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    find some information about the countries with whom india had trade relations in ancient times

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    India had trade relations with foreign countries in medieval period.

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    Question

    India had _____ trade relations with foreign countries in medieval period.

    A

    inland

    B

    maritime

    C

    both A and B

    D

    none of these

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    स्रोत : www.toppr.com

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    Indo-Roman trade relations

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    Roman trade in the subcontinent according to the 1st century CE

    Roman gold coins excavated in Pudukottai, Tamil Nadu, India. One coin of Caligula (37–41 CE), and two coins of Nero (54–68). British Museum.

    Kushan ring with portraits of Septimus Severus and Julia Domna.

    Indo-Roman trade relations (see also the spice trade and incense road) was trade between the Indian subcontinent and the Roman Empire in Europe and the Mediterranean Sea. Trade through the overland caravan routes via Asia Minor and the Middle East, though at a relative trickle compared to later times, preceded the southern trade route via the Red Sea which started around the beginning of the Common Era (CE) following the reign of Augustus and his conquest of Egypt in 30 BCE.[1]

    The southern route so helped enhance trade between the ancient Roman Empire and the Indian subcontinent, that Roman politicians and historians are on record decrying the loss of silver and gold to buy silk to pamper Roman wives, and the southern route grew to eclipse and then totally supplant the overland trade route.[2] Roman and Greek traders frequented the ancient Tamil country, present day Southern India and Sri Lanka, securing trade with the seafaring Tamil states of the Pandyan, Chola and Chera dynasties and establishing trading settlements which secured trade with the Indian subcontinent by the Greco-Roman world since the time of the Ptolemaic dynasty[3] a few decades before the start of the Common Era and remained long after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.[4]

    Sometime after the sundering of communications between the Christian Kingdom of Axum and the Eastern Roman Empire in the 7th century, the Kingdom of Axum fell into a slow decline, fading into obscurity in western sources. It survived, despite pressure from Islamic forces, until the 11th century, when it was reconfigured in a dynastic squabble. Communications were reinstated after the Muslim forces retreated.

    Contents

    1 Background 2 Early Common Era 3 Establishment

    4 Trade of exotic animals

    5 Ports 5.1 Roman ports 5.1.1 Arsinoe

    5.1.2 Myos Hormos and Berenice

    5.2 Major regional ports

    5.2.1 Barigaza 5.2.2 Muziris 5.2.3 Arikamedu

    6 Cultural exchanges

    7 Decline and aftermath

    7.1 Roman decline

    7.2 Ravaging of the Gupta Empire by the Huns

    7.3 Arab expansion 8 See also 9 Notes 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

    Background[edit]

    Main article: Indo-Roman relations

    The Seleucid and the Ptolemaic dynasties controlled trade networks to India before the establishment of Roman Egypt.

    Kingdom of Ptolemy Kingdom of Seleucus

    The Seleucid dynasty controlled a developed network of trade with the Indian Subcontinent which had previously existed under the influence of the Achaemenid Empire. The Greek-Ptolemaic dynasty, controlling the western and northern end of other trade routes to Southern Arabia and the Indian Subcontinent,[5] had begun to exploit trading opportunities in the region prior to the Roman involvement but, according to the historian Strabo, the volume of commerce between Indians and the Greeks was not comparable to that of later Indo-Roman trade.[2]

    The Periplus Maris Erythraei mentions a time when sea trade between Egypt and the subcontinent did not involve direct sailings.[2] The cargo under these situations was shipped to Aden:[2]

    Aden – Arabia Eudaimon was called the fortunate, being once a city, when, because ships neither came from India to Egypt nor did those from Egypt dare to go further but only came as far as this place, it received the cargoes from both, just as Alexandria receives goods brought from outside and from Egypt.

    — Gary Keith Young, Rome's Eastern Trade: International Commerce and Imperial Policy

    The Ptolemaic dynasty had developed trade with Indian kingdoms using the Red Sea ports.[1] With the establishment of Roman Egypt, the Romans took over and further developed the already existing trade using these ports.[1]

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    Find some information about the countries with whom India had trade relations in ancient times.

    Find some information about the countries with whom India had trade relations in ancient times.

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    Find some information about the countries with whom India had trade relations in ancient times.

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    SOLUTION

    India had trade relations with China, Ceylon & Egypt during Indus Valley Civilization, Silver, Animals & Precious stones were Traded. The studies found that there was great trade between Harappa and Mesopotamia. These trades were mainly of a barter type

    Later Vedic period also experienced foreign trade with countries like Babylon.

    Alexander’s invasion paved the way for trade between India and west asia.

    Be it maurayan, Gupta or Sangam age internal and external trade were well organized and were a great source of resources.

    Concept: Foreign Policy

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    Chapter 2.2: India’s Foreign Policy - Projects [Page 71]

    Q 1 Q 1

    APPEARS IN

    Balbharati Social Science History and Political Science 9th Standard Maharashtra State Board

    Chapter 2.2 India’s Foreign Policy

    Projects | Q 1 | Page 71

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