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    in which country is the largest stone buddha statue found

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    Leshan

    CULTURE

    Leshan- the world’s largest buddha

    Filed under: BUDDAH  /  CARVING  /  CHINA  /  LESHAN GIANT BUDDAH

    March 20, 2021

    The buddha’s official names is Leshan Giant Buddha.

    Image courtesy of: My Modern Met

    Meet Leshan, the world’s largest stone Buddha statue located in the Sichuan province of China, near the city of Leshan. The monumental structure was first carved into the hillside of Xijuo Peak that overlooks the junction of the Minjiang, Qingyi and Dadu Rivers.

    Mount Emei Scenic Area is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

    Image courtesy of: UNESCO, photographed by: Aneta Ribarska

    Located in the province of Sichuan, the specific area is Mount Emei (Emeishan), an area of immense cultural significance in regards to where Buddhism was first established on Chinese territory and from where it spread throughout the Far East.

    The first Buddhist temple, Guangxiang Temple, in China was built on Mount Emei’s summit in the 1st-century CE. In addition to Leshan, there are 30 other temples including the Wannian Temple which was built in the 4th-century and contains the almost 8-meter high Puxian bronze Buddha of the 10th-century. In addition, garden temples including the Quigyin Pavilion complex of pavilions, towers, and platforms from the early 6th-century helped turn the mountain into one of Buddhism’s holiest sites.

    The Leshan Giant Buddha surrounded by flood waters following heavy and continuous rains in China’s southwestern Sichuan province.

    Image courtesy of: The Vintage News

    The Leshan Buddha is a seated Maitreya Buddha, meaning “an individual on the path to becoming a Buddha”, and also a disciple of the Buddhism’s founder, Siddhartha Gautama. Embedded into the natural environment since his initial construction, the buddha has weathered the test of time over the years.

    Originally, the gigantic figure was adorned with a thirteen-story, gold-plated, wooden structure that served him as a source of shelter. However, that piece of construction was destroyed and left the 233-foot-tall Buddha to fend for himself. Now, the figure is as much a part of the mountain as the mountain it is carved into. Locals say, “The mountain is a Buddha and the Buddha is a mountain.”

    The plank road that leads up and down Leshan Giant Buddha.

    Image courtesy of: China Discovery

    The heavy rains of 2020 and prior brought unusually heavy flooding and killed hundreds of people, displacing millions more. The site where the Buddha sits and stands guard was closed to tourists as officials surrounded the structure with sandbags in an attempt to protect it. Sadly though, the waters rose high enough to cover the Buddha’s giant toes. This was the first time those toes were submerged since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949.

    Summer flooding is quite common in this region; last summer the majority of the flooded rivers are in the Yangtze River’s basin, which flows from west to east through the densely populated provinces of central China. The Yangtze River is the longest and most important waterway in China, irrigating many plots of farmland and linking many inland industrial cities with Shanghai on the eastern coast.

    Two adults can fit inside the Buddha’s ears.

    Image courtesy of: My Modern Met, photographed by: David Schroeter

    Perhaps the most interesting fact is that behind the Buddha’s head and between his ears, the Leshan Giant Buddha has a unique and advanced drainage system that helps to preserve the statue from erosion. In addition, there are several hidden gutters and channels scattered in his hair, collar, and chest. Finally, the holes in the back of his ears and chest have been carrying out the rainwater in order to keep the inner areas dry. This advanced drainage system has helped to prevent the buddha from eroding over the past 1,200 years.

    Behind the Buddha’s head and between his two ears, the Leshan Giant Buddha has a unique and advanced drainage system to preserve the statue from erosion. There are several hidden gutters and channels scattered in Buddha’s hair, collar, chest, and holes in the back of his ears and chest that have been carrying out the rainwater to keep the inner areas dry. This complex architectural system has been preventing the statue from eroding for the past 1,200 years.

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    स्रोत : suzannelovellinc.com

    Leshan Giant Buddha

    Leshan Giant Buddha

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

    UNESCO World Heritage Site

    A full view of Leshan Giant Buddha

    Location Sichuan, People's Republic of China

    Part of Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area

    Criteria Cultural and Natural: (iv)(vi)(x)

    Reference 779

    Inscription 1996 (20th Session)

    Coordinates 29°32′41″N 103°46′24″E / 29.54472°N 103.77333°E

    Coordinates: 29°32′41″N 103°46′24″E / 29.54472°N 103.77333°E

    Location of Leshan Giant Buddha in Sichuan

    Leshan Giant Buddha

    Simplified Chinese 乐山大佛

    Traditional Chinese 樂山大佛

    show Transcriptions

    The Leshan Giant Buddha (Chinese: 樂山大佛) is a 71-metre (233 ft) tall stone statue, built between 713 and 803 (during the Tang dynasty). It is carved out of a cliff face of Cretaceous red bed sandstones that lies at the confluence of the Min River and Dadu River in the southern part of Sichuan province in China, near the city of Leshan.[1] The stone sculpture faces Mount Emei, with the rivers flowing below its feet. It is the largest and tallest stone Buddha statue in the world[2] and it is by far the tallest pre-modern statue in the world. It is over 4 km from the Wuyou Temple.[3]

    The Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area, has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996.

    Contents

    1 Location 2 History 3 Degradation 4 Composition 5 Dimensions 6 Drainage system 7 Protection 8 Tourism 9 Gallery 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

    Location[edit]

    The Leshan Giant Buddha is located at the Lingyun Mountain’s Qifeng Peak. Qifeng Peak is located at the junction of the Minjiang River, Qingyi River, and Dadu River.[4]

    Other than the Leshan Giant Buddha, the Danxia Landform also contains abundant history and cultural connotations, such as cliff tombs and cliff dwelling. The Mahao Cliff Tombs at the Leshan Giant Buddha scenic area were built in the Han Dynasty, indicating ancient local residents’ living habits.[]

    History[edit]

    Construction started in 723 AD, led by a Chinese Buddhist monk named Hai Tong. He believed that Maitreya Buddha would calm the turbulent waters that constantly plagued the shipping vessels traveling down the river. When funding for the project was threatened, he is said to have gouged out his own eyes to show his piety and sincerity. After his death, however, the construction was delayed due to insufficient funding. The statue was only completed from the shoulders up at the time. Several years later, Hai Tong’s disciples continued work on the statue with financial support from a local official named Zhangchou Jianxiong. Hai Tong’s disciples continued the construction until the Knees, when construction was halted because Zhangchou JianXiang was called back to serve at the royal court in Chang’an. About 70 years later, Jiedushi Wei Gao continued to support and funded the project and the construction was finally completed by Hai Tong's disciples in 803.

    By the beginning of the Northern Song Dynasty, the Leshan Giant Buddha had been damaged—the body was covered in moss, and the wooden pavilion had collapsed. During the reign of Song Renzong, the Giant Buddha was repaired once on a large scale and the wooden pavilion was rebuilt. Since then, the records of the destruction and reconstruction of the Buddha have been missing, and the original temple, Lingyun Temple, had been destroyed by war many times.

    Apparently, the massive construction resulted in so much stone being removed from the cliff face and deposited into the river below that the currents were indeed altered by the statue, making the water safe for passing ships.[]

    A sophisticated drainage system was incorporated into the Leshan Giant Buddha when it was built. It is still in working order. It includes drainage pipes carved into various places on the body, to carry away the water after the rains so as to reduce weathering.

    When the Giant Buddha was carved, a huge thirteen story wood structure (similar to the one at the Rongxian Giant Buddha) was built to shelter it from rain and sunshine. This structure was destroyed and sacked by the Mongols during the wars at the end of the Yuan dynasty. From then on, the stone statue was exposed to the elements.

    Degradation[edit]

    The Leshan Buddha has been affected by the pollution emanating from the unbridled development in the region. According to Xinhua news agency, the Leshan Giant Buddha and many Chinese natural and cultural heritage sites in the region have seen degradations from weathering, air pollution, and swarms of tourists. The government has promised restoration work.[5][6]

    Composition[edit]

    The entire art piece is built in stone, except for the ears that were designed in wood, covered with mud on the surface to make clay, and attached to the head.

    Dimensions[edit]

    At 71 metres (233 ft) tall, the statue depicts a seated Buddha with his hands resting on his knees. His shoulders are 28 metres wide and his smallest toenail is large enough to easily accommodate a seated person. There is a local saying: "The mountain is a Buddha and the Buddha is a mountain". This is partially because the mountain range in which the Leshan Giant Buddha is located is thought to be shaped like a slumbering Buddha when seen from the river, with the Leshan Giant Buddha as its heart.

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    In which country, is the largest stone Buddha statue found?

    China Chinas Leshan Giant Buddha a 233 feet tall stone statue is the largest and tallest stone Buddha statue in the world The statue faces Mount Emei which has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996 Indias largest reclining Buddha statue is being built in Bodh Gaya by Buddha International Welfare Mission The statue will be 100 feet long and 30 feet high and being made with fiberglass

    Q. In which country, is the largest stone Buddha statue found?

    Answer: [B] China

    Notes: China’s Leshan Giant Buddha, a 233 feet tall stone statue, is the largest and tallest stone Buddha statue in the world. The statue faces Mount Emei, which has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996. India’s largest reclining Buddha statue is being built in Bodh Gaya, by Buddha International Welfare Mission. The statue will be 100 feet long and 30 feet high and being made with fiberglass.

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    स्रोत : www.gktoday.in

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