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    Vande Mataram

    Vande Mataram

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    This article is about the poem and song. For other uses, see Vande Mataram (disambiguation).

    "Bande Mataram" redirects here. For other uses, see Bande Mataram (disambiguation).

    Vande Mataram

    Vande Mataram written by Bankim Chandra Chattterjee set to Raag Desh as performed on All India Radio

    National song of India

    Lyrics Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, (1882)

    Music Hemanta Mukherjee, Jadunath Bhattacharya

    Adopted 24 January 1950


    A woman playing the Tanpura, c. 1735 (Rajasthan)

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    Nationalistic and patriotic songs

    National anthem Jana Gana Mana Other Vande Mataram Regional music

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    (Sanskrit: वन्दे मातरम् IAST: , also pronounced ; বন্দে মাতরম্, transl. Mother, I bow to thee) is a poem written in highly sanskritized Bengali[1] by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1870s, which he included in his 1882 Bengali novel .[2][3] The poem was first sung by Rabindranath Tagore in the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.[4][5] The first two verses of the song were adopted as the National Song of India in October 1937 by the Congress Working Committee prior to the end of colonial rule in August 1947.[6][7][8]

    An ode to the Motherland, it was written in Bengali script in the novel .[9] The title 'Vande Mataram' means "I praise to motherland, Mother".[5][10] The "mother goddess" in later verses of the song has been interpreted as the motherland of the people –– Banga Mata (Mother Bengal)[11][12][13][14] and Bharat Mata (Mother India),[15][16] though the text does not mention this explicitly.

    It played a vital role in the Indian independence movement, first sung in a political context by Rabindranath Tagore at the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.[17] It became a popular marching song for political activism and Indian freedom movement in 1905.[5] Spiritual Indian nationalist and philosopher Sri Aurobindo referred it as "National Anthem of Bengal".[18] The song and the novel containing it was banned by the colonial government, but workers and the general public defied the ban (with many being imprisoned repeatedly for singing it in public); with the ban being overturned by the Indian government after the country gained independence from colonial rule in 1947.[19][20]

    On 24 January 1950, the Constituent Assembly of India has adopted "Vande Mataram" as national song. On the occasion, the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad stated that the song should be honoured equally with the national anthem of India, "Jana Gana Mana".[21] However the Constitution of India does not have any mention of "national song".[22][23]

    The first two verses of the song are an abstract reference to mother and motherland, they do not mention any Hindu deity by name, unlike later verses that do mention goddesses such as Durga.[24][25] There are 65 seconds of circumstantial specification for the rendition of this song unlike the national anthem "Jana Gana Mana" that specifies 52 seconds.[26]


    1 Etymology

    2 Lyrics of the song

    2.1 Lyric 3 Translation

    3.1 Translation into other languages

    4 History and significance

    4.1 Composition

    4.2 Indian independence movement

    4.3 Debate on adoption as national song of India

    5 Performances and interpretations

    6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links


    The root of the Sanskrit word Vande is , which appears in and other Vedic texts.[27][note 1] According to Monier Monier-Williams, depending on the context, means "to praise, celebrate, laud, extol, to show honour, do homage, salute respectfully", or "deferentially, venerate, worship, adore", or "to offer anything respectfully to".[27][28] The word has Indo-European roots in (Sanskrit), (Greek), (Latin) which mean "mother".[29][30]

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    In which session of Indian National Congress (INC) the national song 'Vandematram' sung first time?

    Calcutta session of 1896 The national song Vande Mataram was first sung in a political context by Rabindranath Tagore at Calcutta session of INC in 1896 It was composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in his novel Anandamath in 1882

    स्रोत : www.gktoday.in

    [Solved] In which session of the Indian National Congress was the nat

    The correct answer is Kolkata, 1896. Key Points 'Vande Mataram' song was sung for the first time at the Indian National Congress session at Kolkata

    Home History Modern Indian History Rise of Indian Nationalism Indian National Congress


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    In which session of the Indian National Congress was the national song ‘Vande Mataram’ sung for the first time?

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    Kolkata, 1896 Mumbai, 1889 Lahore, 1909 Varanasi, 1905

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    Option 1 : Kolkata, 1896

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    The correct answer is Kolkata, 1896.

    Key Points

    'Vande Mataram' song was sung for the first time at the Indian National Congress session at Kolkata in 1896.

    The president of the Kolkata session was Rahmatullah M. Sayani.

    Vande Mataram song:

    The song was Sung by Rabindranath Tagore.

    The song was written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1874.

    The song was published in the Bengali novel Anandamath in 1882.

    ​​Important PointsIndian National Congress(INC):

    Indian National Congress was founded on 28 December 1885.

    Father of INC: Allan Octavian Hume

    List of Important Indian National Congress sessions:Session President Importance

    Bombay, 1885 W.C Banerjee The first session of INC.

    Madras, 1887 Badruddin Tayabji First Muslim President of INC.

    Allahabad, 1888 George Yule First English President of INC.

    Calcutta, 1896 Rahimtullah

    M. Sayani The national song ‘Vande Mataram’ sung for the first time.

    Varanasi, 1905 G.K. Gokhale Introduce the term Swadesi.

    Calcutta, 1906 Dadabhai Naoroji Introduce the term Swaraj.

    Surat, 1907 Rash Behari Ghosh Party splits into extremists and moderates.

    Lahore, 1909 Madan Mohan Malaviya Indian Councils Act, 1909

    Calcutta, 1911 Bishan Narayan Dar National Anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ sung for the first time.

    Lucknow, 1916 Ambica Charan Mazumdar Merger/Reunion of Congress and Lucknow pact – joint session with the Muslim league.

    Calcutta, 1917 Annie Besant First Woman President of the INC.

    Belgaum, 1924 M K Gandhi The only session where Gandhi Ji was the President of INC.

    Kanpur, 1925 Sarojini Naidu First Indian Woman President of INC.

    Lahore, 1929 Jawaharlal Nehru The resolution for Poorna Swaraj was passed.

    Haripura, 1938 Subhas Chandra Bose Subhas Chandra Bose became president for the first time.

    Meerut, 1946 J.B.

    Kripalani Last session before the independence of India.

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