if you want to remove an article from website contact us from top.

    ‘hasta’ was an ancient indian unit of a physical quantity. identify this quantity.

    Mohammed

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    get ‘hasta’ was an ancient indian unit of a physical quantity. identify this quantity. from screen.

    Indian units of measurement

    Indian units of measurement

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Jump to navigation Jump to search hide

    This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.

    This article includes a list of general references, but it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.

    This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

    "Indian units of measurement" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR

    Before the introduction of the Metric system, one may divide the history of Indian systems of measurement into three main periods: the pre-Akbar's period, the period of the Akbar system, and the British colonial period.

    During pre-Akbar period, weights and measure system varied from region to region, commodity to commodity, and rural to urban areas. The weights were based on the weight of various seeds (specially the wheat berry and Ratti) and lengths were based on the length of arms and width of fingers. Akbar realized a need for a uniform system. He elected the barley corn. This did not replace the existing system. Instead, it just added another system.

    British entered India as traders. They accepted barley corn as a unit 'grain' for weighing gold. Eventually, British introduced their own system for weighing gold (Troy ounce). In 1956, Government of India passed the Standards of Weights Act, that came into effect in 1958.The metric weight mandatory by October 1960, and the metric measures mandatory by April 1962.

    Contents

    1 Conversion 2 Ancient system 3 Medieval system

    3.1 Akbar weights and measures

    4 Weights before 1833

    5 British system 6 References 7 External links

    Conversion[edit]

    In 1956, for metrication, the Indian government defined the Standards of Measurements Act (No. 89 of 1956, amended 1960, 1964) as follows:

    Indian System Metric System

    1 Tola 11.6638038 g

    The current definitions as per the UN are:

    Indian System Metric System

    1 Tola 11.664 g

    Ancient system[edit]

    These are the weights and measures popular in North India before the adoption of the metric system. There were different systems in Bengal, the Presidency of Madras, and Bombay. The following nomenclature was prevalent in North India till the metric system came in:-

    4 (grain of rice) = 1 Dhan (weight of one wheat berry)

    4 Dhan = 1 Ratti ().

    8 Ratti = 1 Masha

    12 Masha (96 Ratti) = 1 bhari

    24 Ratti (96 Dhan) = 1 Tak

    1 Bhari = 11.66375 gram

    3.75 Troy ounce = 10 bhari

    Weight of 64 Dhan (Wheat berries) = Weight of 45 Jau (Barley corns)

    Weight of 1 Barley corn = 64.79891 milligrams

    1 bhari = 4 Siki 1 Kancha = 5 Siki

    1 Chhataank = 4 Kancha

    1 Chhataank = 5 bhari

    1 Adh-pav = 2 Chhatank = 1/8 Seer

    1 Pav = 2 Adh-pav = ¼ Seer (Pav means ¼)

    1 Adher = 2 Pav = ½ Seer

    In Hindi ½ Seer = Adha (½) Seer, or Adher

    1 Ser = 2 Adher = 4 Pav = 16 Chattank = 80 Tola = 933.1 grams

    1 Savaser = 1 Ser + 1 Pav (1¼ Seer)

    1 Savaser weighed 100 Imperial rupees

    In Hindi 1¼ Seer = Sava (1¼) Seer, or Savaser

    1 Dhaser = 2 Savaser = 2½ Seer

    In Hindi 2½ Seer = Dhai (2½) Seer, or Dhaser

    1 Paseri = 2 Adisari = 5 Seer

    In Hindi 5 Seer = Panch (5) Seer, or Paseri for short

    1 Daseri = 2 Pasri = 10 Seer

    In Hindi 10 Seer = Das (10) Seer, or Daseri for short

    1 Maund ( or ) = 4 Daseri = 8 Pasri = 40 Seer

    Grains were not weighed. Special hour-glass shaped measure were used to determine the volume.

    Smallest unit = 1 Nilve

    2 Nilve = 1 Kolve

    2 Kolve = 1 Chipte (about quarter litre)

    2 Chipte = 1 Mapte (about half litre)

    2 Mapte = 1 Ser (about one litre)

    These were hour glass shaped measure used for Milk, Ghee, Oils. The bottom was round like an inverted dome, the top was like flared rim. This shape helped in pouring the liquids.

    4 Chhataank = 1 Pav 4 Pav = 1 Seer 40 Seer = 1 Maund

    Measure of length is Gaz. To interpret Gaz, depends on what one is measuring and where they are. Bengal: 36", Bombay: 27", Madras: 33", Government Average: 33". The hand measurements were used.

    Anguli (width of 3 fingers) = 1 Girah

    8 Girah = 1 Hath (elbow to the end of the middle finger, approximately 18" )

    5 5/6 Hath = One Kathi

    20 Kathi = One Pand 1 Pand= 1 Beesa 20 Pand = One Begah 2 Hath = 1 Gaz 3 Gaz = Two Karam 3 Karams = 1 Kan

    3 Square Kans = 1 Marla

    20 Marlas = 1 Kanal

    8 Kanals = 1 Ghamaon

    9 Kanals 12 Marlas = 1 Acre[]

    4 Kanals = 1 Begah

    Medieval system[edit]

    Akbar weights and measures[edit]

    Akbar standardised weights and measurements using a barley corn (). For weights, he used the weight of a , while the width of a set the standard for length.

    1. Length: Ilahi Gaz (33 to 34 inches or 840 to 860 millimetres); 1 Gaz = 16 Grehs; 1 Greh = 2 pais

    At the time of Shah Jahan there existed three different Gaz:[1]

    Indian System Metric System

    101.6 cm

    Shahijahani/ 95.85 cm

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    What unit of measurement of time was used in Ancient India?

    Answer: Calculation of time as per the Hindu Scriptures: A pot is to be made with six 'pala's of gold whose depth should be four fingers. Then four nails should be made with one one 'masha' of gold whose length should be four fingers. Then the golden pot should be punctured with the golden nails...

    What unit of measurement of time was used in Ancient India?

    Ad by Amazon Web Services (AWS)

    Store and protect your data. Get started for free.

    Reliable & secure cloud storage: scale on demand so you have the storage you need, when you need it.

    Sort Kumar Aurojyoti

    Proprietor at Ayurdwar Clinic (2002–present)5y

    Calculation of time as per the Hindu Scriptures:

    A pot is to be made with six 'pala's of gold whose depth should be four fingers. Then four nails should be made with one one 'masha' of gold whose length should be four fingers. Then the golden pot should be punctured with the golden nails. Then the golden pot should be kept on water. The time taken to fill the pot with water entering through the holes is called one Danda.

    Two "Danda"s is called one "Muhurta". Four "Muhurta"s are called one "Prahara". Eight "Prahara"s are called one day-night. Fifteen day-nights are called one Paksha and two Pakshas are called one Maas (Month). Twelve Maases are called one Varsh (year). One month's time of human beings constitute one day-night of the "Pitru"s. The Shukla Paksha or the bright fortnight is the night and the Krushna Paksha or the dark fortnight is the day of the "Pitru"s. One human year constitute one day-night of the "Deva"s. Uttarayan is the day and Daksheenayan is the night of the "Deva"s.

    Satya, Treta, Dwapara and Kali constitute one Chatur-Yuga whose time span is 12000 divya varsh or 12000 years of "Deva"s. For human beings it is 43 Lakh 20000 human years.

    71 Yuga of "Deva"s constitute the lifespan of one Manu which is called as 'Manwantar'. There are 14 Manus who rule in cyclic order. The lifespan of one Manu is equal to the lifespan of an Indra.

    One day of Brahma is equal to lifespan of 14 "Indra"s. The day and night of Brahma are of equal duration. One day of Brahma is a small Kalpa. In the night of Brahma (Kala Ratri) happens a small pralaya or dissolution in which the human beings, Manus and "Deva"s die. In 15 years of Brahma happens Dainandina Pralaya or Moharatri in which the Gods, Rakshashas, Manus, Indras, Rishis, Gandharvas, Human beings, all creatures and the Chiranjeevis or the immortals like Markandey etc. perish. After this Pralaya a new creation is initiated by Brahma.

    The lifespan of Brahma is 100 Brahma years which constitute one full Kalpa. After this a Mahapralaya happens which is called as a Maharatri in which only Shiva and Narayana remain to exist. Then the Prakriti, Narayana, Shiva and Mahavishnu blink (called as 1 Nimesh) their eyes. After that a new creation is made by the wish of Sri Krishna. Sri Krishna never blinks because He is beyond the hold of Prakriti.

    When Prakriti blinks for 1000 times, it constitute 1 Danda of Prakriti. 60 Dandas of Prakriti constitute 1 day of Prakriti. Then 30 days of Prakriti constitute 1 Maas (Month) of Prakriti and 12 Maas of Prakriti constitute 1 Year of Prakriti. Then after 100 years of Prakriti, it itself dissolutes and merges into Sri Krishna. This is called 'Prakruta Pralaya'.

    [Reference: Brahma Vaivarta Purana]

    4.5K viewsView upvotes

    View 2 shares Shaun

    Systems Analyst at Local and Municipal Government (1995–present)Upvoted by

    Al Loui

    , Ph.D. Physics, University of California, Davis and

    Rony Aad

    , M.S Physics (2022)Author has 1.3K answers and 951.3K answer views2y

    Related

    Why hasn't the United States switched to the metric system?

    I have seen Americans who claim US customary is simpler and easier to understand than metric. I found the following on-line that demonstrates how well many Americans understand their own system of measurements.

    Those pesky fractions!

    Sponsored by ōLand by Overline

    Do you feel like the internet manipulates people?

    Claim your own free plot of land in the metaverse and setup rules to protect your mental health.

    x.overline.network Huide L. Zhu

    M.Eng in Financial Engineering, Cornell University (Graduated 2021)Upvoted by

    Kamal Pallav

    , lives in India and

    Tushar Sharma

    , lives in India (1995-present)Author has 52 answers and 2.7M answer views5y

    Related

    Is ancient India overrated?

    Seriously? If anything, ancient India is sorely UNDERRATED.

    I mean, I'm an ethnic Chinese living in Canada. But when I was growing up in Canada, I knew jackshit about India. Besides maybe curry.

    I mean, people here have a vague understanding of Chinese history but they have NO idea about Indian history. For example, most people know that the Middle Kingdom is how China referred to herself but how many people know about Bharat? How many know about even the Guptas? People know that China was famous for ceramics and tea but how many people know about ancient India’s achievement in metallurgy? Peopl

    Nick Deakin

    CEO (Aerospace)Author has 2.9K answers and 3.2M answer views3y

    Related

    How did the ancients make accurate measurements of distance?

    Some surprisingly good instrumentation is known in antiquity, one could argue that it was metrology (measurement) that led to the city-state and civilisation.

    स्रोत : www.quora.com

    Which physical quantity was measured by using sundial in ancient times ?

    Which physical quantity was measured by using sundial in ancient times ?

    Home > English > Class 7 > Physics > Chapter > Motion And Time >

    Which physical quantity was me...

    Which physical quantity was measured by using sundial in ancient times ?

    Updated On: 27-06-2022

    UPLOAD PHOTO AND GET THE ANSWER NOW!

    Answer

    Step by step solution by experts to help you in doubt clearance & scoring excellent marks in exams.

    Related Videos

    644264212 0 8.5 K 1:42

    The sundial is a device for measuring :

    645626316 0 7.7 K 0:55

    Which things were being used for measurement in ancient times ?

    648471914 9 2.7 K

    प्राचीनकाल में लम्बाई की मापों के लिए सामान्य रूप से किन मात्रकों का उपयोग होता था?

    645684560 22 1.0 K 2:36

    Which things were being used for measurement in ancient times ?

    642861845 0 3.0 K 3:00

    যে ভৌত রাশি পরিমাপের জন্য চন্দ্রশেখর লিমিট এককটি ব্যবহৃত হয় সেটি হল --

    643043331 0 6.4 K 1:17

    The reference standard used for the measurement of a physical quantity is called

    Show More Comments

    Add a public comment...

    Follow Us:

    Popular Chapters by Class:

    Class 6 Algebra

    Basic Geometrical Ideas

    Data Handling Decimals Fractions Class 7

    Algebraic Expressions

    Comparing Quantities

    Congruence of Triangles

    Data Handling

    Exponents and Powers

    Class 8

    Algebraic Expressions and Identities

    Comparing Quantities

    Cubes and Cube Roots

    Data Handling

    Direct and Inverse Proportions

    Class 9

    Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles

    Circles Coordinate Geometry Herons Formula

    Introduction to Euclids Geometry

    Class 10

    Areas Related to Circles

    Arithmetic Progressions

    Circles Coordinate Geometry

    Introduction to Trigonometry

    Class 11 Binomial Theorem

    Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations

    Conic Sections

    Introduction to Three Dimensional Geometry

    Limits and Derivatives

    Class 12

    Application of Derivatives

    Application of Integrals

    Continuity and Differentiability

    Determinants

    Differential Equations

    Privacy Policy

    Terms And Conditions

    Disclosure Policy Contact Us

    स्रोत : www.doubtnut.com

    Do you want to see answer or more ?
    Mohammed 16 day ago
    4

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    Click For Answer