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    give an analysis of the cultural and political consequences of globalization


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    Give an analysis of the cultural and political consequences of globalization.

    Give an analysis of the cultural and political consequences of globalization.

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    Give an analysis of the cultural and political consequences of globalization.

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    Cultural consequences of globalization:

    I) The cultural effect of globalization leads to the fear that this process poses a threat to cultures in the world. It does so because globalization leads to the rise of a uniform culture or what is called cultural homogenization. The popularity of a burger or blue jeans, some argue, has a lot to do with the powerful influence of the American way of life. This leads to the shrinking of the rich cultural heritage of the entire globe.

    II) But sometimes external influences simply enlarge our choices and sometimes they modify our culture without overwhelming the traditional. Blue jeans, on the other hand, can go well with a homespun khadi kurta.

    III) While cultural homogenization is an aspect of globalization, the same process also generates precisely the opposite effect. It leads to each culture becoming more different and distinctive. This phenomenon is called cultural heterogenization.

    Political consequences of globalization:

    I) Political consequences of globalization at the most simple level, results in erosion of state capacity, i.e. the ability of the government to do what they do.

    II) All over the world, the ‘welfare state’ is now giving way to a more minimalist state that performs certain core functions, such as the maintenance of law and order and the security of its citizens.

    III) One has to keep in mind that globalization does not always reduce state capacity. The state will remain a supreme organization. Technology may rather enhance the capacity of the state.

    Thus the cultural and political consequences of globalization are both negative and positive in nature.

    Concept: Political Consequences

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    Cultural globalization

    Anti-globalism activists often depict the McDonald’s, Disney, and Coca-Cola corporations as agents of globalism or cultural imperialism—a new form of economic and political domination. Critics of globalism argue that any business enterprise capable of manipulating personal tastes will thrive, whereas state authorities everywhere will lose control over the distribution of goods and services. According to this view of world power, military force is perceived as hopelessly out of step or even powerless; the control of culture (and its production) is seen as far more important than the control of political and geographic borders. Certainly, it is true that national boundaries

    The illusion of global culture

    The illusion of global culture Localized responses

    For hundreds of millions of urban people, the experience of everyday life has become increasingly standardized since the 1960s. Household appliances, utilities, and transportation facilities are increasingly universal. Technological “marvels” that North Americans and Europeans take for granted have had even more profound effects on the quality of life for billions of people in the less-developed world. Everyday life is changed by the availability of cold beverages, hot water, frozen fish, screened windows, bottled cooking-gas, or the refrigerator. It would be a mistake, however, to assume that these innovations have an identical, homogenizing effect wherever they appear. For most rural Chinese, the refrigerator has continued to be seen as a status symbol. They use it to chill beer, soft drinks, and fruit, but they dismiss the refrigeration of vegetables, meat, and fish as unhealthy. Furthermore, certain foods (notably bean curd dishes) are thought to taste better when cooked with more traditional fuels such as coal or wood, as opposed to bottled gas.

    It remains difficult to argue that the globalization of technologies is making the world everywhere the same. The “sameness” hypothesis is only sustainable if one ignores the internal meanings that people assign to cultural innovations.

    Borrowing and “translating” popular culture

    The domain of popular music illustrates how difficult it is to unravel cultural systems in the contemporary world: Is rock music a universal language? Do reggae and ska have the same meaning to young people everywhere? American-inspired hip-hop (rap) swept through Brazil, Britain, France, China, and Japan in the 1990s. Yet Japanese rappers developed their own, localized versions of this art form. Much of the music of hip-hop, grounded in urban African American experience, is defiantly antiestablishment, but the Japanese lyric content is decidedly mild, celebrating youthful solidarity and exuberance. Similar “translations” between form and content have occurred in the pop music of Indonesia, Mexico, and Korea. Even a casual listener of U.S. radio can hear the profound effects that Brazilian, South African, Indian, and Cuban forms have had on the contemporary American pop scene. An earlier example of splashback—when a cultural innovation returns, somewhat transformed, to the place of its origin—was the British Invasion of the American popular music market in the mid-1960s. Forged in the United States from blues and country music, rock and roll crossed the Atlantic in the 1950s to captivate a generation of young Britons who, forming bands such as the Beatles and the Rolling Stones, made the music their own, then reintroduced it to American audiences with tremendous success. The flow of popular culture is rarely, if ever, unidirectional.

    Subjectivity of meaning—the case of Titanic

    Leonardo DiCaprio

    A cultural phenomenon does not convey the same meaning everywhere. In 1998, the drama and special effects of the American movie Titanic created a sensation among Chinese fans. Scores of middle-aged Chinese returned to the theatres over and over—crying their way through the film. Enterprising hawkers began selling packages of facial tissue outside Shanghai theatres. The theme song of Titanic became a best-selling CD in China, as did posters of the young film stars. Chinese consumers purchased more than 25 million pirated (and 300,000 legitimate) video copies of the film.

    One might ask why middle-aged Chinese moviegoers became so emotionally involved with the story told in Titanic. Interviews among older residents of Shanghai revealed that many people had projected their own, long-suppressed experiences of lost youth onto the film. From 1966 to 1976 the Cultural Revolution convulsed China, destroying any possibility of educational or career advancement for millions of people. At that time, communist authorities had also discouraged romantic love and promoted politically correct marriages based on class background and revolutionary commitment. Improbable as it might seem to Western observers, the story of lost love on a sinking cruise ship hit a responsive chord among the veterans of the Cultural Revolution. Their passionate, emotional response had virtually nothing to do with the Western cultural system that framed the film. Instead, Titanic served as a socially acceptable vehicle for the public expression of regret by a generation of aging Chinese revolutionaries who had devoted their lives to building a form of socialism that had long since disappeared.

    Chinese President Jiang Zemin invited the entire Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party to a private screening of Titanic so that they would understand the challenge. He cautioned that Titanic could be seen as a Trojan horse, carrying within it the seeds of American cultural imperialism.

    Chinese authorities were not alone in their mistrust of Hollywood. There are those who suggest, as did China’s Jiang, that exposure to Hollywood films will cause people everywhere to become more like Americans. Yet anthropologists who study television and film are wary of such suggestions. They emphasize the need to study the particular ways in which consumers make use of popular entertainment. The process of globalization looks far from hegemonic when one focuses on ordinary viewers and their efforts to make sense of what they see.

    स्रोत : www.britannica.com

    Give an analysis of the cultural and political consequences of globalization.

    Give an analysis of the cultural and political consequences of globalization.

    Class 12th Political Science, Question -Give an analysis of the cultural and political consequences of globalization.

    By Komal Kohli - February 27, 2023

    Question 12 :Give an analysis of the cultural and political consequences of globalization.

    The correct answer is – Globalization, the process of increasing interconnectedness and interdependence between nations, has had significant cultural and political consequences. Here is an analysis of some of the most notable consequences:

    Cultural Consequences:

    Cultural homogenization: Globalization has led to an increasing uniformity of cultural practices, with many societies adopting similar values, beliefs, and lifestyles. This has been facilitated by the spread of Western cultural products, such as Hollywood movies, music, and fashion, which have been exported to different parts of the world. The result is that many societies are losing their unique cultural identity and adopting a more standardized global culture.

    Cultural hybridization: At the same time, globalization has also facilitated the mixing and blending of different cultural practices, leading to the emergence of new cultural forms. The process of cultural hybridization has resulted in the creation of new forms of music, art, literature, and cuisine, as well as new social practices and cultural identities.

    Political Consequences:

    The weakening of the nation-state: Globalization has challenged the traditional authority of the nation-state, as the flow of goods, capital, and people has become increasingly transnational. This has resulted in a weakening of state control over economic and political activity, as states must now compete with one another for investment and trade. As a result, there has been a growing trend towards regional integration, as states seek to form regional blocs to better compete in the global economy.

    The rise of non-state actors: Globalization has also given rise to a new set of non-state actors, such as multinational corporations, NGOs, and international organizations. These actors have significant economic and political power, and they are often able to exert influence over state policies and decision-making. This has led to a shift in power away from the state and towards these non-state actors, who are often more agile and responsive to changing global conditions.

    In conclusion, globalization has had significant cultural and political consequences, including cultural homogenization and hybridization, as well as the weakening of the nation-state and the rise of non-state actors. These consequences are complex and multifaceted, and they are likely to continue to shape the global landscape in the years to come.

    स्रोत : www.mapsofindia.com

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