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    in the 1970s, under whose chairmanship the president constituted a committee to determine the relationship of the governor with the state cabinet?

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    Sarkaria Commission

    Sarkaria Commission

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    The was set up in 1983 by the central government of India against M. Karunanidhi. The Sarkaria Commission's charter was to examine the central-state relationship on various portfolios and suggest changes within the framework of Constitution of India. [1] The Commission was so named as it was headed by Justice Ranjit Singh Sarkaria (Chairman of the commission), a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India.[1] The other members of the committee were Shri B. Sivaraman (Cabinet Secretary), Dr S.R. Sen (former Executive Director of IBRD) and Rama Subramaniam (Member Secretary).

    Recommendations[edit]

    The final report contained 247 specific recommendations. In spite of the large size of its reports - the Commission recommended, by and large, status quo in the Centre-State relations, especially in the areas, relating to legislative matters, role of Governors and use of Article 356.[2]

    It is widely accepted that to whatever extent the Commission suggested change, the recommendations were not implemented by the government.[2][3]

    The report contains 247 recommendations spreading over the following 19 Chapters.

    Chapter 0. It gave suggestions like the centre should consult state before legislation on concurrent list, river water dispute tribunal award should be binding on parties three months after the award is given by tribunal, and centre should make deliberate use of article 258.

    Chapter I. Perspective

    Chapter II. Legislative Relations

    Chapter III. Administrative Relations

    Chapter IV. Role of the Governor

    Chapter V. Reservation of Bills by Governors for President's consideration and Promulgation of Ordinances

    Chapter VI. Emergency Provisions

    Chapter VII. Deployment of Union Armed Forces in States for Public Order Duties

    Chapter VIII. All India Services

    Chapter IX. Inter-Governmental Council

    Chapter X. Financial Relations

    Chapter XI. Economic and Social Planning

    Chapter XII. Industries

    Chapter XIII. Mines and Minerals

    Chapter XIV. Agriculture

    Chapter XV. Forests

    Chapter XVI. Food and Civil Supplies

    Chapter XVII. Inter-State River Water Disputes

    Chapter XVIII. Trade, Commerce and Inter-course within the Territory of India

    Chapter XIX. Mass Media

    Chapter XX. Miscellaneous Matters

    Chapter XXI. General Observations

    Chapter XXII. Appendices

    Chapter XXIII Conclusion

    Recommendations on Appointment of Governor :

    should be an eminent person;

    must be a person from outside the State;

    not have participated in active politics at least for some time before his appointment;

    he should be a detached person and not too intimately connected with the local politics of the State;

    he should be appointed in consultation with the Chief Minister of the State, Vice-President of India and the Speaker of the Lok Sabha;

    His tenure of office must be guaranteed and should not be disturbed except for extremely compelling reasons and if any action is to be taken against him he must be given a reasonable opportunity for showing cause against the grounds on which he is sought to be removed. In case of such termination or resignation of the Governor, the Government should lay before both the Houses of Parliament a statement explaining the circumstances leading to such removal or resignation, as the case may be;

    After demitting his office, the person appointed as Governor should not be eligible for any other appointment or office of profit under the Union or a State Government except for a second term as Governor or election as Vice-President or President of India, as the case may be; and

    At the end of his tenure, reasonable post-retirement benefits should be provided.

    The Commission felt that the State Government should be given prominence in appointing the Governor. The appointment should be made

    From a panel to be prepared by the State Legislature; or

    From a panel to be prepared by the State Government or invariably by the Chief Minister;

    The commission felt that the chief minister should be consulted before appointing the governor. For proper working of the parliamentary system, there has to be a personal rapport between the governor and the chief minister. Thus the main purpose of consulting the chief minister is to ascertain his objections, if any, to the proposed appointment. The commission found that consultation with the chief minister has not invariably been taking place in recent years. The general practice, as far as the commission has been able to ascertain, seems to be that the Union Government merely informs the chief minister that a certain person is being appointed as the governor of the state. Sometimes even such prior intimation is not given. The commission recommended that the Vice President of India and the Speaker of the Lok Sabha should be consulted by the prime minister in the selection of governor. Such consultation, the commission felt, will greatly enhance the credibility of the selection process.[4]

    Some of the recommendations have been adopted such as governor to be from outside the state. The SC has many times emphasized the urgent need for implementing Sarkaria commission's recommendations on selection and appointment of governors.

    See also[edit]

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    [Solved] Sarkaria Commission was set up in ______ to examine the cent

    The correct answer is 1983.  Key Points Sarkaria Commission was set up in 1983 by the central government of India.  The Sarkaria Commission's

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    Sarkaria Commission was set up in ______ to examine the centre state relations

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    Option 4 : 1983 Crack with

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    The correct answer is 1983.

    Key PointsSarkaria Commission was set up in 1983 by the central government of India. 

    The Sarkaria Commission's charter was to examine the central-state relationship on various portfolios and suggest changes within the framework of the Constitution of India.

    The first three-member commission for determining the relationship between the Center and the State was presided over by RS Sarkaria.

    Sarkaria Commission was appointed by the government of India in 1983.

    Sarkaria Commission was founded on June 9, 1983, by the Ministry of Home Affairs Of Indian Government under the Chairmanship of Justice R.S. Sarkaria with Shri B. Sivaraman and Dr. S.R. Sen as its members.Sarkaria Commission was set up in 1983 by the central government of India.  Important Points

    The Sarkaria Commission's charter was to examine the central-state relationship on various portfolios and suggest changes within the framework of the Constitution of India.

    The Commission was so named as it was headed by Justice Ranjit Singh Sarkaria (Chairman of the commission), a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India.

    The other members of the committee were Shri B. Sivaraman (Cabinet Secretary), Dr. S.R. Sen (former Executive Director of IBRD), and Rama Subramaniam (Member Secretary).

    The Constitution deals with the center-state financial relations in Article 268-293 of Part XII.

    The Constitution has provided the union government and the state governments with independent sources of revenue.

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    स्रोत : testbook.com

    Punchhi Commission Report for IAS Preparation; Gist of Punchhi Commission

    Punchhi Commission Report for IAS Preparation; Gist of Punchhi Commission; Punchhi Commission UPSC; Punchhi Commission report summary; Punchhi Commission for UPSC

    IAS PreparationUPSC Preparation StrategyPunchhi Commission Report IAS Preparation

    Punchhi Commission Report for IAS Preparation

    Various committees and commissions are essential components of the UPSC preparation, particularly the polity section in the UPSC syllabus. In this article, you will read about the Punchhi Commission.

    Read related articles from the links below:

    Important Committees and Commissions in India

    Different Commissions and Their Recommendations

    Various Committees and Their Purposes

    Gist of Punchhi Commission UPSC

    The Punchhi Commission was constituted by the Government of India in 2007 as a Commission on Centre-State relations. It was chaired by Justice Madan Mohan Punchhi who was formerly the Chief Justice of India from 18 January 1998 until his retirement on 9 October 1998. The Commission came into effect on the 27th of April, 2007 to relook into the problems and issues in Centre-State relations in India ever since these issues were earlier looked into by the Sarkaria Commission which had submitted its report in 1988.

    Composition of the Punchhi Commission:

    Madan Mohan Punchhi (Retd.), Former Chief Justice of India, Chairman.

    Shri Dhirendra Singh, Former Secretary to the Government of India, Member.

    Shri Vinod Kumar Duggal, Former Secretary to the Government of India, Member.

    N.R. Madhava Menon, Former Director, National Judicial Academy, Bhopal, and National Law School of India, Bangalore, Member.

    Shri Vijay Shanker, IPS (Retd.), Former Director, Central Bureau of Investigation, Govt of India, Member Secretary.

    Amaresh Bagchi was a member from 4th July 2007 until his death on 20th February 2008.

    The Commission had submitted its report to the then Home Minister of India, P Chidambaram in March 2010.

    The Commission submitted its report in 7 volumes and 4 supplementary volumes. They are:

    Volume 1: Evolution of Centre-State Relations in India.

    Volume 2: Constitutional Governance and the Management of Centre-State Relations

    Volume 3: Centre-State Financial Relations and Planning

    Volume 4: Local Self Governments and Decentralized Governance (Read about Panchayati Raj in the linked article.)

    Volume 5: Internal Security, Criminal Justice, and Centre-State Co-operation

    Volume 6: Environment, Natural Resources, and Infrastructure

    Volume 7: Socio-Economic Development, Public Policy, and Good Governance

    Supplementary Volume 1: Task Force Reports

    Supplementary Volume 2: Research Studies

    Supplementary Volume 2A: Research Studies

    Supplementary Volume 3: Responses from Stakeholders

    Supplementary Volume 4: Regional Consultations

    Also, read about the views of the Sarkaria Commission in the linked article.

    Main Purpose of the Commission

    To examine the possible role, responsibility, and jurisdiction of the Centre during major and extended eruptions of communal/caste or other social violence or conflicts.

    To review other areas of Centre-State relations including that of taxes and rivers’ linking.

    To study if there is a need to set up a Central law enforcement agency to take up suo moto crimes investigation with inter-state or international ramifications with grave implications on national security.

    To see the feasibility of suo moto deployment of central forces in the States if needed.

    To examine the role and responsibility of the centre with respect to the states in the effective devolution of autonomy and powers to the Panchayati Raj institutions and other local bodies.

    To support independent planning and budgeting at the district level and linking Central assistance of states to States’ performance.

    To examine the relevance of separate taxes for freeing inter-state trade to establish a unified domestic market.

    To examine the role and removal procedures of governors.

    In brief, it can be said that the chief objective of the Commission was to examine the prospect of “giving sweeping powers to the Union government to deploy central forces in the states and the investigation of crimes affecting national security.”

    Punchhi Commission Report Summary

    PUNCHHI COMMISSION MAIN RECOMMENDATIONS

    The Commission gave 312 recommendations in its report. Some of the major recommendations are given below:

    Articles 355 & 356

    The report recommended that these Articles be amended. It sought to protect the interests of the States by trying to curb their misuse by the Centre. It said that the centre should try to bring only the specific troubled area under its jurisdiction and that too for a brief period, not more than three months. That means, the Commission sought to localize the emergency provisions under Articles 355 and 356.

    Read about Article 356 in the linked article.

    National Integration Council

    In matters concerning internal security the Punchhi Commission recommended the creation of a superseding structure (much like the Homeland Security Department in the US), that gave prominence to the National Integration Council. It recommended the Council to meet at least once annually. It also advised a five-member delegation of the Council to visit any communally affected area within two days.

    Concurrent List Subjects

    The Commission recommended that the Centre should consult states before introducing bills on items in the concurrent list through the inter-state council.

    स्रोत : byjus.com

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