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    dear customers, bank is undertaking planned maintenance activity from midnight of 7th october 2022 to morning of 9th october 2022. during this period there may be intermittent issues while availing digital banking services. inconvenience is regretted. general manager-it. punjab&sind bank

    Mohammed

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    get dear customers, bank is undertaking planned maintenance activity from midnight of 7th october 2022 to morning of 9th october 2022. during this period there may be intermittent issues while availing digital banking services. inconvenience is regretted. general manager-it. punjab&sind bank from screen.

    Punjab & Sind Bank

    Welcome to PSB Banking Services, choose from our range of services, including opening of savings and current account, Home loans. For more call us at 1800-419-8300.

    Dear Customers, Bank is undertaking planned maintenance activity from midnight of 7th October 2022 to Morning of 9th October 2022. During this period there may be intermittent issues while availing digital banking services. Inconvenience is regretted.New | Bank has launched Special Fixed Deposit Product "PSB Investment Plus-501 Days" .For more details Please click here or visit our nearest branch.New | Press Release Dated 01.08.2022New | Unaudited Reviewed Financial Results for the Quarter (Q1) ended 30.06.2022New | Proceedings of the 12th AGMNew |

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    Dear Customers, Bank is undertaking planned maintenance activity from midnight of 7th October 2022 to Morning of 9th October 2022. During this period there may be intermittent issues while availing digital banking services. Inconvenience is regretted.

    Bank has launched Special Fixed Deposit Product "PSB Investment Plus-501 Days" .For more details Please click here or visit our nearest branch.

    Press Release Dated 01.08.2022

    Unaudited Reviewed Financial Results for the Quarter (Q1) ended 30.06.2022

    Proceedings of the 12th AGM

    PSB Kisan Home Loan

    For Purchase of built-up house/Flat /Construction/ Purchase of Plot and construction/ Extension/ Repair / Renovation.

    PSB Gold Loan

    Loans to individuals for productive and consumption purposes against the security of gold jewellery/ornaments and gold coins (issued by Scheduled Commercial Banks/MMTC).

    PSB Apna Ghar - सहज

    For Purchase of built-up house/Flat /Construction/ Purchase of Plot and construction/ Extension/ Repair / Renovation.

    PSB Education Loan

    Model Education Loan Scheme for pursuing higher education in India & Abroad

    PSB Apna Vahan - सुगम

    For purchase of Two Wheeler & Four Wheeler

    PSB Vyapar

    For the working capital/any business purpose requirements of the business concern. And also, for the construction of shop in the pre-owned land or for purchase of ready built shop/ commercial space for business

    PSB Kisan Home Loan

    For Purchase of built-up house/Flat /Construction/ Purchase of Plot and construction/ Extension/ Repair / Renovation.

    PSB Gold Loan

    Loans to individuals for productive and consumption purposes against the security of gold jewellery/ornaments and gold coins (issued by Scheduled Commercial Banks/MMTC).

    PSB Apna Ghar - सहज

    For Purchase of built-up house/Flat /Construction/ Purchase of Plot and construction/ Extension/ Repair / Renovation.

    PSB Education Loan

    Model Education Loan Scheme for pursuing higher education in India & Abroad

    PSB Apna Vahan - सुगम

    For purchase of Two Wheeler & Four Wheeler

    PSB Vyapar

    For the working capital/any business purpose requirements of the business concern. And also, for the construction of shop in the pre-owned land or for purchase of ready built shop/ commercial space for business

    स्रोत : punjabandsindbank.co.in

    News Articles & Stories for January, 2014: Daily News Archive

    Get the News Articles and News Stories for January, 2014. Find What happened in News for January, 2014. Explore the NDTV.com Daily News and News Archives Sitemap for latest news & news videos includes India, South India, News from Indian Cities, Sports News Highlights and World News Headlines.

    01 January 2014

    Revelers usher in 2014 with fireworks, festivities

    South Sudan government, rebels set for New Year's Day talks

    China's official manufacturing PMI dips to 51.0 in December

    Golfer Rory Mcllroy and tennis star Caroline Wozniacki get engaged

    World indexes finish vintage year, more gains seen in 2014

    Mumbai: Fire on cargo ship, no casualties

    Wall Street ends best year since 1990s with moderate gains

    Delhi: Aam Aadmi Party government simplifies VAT filing system

    Michael Schumacher haunted by love of speed and risk

    Delhi: government to give 15,000 auto rickshaw permits to SC/ST

    Andhra Pradesh: Kiran Kumar Reddy makes minor changes in portfolios

    Apple says never worked with NSA on iPhone backdoors

    Brewery responds to Starbucks letter with $6 cheque

    EPL: Arsenal's Aaron Ramsey ruled out for three weeks due to thigh injury

    Snapchat, Vine among top smartphone apps of 2013

    US 'still reviewing' Indian diplomat Devyani Khobragade's UN application

    We had no role in NSA's alleged iPhone hack: Apple

    Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, newly elected MLAs take oath in assembly

    Gold notches biggest annual loss in three decades

    Arvind Kejriwal hijacked Anna's movement to become chief minister: Ramdev

    Iran says nuclear deal to be implemented in late January

    North Korea warns of nuclear disaster, threatens US

    राष्ट्रपति, प्रधानमंत्री ने देशवासियों को नए साल पर शुभकामनाएं दी

    Snapchat, Vine and Candy Crush Saga among top smartphone apps of 2013

    Russia gets two Putin New Year speeches after 'glitch'

    नई शुरुआत का समय : प्रधानमंत्री का नव वर्ष पर संदेश

    Sensex edges higher at start of new year

    Dubai kicks off 2014 with dazzling world record bid

    Riots in Little India inexcusable: Singapore Prime Minister

    Michael Schumacher wasn't skiing at high speed, says manager

    Hewlett-Packard to cut 5,000 more jobs

    Anti-Assad monitoring group says Syrian death toll passes 130,000

    अरविंद केजरीवाल और नए विधायकों ने विधानसभा में ली शपथ, कल हासिल करेंगे विश्वासमत

    Rupee weakens in early trade, slips to 61.90

    In Kolkata, a father battles cops over 16-year-old rape victim's cremation

    Rakhi Birla, Aam Aadmi Party's 26-year-old minister, gets cracking

    Devyani Khobragade case: Salary of embassy staff based upon prevailing local wages, says US

    Credit scores from a test, not a history

    कोलकाता : दो बार गैंगरेप की शिकार पीड़िता के अंतिम संस्कार को लेकर सियासी घमासान

    मुजफ्फरनगर कैंपों को बंद कराने का काम जारी, शरणार्थी परेशान

    New Zealand's Corey Anderson slams fastest ODI ton

    2014 resolutions: Bollywood aspires to stay fit, change lifestyle

    Andhra Pradesh: Telangana Bill to rock Assembly session starting January 3

    Sensex trades flat; midcap, smallcap stocks outperform

    मुलायम सिंह यादव ने माना यूपी में 'मोदी फैक्टर' का असर

    Lupin gains on US regulatory approval for drug

    शेयर बाजारों में गिरावट, सेंसेक्स 30 अंक नीचे

    एचपी ने कहा, 5000 और नौकरियों की कटौती की जरूरत

    North Korean leader says purge was a cleansing of 'filth'

    Apple denies having any knowledge of NSA's alleged iPhone backdoors

    Sony could launch a Windows Phone device in mid-2014: Report

    first poster to be out on January 2

    Pakistan's Pervez Musharraf faces treason trial

    S P Balasubrahmanyam to attend screening at IIFFSA

    Singers Selena, Taylor and Demi bond over tea

    Ball drops in New York City's Times Square, ushering in 2014

    Snapchat, Vine, and Candy Crush Saga top smartphone apps of 2013

    Mumbai: Zip to the International Airport from Sakinaka in just three minutes

    Maruti sales down 4.4% at 90,924 units in December

    Rafael Nadal's atonement brings New Year resolution

    माइकल शूमाकर की हालत में सुधार पर खतरे से बाहर नहीं : डॉक्टर

    Graft allegations against Virbhadra Singh: BJP complains to Election Commission

    Mitchell Johnson slams England batsmen for backing away deliberately

    बराक ओबामा ने सादगी से नए साल का जश्न मनाया

    दोस्त की पत्नी की तस्वीर का टैटू सीने पर बनवाने वाला व्यक्ति गिरफ्तार

    Kerala: Ramesh Chennithala joins Oommen Chandy's cabinet

    Battered England face Ashes whitewash against Australia

    EPL: Tottenham Hotspur midfielder Paulinho out for a month

    Rupee weakens, edges closer to 62 mark

    Vladimir Putin denounces 'abomination' of Volgograd attacks

    FDI policy may be further relaxed: Trade Minister

    A snake lived in this woman's couch for two months

    Kidnapped French priest freed in Cameroon

    Intex Aqua i2 with 5.0-inch display, Android 4.2 listed on company's website

    US woman assaults boyfriend after he refuses to cuddle

    Non-subsidised LPG cylinder to cost R

    s. 220 more

    Indian national's body awaits repatriation from Oman

    How to manage your finances better in 2014

    Youth Congress workers protest outside BJP President Rajnath Singh's house

    New Year in Philippines kills two, injures 599

    Six Indian tourists killed in jeep accident in Nepal

    Five ways you could be snooped on in new year 2014

    Madhuri Dixit: Today women in Bollywood are not just eye candy

    Corey Anderson's record-breaking ton sets up 159-run win for New Zealand

    Ujjain: Four suspected SIMI members arrested

    New Year cheer: 8.5 lakh new jobs expected in 2014

    स्रोत : archives.ndtv.com

    Flora's Empire: British Gardens in India 9780812243260, 2011011277

    Like their penchant for clubs, cricket, and hunting, the planting of English gardens by the British in India reflected a...

    Flora's Empire: British Gardens in India 9780812243260, 2011011277

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    Flora’s Empire @

    Pe n n St u di e s i n L a n dsc a pe A rch i t ect u r e

    John Dixon Hunt, Series Editor This series is dedicated to the study and promotion of a wide variety of approaches to landscape architecture, with special emphasis on connections between theory and practice. It includes monographs on key topics in history and theory, descriptions of projects by both established and rising designers, translations of major foreign-language texts, anthologies of theoretical and historical writings on classic issues, and critical writing by members of the profession of landscape architecture. The series was the recipient of the Award of Honor in Communications from the American Society of Landscape Architects, 2006.

    Flora’s Empire British Gardens in India

    + Eugenia W. Herbert ∂

    U n i v e r sit y o f P e n n s y lva n ia P r ess

    P hiladelphia

    Copyright © 2011 University of Pennsylvania Press All rights reserved. Except for brief quotations used for purposes of review or scholarly citation, none of this book may be reproduced in any form by any means without written permission from the publisher. Published by University of Pennsylvania Press Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4112 www.upenn.edu/pennpress Printed in the United States of America on acid-free paper 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Herbert, Eugenia W. Flora’s empire : British gardens in India / Eugenia W. Herbert. p. cm. (Penn studies in landscape architecture) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN: 978-0-8122-4326-0 (hardcover : alk. paper) 1. Gardens, British—India. 2. Gardens—India—History. 3. India— Civilization—British influences. I. Series. SB457.54 .H47 2011 635.0954 22 2011011277

    å For Ellie W eld and †Dav id A pter

    This page intentionally left blank

    Open your doors and look abroad. From your blossoming garden gather fragrant memories of the vanished flowers of an hundred years before.

    @ —R abindranath Tagore, The Gardener (1913)

    This page intentionally left blank

    Contents Preface

    Introduction: Cowslips and Lotuses

    xi 1

    @ Part I. Gardeners Abroad Chapter 1  From Garden House to Bungalow,

    Nabobs to Heaven-Born

    19

    Chapter 2  Calcutta and the Gardens of Barrackpore

    62

    Chapter 3  Over the Hills and Far Away: The Hill Stations of India

    97

    @ Part II. Gardens of Empire Chapter 4  Eastward in Eden: Botanical Imperialism

    and Imperialists 139 Chapter 5 Gardens of Memory 181 Chapter 6

    The Taj and the Raj: Restoring the Taj Mahal

    197 Chapter 7

    Imperial Delhi: City of Gardens

    227 Chapter 8

    Imperial New Delhi: The Garden City

    257 Chapter 9 The Legacy 285

    Conclusion: Garden Imperialism

    303

    [color plates follow page 180]

    Common Trees, Shrubs, and Plants in India South of the Himalayas Notes

    x ∂ 315 319 Bibliography 353 Index 373 Acknowledgments 387 cont ent s Preface @ T

    he novelist Penelope Lively devotes an entire chapter of her

    autobiography to her grandmother’s gardens over several generations. With their lawns, informal walks, lily ponds, snowdrops,

    bluebells, and roses, they are virtual palimpsests of English garden history as it is most familiar to us: “Essence of Englishness, you would think, the English garden.” But in fact, as Lively points out, there is hardly anything in these gardens except the yew trees and primroses that is native to the British Isles. The garden is rather a “cacophony,” filled with plants from all over the world. And when her family moved to Egypt, her mother created a garden there that was unabashedly English in design, even if many of the shrubs and trees were perforce adapted to a warmer climate.1 A walk through Kew Gardens reinforces this experience of gardens as a

    “global reference system.” On a May morning Rhododendron Dell is ablaze with the blossoms of these glorious shrubs. But while the dell was laid out by Capability Brown, giant of eighteenth-century English natural landscape design, it had to wait until the next century for the rhododendrons that

    Joseph Dalton Hooker brought back from the Sikkim Himalayas. A few years ago I had taken a similar stroll through Haidar Ali’s Lal Bagh in Bangalore. Just inside the main gate, I was surprised to come upon a colony of plaster gnomes, statues, and other assorted paraphernalia in a garden initially inspired by Mughal prototypes and later redesigned to accommodate English flowers and flower beds and walkways. At the far end I came to the glasshouse, a miniature Crystal Palace, with the annual Republic Day flower show in full swing. Around the periphery of the Lal Bagh, nurseries clustered, meeting the needs not only of locals but also of patrons from all over India. It has often been said that the English are a nation of gardeners, with a passion for plants and flowers surpassing that of all other people. “Our England is a garden,” wrote Rudyard Kipling.2 They are also a nation of empire builders, with Kipling in the forefront. Wherever they went, they took with them as part of their cultural baggage their love of gardens and their certainties about what a garden should look like. Nowhere was this more evident than in India. It was one thing to show off tropical exotics in English conservatories or even coax them to grow outside for a season, quite another matter to live in the midst of these exotics in all their terrifying luxuriance. The farther from home one ventured, the more one longed for familiar cowslips and hollyhocks and Michaelmas daisies, for well-trimmed lawns and neat flowerbeds. Much has been written about architecture and imperialism, little about gardens and imperialism, perhaps because gardens are far more ephemeral and harder to document, perhaps because they seem less serious. And yet almost two decades ago, the garden historian Charles Quest-Ritson pointed out that the history of the gardens of the Raj remained to be written.3 The present work is intended as a first step in telling the story of the gardens Britons created, or attempted to create, for themselves in India. The gardens are as varied as the characters in the story, from viceroys and their wives to unremembered officials (and their wives) in the remote reaches of the mofussil to professional botanists, soldiers, and retirees. The reader will find the text liberally seasoned with quotations from the wealth of memoirs and letters they have left behind in order to let their own voices be heard. To be sure, other imperial powers imposed their gardens on subject lands as well, but it was the British who came to paint most of the world red and whose gardens had the most profound effect. In the end they left a lasting horticultural mark on India, just as India did on them. x ii

    स्रोत : ebin.pub

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