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    industries are concerned with extracting materials or minerals from natural resources

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    Industry refers to the material production sector which is engaged in extraction of natural resources and processing and repr

    Industry

    Industry refers to the material production sector which is engaged in extraction of natural resources and processing and reprocessing of minerals and agricultural products, including (1) extraction of natural resources, such as mining, salt production (but not including hunting and fishing); (2) processing and reprocessing of farm and sideline produces, such as rice husking, flour milling, wine making, oil pressing, silk reeling, spinning and weaving, and leather making; (3) manufacture of industrial products, such as steel making, iron smelting, chemicals manufacturing, petroleum processing, machine building, timber processing; water and gas production and electricity generation and supply; (4)repairing of industrial products such as the repairing of machinery and means of transport (including cars).

    Prior to 1984, the rural industry run by villages and cooperative organizations under village was classified into agriculture. Since 1984, it has been grouped into industry.

    Units of industrial statistics survey corporate industrial enterprises with independent accounting system.

    Corporate industrial enterprises with independent accounting system refer to enterprises engaging in industrial production activities, which meet the following requirements: ①They are established legally, having their own names, organizations, location, able to take civil liability; ②They possess and use their assets independently, assume liabilities, and are entitled to sign contracts with other units; ③They are financially independent and compile their own balance sheets.

    Enterprises covered in the industrial statistics in the Yearbook include following categories by their registration:

    State-owned Enterprises refer to industrial enterprises where the means of production or income are owned by the state. Joint state-private industries and private industries, which existed before 1957, have been transformed into state industries. Statistics on these enterprises has been included in the state-owned industries since 1957 when separation of data was no longer necessary.Collective-owned Enterprises refer to industrial enterprises where the means of production are owned collectively, including urban and rural enterprises invested by collectives and some enterprises which were formerly owned privately but have been registered in industrial and commercial administration agency as collective units through raising fund from the public. Share-holding Cooperative Enterprises refer to economic units set up on cooperative basis, with funding partly from members of the enterprise and partly from outside investment, where the operation and management is decided by the members who also participate in the production, and the distribution of income is based both on work (labour input) and on shares (capital input).Joint-operation enterprises refer to economic units that are established by joint investment by two or more corporate enterprises or institutions of the same or different types of ownership on voluntary, equal and mutual-beneficial basis. They include:

    a) state-owned joint-operation enterprises (joint operation between state-owned enterprises);

    b) collective joint-operation enterprises (joint operation between collective enterprises; and

    c) state-collective joint-operation enterprises (joint operation between state and collective enterprises).

    Limited Liability Corporations refer to economic units registered in accordance with the Regulation of the People's Republic of China on the Management of Registration of Corporations, with capitals from 2 to 49 investors, each investor bears limited liability to the corporation depending on his/her holding of shares, and the corporation bears liability to its debt to the maximum of its total assets.Share-holding Corporations Ltd. refer to economic units registered in accordance with the Regulation of the People's Republic of China on the Management of Registration of Corporate Enterprises, with total registered capitals divided into equal shares and raised through issuing stocks. Each investor bears limited liability to the corporation depending on the holding of shares, and the corporation bears liability to its debt to the maximum of its total assets. Private Enterprises refer to economic units invested or controlled (by holding the majority of the shares) by natural persons who hire labours for profit-making activities. Included in this category are private limited liability corporations, private share-holding corporations Ltd., private partnership enterprises and private sole investment enterprises registered in accordance with the Corporation Law, Partnership Enterprise Law and Tentative Regulation on Private Enterprises.Enterprises with Funds form Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan refers to all industrial enterprises registered as the joint-venture, cooperative, sole (exclusive) investment industrial enterprises and limited liability corporations with funds from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan.Foreign Funded Enterprises  refers to all industrial enterprises registered as  the joint-venture, cooperative, sole (exclusive) investment industrial enterprises and limited liability corporations with foreign funds.Light Industry  refers to the industry that produces consumer goods and hand tools. It consists of two categories, depending on the materials used:

    (1) Industries using farm products as raw materials. These are branches of light industry which directly or indirectly use farm products as basic raw materials, including the manufacture of food and beverages, tobacco processing, textile, clothing, fur and leather manufacturing, paper making, printing, etc.

    स्रोत : www.stats.gov.cn

    Which of the following industries is related to the extraction of minerals?

    Which of the following industries is related to the extraction of minerals?

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    Which of the following industries is related to the extraction of minerals?

    Question

    Which of the following industries is related to the extraction of minerals?

    A

    Coal mining industry

    B Banking industry C Tourism industry D

    Iron and steel industry

    Open in App Solution

    The correct option is A Coal mining industry

    Any economic activity related to the production of goods, extraction of minerals or provision of services is referred to as an industry. The mining industry works on extraction of minerals like coal.

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    SIMILAR QUESTIONS

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    Which of the following is not related to the extraction of Aluminium?

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    स्रोत : byjus.com

    Explain with examples, the various types of industries.

    Industries can be classified under the following types:- 1. Primary IndustryPrimary industry includes all those activities, which are connected with the extraction and production from natural resources as well as reproduction and development of living organisms, plants. These industries may be further sub-divided as follows:    (i)Extractive Industries : These industries extract or draw out products from natural sources. Extractive industries supply some basic raw-material that are mostly the products of the soil. Products of these industries are usually transformed into many other useful goods by manufacturing industries. e.g Mining etc.    (ii) Genetic Industries : The industries remain engaged in breeding plants and animals for their use in further reproduction. For the breeding of plants, the seeds and nursery companies are typical example of genetic industries.2. Secondary Industries     Secondary industries are concerned with using the materials, which have already been extracted at the primary stage. These industries process such materials to produce goods for final consumption or for further processing by other industrial units. Secondary industries may be further divided as follows :     (i)Manufacturing Industries : These industries are engaged in producing goods through the processing of raw materials and thus creating for utilities. Manufacturing industries may be further divided into four categories on the basis of method of operation for production :          (a)Analytical industry : Analytical industry which analyses and separates different elements from the same materials, as in the case of a oil refinery.          (b) Synthetic industry : It combines various ingredients into a new products, as in the case of cement industry.           (c) Processing industry : It involves successive stage for manufacturing finished products, as in the case of sugar and paper industry.           (d) Assembling industry : It assembles different component parts to make a new product, as in the case of television, car, computer industry.           (e) Construction Industries : These industries are involved in the construction of buildings, dams, bridges, roads as well as tunnels and canals. Engineering and architectural skills are important part in the construction industries.3. Tertiary Industries Tertiary industries are concerned with providing support services to primary and secondary industries as well as activities relating to trade. These industries provide service facilities. As business activities these may be considered part of commerce because as auxiliaries, they assist trade. These are typically financing, insurance, transportation and communication industries.

    Explain with examples, the various types of industries.

    Industries can be classified under the following types:-

    1. Primary IndustryPrimary industry includes all those activities, which are connected with the extraction and production from natural resources as well as reproduction and development of living organisms, plants. These industries may be further sub-divided as follows:

    (i)Extractive Industries : These industries extract or draw out products from natural sources. Extractive industries supply some basic raw-material that are mostly the products of the soil. Products of these industries are usually transformed into many other useful goods by manufacturing industries. e.g Mining etc.

    (ii) Genetic Industries : The industries remain engaged in breeding plants and animals for their use in further reproduction. For the breeding of plants, the seeds and nursery companies are typical example of genetic industries.

    2. Secondary Industries

    Secondary industries are concerned with using the materials, which have already been extracted at the primary stage. These industries process such materials to produce goods for final consumption or for further processing by other industrial units. Secondary industries may be further divided as follows :

    (i)Manufacturing Industries : These industries are engaged in producing goods through the processing of raw materials and thus creating for utilities. Manufacturing industries may be further divided into four categories on the basis of method of operation for production :

    (a)Analytical industry : Analytical industry which analyses and separates different elements from the same materials, as in the case of a oil refinery.

    (b) Synthetic industry : It combines various ingredients into a new products, as in the case of cement industry.

    (c) Processing industry : It involves successive stage for manufacturing finished products, as in the case of sugar and paper industry.

    (d) Assembling industry : It assembles different component parts to make a new product, as in the case of television, car, computer industry.

    (e) Construction Industries : These industries are involved in the construction of buildings, dams, bridges, roads as well as tunnels and canals. Engineering and architectural skills are important part in the construction industries.

    3. Tertiary Industries

    Tertiary industries are concerned with providing support services to primary and secondary industries as well as activities relating to trade. These industries provide service facilities. As business activities these may be considered part of commerce because as auxiliaries, they assist trade. These are typically financing, insurance, transportation and communication industries.

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    स्रोत : www.zigya.com

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