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    he was the first indian prime minister to finish his entire term despite being from a non-congress background. who is he?

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    Morarji Desai

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    Morarji Desai

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Jump to navigation Jump to search Morarji Desai

    Desai in 1978

    4th Prime Minister of India

    In office

    24 March 1977 – 28 July 1979

    President B. D. Jatti (acting)

    Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

    Vice President B. D. Jatti

    Deputy

    Charan Singh (24 January 1979- 16 July 1979)

    Jagjivan Ram

    from (24 January 1979)

    Preceded by Indira Gandhi

    Succeeded by Charan Singh

    Minister of Home Affairs

    In office

    1 July 1978 – 24 January 1979

    Preceded by Charan Singh

    Succeeded by Hirubhai M. Patel

    2nd Deputy Prime Minister of India

    In office

    13 March 1967 – 16 July 1969

    Prime Minister Indira Gandhi

    Preceded by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

    Succeeded by Charan Singh Jagjivan Ram Minister of Finance

    In office

    13 March 1967 – 16 July 1969

    Prime Minister Indira Gandhi

    Preceded by Sachindra Chaudhuri

    Succeeded by Indira Gandhi

    In office

    13 March 1958 – 29 August 1963

    Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru

    Preceded by Jawaharlal Nehru

    Succeeded by T. T. Krishnamachari

    2nd Chief Minister of Bombay State

    In office

    21 April 1952 – 31 October 1956

    Preceded by B. G. Kher

    Succeeded by Yashwantrao Chavan

    Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha

    In office

    1957–1980 Constituency Surat Personal details

    Born Morarji Ranchhodji Desai

    29 February 1896

    Bhadeli, Bombay Presidency, British India

    (present-day Valsad, Gujarat, India)

    Died 10 April 1995 (aged 99)

    Bombay, Maharashtra, India (present-day Mumbai)

    Political party Janata Party

    (1977–1988) Other political affiliations

    Indian National Congress

    (1934–1969)

    Indian National Congress (Organisation)

    (1969–1977) Janata Dal (1988–1995)

    Spouse Gujraben Desai ​(m. 1911)​

    Alma mater University of Mumbai

    Profession Activistpolitician

    Awards Bharat Ratna (1991)

    Nishan-e-Pakistan (1990)

    Signature

    Morarji Ranchhodji Desai[1] (29 February 1896 – 10 April 1995)[2] was an Indian independence activist and politician who served as the 4th Prime Minister of India between 1977 to 1979 leading the government formed by the Janata Party. During his long career in politics, he held many important posts in government such as Chief Minister of Bombay State, Home Minister, Finance Minister and 2nd Deputy Prime Minister of India.

    Following the death of Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, Desai was a strong contender for the position of Prime Minister, only to be defeated by Indira Gandhi in 1966. He was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance in Indira Gandhi's cabinet, until 1969. He resigned from the Congress during the split of 1969, and joined the INC (O). After the controversial emergency was lifted in 1977, the political parties of the opposition fought together against the Congress, under the umbrella of the Janata Party, and won the 1977 election. Desai was elected Prime Minister, and became the first non-Congress Prime Minister of India.

    On the international scene, Desai holds international fame for his peace activism and created efforts to initiate peace between two rival South Asian states, Pakistan and India.[3] After India's first nuclear test in 1974, Desai helped restore friendly relations with China and Pakistan, and vowed to avoid armed conflict such as Indo-Pakistani war of 1971. He was honoured with the highest civilian award of Pakistan, the Nishan-e-Pakistan on 19 May 1990.

    He is the oldest person to hold the office of prime minister, at the age of 81, in the history of Indian politics.[4] He subsequently retired from all political posts, but continued to campaign for the Janata Party in 1980. He was conferred with India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna. He died at the age of 99 in 1995.

    Contents

    1 Early life 1.1 Birth

    1.2 School education and early career

    1.3 Freedom fighter 2 In government

    2.1 Chief Minister of Bombay and Partition of two state

    2.2 Nehru cabinet

    2.3 Congress party leadership contest

    2.4 Indira Gandhi cabinet

    2.5 In opposition

    2.6 Janata wave of 1977

    3 Prime Minister of India (1977-1979)

    3.1 As a Prime Minister

    3.1.1 Foreign policy

    3.2 Nuclear programme

    3.3 Decimation of R&AW

    3.4 Intra-party squabbles and collapse of Janata government

    4 Retirement and death

    5 Social service 6 Personal life

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri

    Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri

    June 9, 1964 - January 11, 1966 | Congress

    Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904 at Mughalsarai, a small railway town seven miles from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. His father was a school teacher who died when Lal Bahadur Shastri was only a year and half old. His mother, still in her twenties, took her three children to her father’s house and settled down there.

    Lal Bahadur’s small town schooling was not remarkable in any way but he had a happy enough childhood despite the poverty that dogged him.

    He was sent to live with an uncle in Varanasi so that he could go to high school. Nanhe, or ‘little one’ as he was called at home, walked many miles to school without shoes, even when the streets burned in the summer’s heat.

    As he grew up, Lal Bahadur Shastri became more and more interested in the country’s struggle for freedom from foreign yoke. He was greatly impressed by Mahatma Gandhi’s denunciation of Indian Princes for their support of British rule in India. Lal Bahadur Sashtri was only eleven at the time, but the process that was end day to catapult him to the national stage had already begun in his mind.

    Lal Bahadur Shastri was sixteen when Gandhiji called upon his countrymen to join the Non-Cooperation Movement. He decided at once to give up his studies in response to the Mahatma’s call. The decision shattered his mother’s hopes. The family could not dissuade him from what they thought was a disastrous course of action. But Lal Bahadur had made up his mind. All those who were close to him knew that he would never change his mind once it was made up, for behind his soft exterior was the firmness of a rock.

    Lal Bahadur Shastri joined the Kashi Vidya Peeth in Varanasi, one of the many national institutions set up in defiance of the British rule. There, he came under the influence of the greatest intellectuals, and nationalists of the country. ‘Shastri’ was the bachelor’s degree awarded to him by the Vidya Peeth but has stuck in the minds of the people as part of his name.

    In 1927, he got married. His wife, Lalita Devi, came from Mirzapur, near his home town. The wedding was traditional in all senses but one. A spinning wheel and a few yards of handspun cloth was all the dowry. The bridegroom would accept nothing more.

    In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi marched to the sea beach at Dandi and broke the imperial salt law. The symbolic gesture set the whole country ablaze. Lal Bahadur Shastri threw himself into the struggle for freedom with feverish energy. He led many defiant campaigns and spent a total of seven years in British jails. It was in the fire of this struggle that his steel was tempered and he grew into maturity.

    When the Congress came to power after Independence, the sterling worth of the apparently meek and unassuming Lal Bahadur Shastri had already been recognised by the leader of the national struggle. When the Congress Government was formed in 1946, this ‘little dynamo of a man’ was called upon to play a constructive role in the governance of the country. He was appointed Parliamentary Secretary in his home State of Uttar Pradesh and soon rose to the position of Home Minister. His capacity for hard work and his efficiency became a byeword in Uttar Pradesh. He moved to New Delhi in 1951 and held several portfolios in the Union Cabinet – Minister for Railways; Minister for Transport and Communications; Minister for Commerce and Industry; Home Minister; and during Nehru’s illness Minister without portfolio. He was growing in stature constantly. He resigned his post as Minister for Railways because he felt responsible for a railway accident in which many lives were lost. The unprecedented gesture was greatly appreciated by Parliament and the country. The then Prime Minister, Pt. Nehru, speaking in Parliament on the incident, extolled Lal Bahadur Shastri’s integrity and high ideals. He said he was accepting the resignation because it would set an example in constitutional propriety and not because Lal Bahadur Shastri was in any way responsible for what had happened. Replying to the long debate on the Railway accident, Lal Bahadur Shastri said; “Perhaps due to my being small in size and soft of tongue, people are apt to believe that I am not able to be very firm. Though not physically strong, I think I am internally not so weak.”

    In between his Ministerial assignments, he continued to lavish his organising abilities on the affairs of the Congress Party. The landslide successes of the Party in the General Elections of 1952, 1957 and 1962 were in a very large measure the result of his complete identification with the cause and his organisational genius.

    More than thirty years of dedicated service were behind Lal Bahadur Shastri. In the course of this period, he came to be known as a man of great integrity and competence. Humble, tolerant, with great inner strength and resoluteness, he was a man of the people who understood their language. He was also a man of vision who led the country towards progress. Lal Bahadur Shastri was deeply influenced by the political teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. “Hard work is equal to prayer,” he once said, in accents profoundly reminiscent of his Master. In the direct tradition of Mahatma Gandhi, Lal Bahadur Shastri represented the best in Indian culture.

    स्रोत : www.pmindia.gov.in

    Who was the first non Congress Prime Minister of India to have completed a full term in office?

    Who was the first non Congress Prime Minister of India to have completed a full term in office?

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    Who was the first non Congress Prime Minister of India to have completed a full term in office?

    Question

    Who was the first non-Congress Prime Minister of India to have completed a full term in office?

    A Morarji Desai B Jyoti Basu C Narendra Modi D

    Atal Bihari Vajpayee

    Open in App Solution

    The correct option is D Atal Bihari Vajpayee

    Almost after 60 years of independence, Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the first non-Congress Prime Minister to finish his full term of 5 years. He was the Prime Minister of India from 1999 to 2004.

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    स्रोत : byjus.com

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