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    Hawa Mahal

    Hawa Mahal

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    For the radio show, see Hawa Mahal (radio program).

    The Hawa Mahal

    Eastern façade of the Hawa Mahal, 2022

    Location within Jaipur

    Alternative names Palace of the Winds, Palace of the Breeze

    General information

    Architectural style Hindu Rajput Architecture

    Country India

    Coordinates 26°55′26″N 75°49′36″E / 26.9239°N 75.8267°E

    Coordinates: 26°55′26″N 75°49′36″E / 26.9239°N 75.8267°E

    Completed 1799 Technical details

    Structural system Red and pink delivered sandstone

    Design and construction

    Main contractor Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh

    The Hawa Mahal is a palace in the city of Jaipur, India. Built from red and pink sandstone, it is on the edge of the City Palace, Jaipur, and extends to the , or women's chambers.

    The structure was built in 1799 by the Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, the founder of the city of Jaipur, India.[1] He was so inspired by the unique structure of Khetri Mahal that he built this grand and historical palace.

    It was designed by Lal Chand Ustad. Its five-floor exterior is akin to a honeycomb with its 953 small windows called Jharokhas decorated with intricate latticework.[2] The original intent of the lattice design was to allow royal ladies to observe everyday life and festivals celebrated in the street below without being seen, since they had to obey the strict rules of "purdah", which forbade them to appear in public without face coverings. This architectural feature also allowed cool air from the Venturi effect to pass through, thus making the whole area more pleasant during the high temperatures in summer.[2][3][4] Many people see the Hawa Mahal from the street view and think it is the front of the palace, but it is the back.[5]

    In 2006, renovation works on the Mahal were undertaken, after a gap of 50 years, to give a facelift to the monument at an estimated cost of Rs 4.568  million.[6] The corporate sector lent a hand to preserve the historical monuments of Jaipur and the Unit Trust of India has adopted Hawa Mahal to maintain it.[7] The palace is an extended part of a huge complex. The stone-carved screens, small casements, and arched roofs are some of the features of this popular tourist spot. The monument also has delicately modelled hanging cornices.

    Contents

    1 Architecture 2 Gallery 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

    Architecture[edit]

    See also: Rajput architecture

    Details of the eastern facade

    This palace is a five-story pyramidal shaped monument that rises to about 50 feet (15 m). The top three floors of the structure have the width of a single room, while the first and second floors have patios in front of them. The front elevation, as seen from the street, is like a honeycomb with small portholes. Each porthole has miniature windows and carved sandstone grills, finials and domes. It gives the appearance of a mass of semi-octagonal bays, giving the monument its unique façade. The inner face on the back side of the building consists of chambers built with pillars and corridors with minimal ornamentation, and reach up to the top floor. The interior of the palace has been described as "having rooms of different coloured marbles, relieved by inlaid panels or gilding; while fountains adorn the centre of the courtyard".[8][9]

    Lal Chand Usta was the architect. Built-in red and pink coloured sandstone, in keeping with the décor of the other monuments in the city, its colour is a full testimony to the epithet of "Pink City" given to Jaipur. Its façade with 953 niches with intricately carved jharokhas (some are made of wood) is a stark contrast to the plain-looking rear side of the structure. Its cultural and architectural heritage is a reflection of a fusion of Hindu Rajput architecture and Islamic Mughal architecture; the Rajput style is seen in the form of domed canopies, fluted pillars, lotus, and floral patterns, and the Islamic style as evident in its stone inlay filigree work and arches (as distinguished from its similarity with the Panch Mahal at Fatehpur Sikri).[10]

    The entry to the Hawa Mahal from the city palace side is through an imperial door. It opens into a large courtyard, which has double-storeyed buildings on three sides, with the Hawa Mahal enclosing it on the east side. An archaeological museum is also housed in this courtyard.[11]

    Hawa Mahal was also known as the of Maharaja Jai Singh as it was his favourite resort because of the elegance and built-in interior of the Mahal. The cooling effect in the chambers, provided by the breeze passing through the small windows of the façade, was enhanced by the fountains provided at the centre of each of the chambers.[12]

    The top two floors of the Hawa Mahal are accessed only through ramps. The Mahal is maintained by the archaeological department of the Government of Rajasthan.[11]

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    Hawa Mahal – "Palace of Winds" Jaipur, India

    Hawa Mahal

    ~ the Palace of Breeze ~

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    About Hawa Mahal

    Hawa Mahal, also known as “Palace of Breeze”, was built in 1799 as an extension to the Royal City Palace of Jaipur.

    It allows the royal ladies who at the time strictly observed “pardah”, to be able to watch any processions and activities on the street without being seen by the public.

    Read more }

    Opening Hours & Fees

    Opening Time: 9:00am. – 4:30p.m.

    Entrance Fees:

    Indian: Rs.10,  Foreigners: Rs.50

    Tourist Pass/Composite Ticket covers 7 Jaipur monuments are available too. Check it out.

    More about Composite Ticket

    << Do You Know? >>

    No Foundation!

    Hawa Mahal is the tallest building in the world without a foundation.  The five-storey building managed to maintain upright because of it is curved.  Just another masterpiece of Rajput and Mughal architecture.

    Read more 12

    स्रोत : www.hawa-mahal.com

    Hawa Mahal Jaipur, India (Entry Fee, Timings, History, Built by, Images & Location)

    HAWA MAHAL JAIPUR, INDIA (ENTRY FEE, TIMINGS, HISTORY, BUILT BY, IMAGES & LOCATION)

    (courtesy: shashidhars)

    Hawa Mahal Jaipur Entry Fee

    50 per person for Indians 200 per person for Foreign Tourists

    Hawa Mahal Jaipur Phone

    0141 261 8862

    Rating: | 4/5 stars

    Based on total 16 reviews

    Hawa Mahal Jaipur Address: Hawa Mahal Rd, Badi Choupad, J.D.A. Market, Pink City, Jaipur, Rajasthan, 302002, India

    Jaipur Tour Packages

    Hawa Mahal Jaipur Timings

    Day Timing

    Monday 9:00 am – 5:00 pm

    Tuesday 9:00 am – 5:00 pm

    Wedesday 9:00 am – 5:00 pm

    Thursday 9:00 am – 5:00 pm

    Friday 9:00 am – 5:00 pm

    Saturday 9:00 am – 5:00 pm

    Sunday 9:00 am – 5:00 pm

    Links: Website | Map

    ‘Padharo Mahre Desh’ – JAIPUR!

    Welcome to the Famous Pink Sandstone Architectural Marvel of Jaipur – Hawa Mahal

    As the day dawns, the regalia of Hawa Mahal in Jaipur comes to light. With thousands of pigeons flocking the airy windows, there is an effervescence of a gorgeous structure that showcases itself on the streets of Badi Choupad in the Pink City.

    Hawa Mahal has captured the attention of many a traveller from across the world for decades now. With intricate carvings and delicate architecture, it still remains one of the most beautiful masterpieces of yesteryears.

    Carved by hand, stone by stone, it exudes a charm that is incomparable to any other structure seen in today’s world. We have gone from admiring the architecture to studying its patterns only because of its magnificent architecture that boasts of an era gone by.

    Known of its innumerable honeycombed shaped windows, Hawa Mahal Jaipur has always been a monument that has caught the attention of national and international travellers, alike. So what makes Hawa Mahal so special?

    History of Hawa Mahal- A Trip Down Memory Lane

    If you turn the pages of history and architecture, you will come across the monument as more than what it stands for today.

    Built in 1799, Hawa Mahal or ‘The Palace of Winds’ has 953 intricately designed windows situated on its outside walls. These windows are also called ‘Jharokhas’. The gorgeous red and pink sandstone windows are perfectly shaped to allow free-flow of breeze through the palace, making summers seem more pleasant.

    The Kacchwaha Rajput ruler, Sawai Pratap Singh, grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai ordered his architect Lal Chand Ustad to construct a perfectly aligned extension to the Royal City Palace. Keeping in tandem with His Majesty’s wishes, this gorgeous ladies palace was constructed in strict adherence to Rajput traditions of Purdah system.

    The Palace is situated on the edge of the City Palace, Jaipur and extends to the Zenana or women’s chambers.

    As per Rajput law, the Royal ladies could not be seen by strangers and were not allowed to appear in public places. With the help of this palace, the ladies could easily be party to the royal processions from a distance without being seen. It is notable to say that that women could observe all the events happening around them, without coming in contact with strangers.

    Image Gallery of Hawa Mahal Jaipur, India

    Architecture of Hawa Mahal

    What makes it so special?

    The architectural marvel, till date, stands to be regaled by many historians and architects worldwide for its unique cool air system inspired from the Venturi effect. The cooling effect is further enhanced by fountains located at the centre of each of the chambers. This makes it a perfect retreat to beat the heat in the sweltering summers of Rajasthan.

    This five-storeyed pyramidal shaped monument is about 50 feet high and combines the best of Rajput style architecture and Islamic Mughlai architecture.

    You can see the Rajput style architecture come alive through its various arched awnings, floral patterns, grooved pillars and lotus. Hawa Mahal is the most-preferred and must-visit tourist attraction with our all-inclusive Jaipur Tour Packages.

    While the Islamic style can be typically observed through their delicate lattice inlay work and arches that are similar to that of Panch Mahal in Fatehpur Sikri.

    The palace is actually an extended part of a huge complex, complete with small casements, arched roofs, and stone-carved screens.

    स्रोत : jaipurtourism.co.in

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