950s and 1960s for import industrialisation. This policy combined tariff protection for manufacturing consumer goods together with direct import controls on competing imports.

    The Green Revolution was introduced to increase the productivity and self-sufficiency in food.

    Success and Failures of Strategies in India and Pakistan

    Success Failures

    The incidence of poverty is now significantly low in both the countries. Poverty and unemployment are still areas of major concerns in both the countries.

    Both the countries (India and Pakistan) have achieved self-sufficiency in the production of food. The growth rate of GDP and its sectoral constituents have fallen in the 1990’s.

    Both the countries have done extremely well in developing their service and industry sectors at a fast rate. –

    The use of modern technology is improving in both the countries. –

    The two countries (India and Pakistan) have done extremely well in doubling their per capita incomes in spite of the high growth rate of population. –

    Success and Failures of Strategies in China

    Success Failures

    There were decentralised planning and existence of a small enterprise. There was the slow pace of growth and lack of modernisation

    There was an extension of basic health services in many rural areas. The Maoist vision of economic development on decentralisation, self-sufficiency and shunning of foreign technology was a fail.

    स्रोत : www.toppr.com

    Comparative development experiences of india and its neighbours

    Madan Kumar M.A.,M.A.,B.Ed.,M.Phil.,M.B.A.,

    Comparative development experiences of india and its neighbours

    madan kumar Nov. 15, 2019 • 9 likes • 16,462 views

    स्रोत : www.slideshare.net

    Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours

    Class 11 Ch-10 Economics Notes with PDF: Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours Notes, Important Ques & Ans.

    Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours

    Team Leverage Edu Updated on Aug 3, 2021 10 minute read 3.6K views 10 shares

    Comparative development experiences of India and its neighbours is an important chapter of the economics class 11 syllabus. It is an analytical overview of India’s economic development trends to its neighbours, Pakistan and China. The chapter will take us through the conceptual factors like demographic indicators, gross domestic product and sectors, indicators of human development, and development strategies that are used to determine economic development. This blog has collated the study notes for this chapter to help you understand its key topics in a simpler way.

    Comparative-Development-Experiences-of-India-and-its-Neighbours_-Practice-Questions-AssignmentDownload

    Comparative-Development-Experiences-of-India-and-its-Neighbours-NCERT-NotesDownload

    Economics-Class-11_CH-10_NCERT-PDF_Download

    THIS BLOG INCLUDES:

    Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours: Development Strategies

    China Pakistan India

    Success and Failures of Strategies in India and its Neighbours

    Success of Strategies in India and Pakistan

    Failures of Strategies in India and Pakistan

    Success of Strategies in China

    Failures of Strategies in China

    Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours: Comparative Study

    Demographic Indicators

    GDP and Sectors

    Indicators of Human Development

    Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours: Important Questions

    Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours: Practice Questions

    Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours: PPT

    Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours: Development Strategies

    While studying this chapter of NCERT Class 11 Economics, you will get to learn about the similarities between India’s development strategies as compared to its neighbours:

    India and Pakistan gained independence and became separate nations in 1947. While China’s People’s Republic was established in 1949. This puts all three countries in a similar phase with parallel developmental paths.

    All of the three countries’ plans for development coincided with each other. Each of the three countries announced a Five Year Plan. India did it from 1951-1956, Pakistan named it Medium Term Plan and started it in 1956, while China announced it in 1953.

    India and Pakistan both worked on creating a large public sector and boosting social development through larger public expenditure.

    Until the 1980s, India, China, and Pakistan enjoyed similar growth rates, and graphs of their per capita incomes were identical.

    China started its economic reforms first in 1978, India was the last in 1991, and Pakistan started it in 1988.

    China

    The chapter on Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours also elaborates on how China unified under one party and established the People’s Republic of China and all the critical sectors like economic development, enterprises including lands owned and operated by individuals came under the Government’s control.

    China established some aggressive development strategies which are as follows:

    The Great Leap Forward (GLF) campaign established in 1958 led to massive scaled growth in industrialisation. Backyards of houses were encouraged to turn into small scale industries. Communes in rural areas allowed people to collectively cultivate lands.The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) led a cultural revolution to bring prosperity; introduced by Mao Tse Tung. This revolution included the growth of students and professionals by sending them to the countryside for work. The GLF did not have a true measure of economic growth.

    China, from 1978 introduced any economic reforms in phases. Foreign trade, investment sectors, and agriculture growths were the targets for these reforms. In agriculture, individual households were allocated small plots, which also allowed them to keep income after paying taxes. Local collectives were given the right to produce goods from their enterprises introduced as an industrial reform.

    After these reforms, China built state-owned enterprises to compete with local sectors. Farmers and industrial units had to buy or sell fixed amounts of inputs and outputs at fixed prices set by the Government. The rest of the inputs and outputs was that they were bought and sold at market prices.

    Special Economic Zones (SEZ) were set up to attract foreign investors while the reforms increased productions massively. The sufficient surplus generated by the increased production and proportion of goods in the market fueled the modernisation of the mainland Chinese economy.Best Economics Books of All Time

    Pakistan

    While exploring the key pointers described in the chapter on Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours, you will also have to study the following policies that Pakistan adopted or started:

    स्रोत : leverageedu.com

    Do you want to see answer or more ?
    Mohammed 6 month ago
    4

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    Click For Answer