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    Difference Between Society and Community (with Comparison Chart)

    In this post, we will talk about the differences between society and community. Also, you will get to know their meaning and characteristics

    Difference Between Society and Community

    Last updated on January 30, 2023 by Surbhi S

    We all know that man is a social animal who depends on others to fulfilling basic needs. Due to the continuous interaction between people, they become mutually dependent on one another.

    While a community is an organically functioning, mutually interdependent system, society is a natural, externally organized group. A community and society are not static, as they keep on changing.

    The difference between society and community relies on the individual’s role. A community is formed and functions due to people’s interdependence. However, an individual’s role in society is restricted by their formal roles and not role relationships. In a community, every individual is aware of the fact that he has to play a certain role. The role can be any role, i.e., a farmer, shopkeeper, teacher, makeup artist, etc.

    Content: Society Vs Community

    Comparison Chart What is Society? Characteristics Advantages What is Community? Characteristics Key Differences Conclusion

    Comparison Chart


    Meaning Society is a large grouping of individuals and the relationship existing between them. Community is a geographic area of social living, having some degree of social coherence.

    Members Diverse Same

    Nature Abstract Concrete

    Awareness about lifestyle Yes No

    Relationship Web of social relationship We-feeling among people

    Geographical area Not confined to a particular territory or geographical area. Confined to a particular territory or geographical area.

    Strong sentiment Not present Present

    What is Society?

    Society is a formal association of people with common interests. They are associated with each other through persistent relations, or they share the same geographical or virtual territory. It implies the pattern of social relationships between individuals who have different institutions and cultures. It comprises like-minded people who possess their own values and norms.

    In short, society is a large grouping of people with a common or distinct culture, living in a specific geographic area, feeling belonging and possessing all the essential social arrangements important for sustaining life.

    Characteristics of Society

    Inter-dependence: The members of society depend on each other for its smooth functioning in day-to-day life. For example, carpenter, cobbler, plumber, and sweepers perform their tasks, yet they depend on one another. This is because one person cannot perform their tasks solely.Cooperation and Conflict: Society continues to exist until members cooperate with one another. It is present at every level of society, such as:

    Between family members

    Between neighbours

    At the level of wider society

    However, there exists an element of conflict, and that is also a part of the relationship. It occurs when the interest of the members oppose each other.

    Abstract: Social relationships can only be felt, i.e. one cannot see or touch them. Society is a process of associating with people.System of stratification: Members of the society differ in their status and class, such that every individual has a recognizable position in society.Group of Groups: People come together to create groups. When these groups are taken together, they form a society. Every society consists of families, neighbours, villages, cities, associations, political parties etc.Web of social relations: People reciprocate with each other. It has a wide range of social relationships like teacher-student, lawyer-client, husband-wife, etc.Likeness: Members of society share similarities regarding their needs, works, aims, ideals or values. Due to these similarities, people interact with one another and live peacefully. Society never comes into being if there is a lack of likeness.Differences: Apart from the similarities, there are natural differences also among the people with regard to interest, talent, ability, intelligence, etc. That is why you can see labourers, advocates, engineers, lawyers, etc., in working capacities. The members of society differ with regard to caste, class, occupation and education.Cooperation and Division of Labour: Cooperation of various elements of society is necessary for the growth of culture and civilization. The division of labour relies on the interest of people, ability, gender and age to ensure efficient task performance.Social control: There are a number of rules, customs, traditions, legislation and principles that regulate the behaviour of the members of the society.

    Advantages of Society

    It helps people learn how to cooperate with each other.

    Encourages teamwork

    It teaches sharing and caring

    Establishes rules for a standard behaviour for peaceful living.

    Maintains a balance between independence and interdependence.

    स्रोत : keydifferences.com

    What is the Difference Between Society and Community

    The main difference between society and community is that the society is built upon interactions with varied people whereas the community is the collection of people with similar interests, essentially residing in one geographic place.

    What is the Difference Between Society and Community

    October 14, 2018by Upen6 min read


    The main difference between society and community is that the society is built upon interactions with varied people whereas the community is the collection of people with similar interests, essentially residing in one geographic place.

    The individual is the basic component of both community and society. Society is a collection of different communities. Thus, different communities make the fundamental building block of society. Likewise, society makes the building block of a country. Hence, both community and society are necessary elements in sociology and humanities. They demonstrate human characteristics, interactions and connections with one another.

    Key Areas Covered

    1. What is a Society 

    – Definition, Nature, Characteristics

    2. What is a Community

    – Definition, Nature, Characteristics

    3. What is the Relationship Between Society and Community

    – Outline of Common Features

    4. What is the Difference Between Society and Community

    – Comparison of Key Differences

    Key Terms

    Community, People, Interactions, Society, Sociology

    What is a Society

    Sociology defines society as “a group of people with a common territory, interaction, and culture”. These groups consist of two or more varied people who interact and identify themselves with one another. In brief, these groups can be known as communities as well.

    The etymology of the word society can be traced back to Latin. The Latin word sociatas, which in turn was derived from the noun socius. Socius means, comrade, friend, or ally; this describes a bond or interaction between parties that are friendly, or at least civil.

    Hence, persistent social interactions with these varied communities is a fundamental aspect of society. Similarly, if there are no such healthy interactions among these groups or communities within a country, those groups cannot be considered a part of the same society. Therefore, barriers such as geographic distance and language differences can separate communities with society and similarly, societies within a country.

    Thus, there are also similarities among these varied communities or groups in society as they share aspects of their common culture, such as language or beliefs. Hence, cultures become a defining element of society. Thus, social sciences highlight the fact that a larger society often exhibits a dominance or stratification patterns among its groups.

    As a result, society has a much wider scope in comparison to community. A society has heterogeneity, and it easily embraces people having different conflicts and differences. Hence, likenesses, as well as conflicts, exist simultaneously within a society. However, since society is vast, there is every possibility of adjustment and cooperation between people. Furthermore, defined geographic locality is not an essential element for society, unlike for a community.

    What is a Community

    The etymology of the word community can be traced back to the Latin word communitas, which means shared in common and public spirit. Hence, community is a group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic or a likeness in common.

    Thus, there is no distinct diversity among them; they share common characteristics such as religion, language, caste, age, sex, family and kinship, profession, and, residence. Therefore, homogeneity acts as a core element in a community.

    Hence, a social group known as a community is created based on these common characteristics among these members or people with similar interests. As a result, there can be communities based on this likeness they share in common with one another.

    Youth Community

    Moreover, one distinct characteristic of a community is that the members should essentially reside in the same geographic place to define themselves as a community in addition to the other similar interests they share. Therefore, there are different communities within one social unit as well.

    For example, within one society there are different communities such as based on the profession: fishing community, farming community, the business community, based on gender; homosexual community, based on a caste system; high caste community and low caste community, etc.

    Communities Based on Common Interests

    स्रोत : pediaa.com

    Difference between Society and Community

    Difference between Society and Community with list of top differences and real time examples including images, dog, cat, gross, net, java, database, science, general, english etc.

    Difference between Society and Community

    The world is full of people of various kinds and their beliefs. Some people believe in atheism, some in communalism, some are nationalists, etc. The protests that take place in some countries are because of these beliefs. Now, these religious beliefs can sometimes lead to fights other than protests. There are other kinds of belief systems, but religious belief is the dominant one. People with the same beliefs tend to live together and share their views on various topics. Well, people either live in a society or a community. So, what are the contrasting points between them? What do they mean? These questions might arise in our minds. So, let us begin with the primary meaning of these terms.


    A society is defined as the group of individuals that are involved in a large group that shares the same opinions and perspectives. People with common interests come forward and make a society. Well, society can also mean an organized group of people working together for their common interests, perspectives, or beliefs. For instance, the US is a capitalist society. Well, in the animal kingdom, when a particular species of animals live together, that is termed as a society. For instance, honey bee society, etc. In Sociology, there are six significant types of societies, namely pastoral society, horticulture society, industrial society, hunting & gathering society, agricultural society, and post-industrial society. People sharing the same culture also live in societies. Now, what is the importance of a society? Well, in sociology, society is essential for living. Society is a place where one can comfortably live and participate in societal works. A society is essential as it is a home for all people with similar cultures, interests, hobbies, perceptions, opinions, etc. Well, there are many functions of society like it is a large human group, satisfies the needs of the members, has a sense of cooperation and belongingness, etc.


    A community is defined as a group of people who follow a social structure in a society. The social structure involves religion, morals, customs, values, etc. The place of a community can be virtual as well as physical (village, towns, countries, etc.). People interacting with each other having common interests, values, etc., live in a community. The basis of a community lies in five fundamental things, i.e., action, place, circumstance, interest, and practice. The community has some major characteristics like:

    It is a group of people.

    Community is a definite locality.

    A community is a permanent group.

    People with similar interests come together in a community.

    Social life is organized in a community.

    A community has no legal state or a particular name.

    A community depends upon its size. For instance, a village is a small community, while a country is a large community.

    Now, let us discuss the significant contrasting points between a society and a community.


    1. A society is defined as a group of people sharing the same culture, interests, opinions, etc. On the other hand, a community is defined as the group of living in a social structure.

    2. A society is a physical place. A community can be a physical or virtual place.

    3. The concept of society prevails among humans as well as animals. The concept of society prevails only among humans.

    4. Society is a web of building social relationships. A community is only a group of individuals.

    5. Society does not have a specific geographical area. The community has a specific geographical area.

    6. Community sentiments are not present in society. There can be no community without community sentiments.

    7. Society is wider, i.e., it includes several small communities. The community is smaller as compared to society.

    8. Society is a web of social relationships that cannot be touched. It is abstract. Community is concrete, i.e., it includes a particular area or a particular group of people.

    9. Common interests, goals, perceptions, opinions are not necessary among people living in a society. Common interests, goals, perceptions, opinions are necessary among people living in a community.

    10. Common and diverse interests are present in society. Particular or specific interests prevail in a community.

    11. Communication and interactions are important in a society. This helps in building social relationships. People in a community communicate involuntarily. Therefore, it is not necessary to interact.

    12. Society is heterogeneous, i.e., there is diversity among the members. Community is homogenous, i.e., less or no diversity is present among the members.

    So, these are some of the contrasting points between a society and a community. Well, there are various types of societies and communities. So, let us take a look at them.

    Types of Society

    Tribal Society: Hunters and Gathers are a major part of the tribal societies. Rather they are the founders of such societies. The social structure of this community is unified, and these people primarily speak in their language, which is unknown to the common people. In addition, tribal people usually follow magic, totemism, etc.Agrarian Society: People who do agricultural activities are a part of an agrarian society. Potters, blacksmiths, weavers, artisans, etc., also are a part of an agrarian society. Domestication of plants and animals takes place in this society.

    स्रोत : www.javatpoint.com

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