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Ques : In Hindu mythology, which of these is not a name referring to the same person as the other three?
Ques : In Hindu mythology, which of these is not a name referring to the…
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Ques : In Hindu mythology, which of these is not a name referring to the same person as the other three?Ques : In Hindu mythology, which of these is not a name referring to the same person as the other three?
A. Panchali B. DraupadiC. Amba
D. Krishnaa Ans : C. Amba
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RELIGION IN INDIA
What is Hinduism about? What do Hindues believe in? Learn about religion in India, cast system, karma and more to understand the Indian way of living.
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RELIGION IN INDIA – WHAT IS HINDUISM AND WHAT HINDUS BELIEVE
Biz Evde Yokuz·India·8 Comments
Understanding religion in India is very important for grasping Indian’s ways of living as Hinduism governs most aspects of life. Upon returning from a long vacation in India, we wanted to pass on our learnings to you. So in this blog post, we will attempt to explain the basic principles of Hinduism, what Hindus believe in and role of religion in India.
We tried to keep it as simple as we can. As you can tell we are outsiders trying to understand what Hinduism is. If you think we over-simplified or misinterpreted anything please feel free to correct us.
Religion in India
India is home to several religions, but the most common is Hinduism at 80% of the population.
Hinduism is the third-most widespread religion in the world after Islam and Christianity and it is thought to be the oldest religion in the world dating back at least 5,000 years ago. It is believed to be older, but there’s no definitive proof.
Nepal and Bangladesh also have significant Hindu populations as well. Traditions and rituals vary from region to region. In this article, we’ll briefly summarize the most essential points about Hinduism without going into too much detail.
Let’s take a look at the distribution of religion in India:
– 80% of the population is Hindu. Other religions include (the percentages are rounded):
– 13% Islam (The Muslim population is spread throughout the country)
– 2% Christianity (in Kerala, Goa, Tamil Nadu and Meghalaya)
– 2% Sikhism, (Punjab region)
– 1% Buddhist (in the Maharashtra area)
– 0.4% Jainism (in the regions of Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and major cities)
– 1.6% Other (Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Bahá’í, tribal religions).
Jainism and Buddhism formed in response to Hinduism, but all three have similar teachings.
When looking at these percentages, keep in mind that while 0.4% may seem like an insignificant number but when you consider that fact that India has a population of 1.3 billion, it amounts to a huge number of people. 5.2 million to be exact 🙂
What is Hinduism
Hinduism is a mystical religion that has no books and no prophets, but followers believe the Brahman as a creative power – everything comes from and goes back to Brahman.
God in Hinduism
Because there are so many gods and goddesses in Hinduism, it’s often perceived as a polytheistic religion. However, followers believe that Brahman is the only god and that the other gods are different manifestations of him.
These are the gods that you’ll often hear about in association with Hinduism:
– Brahman – creator of the universe
– Vishnu – God of keeping the universe in balance and harmony. Vishnu shows himself in different forms based on the situation, and he takes many different forms such as Rama, Krishna, and Sarasvati.
– Shiva – God of destruction. Followers believe that the universe was destroyed by Shiva from time to time and created again by Brahman. Cycles are a significant symbol for Hindus.
– Ganesha – God who lifts barriers and brings luck. Ganesha is depicted as having an elephant face and a human body.
Basic beliefs in Hinduism– Vedas is the equivalent of the holy books: While there is no holy book, there is a doctrine known as the Vedas that has been transmitted orally generation by generation for 5,000 years. Hindus believe that the Vedas is the promise of God that came through revelation. Although the Vedas has different interpretations, there are a few important beliefs that are common amongst all Hindus:– Truth is timeless, infinite, and unique. But the truth can be expressed in different ways and can be reached by using different methods. This belief is one of the main reasons why Hinduism is perceived as an inclusive and tolerant religion. Because, from a Hindu’s point of view, there are endless ways of worshipping, and all of them are valid. What matters is the intention not the method. In this way, they see that all religions are valid ways of reaching God.
Although there has been some division over this issue among Hindus, “unity in diversity” became a widely accepted concept in contemporary Hinduism.– Brahman as no form, it is limitless, infinite, and omnipresent. It may sound as Brahman is an abstract concept, but it is rather treated as a body that includes everything, the whole realm, inside it.– Dharma is “the moral order of the universe and a code of living that embodies the fundamental principles of law, religion, and duty that governs all reality”. According to drahma, every individual has a duty and she/he has to make sure it happens. (Read more here)– The pursuit of dharma allows humanity to get to the higher truth, and the person who arrives here reaches moksha (like nirvana).– Atman is the immortal soul; in other words, the soul cannot be created or destroyed.– They believe in reincarnation, and the soul continues to come back to the world again and again until the soul reaches maturity (or reaches moksha).
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The Trimurti (Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva) seated on lotuses with their consorts, the Tridevi (Saraswati, Lakshmi, and Parvati)
Part of a series on Hinduism
show Origins show Traditions show Deities show Concepts show Practices show
Gurus, sants, philosophers
show Texts show Society show Other topics GlossaryOutline Hinduism portal vte
Krishna elopes with Princess Rukmini
Shiva slays Gajasura
Vishnu's Matsya avatar, a prominent Hindu myth
Part of a series on Hindu mythology Sources Itihasa RamayanaMahabharata Puranas
Brahma PuranaBrahmanda PuranaBhagavata PuranaGaruda PuranaVishnu PuranaShiva PuranaSkanda PuranaMarkandeya PuranaMatsya PuranaPadma PuranaVayu Purana
Personalities of the Epics
Hinduism Portal vte Mythology show Mythologies show Types show Lists show Related concepts show See also vteHindu mythology is the body of myths and literature attributed to, and espoused by, the adherents of the Hindu religion, found in Hindu texts such as the Vedic literature, epics like and , the Puranas, and regional literature like the Tamil and , and the of Bengal. Hindu myths are also found in widely translated popular texts such as the fables of the and the , as well as in Southeast Asian texts.
1 Primary sources
2 Origins and development
2.1 Indus Valley Civilisation
2.2 Vedic Period
2.3 Brahmanical Period
2.4 Upanishad Period
2.5 Sramanic movements
2.6 Epic Period 2.7 Puranic Period 2.8 Tantric Period 2.9 Modern Period
3 Mythical themes and types
3.1 Cosmology 3.2 Deities
3.3 Connections to other belief systems
4 See also 5 Citations 6 General sources 7 Further reading 8 External links
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.
Vedas Rig Sama Yajur Atharva Itihasa Ramayana Mahabharata Maha-Puranas Agni Purana Brahma Purana Brahmanda Purana Bhagavata Purana
Garuda Purana Kurma Purana Shiva Purana Skanda Purana Markandeya Purana Matsya Purana Narada Purana Linga Purana Padma Purana Varaha Purana Vayu Purana Vishnu Purana Bengali literature Mangal-Kāvya Tamil literature Divya Prabandham Tirumurai Five Great Epics
Origins and development
Indus Valley Civilisation
See also: Religion of the Indus Valley civilization
According to Joseph Campbell, the Indus Valley (2600-1900 BCE) may have left traces in the beliefs and traditions of Hinduism. Artefacts have revealed motifs that are also employed and revered by Hindus today, such as primary male deities worshipped by a ruling elite, mother goddesses, nature spirits, snake worship, as well as the reverence of other theriomorphic (animal-shaped) beings. These themes would be maintained by the Dravidian folk religion even after the decline of its parent civilisation around 1800 BCE.
Main article: Historical Vedic religion
A major factor in the development of Hinduism was the Vedic religion. The Indo-Aryan migration brought their distinct beliefs to the Indian subcontinent, where the Vedas were composed around 1500 BCE. The Indo-Aryans Vedic pantheon of deities included the chief god Indra, the sun deity Surya, Ushas, as well as Agni.
Main article: Brahminism
This period saw the composition of commentaries referred to as the Brahmanas.