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    Bihu

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    Bihu

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    Bihu of Assam Official name Bihu

    Also called Rongali Bihu • Kati Bihu • Bhogali Bihu

    Observed by Assamese people

    Type Regional folk Ends Varies

    Date In the months of

    Frequency Tri-annual

    Related to Baisagu of Bodos, Bushu of Dimasas, Pisu of Tiwas, Dumsi of Rabhas and Buisu/Bisu of Tripuris

    Part of a series on the

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    Bihu is a set of three important Assamese festivals in the Indian state of Assam[4] – 'Rongali' or 'Bohag Bihu' observed in April, 'Kongali' or 'Kati Bihu' observed in October, and 'Bhogali' or 'Magh Bihu' observed in January.[5] The Rongali Bihu is the most important of the three, celebrating spring festival. The Bhogali Bihu or the Magh Bihu is a harvest festival, with community feasts. The Kongali Bihu or the Kati Bihu is the sombre, thrifty one reflecting a season of short supplies and is an animistic festival.[6]

    The Rongali Bihu coincides the Assamese New year and as well as with other regions of Indian subcontinent, East Asia and South-East Asia, which follow the Hindu calendar and Buddhist calendar.[7] The other two Bihu festivals every year are unique to Assamese people. Like some other Indian festivals, Bihu is associated with agriculture, and rice in particular. Bohag Bihu is a sowing festival, Kati Bihu is associated with crop protection and worship of plants and crops and is an animistic form of the festival, while Bhogali Bihu is a harvest festival.[8][9] Assamese celebrate the Rongali Bihu with feasts, music and dancing. Some hang brass, copper or silver pots on poles in front of their house, while children wear flower garlands then greet the new year as they pass through the rural streets.[10]

    The three Bihu are Assamese festivals[10] elders in family, fertility and mother goddess, but the celebrations and rituals reflect influences from Southeast Asia and Sino-Tibetan cultures.[11][12][13] In contemporary times, the Bihus are celebrated by all Assamese people irrespective of religion, caste or creed.[14] It is also celebrated overseas by the Assamese diaspora community living worldwide.

    The term is also used to simply "Bihu" dance otherwise called Bihu Naas and Bihu folk songs also called Bihu Geet.

    Contents

    1 History

    1.1 Indigenous origin

    1.2 Ahom contribution

    1.3 Indo-Aryan contribution

    2 The three Bihu Festivals

    2.1 Bohag Bihu 2.2 The Seven days 2.3 Kati Bihu 2.4 Magh Bihu

    3 Instruments used in Bihu

    4 Bihu elsewhere 5 Related festivals 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 8.1 Web sources 9 External links

    History[edit]

    Although the modern form of Bihu is a synthesis of varied cultural elements from diverse ethnic groups like Tibeto-Burman and Tai, it has deep roots in the indigenous culture.[15]

    Indigenous origin[edit]

    The word has been derived from the Deori (a Boro-Garo language) word which means "excessive joy".[16] The original form of Bihu continue among the Chutias, Sonowal Kacharis and Deoris. These groups, known as Sadiyal Kacharis were associated with the historical Kingdom of Sadiya.[17] The other branches of Bodo-Kacharis which include Boros, Dimasas, Rabhas, Tiwas, etc. have also been celebrating Bihu since ancient times. The Boros call it , while the Dimasas, Tiwa and Rabha call it or ,[18][19][20][web 1], respectively.[21]

    In local folklore, it is said that (Bardai Sikhla in Bodo) (meaning north-westerly winds in Assamese) was the daughter of God Earth who married to a bridegroom of some distant land. Bordoisila visits her mother’s home once in year during spring time which indicates the beginning of Bihu and leaves after a few days which indicates the end of Bihu. Assam experience strong gale (wind) at that period which marks the beginning of Bihu and another strong gale after her departure which is devastating. The word is derived from the Bodo word which means "girl of storm" (Sikhla meaning girl and Bardai meaning storm). There is even a dance with the same name performed among Boro people during Baisagu which points to the origin of Bihu in the Bodo-Kachari groups.[web 2]

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    Bohag Bihu 2022: When is Rongali Bihu? Know the History and Significance of the Assamese festival. Assamese New Year Wishes, Messages, Greetings and Images

    When is Rongali Bihu? Bohag Bihu marks the beginning of a new year and new harvest season. It is celebrated in different states under various names.

    Bohag Bihu 2022 Date: Know the History and Significance of the Assamese festival

    Bohag Bihu 2022 Date: Know the History and Significance of the Assamese festival Know about the rituals of Bohag Bihu and how Assamese people celebrate the festival.

    SHIVANGANI SINGH

    Updated: 13 Apr 2022, 9:47 AM IST

    LIFESTYLE 2 min read i

    Bohag Bihu is a festival that is celebrated in Assam. It marks the beginning of the harvest season. This year Bohag Bihu will be celebrated from 14 April to 16 April. On his occasion, farmers worship God and thank him for a good harvest for the year and ask for a prosperous future for the crops in the coming year as well.

    Bohag Bihu is celebrated on the first day of the year as per the Hindu solar calendar and it also marks the beginning of the new year for the Assamese people. This festival is celebrated in other states such as Baisakhi, Poila Boisakh, Vishu, Puthandu, Jur Sital, etc. and people living in those states celebrate the festival as per their traditions, rituals, and customs.

    Let's know more about the history, significance, and celebrations of Bohag Bihu.

    Also Read

    Baisakhi 2022 Date: Vaisakhi Festival Significance and How to Celebrate

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    Bohag Bihu 2022: Significance 

    Bohag Bihu signifies the time of harvest. It marks the beginning of the spring season as well. It is an important festival of the Assamese people but they celebrate this festival three times a year to welcome different seasons with open arms. Bhogali Bihu and Kongali Bihu are the other two festivals of the year.

    On the occasion of Bohag Bihu, farmers thank God for a successful harvest in the previous harvest and pray for a prosperous harvest in the coming year as well.

    The festival is celebrated in Bengal, Manipur, Punjab, Nepal, Orissa, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu under different names.

    Bohag Bihu 2022: How is it Celebrated 

    On the occasion of Bohag Bihu, people get up early and apply the mixture of turmeric and urad daal. It is believed that it helps get rid of any negativity and promotes purity. Then people wear new clothes after taking a bath and visit their friends and family.

    Assamese men and women perform their traditional dance while young boys and girls wear traditional outfits to celebrate the culture, many fairs and events are organised in the city wherein people participate in different fun activities. Women also prepare delicacies like Chira, Pitha, Mangsho, etc., and celebrate the festival with pomp and show.

    Also Read

    4 Recipes for Poila Boishakh & Baisakhi 

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    Read and Breaking News at the Quint, browse for more from Lifestyle

    Topics:  Assamese New Year   Bohag Bihu 2022   Bohag Bihu Celebrations 

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    Published: 12 Apr 2022, 2:11 PM IST

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    Assamese New Year 2022, Rongali Bohag Bihu Festival

    Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu, one of the biggest festivals of Assam, falls in the second week of April every year, marking the beginning of the harvest period.

    Assamese New Year 2022, Rongali Bohag Bihu Festival

    Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu, one of the biggest festivals of Assam, falls in the second week of April every year, marking the beginning of the harvest period.

    Posted by

    Sumit Arora Last updated on April 16th, 2022 04:12 pm

    Table of Contents

    Assamese New Year 2022

    Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu, one of the biggest festivals of Assam, falls in the second week of April every year, marking the beginning of the harvest period. This year Bohag Bihu is being observed from April 14 to April 16. Rongali means joy in Assamese and the festival indeed is the time to rejoice and make merry with family and community.Buy Prime Test Series for all Banking, SSC, Insurance & other exams

    The first day of the Hindu solar calendar is celebrated in the states of Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Kerala, Manipur, and West Bengal among others with different names and traditions. Bihu is celebrated thrice a year; apart from Rongali or Bohag Bihu – Kati Bihu or Kongaali Bihu and Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu are celebrated to mark different stages of the harvesting period.

    Assamese New Year 2022: Significance

    The different days of Rongali Bihu are dedicated to cattle, household deities, handlooms, and farming equipment, among others. Dancing to the tunes of folk songs known as Bihu Geet, feasting and exchanging gifts from other traditions of the festival.

    History of the Assamese New Year

    The history of Bihu is said to go back to ancient times, around 3500 BC, when people made fire sacrifices for a better harvest. It is said that an agrarian tribe who lived in the north-eastern part of the world thousands of years back celebrated the festival.

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