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    ...... principle specifies that cost or expenses should be recorded at the same time as the revenue to which they correspond


    Going run concern




    historical cost



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    Correct option is B)

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    MCQs on GAAP

    This page contains multiple choice questions and answers on GAAP, which will help students in preparing for academic and competitive exams.

    CommerceCommerce MCQsMCQ on Gaap

    MCQs on GAAP

    Generally Accepted Accounting Principles or GAAP is a defined set of rules and procedures that needs to be followed in order to create financial statements, which are consistent with the industry standards. It is the accounting standard that is followed in the US.

    Following are some of the GAAP multiple choice questions and answers that will help the students in brushing up their understanding of the concept of GAAP.

    Q.1 GAAP stands for:

    (a) Generally Accepted Accounting Provisions

    (b) Generally Accepted Accounting Policies

    (c) Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

    (d) None of these

    Answer: cQ.2 Which accounting principle states that companies and owners should be treated as separate entities.

    (a) Monetary Unit Assumption

    (b) Business Entity Concept

    (c) Periodicity Assumption

    (d) Going Concern Concept

    Answer: bQ.3 Cost or expenses must be recorded at the same time as the revenue to which they correspond is specified by which principle?

    (a) Matching Principle

    (b) Going Concern Principle

    (c) Consistency Principle

    (d) Prudence Principle

    Answer: aQ.4 Which concept states that “for every debit, there is a credit”?

    (a) Money Measurement Concept

    (b) Accounting Period Concept

    (c) Separate Entity Concept

    (d) Dual Aspect Concept

    Answer: dQ.5 For measuring income, the most acceptable method is?

    (a) To apply normal rate of return on capital invested

    (b) To apply the average return in industry on capital

    (c) To match the cost with revenue

    (d) To find out the difference in net worth as on two dates

    Answer: cQ.6 The correct form of Accounting equation is

    (a) Assets – Receivable = Equity

    (b) Assets + Receivable = Equity

    (c) Assets – Liabilities = Equity

    (d) Assets + Liabilities = Equity

    Answer: cQ.7 As per revenue recognition principle, sales revenues should be recognized at the time when?

    (a) Order is taken for merchandise

    (b) Ownership of goods gets transferred from the seller to the buyer

    (c) Cash is received

    (d) All of the above

    Answer: bQ.8 Due to which concept, accounting does not record non-financial transactions?

    (a) Going concern concept

    (b) Money measurement concept

    (c) Accrual concept (d) Cost concept

    Answer: bQ.9 The owner of the business is treated as a creditor of the business according to which of the following concept?

    (a) Entity concept

    (b) Materiality concept

    (c) Consistency concept

    (d) Periodicity concept

    Answer: aQ.10 As per the accrual concept of accounting, any financial or business transaction should be recorded:

    (a) when profit is computed

    (b) when balance sheet is prepared

    (c) when cash is received or paid

    (d) when transaction occurs

    Answer: dAlso see: Difference Between GAAP and IFRS

    For reading more such MCQs on various topics pertaining to Commerce, visit here

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    What Is the Matching Principle and Why Is It Important?

    Learn about how to integrate the matching principle when recording revenue and expenses in accounting.

    5 Min. Read

    What Is the Matching Principle and Why Is It Important?

    March 28, 2019

    Matching principle is an accounting principle for recording revenues and expenses. It requires that a business records expenses alongside revenues earned. Ideally, they both fall within the same period of time for the clearest tracking. This principle recognizes that businesses must incur expenses to earn revenues.

    Here’s everything you need to know about utilizing the matching principle in accounting:

    Here’s What We’ll Cover:

    What Is the Matching Concept in Accounting?

    Example of Matching Principle

    What Is Revenue Recognition Principle?

    What Are the Benefits of Matching Principle?

    What Are the Challenges of Matching Principle?

    The principle is at the core of the accrual basis of accounting and adjusting entries. It is a part of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). The cause and effect relationship is the basis for the matching principle. If there’s no cause and effect relationship, then the accountant will charge the cost to the expense immediately.

    What Is the Matching Concept in Accounting?

    Matching principle is especially important in the concept of accrual accounting. Matching principle states that business should match related revenues and expenses in the same period. They do this in order to link the costs of an asset or revenue to its benefits.

    Example of Matching Principle

    The expense must relate to the period in which the expense occurs rather than on the period of actually paying invoices. For example, if a business pays a 10% commission to sales representatives at the end of each month. If the company has $50,000 in sales in the month of December, the company will pay the commission of $5,000 next January.

    Some businesses follow the matching principle. These businesses report commission expenses on the December income statement. Other companies use a cash basis of accounting. In this case, they report the commission in January because it is the payment month. The alternative is reporting the expense in December, when they incurred the expense.

    Apart from commissions, some other examples of matching principles are:

    Depreciation Wages Employee bonuses

    What Is Revenue Recognition Principle?

    The revenue recognition principle is another accounting principle related to the matching principle. It requires reporting revenue and recording it during realization and earning. This happens regardless of when they make a payment. In other words, businesses don’t have to wait to receive cash from customers to record the revenue from sales.

    For example, if you’re a roofing contractor and have completed a job for a customer, your business has earned the fees. This is regardless of when the customer pays you for the job.

    What Are the Benefits of Matching Principle?

    Businesses primarily follow the matching principle to ensure consistency in financial statements. For example, the income statement, balance sheet, etc.

    Recognizing expenses at the wrong time may distort the financial statements greatly. A business may end up with an inaccurate financial position of its finances. The matching principle helps businesses avoid misstating profits for a period.

    For example, recognizing expenses earlier than is appropriate results in lower net income. Recognizing an expense later may result in a higher net income than actual.

    Certain financial elements of business also benefit from the use of the matching principle. Long-term assets experience depreciation. The matching principle allows distributing an asset and matching it over the course of its useful life in order to balance the cost over a period.

    For example, a piece of specialized equipment may cost $25,000. It may last for ten or more years, so businesses can distribute the expense over ten years instead of a single year.

    What are the Challenges of Matching Principle? 

    This principle is an effective tool when expenses and revenues are clear. However, sometimes expenses apply to several areas of revenue, or vice versa. Account teams have to make estimates when there is not a clear correlation between expenses and revenues. For example, you may purchase office supplies like pens, notebooks, and printer ink for your team. These items are necessary, but may not correlate to revenue.

    On a larger scale, you may consider purchasing a new building for your business. There’s no way to tell if a larger space or better location improves revenue. Are employees more productive? Is it easier for customers to get to your business? There is no direct relationship between these factors and a new building. Because of this, businesses often choose to spread the cost of the building over years or decades.

    For example, a business spends $20 million on a new location with the expectation that it lasts for 10 years. The business then disperses the $20 million in expenses over the ten-year period. If there is a loan, the expense may include any fees and interest charges as part of the loan term. This disbursement continues even if the business spends the entire $20 million upfront.

    स्रोत : www.freshbooks.com

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