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    "Modak" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR


    Type Dumpling Course Dessert

    Place of origin India

    Region or state India, Japan, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, Singapore, Myanmar

    Main ingredients Rice flour, or wheat and maida flour, coconut, jaggery

    Variations Kangidan (歓喜団)

    Khanom tom (ขนมต้ม) Kuih modak Kue modak

    Mont lone yay baw (မုန့်လုံးရေပေါ်)

    Media: Modak

    Modak (Marathi: मोदक; Japanese: 歓喜団; Thai: โมทกะ or ขนมต้ม; Malaysian: Kuih modak; Indonesian: Kue modak; Burmese: မုန့်လုံးရေပေါ်) is an Indian sweet dumpling dish popular in many Indian states and cultures. According to Hindu and Buddhist beliefs, it is considered one of the favourite dishes of Lord Ganesha and the Buddha and is therefore used in prayers.[1][2] The sweet filling on the inside of a modak consists of freshly grated coconut and jaggery, while the outer soft shell is made from rice flour or wheat flour mixed with khava or maida flour.[3]

    There are two types of modak, fried and steamed. The steamed version (called )[4] is often served hot with ghee.


    1 Religious significance

    1.1 Hinduism 1.2 Buddhism 1.3 Japan 1.4 Malay world 1.5 Myanmar 1.6 Thailand 2 Varieties 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

    Religious significance[edit]


    Modak is considered to be the favourite sweet of the Hindu deity, Ganesha.[1] From it, he gets the moniker modakapriya (one who likes modak) in Sanskrit. The word modak means "small part of bliss" and it symbolises spiritual knowledge.[5] During Ganesh Chaturthi, the puja usually concludes with an offering of 21 or 101 modaks to Ganesha. Modaks made with rice flour shells are often preferred for this purpose, although wheat shell versions are also used. Local businesses outside Ganesh Temples across India usually sell pre-packed/ready-made versions of modaks.


    Modak is also considered to be the favourite sweet of Gautama Buddha. During Buddha's Birthday, modaks are offered to the Buddha.


    In Japan, a sweet similar to modak and known locally as (歓喜団), is offered to both the god Kangiten, the Japanese version of Lord Ganesha, and the Buddha. Kangidans are made from curds, honey, and red bean paste. They are wrapped in kneaded dough made from parched flour and shaped like a bun before they are deep fried. However, as the majority of Japanese are non-religious, it can be eaten at any occasions such as Shōgatsu, Culture Day, Christmas, Halloween, birthdays and retirement parties.

    Malay world[edit]

    In the Malay world, modaks are known as kuih modak (in Malaysia, Brunei and Singapore) or kue modak (in Indonesia).


    In Myanmar, modaks are known as (မုန့်လုံးရေပေါ်) and is eaten during Thingyan.


    In Thailand, modaks are known locally as (ขนมต้ม) and are offered to Phikanet or Phra Phikanesuan, the Thai version of Lord Ganesha. It is covered in coconut shreds.


    Type Characteristics

    Steamed modak ( in the Marathi language) Made of coconuts and sugar/jaggery. This variation is especially prepared during the Ganesh Festival. They are hand-made and cooked in a steamer. They are perishable and need to be consumed immediately.[6][7][8]

    Fried modak Deep fried in oil instead of being steamed. Frying makes the modaks last longer and have a different taste.[9]

    Mawa modak These are khoa (milk solids) based preparations that are shaped like a modak. A variety of flavors can be obtained by addition of materials such as pistachio, cardamom, chocolate, and almond.

    See also[edit]

    Food portal List of dumplings

    List of Indian sweets and desserts

    Maharashtrian cuisine

    List of Japanese desserts and sweets

    List of Thai desserts and snacks

    Buddha's birthday Ganesha Ganesh Chaturthi Gautama Buddha Kue Kuih Mantou Mandu Manti Mont lone yay baw


    ^ Jump up to:

    Chef Mandaar Sukhtankar (24 August 2017). "A modak by any other name". . Retrieved 19 October 2017.

    ^ "Indian classic: Modak". .^ "Modak Recipe".^ "Jatra gets its flavour from Maharashtra for authentic taste". . Indore. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2017.^ "Why is Ganapati with the right sided trunk not commonly worshipped?". . 14 September 2005. Retrieved 22 April 2021.

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    know what are lord Ganesha favourite fruits and flowers; to please him on the occasion of Ganesh Chaturthi. Here is the things modapriya loves most

    Hindu FestivalGanesh Chaturthi

    Lord Ganesha Favourite: 10 Things to Offer Ganpati Bappa

    By Rgyan - September 12, 2018 Facebook Twitter Pinterest WhatsApp Email

    Occasions and Festivals hold great importance in everyone’s life and bring in liveliness throughout that span of time. Ganesh Chaturthi is one of those thrilling festivals which spreads zest, fervor, and throws a splendour atmosphere all around. Ganesh Chaturthi commemorates 10 days festival to adore Lord Ganesha’s Birth Anniversary; especially in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya-Pradesh, Goa, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, and Karnataka. Let’s Know about Lord Ganesha Favourite things.

    Lord Ganesha Favourite fruits and flowers

    Lord Ganesha never desires utter dedication and unusual attention during Ganesh Chaturthi or any other religious festival. However, He is the first god to be worshipped in any of the important holy events; as it is exhibited in Rigveda- ‘Na Kritey Twayam Kriyate Kim Chanare’. Why not we should know what are all the beloved things that can easily amaze Him with astonishment? Let’s know what are his favorite items on the occasion of great grand Ganesh Chaturthi.

    Modak: Modak is one of the favourite foods of Lord Ganesha. He is also well-known with the name- ‘Modakpriya’. Modak is a sweet small savoury ball of rice dough; which is boiled and stuffed with grated coconut along with jiggery is the most appetizing thing while worshipping him.Durva Grass: Durva grass has a unique relation with Ganesha God and thus is very near to Him. It is believed that durva grass is an ultimate cure for indigestion and an instant pain reliever. Offering 21 blades (leaves) of grasses during prayers is considered significant.Conch Shell (Shankh): In each portrait of Lord Ganesha; we usually notice that one of his arms holds conch-shell, i.e Shankh. Conch shell plays a very essential role in Hindu culture as it generates the holiest sound inside a religious sanctum. It is considered way propitious to play Shankh in Ganesha puja.Sindoor (Red Vermillion): Just like Lord Hanumana, elephant-headed God-Ganesha is revered with red vermillion during puja in festivals. He loves to get adorned with sindoor, especially during Ganesh Chaturthi.Marigold and Erukku Flowers: Divinities attract Flowers and as they have the ability to remove negativity from a person’s soul; thereby it is always preferred to offer garlands made of flower to gods. Lord Ganesha got a strong feeling of pleasure with marigold and erukku flowers.Basil (Tulsi): Basil leaves aka Tulsi is Ganesha’s favorite. Tulsi is dipped in holy water and sometimes find separately in the puja thali. Hence Lord is worshipped with tulsi leaves in Puja.Leaves (Dhatura Bel): The father of Lord Ganesha is always presented with Dhatura Bel during every sacred observance. Just like his father, he too loves to have Bel leaves whilst puja.Banana:  Undoubtedly, Lord Ganesha is a great fond of all fruits especially bananas; and he always wishes to have bananas in front of him while worshipping. This fruit is easily available and this adorable God enjoys its presence too much. He also likes to be offered banana leaves in any occasion.Sweetmeats (Motichoor Ladoos): His Love for Motichoor Ladoos is unusually good. Even his cute belly describes his utter love towards this mouth-watering boondi- sweetmeat.  For all delicious sweets, this delectable sweet dish is his one of the beloved foods.Puffed Rice (Murmure): Murmure is puffed rice, and out of this a kind of sweet dish is prepared in houses; murmure is not so costly and does not need expensive ingredients to prepare. He likes the ladoos made from those murmure which shows his pure love towards his not so rich devotees.

    In 2021, Ganesh Chaturthi starts from  Friday, 10 September; and finishes by the 10th day on Ganesh Visarjan, also known as Anant Chaturdashi.

    स्रोत : rgyan.com

    5 foods that Lord Ganesha loves, and you should too

    With Ganesh Chaturthi just around the corner, we take a look at all the things that appeal to this benevolent god.

    5 foods that Lord Ganesha loves, and you should too

    5 foods that Lord Ganesha loves, and you should too With Ganesh Chaturthi just around the corner, we take a look at all the things that appeal to this benevolent god.


    India Today Web Desk

    August 22, 2017

    UPDATED: August 29, 2017 15:56 IST

    Picture courtesy: Pinterest/flickr.com/vegrecipesofindia.com

    Of all the Hindu gods (and there are crores of them), Lord Ganesha holds a place that people across India love and admire. Known for his wisdom and benevolence, the child of Lord Shiva and Devi Parvati is a marker of all things auspicious.


    But the thing about Ganesha that appeals to people the most are the stories weaved around him, including those that describe his love for all things delicious.

    There are a few food items that Ganesha is associated with. Here's a look at five of those very special ingredients.

    1. Modak

    There's a reason why Ganesha is called '' or the lover of modaks. The dumplings stuffed with sweet coconut and jaggery are quite the delicacy. So when a visitor at Kailash mountain gifted a modak to Parvati, she asked her sons to divide it among themselves. Neither Ganesha nor Kartik wanted to do that, so Parvati set them a test--whoever circles the world thrice the fastest can claim the delicious sweet dish.

    Steamed modak. Picture courtesy: Pinterest/Spice Up The Curry

    Kartik set off to circle the world, but Ganesha just circled his parents thrice, proving that they meant the world to him. Impressed by his gesture, Parvati gave him the modak, and the dessert has been associated with Ganesha ever since. Even today, a variety of modaks--steamed, fried, chocolatey--are offered up to Ganesha's idols on Ganesh Chaturthi.


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    2. Motichoor laddoo

    Clearly, Ganesha loves all things sweet, and his ample belly is proof of that. You wouldn't find a single idol or painting of his without a laddoo on one of his four hands. Yes, he clearly loves motichoor laddoos--the Indian sweet made with saffron-infused and aromatic, tiny boondi.

    Motichoor laddoos. Picture courtesy: Pinterest/Maria D'souza

    Of course Ganesha also loves other sorts of laddoos and pedhas, but the vibrant colour and taste of motichoor laddoos makes them stand out as his favourites. No wonder a for Ganesha always includes motichoor laddoos.

    3. Puffed rice

    Ganesha is as benevolent and loving towards the poor as he is to the rich. Puffed rice, which is cheaply available, and is quite delicious, is turned into laddoos with jaggery and served to Ganesha.

    Puffed rice ladoos. Picture courtesy: Pinterest/Revi's Foodography and Travel Diary

    A story in Shiva Purana describes how Ganesha, when invited by the super-rich Kubera, ate up a whole feast and yet wasn't satiated. Shiva then recommended that Kubera serve Ganesha some puffed rice with utter devotion and goodwill. When Kubera follows this advice, Ganesha's appetite is finally satiated, also proving that this elephant-headed god likes to snack after meals just as much as the rest of us do.

    Also Read: 5 sweet things you can whip up with bananas in 15 minutes  4. Bananas

    Although all seasonal fruits are said to be favoured by Ganesha, the banana rules over them all. The reason? Mythologically, Ganesha is said to have two wives--Riddhi (prosperity) and Siddhi (spiritual power).

    Bananas. Picture courtesy: Pinterest/elle.com

    But in Bengal, especially during the Durga Puja, Ganesha's wife is always depicted as Kala bou, or Banana lady. A banana tree draped in a saree is always represented beside Ganesha. No wonder the fruit of the tree is favoured by this god! Plus, it's delicous and nutritious, so any hunger pangs this foodie-god may have are always satiated by bananas.

    स्रोत : www.indiatoday.in

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