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# in kicking wire experiment the current the magnetic field and the direction of the force on the wire are

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## The Kicking Wire Experiment

THE KICKING WIRE EXPERIMENT

Q. Demonstrate the Force Acting on a Current-Carrying Conductor Placed in a Magnetic Field? Ans: The Kicking Wire Experiment: A thick copper wire AB is suspended vertically from a support T using a flexible joint J (Below figure). The lower end B of this wire is free to move between the poles of a U–shaped magnet M. The lower end B of the wire touches the mercury surface kept in a shallow vessel V so that it can move when a force acts on it. The positive terminal of a battery is connected to end A of the wire. The circuit is completed by dipping another wire from the battery's negative terminal into the mercury pool, as shown in figure. We know that mercury is a liquid which is a good conductor of electricity, so the circuit is completed through mercury contained in vessel V.

On pressing the switch, a current flows in the wire AB vertically downward direction. The wire AB is kicked in the forward direction (towards south), and its lower end B reaches position B' so that the wire comes to the new position AB', as shown by dotted line in figure. When the lower end B of the hanging wire comes forward to B', its contact with the mercury surface is broken due to which the circuit breaks and current stops flowing in the wire AB. Since no current flows in the wire, no force acts on it in this position and it falls back to its original position. As soon as the wire falls back, its lower end again touches the mercury surface, the current starts flowing in the wire, and it is kicked again. This action is repeated as long as the current is passed in wire AB. It should be noted that the current carrying wire is kicked forward because a force is exerted on it by the magnetic field of the U–shaped magnet. From this experiment we conclude that when a current carrying conductor is placed in a magnetic field, a mechanical force is exerted on the conductor making it move.

In the figure, the current flows in the vertically downward direction, and the direction of the magnetic field is from left to right, directed towards the east. Thus, the current carrying conductor is at the right angle to the magnetic field. Now, we have just seen that the motion of the conductor is in the forward direction (towards south), which is at right angles to both, the direction of current and the direction of the magnetic field. Since the direction of motion of the wire represents the direction of force acting on it, we can say that : The direction of force acting on a current carrying wire placed in a magnetic field is (i) perpendicular to the direction of the current, and (ii) perpendicular to the direction of the magnetic field. In other words, we can say that the current, the magnetic field and the force is at right angle. It should be noted that the maximum force is exerted on a current carrying conductor only when it is perpendicular to the direction of the magnetic field. No force acts on a current carrying conductor when it is parallel to the magnetic field.

If we reverse the direction of current in the wire AB so that it flows in the vertically upward direction from B to A, then the wire swings in the backward direction (towards north). This means that the direction of the force on the current carrying wire has been reversed. From this we conclude that the direction of the force on a current carrying conductor placed in a magnetic field can be reversed by reversing the direction of current the flowing in the conductor. Keeping the direction of current unchanged, if we reverse the direction of magnetic field applied in figure by turning the magnet M so that its poles are reversed, even then "the wire swings backwards showing the direction of force acting on it has been reversed. Thus, the direction of the force on a current carrying conductor placed in a magnetic field can also be reversed by reversing the direction of the magnetic field.

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## The kicking wire experiment. Force on a conductor in a magnetic field Physics Homework Help, Physics Assignments and Projects Help, Assignments Tutors online

The kicking wire experiment. Force on a conductor in a magnetic field Physics Homework Help and The kicking wire experiment. Force on a conductor in a magnetic field Physics Assignments Help available 24/7, as well as Assignments Experts and Tutors also available online for hire for Physics Projects

## The kicking wire experiment. Force on a conductor in a magnetic field

The principle of the electric motor / By Physics Assignment

The kicking wire experiment. Force on a conductor in a magnetic field

The experiment illustrated in Fig. 38.2 has been designed to show how the direction of the force on a wire carrying a current is related to the direction of the magnetic field in which the wire is situated.

The kicking wire experiment. Force on a conductor in a magnetic field

A straight wire with a flexible connection at its upper end hangs between the poles of a U-shaped magnet and dips into a small pool of mercury in a depression cut in a piece, of wood. A circuit is provided so that the current may be adjusted to the minimum value required to make the experiment work. Too large a current results in over-heating of the wires.

On closing the key K, the current flows downwards and the hanging wire swings forwards. This causes it to leave the mercury and break the circuit. The wire falls back, remakes contact with the mercury, and the action is repeated. If the battery connections are reversed so that the current flows up the wire the direction of the force on it will be reversed, and it will now swing backwards out of the mercury. The direction of the force on the wire may likewise be reversed by turning the magnet over so that the direction of the magnetic field is reversed. It will be noticed in this experiment that, initially, the current, the magnetic field, and the direction of the force on the wire are all three mutually at right angles. Professor J. A. Fleming gave a rule for relating the direction of motion of the wire to the directions of the current and magnetic field.

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## In kicking wire experiment, the current, the magnetic field and the direction of the force on the wire are :

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