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    Discuss the major beliefs and practices that characterised Sufism. from History Bhakti

    Major beliefs and practices of Sufism : In the early centuries of Islam, a group of religous minded people turned to asceticism and mysticism. They were called as Sufis. Major beliefs and practices of Sufism are given below: (i)    Sufis criticised the dogmatic definitions and scholastic methods of interpreting the Quran and Sunna (traditions of the Prophet) given by theologians. Sufis thus interpreted the Quran on the basis of their personal experiences. (ii)    They gave emphasis on seeking salvation through great devotion and bhakti of God. (iii)    They regarded Prophet Muhammad as a perfect human being and preached to follow the Prophet Muhammad. (iv)    They were in favour of zikr, sama, singing, dance and training of mind, through different methods under the guidance of any Auliya or Pir. (v)    They gave stress on mendicancy and celibacy. They ignored rituals and observed extreme forms of asceticism. (vi)    They used to go for ziyarat, to tombs of Sufi saints. Music and dance were also parts of ziyarat. The Sufis remember God either by reciting the Divine Names or evoking his presence through sama or performance of mystical music. Sama was integral to the Chishtis, and exemplified interaction with indigenous devotional traditions. (vii)    According to Sufis God is one and is all-powerful. Every one is his creation. That’s why all are equal. (viii)    According to Sufism service of mankind and needy people is as equal to the devotion of God. That’s why a common kitchen (langar) was being run in Khanqah of Shaikh Nizamuddin Aulia which was being run on ‘futuh’ (unasked for charity). From morning till late night this kitchen was being run to provide food for all sections of society. (ix)    A major feature of Sufism was austerity including maintaining a distance from worldly power.

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    Discuss the major beliefs and practices that characterised Sufism.

    Major beliefs and practices of Sufism : In the early centuries of Islam, a group of religous minded people turned to asceticism and mysticism. They were called as Sufis. Major beliefs and practices of Sufism are given below:

    (i)    Sufis criticised the dogmatic definitions and scholastic methods of interpreting the Quran and Sunna (traditions of the Prophet) given by theologians. Sufis thus interpreted the Quran on the basis of their personal experiences.

    (ii)    They gave emphasis on seeking salvation through great devotion and bhakti of God.

    (iii)    They regarded Prophet Muhammad as a perfect human being and preached to follow the Prophet Muhammad.

    (iv)    They were in favour of zikr, sama, singing, dance and training of mind, through different methods under the guidance of any Auliya or Pir.

    (v)    They gave stress on mendicancy and celibacy. They ignored rituals and observed extreme forms of asceticism.

    (vi)    They used to go for ziyarat, to tombs of Sufi saints. Music and dance were also parts of ziyarat. The Sufis remember God either by reciting the Divine Names or evoking his presence through sama or performance of mystical music. Sama was integral to the Chishtis, and exemplified interaction with indigenous devotional traditions.

    (vii)    According to Sufis God is one and is all-powerful. Every one is his creation. That’s why all are equal.

    (viii)    According to Sufism service of mankind and needy people is as equal to the devotion of God. That’s why a common kitchen (langar) was being run in Khanqah of Shaikh Nizamuddin Aulia which was being run on ‘futuh’ (unasked for charity). From morning till late night this kitchen was being run to provide food for all sections of society.

    (ix)    A major feature of Sufism was austerity including maintaining a distance from worldly power.

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    What were the major beliefs and practices of the S class 10 social science CBSE

    What were the major beliefs and practices of the Sufis

    What were the major beliefs and practices of the Sufis?

    Answer Verified 198k+ views 1 likes

    Hint: Sufi, means 'purity' in one sense and the other implies pious ascetics who withdrew from urban life, during early Islam. It can be attributed as an altered state of consciousness which is attributed in a religious way.Complete answer:

    Sufism can be defined as Islamic Mysticism that is enlightenment in a religious manner. Sufis the followers of Sufism traces a direct link back to the Islamic teacher and messenger of Islam Prophet Muhammad by forming congregations around a grand master referred to as a “wali”. Sufi terminologies are extremely important in Persian and other literature related to it, such as Turkish, Sindhi, Urdu, Punjabi, and Pashto. They emphasized love and devotion to one God and rejected outward religiosity by inspiring people to be compassionate towards all fellow human beings and respect the creations of God. They rejected idol worship and used considerably simplified rituals of worship into collective prayers ( jamaat).

    They believed that the heart can be trained to look at the world in a different way by achieving asceticism i.e. giving up worldly physical and psychological desires. They developed elaborate methods of training or praying, using chanting of a sacred formula or a name; called " zikr". singing and contemplation are known as sama, Raqs (dancing), discussion of parables, breath control, etc. under the counsel of a master or Pir.

    Note: Sufism is more flexible than Islam when it comes to praying the One Lord Allah, as it has its own fluid ways of connecting with the god whereas, there are some prescribed rules and obligations of worshipping. In contemporary times Sufism is practised in Egypt, Senegal and Morocco.

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    Describe the major beliefs and practices that characterised Sufism.

    Sufis were a group of religious minded people turned to asceticism and mysticism. Their major beliefs and practices are given below : (i) The Sufis laid emphasis on seeking of salvation through devotion of God. (ii) They laid emphasis on celibacy and ignored the rituals and boserved extreme form of asceticism. (iii) They considered every one equal in the eyes of God. God is one and almighty. Everyone in the universe is his creation. (iv) They interpreted the Quran on the basis of their own experiences. (v) They maintained a distance from worldly power. (vi) They used to go for Ziyarat. They remembered God by reciting the divine names or evoking his presence through Sama. (vii) They regarded Prophet Muhammad as perfect human being and preached to follow his teachings. (viii) Sufis were in favour of Sama, singing and dance.

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    Describe the major beliefs and...

    Describe the major beliefs and practices that characterised Sufism.

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    Sufis were a group of religious minded people turned to asceticism and mysticism. Their major beliefs and practices are given below :

    (i) The Sufis laid emphasis on seeking of salvation through devotion of God.

    (ii) They laid emphasis on celibacy and ignored the rituals and boserved extreme form of asceticism.

    (iii) They considered every one equal in the eyes of God. God is one and almighty. Everyone in the universe is his creation.

    (iv) They interpreted the Quran on the basis of their own experiences.

    (v) They maintained a distance from worldly power.

    (vi) They used to go for Ziyarat. They remembered God by reciting the divine names or evoking his presence through Sama.

    (vii) They regarded Prophet Muhammad as perfect human being and preached to follow his teachings.

    (viii) Sufis were in favour of Sama, singing and dance.

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