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    The Effects of Drugs on Personal and Professional Success

    Drug abuse & addiction impacts the abusers' life, stretching beyond the physical and into their emotional, professional and personal lives as well

    The Effects of Drugs on Personal and Professional Success

    September 11, 2014 by Bob Leave a Comment

    Category: Drugs & Addiction

    Drug and alcohol abuse manifests itself in a variety of ways.

    Many people operate under the assumption that experimentation is harmless. Others begin abusing their prescriptions and find themselves on a harrowing spiral downward. Regardless of how one begins abusing drugs or alcohol, the choices made early in life can limit opportunities in the future. Drug and alcohol abuse negatively affects the lives of individuals abusing substances. It also negatively impacts the lives of those around them..

    Education. Studies link drug and alcohol use to poor academic performance. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAA), 25 percent of students report academic problems, such as lower grades and poor attendance, related to alcohol use. The temptation to use drugs and/or alcohol can often be greater for students who may be using them as a means of alleviating social discomfort in an effort to better relate to peers. In addition, the use of “study drugs” has become increasingly popular. Although there is no evidence to support the belief that study drugs enhance academic performance, students may experience temptation to use. Ultimately, that decision (and use) will worsen their school performance unless the student seeks out prescription drug addiction treatment.Employment. Education and employment often go hand-in-hand. Drug and alcohol use directly correlates with poor academic performance and often limits one’s opportunities in the future. In addition, drug and alcohol abuse negatively impacts an individual’s ability to perform the duties required of them at their job. From missing work to being late and ultimately, losing jobs, drug use and employment don’t mix. In addition, social media is often used as a method of investigating potential candidates. Party pictures and evidence of illegal activities can damage an individual’s reputation and professional opportunities.Home life. Drug and alcohol use can also damage relationships at home. Families are often negatively impacted by the effects of drug. They may feel helpless, angry, embarrassed or ashamed. They might even begin to exclude the individual struggling with addiction from family and social gatherings.Relationships. Relationships with family members are not the only ones damaged by the effects of drugs. Drug and alcohol use can often cause an individual to act more selfishly and become oblivious to the needs of those around them. Their attention is focused solely on obtaining and using drugs, further worsening their own condition as well as their relationships. Substance abuse often increases the likelihood of domestic violence and erratic behavior.Health and well-being. Drug and alcohol abuse negatively impacts both physical and mental health. Individuals who abuse drugs may no longer invest time in their personal hygiene. Different types of substances can put individuals at risk for a variety of side effects. Further, substance abuse can lead to the development of co-occurring mental health disorders whose symptoms are worsened by continued use. In addition to a variety of long-term health consequences associated with abuse, prolonged use of drugs or alcohol can lead to fatal consequences.Personality. Drug and alcohol abuse can physically alter the brain and change the way it functions. This is largely dependent on the type of substance used and an individual’s psychological history. In addition, substance abuse causes individuals to act differently: They may become secretive, develop paranoia, have lower self-esteem or lack trust in others. As addiction worsens, the psychological side effects of substance abuse can dramatically change an individual’s personality.Financial issues. Drug and alcohol addiction can cause financial issues, both in the cost to feed the addiction and the cost of treatment. Addiction often causes individuals to lose their jobs. Addiction can cause individuals to become desperate… Desperate enough to do anything to get their next fix. They will even try to rationalize irrational behavior to get their desired result. Addicts may even resort to stealing and other criminal activities to support their addiction.

    Drug and alcohol abuse almost always negatively impacts an individual’s hopes and aspirations for the future. Choosing to abstain from drugs and alcohol early can help people avoid making mistakes that may haunt them throughout their lives. Even if addiction has affected the life of you or your loved one, that doesn’t mean professional and educational development has to take a backseat to recovering. Some addiction treatment facilities offer transferable college courses and vocational opportunities to allow clients to work towards sobriety and their dreams. Learn more about college and rehab.



    स्रोत : sobercollege.com

    Substance Use, Education, Employment, and Criminal Activity Outcomes of Adolescents in Outpatient Chemical Dependency Programs

    Although the primary outcome of interest in clinical evaluations of addiction treatment programs is usually abstinence, participation in these programs can have a wide range of consequences. This study evaluated the effects of treatment initiation on ...

    J Behav Health Serv Res. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2010 Dec 8.

    Published in final edited form as:

    J Behav Health Serv Res. 2009 Jan; 36(1): 75–95.

    Published online 2007 Dec 7. doi: 10.1007/s11414-007-9095-x

    PMCID: PMC2999466

    NIHMSID: NIHMS251502

    PMID: 18064572

    Substance Use, Education, Employment, and Criminal Activity Outcomes of Adolescents in Outpatient Chemical Dependency Programs

    Ana I. Balsa, PhD, Jenny F. Homer, MPA, MPH, Michael T. French, PhD, and Constance M. Weisner, DrPh, MSW

    Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer

    The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at J Behav Health Serv Res

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    Although the primary outcome of interest in clinical evaluations of addiction treatment programs is usually abstinence, participation in these programs can have a wide range of consequences. This study evaluated the effects of treatment initiation on substance use, school attendance, employment, and involvement in criminal activity at 12 months post-admission for 419 adolescents (aged 12 to 18) enrolled in chemical dependency recovery programs in a large managed care health plan. Instrumental variables estimation methods were used to account for unobserved selection into treatment by jointly modeling the likelihood of participation in treatment and the odds of attaining a certain outcome or level of an outcome. Treatment initiation significantly increased the likelihood of attending school, promoted abstinence, and decreased the probability of adolescent employment, but it did not significantly affect participation in criminal activity at the 12-month follow-up. These findings highlight the need to address selection in a non-experimental study and demonstrate the importance of considering multiple outcomes when assessing the effectiveness of adolescent treatment.

    Go to:

    Introduction and Background

    According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health,1 8.3% of youths between the ages of 12 and 17 were diagnosed with substance abuse or dependence in 2005. Research has demonstrated that substance abuse or dependence among adolescents is associated with a variety of problems related to mental health status, academic performance, family functioning, and risk of infectious diseases.2,3 These adolescents also pose a high risk of continuing abuse into adulthood. As chemical dependency (CD) treatment for adolescents has become more specialized, the focus of interventions has been widened in an attempt to address some of these other problem areas.2,4,5 The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry has recommended that interventions target problems in family, vocational, and legal domains in addition to providing treatment for substance use problems.6 Treatment success depends not only on the attainment of abstinence by the adolescent but also on spillover effects that benefit the adolescent, his/her family, and society as a whole.

    Clinical evaluations generally view the benefits of CD treatment in terms of abstinence and reduced substance-related problems. Because abstinence may not be a realistic outcome for all adolescents, advocates of a harm reduction approach consider treatments that address the consequences of substance use to be effective interventions even if abstinence is not attained.7,8 In addition, economic evaluations of CD treatment for adults have identified benefits to society that include reductions in criminal activity, decreased use of healthcare, and higher employment earnings.9,10 While some of the expected social benefits of adolescent treatment programs overlap with those of adult programs (i.e., reductions in criminal activity and healthcare utilization), improvement in other domains may be more relevant for adolescents than adults and vice versa.5 For instance, it is desirable that treatment programs for adolescents reinforce school engagement and educational attainment. Investment in education during adolescence carries potential benefits such as improved lifetime earnings, cognitive functioning, and health.11–13 Increased employment, on the other hand, may be a less desirable outcome in treatment programs for adolescents. Several studies have found positive associations between adolescent employment or work intensity and substance abuse.14–16 The association appears to be influenced by differential selection, whereby adolescents with educational disengagement, problem behaviors, and substance abuse problems choose to be employed.17–19 There is also some evidence that increased exposure of working adolescents to delinquent peers may lead to substance use.20

    This paper evaluated the effectiveness of CD treatment for adolescents based on two clinical outcomes (abstinence and decrease in substance use problems) and three behavioral outcomes (school enrollment, employment, and involvement in criminal activity).*,21 The sample consisted of 419 adolescents recruited at four Kaiser Permanente (KP) Northern California Chemical Dependency Recovery Programs (CDRP). Treatment was expected to promote abstinence, decrease the number of symptoms related to substance use, increase the probability of school attendance, and decrease the probability of involvement in criminal activity. The effect of treatment on employment is an open empirical question. On the one hand, employment may have an adverse influence on adolescents because it increases contact with peer groups that do not facilitate sobriety, permits access to funds that can be used to obtain substances, and shifts the adolescent’s focus from school involvement.22 On the other hand, certain types of employment—in particular, jobs that are not time-intensive—may teach responsible behavior and be desirable for adolescents doing well at school.

    स्रोत : www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

    Substance Abuse And Its Effect On Education

    Free Essay: Substance Abuse and its Effect on Education Drug abuse is a serious public health problem that affects almost every community and family in some...

    Substance Abuse And Its Effect On Education

    Satisfactory Essays 1348 Words 6 Pages Open Document

    Substance Abuse and its Effect on Education

    Drug abuse is a serious public health problem that affects almost every community and family in some way. Each year drug abuse causes millions of serious illnesses or injuries among Americans. A study done in John Hopkins University School of Medicine, found that individuals who are unemployed have higher rates of substance abuse than those who are regularly employed. Five hundred and fifty nine participants, who were unemployed, at least eighteen years old or older, were studied and met the criteria for opiate, cocaine, or alcohol abuse. The researchers found a large percentage of participants were at or below the seventh grade level in academic achievement in reading, spelling, and math. This supports the position that drug abuse does effect ones education. Most importantly drug abuse starts at an early age. In fact research shows that the earlier the age of or set of drug abuse, the greater likelihood of later abuse and or dependence. The most illicit drug use starts in the teenage years. Alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and Adderall are all popular drugs that are abused by teenagers. Each drug not only causes serious health issues, but affects ones academic performance negatively, and in order to prevent abuse one must understand the signs of upcoming drug abuse and learn how to prevent it from forming.

    In order to understand how alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and Adderall affect academic work, one must understand the

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