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    Electric Vehicles: The Future Transport

    The article talks about the environmentally clean way of transportation in India. Also discusses the associated challenges in the adoption of electric vehicles.

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    Electric Vehicles: The Future Transport

    01 Nov 2021 9 min read Tags: GS Paper - 3 Technology Missions

    Scientific Innovations & Discoveries

    Infrastructure

    Indigenization of Technology

    Growth & Development

    This editorial is based on the article Is India ready for a world where electric vehicles will dominate transportation? which was published in The Indian Express on 30/10/2021. It talks about the challenges associated with the promotion of electric vehicles and ways to increase their penetration in the market.

    India has the dubious distinction of having nine of the 10 most polluted cities in the world. These nine cities, all in north India, include Greater Noida, Noida, Lucknow, and Delhi. While many factors contribute to the polluted air, skies and human lungs of northern India, vehicular pollution bears substantial responsibility.

    So, it is unsurprising that the Indian State is slowly but steadily encouraging electric vehicles. And with this, we may be coming a full circle in terms of our ability to commute. While in the 1900s, the electric vehicle (EV) lost out to fuel-based ones, that may not be the case anymore.

    In 1886, Carl Benz, a German engineer applied for and was granted patent number 37435 for his “vehicle powered by a gas engine”. In a few months, the commercial production of the Benz motor car started. This is by most accounts the beginning of commercially-produced vehicles using gas engines.

    Interestingly, in 1880, a few years prior to Benz’s patent, William Morrison, a chemist from Iowa, United States, helped bring to life, a six-seater electric vehicle. By 1900, electric cars accounted for over one-third of the vehicles sold in the US. The forward march of electric cars was stopped by the mass production of the very reasonably priced Ford automobile.A reasonably priced car along with the cheap prices of gasoline in the early 1900s meant that the world as we now live in came to be, with fossil fuel-dependent vehicles — cars and bikes — thronging our streets.

    In this context, India must prepare itself with better charging infrastructure, battery-making factories and smart incentives for car companies and consumers to go electric

    Electric Vehicles (EVs)

    An EV operates on an electric motor instead of an internal combustion engine and has a battery instead of a fuel tank.

    In general, EVs have low running costs as they have fewer moving parts and are also environmentally friendly.

    In India, the fuel cost for an EV is approximately 80 paisa per kilometre. Contrast this with the cost of petrol which is today more than Rs 100 per litre in Indian cities, or Rs 7-8 per kilometre to operate a petrol-based vehicle.

    Prospects in India

    The private sector has appreciated the inevitability of the dominance of the EV.

    Companies like Amazon, Swiggy, Zomato and Ikea are deploying EVs for deliveries.

    Car manufacturers like Mahindra are partnering with consumers like Ola, while Tata Motors is partnering with Blu Smart Mobility in moves that will ensure more EV delivery and ride-hailing services.

    Associated ChallengesLack of Charging Infrastructure: The real challenge for the consumer is the lack of charging infrastructure in India.

    EVs are typically powered by lithium-based batteries. These batteries need to be charged usually every 200-250 kilometres or so for a car. So, there is a need for a dense proliferation of charging points.

    Issue of Slow Charging: It takes up to 12 hours for a full charge of a vehicle at the owner’s home using a private light-duty slow charger. To compound this technological problem of slow charging at home, there are a few charging stations around the country.

    This is woefully inadequate in a country as large and densely populated as ours.

    Lack of a Stable Policy For EV Production: EV production is a capital intensive sector requiring long term planning to break even and profit realization, uncertainty in government policies related to EV production discourages investment in the industry.Technological Challenges: India is technologically deficient in the production of electronics that form the backbone of the EV industry, such as batteries, semiconductors, controllers, etc.Lack of Associated Infrastructural Support: The lack of clarity over AC versus DC charging stations, grid stability and range anxiety (fear that batteries will soon run out of power) are other factors that hinder the growth of the EV industry.Lack of Availability of Materials For Domestic Production: Battery is single most important component of EVs. India does not have any known reserves of lithium and cobalt which are required for battery production. India is dependent on countries like Japan and China for the import of lithium-ion batteries.Lack of skilled workers: EVs have higher servicing costs and higher levels of skills is needed for servicing. India lacks dedicated training courses for such skill development.

    Way Forward

    Increasing R&D in EVs: The Indian market needs encouragement for indigenous technologies that are suited for India from both strategic and economic standpoint.

    स्रोत : www.drishtiias.com

    Essay on Electric Vehicles

    Essay on Electric Vehicles is the latest and hot topic to learn. Get 150, 250, 300, 500 words essays for school, college and UPSC students.

    Essay on Electric Vehicles-150, 250, 300, 500 Words

    November 22, 2022 by Biswajit

    Essay on Electric Vehicles will help you a lot more to know about electric vehicles. If you are looking for an Essay on Electric Vehicles then this post might help you to find that.

    Here you will get a collection of essays on electric vehicles like 150, 250, and 500 words for school, college and UPSC aspirants as well.

    Electric Vehicles is a new technology in the car and so it is now a very warm topic to discuss. So it is always good to learn more about this new technology. You could also use these essays on your exams and any assignment.

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    Essay on Electric Vehicles 150

    Essay on Electric Vehicles in India 250 Words

    Essay on Electric Vehicles the Future of Transport 300 Words

    Essay on Electric Vehicles UPSC

    Conclusion:

    Essay on Electric Vehicles 150

    So, this is your first essay on electric vehicles which is written most probably 150 words. So, if your need is a simple and short essay about electric vehicles then read this essay.

    An electric vehicle is a car that runs on electricity. They’re really good for the environment because they don’t use gas or oil, and they’re cheaper to maintain because you don’t have to change the oil as often.

    There are some disadvantages too – for example, an electric vehicle can only go about 100 miles before it needs to charge up again.

    Electric cars are an increasingly popular option for drivers who are concerned about the environment or their wallets. There are a lot of benefits to owning an electric vehicle, from lower running costs to not having to spend time in the gas station.

    An electric vehicle is a type of vehicle that uses electric energy stored in rechargeable batteries or other sources like solar panels to power the motor that drives the wheels.

    Electric cars are made with zero emissions and are cleaner than traditional cars. Because there is no burning of fossil fuels like gasoline or diesel fuel. Electric vehicles are quieter and produce less pollution, making them better for our health and the planet as well.

    Essay on Electric Vehicles in India 250 Words

    Here is another essay on electric cars in India 250 words. Which will help you in your school projects or any exams. So, do read this essay completely for a better understanding.

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    The number of electric vehicles on the road has been steadily increasing in recent years, but we still have an essay on electric vehicles long way to go before they become common place. Because of this, many people are still hesitant to buy an electric vehicle even if they see the benefits and understand why they’re the future of driving.

    Electric vehicles are great for the environment because they don’t use gas or oil. Plus, electric vehicles have fewer maintenance costs since you don’t have to change the oil as often.

    Electric vehicles have some great benefits, but they’re not without a few disadvantages. One of these is that they’re more expensive than an average car to purchase and maintain.

    However, when you compare the cost to operate and maintain an electric vehicle to that of a gas-powered vehicle, it’s clear that over time electric vehicles will be much cheaper.

    The second disadvantage is it’s charging capacity and it’s charging station. This car can go to a limited distance with one charge. So it will become problematic when your EV stops far from any charging station.

    And the third problem is it’s battery. It will die after a certain period of time. So you have to change your EV battery from time to time.

    Electric vehicles do not produce any emissions, so they’re better for your health. They also don’t produce any noise, which is great if you live in a city or near an airport. Electric vehicles are also cheaper to maintain because they don’t need oil changes and they’re easier to park because they take up less space.

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    Essay on Electric Vehicles the Future of Transport 300 Words

    A lot of people are looking for an Essay on Electric Vehicles the Future of Transport. This is really an amazing topic to describe. So here we try to make it more simple with this short essay which is written about 300 words.

    There are many reasons why electric vehicles are the future of transportation, but the most obvious one has to do with the environment. Electric cars and trucks don’t burn fossil fuels, so they don’t create harmful pollution or add greenhouse gases to the atmosphere like gas-powered vehicles do.

    This alone makes them superior to traditional cars on almost every level, not just from an environmental perspective but also from a health and safety standpoint as well. The other reason why electric vehicles have been catching on so quickly in recent years is because of all the cool new innovations being added to their designs.

    They’re also easier on your wallet, as they cost less to maintain and run than gas-powered cars. And with more charging stations popping up every day, it’s easier than ever to go electric.

    Electric vehicles are easier to use than gasoline-powered cars since they only have one pedal, which is the accelerator. They’re also quieter and smoother because they don’t have an engine that needs to be turned on and off.

    स्रोत : www.study-phi.com

    Essay on Electric Vehicles: The Future of Transport, Benefits of Electric Vehicles uses, Electric Vehicles

    Essay on Electric Vehicles: The Future of Transport, Benefits of Electric Vehicles uses, Electric Vehicles, Paragraph on Electronic Vehicles

    Essay on Electric Vehicles: The Future of Transport, Benefits of Electric Vehicles uses, Electric Vehicles

    May 27, 2021

    Essay on Electric Vehicles 

    Today when the world is thriving to use day by day new technology everywhere, Electric Vehicles must be the future means of transport. Pollution, growing demand for fuel, Global Warming, promoting eco-friendly means of transport are some of the reasons for promoting electric vehicles.

    Electric Vehicles

    Electric Vehicles are means of transport that consume eclectic energy as fuel instead of traditional fuels such as petrol, diesel, and CNG. These vehicles may be powered through a collector system by electricity from off-vehicle sources or maybe inbuilt with a battery, solar panels, fuel cells, or an electric generator to convert fuel to electricity. Electric bikes, electric cars, electric rickshaws, etc are some examples of electric vehicles. Most of the trains including metros are already running worldwide through electricity.

    Need of Electric Vehicles

    These are following factors which creates urgent need for use of electric vehicles:

    To reduce pollutionTo conserve non-renewable natural resourcesTo reduce import of petrol and dieselTo promote use of renewable energyTo reduce global warmingTo fulfill the need of growing demand of more means of transport

    The world population is increasing drastically day by day and the demand of means of transport also growing proportionally. Thus demand of fuel is also increasing.  Too much smoke comes out from traditional vehicles this cause air pollution which take many lives every year.

    Also Read: Essay on Free and Fair Election.

    Benefits of Electric Vehicles uses

    We all are living in an advance era of technology. Advancement of technology always helps for betterment of human life. Use of electric vehicles are very beneficial for human as well as for environment in many ways. Some of these are given below:

    Electric vehicles run from electricity and doesn't emit smoke thus it is very helpful for reducing the pollution which causes many types of life threatening disease.Smoke is also one of the major causes of global warming. Thus using electric vehicles will reduce global warming.Petrol, Diesel and CNG are non-renewable natural resources of energy. Over-use of these fuels is not good for nature also. Thus use of electric vehicles can be very helpful for conservation of these natural resources.Today when advancement of technology growing rapidly electric vehicles are new means of transport to fulfill the larger demand of people growing day by day.Electric vehicles are eco-friendly. Use of electric vehicles is good for environment as well as human life.Electric vehicles are new technology. This sector will grow day by day which will generate lot of employment in this field.Electric vehicle will reduce the dependency of a nation on petroleum export countries.This will reduce the import cost of petrol, diesel like fuels and thus it will help in growing the economy of the country.Cost of electric vehicles is also low if we compare the recurring expenditure on petrol and diesel used in traditional means of transport.

    Also Read: Essay on Single use Plastic Ban

    Government initiative towards use of Electric Vehicles

    As electric vehicle is cheaper in long run and also environment friendly, Government is continuously promoting the use of electric vehicles. Since long time many trains including metros have been running on electricity. Indian Railways trains are now almost running on electricity. Electric bike, electronic car, electronic rikshaw are already in market. Now people should use more electric vehicles in place of traditional petrol & diesel vehicles. Government has started campaign to promote use of electric vehicles. Some rebate on taxes and subsidy on purchasing the electric vehicles, are also provided by the Government. Recently Delhi Government has launched 'Switch Delhi' campaign to promote the use of electric vehicles.

    Also Read: Essay on Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav

    'Switch Delhi' Campaign

    Recently Delhi Government has launched 'Switch Delhi' campaign a Jan Aandolan to promote use of electric vehicles. This initiative has been taken by Delhi Government to cut down air pollution caused due to smoke emitted by traditional petrol & diesel vehicles. Earlier in August 2020 Delhi Government introduced Delhi EV Policy. Under this policy Delhi Government provides waiver on road tax, benefits up to Rs.1.5 lakh on four wheelers and more.

    स्रोत : www.selfstudymantra.com

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