mahesh said to reeta what are you doing here change into indirect speech
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Reported Speech: Direct and Indirect speech
Transformation of Sentences
Reported Speech: Whenever you are quoting someone else’s words, you use two kinds of speeches – Direct or Indirect speech. In this chapter, we will learn all about Direct and Indirect speech and how to convert one into another.Table of content
1 Suggested Videos
2 Reported speech- How does it work?
2.1 Browse more Topics under Transformation Sentences
3 Reported speech- Play of the tenses:
4 Reported speech- Handling questions:
5 Reported speech- Reported requests:
6 Reported speech- Reported orders:
7 Reported speech- Time transitions:
Active and Passive Voice
Interchanging Sentences Affirmative Negative
Replace one Part of Speech for Another
Reported speech- How does it work?
Whenever you report a speech there’s a reporting verb used like “say” or “tell”. For example:
Direct speech: I love to play football.
Reported speech: She said that she loves to play football. (Note 1 : Assume a gender if not mentioned already. Note 2: Using “that” is optional. This sentence could also have been written as “She said she loves to play football.”)
The tense doesn’t have to be changed in this case of reported speech. But of the reporting verb is in the past tense, we do change the tense of the sentence.
Browse more Topics under Transformation Sentences
Active and Passive Voice
Parts of Speech Types of Sentences
Reported speech- Play of the tenses:Direct speech tense Indirect/Reported speech tense
Simple present simple past
present continous past continuous
simple past past perfect
past continuous past perfect continuous
present perfect tense past perfect tense
past perfect tense past perfect tense
Learn more about Parts of Speech here in detail
This is a summary table that will be crystal clear to you as you read further. Just come back to this table after this section and use this as a summary table:Tense Direct speech Reported speech Changed tense
Simple present I like to swim in the ocean She said she liked to swim in the ocean Simpe past
Simple present I live in New Orleans He said he lived in New Orleans Simpe past
Past simple I went to school in the morning She said she had gone to school that morning Past perfect
Present continuous I was going to the Himalayas He said he was going to the Himalayas Past continuous
Past continuous I was walking near the beach She said that she had been walking near the beach past perfect continuous
Present perfect I have caught a few fishes She said she had caught a few fishes past perfect
Past perfect I had trekked the Himalayas this time last year He said he had trekked the Himalayas this time last year Past perfect
Some word transitions from direct to reported speech that will come in handy:
Will becomes would Can becomes could would stays would should stays should
must stays must or had to(matter of choice)
shall becomes should
Exception: A present tense in direct speech may not become a past tense in the reported speech if it’s a fact or something generic we are talking about in the sentence. For example-
Direct speech: The sun rises from the East.
Reported speech: She said that the sun rises/rose from the East.
Reported speech- Handling questions:
What happens when the sentence we are trying to report was actually a question? That’s something we are going to deal with in this section. Reported questions- It’s quite interesting. let’s get into it:
Well the good news is that the tense change you learnt above stays the same in reported speech for questions. The only difference is that when you report a question, you no more report it in the form of a question but in the form of a statement. For example:
Direct speech: Where do you want to eat?
Reported speech: She asked me where I wanted to eat.
Notice how the question mark is gone from the reported speech. The reported speech is a statement now. Keep that in mind as you read further.
Remember the tense change? Let’s apply that to a few questions now.Direct speech Reported speech
Are you going to my house? She asked me if I was going to her house.
Where were you going? He asked me where I was going.
Where have you been? She asked me where had i been.
Now these are questions that have wordy answers to them. What about the questions that has yes/no answers to them? In these type of questions just add “if” before asking the question. For example:
Direct speech: Would you like to eat some cupcakes?
Reported speech: He asked me if i would like to eat some cupcakes.
Direct speech: Have you ever seen the Van Gogh paintings?
Reported speech: She asked me if I had ever seen the Van Gogh paintings.
Direct speech: Are you eating your vegetables?
Reported speech: She asked if I was eating my vegetables.
Reported speech- Reported requests:
He Said To Me, "What Are You Doing Here?" Change Into Indirect Speech • English Notes
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He said to me, “What are you doing here?” Change into Indirect Speech
Added an answer on October 9, 2021 at 12:37 pmIndirect Speech: He asked me what I was doing there.Explanation: When the reporting verb is in the past (said) and the direct speech is in the present continuous tense, then the indirect (reported) speech will change into the past continuous tense.
Present Continuous Tense > Past Continuous Tense.
And if the sentence is interrogative, we use the reporting verbs like asked, enquired, etc.
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Vikram said to Aditya, "Which bag is new?" Change into indirect speech.
The tourist said, "What a beautiful sunset!" Change into indirect speech.
I said to her, "Let us sit in the shade." Change into indirect speech.
He said, "I can run faster than Ravi." Change into indirect speech.
Renu said to me, "I was washing the clothes." Change into indirect speech.
"Are you angry, my friends?", said the king, "because you have lost your leader? I am your king; I will be your leader." Change into indirect speech.
The boy said to me, "Is not poverty a curse?" Change indirect speech
The boy said, "Two and two make four." Change into indirect speech.
He said, "I keep him on his toes." Change into indirect speech.
He said, "I keep him grounded." Change into indirect speech.
He said to me, "Will you play this evening?" Change into indirect speech.
Raju said, "I have done my homework." Change into indirect speech.
The manager said, "I am very busy now." Change into indirect speech.
Ram said to his mother, "I have finished my homework." Change into indirect speech.
The lady said, "Hurrah! I have finished my assignment." Change into indirect speech.
I said to them, "Where is my watch?" Change into Indirect speech
Thomas said, "I will go to school next year." Change into indirect speech.
My brother said, "I went to school yesterday." Change into indirect speech.
Leo said, "My friend may come tonight." Change into indirect speech.
Mary says, "I am coming here." Change into indirect speech.
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[Solved] Select the correct indirect form of the given sentence. Mah
The correct answer is Option 1. The given sentence is in Direct speech and is an imperative sentence. It gives an instruction to not play in the sun. It must
Home English Grammar Direct and Indirect Speech
Download Solution PDFSelect the correct indirect form of the given sentence.
Mahesh said to Rita, "Don't play in the sun."
This question was previously asked in
SSC CGL Previous Paper 75 (Held On: 6 March 2020 Shift 2)
View all SSC CGL Papers >
Mahesh advised Rita not to play in the sun.
Mahesh told to Rita to not play in the sun.
Mahesh requested Rita that don't play in the sun.
Mahesh ordered Rita that not play in the sun.
Answer (Detailed Solution Below)
Option 1 : Mahesh advised Rita not to play in the sun.
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The correct answer is Option 1.
The given sentence is in Direct speech and is an imperative sentence. It gives an instruction to not play in the sun.
It must be changed into Indirect speech and thus becomes an assertive sentence.
While changing from direct to indirect speech, the following changes take place in the sentence.
i) Quotation marks and commas are omitted.
ii) 'Said' changes to 'advised'
iii) The imperative form is changed to the bare infinitive form (to+V1)
Following the changes, the correct indirect speech sentence will be: Mahesh advised Rita not to play in the sun.
When we convert a sentence from direct to indirect speech, we make the following changes:Quotation marks are omitted and the sentence ends with a full stop.
The tense of the verb, in the reported speech involving any order, request and instruction does not undergo any change during the conversion from direct to indirect mode. This is also true if the statement is a universal truth.
If the reporting verb is in the present tense, it does not undergo any change.
We add the word 'to' before the verb if the verb is in bare infinitive.
When the reporting or principal verb is in the present tense, all present tenses of the direct are changed into the corresponding past tenses.
Words expressing nearness in time or place are generally converted into words expressing distance.
For eg. now becomes then, today becomes that day, yesterday becomes the previous day, this becomes that etc.
In reporting commands and requests, the verb expressing command or request is added and the imperative is changed into the infinitive.
In reporting questions the verbs like asked, inquired are added
In reporting exclamations and wishes, the verbs expressing exclamation or wish are added.
When we convert a sentence from the direct to the indirect mode(especially for a sentence ending with a mark of interrogation), we reverse the subject-verb placement. In direct sentences, we have the verb before the subject; while in indirect, the verb follows the subject.
Other options do not follow the rule conversions, and hence are incorrect.
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