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    Zorawar Singh (Sikhism)

    Zorawar Singh (Sikhism)

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    "Zorawar Singh" Sikhism – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR

    Sahibzada Baba Jorawar Singh Ji

    ਜ਼ੋਰਾਵਰ ਸਿੰਘ, ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਾ

    Old fresco art depiction of Zorawar Singh

    Pronunciation zōrāvara sigha

    Born 28 November 1697[1]

    Anandpur, India

    Died 26 December 1704 (aged 8)

    Fatehgarh Sahib, India

    Cause of death Extrajudicial execution

    Title Sahibzada

    Parent(s) Guru Gobind Singh, Mata Jito

    Relatives Sahibzada Ajit Singh (half-brother)

    Sahibzada Jujhar Singh (brother)

    Sahibzada Fateh Singh (brother)

    Zorawar Singh (Punjabi: ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਾ ਜ਼ੋਰਾਵਰ ਸਿੰਘ, 28 November 1697 – 26 December 1704),[1] also transliterated as Jorawar, was the third of Guru Gobind Singh's four sons. He and his younger brother, Fateh Singh are among the most hallowed martyrs in Sikhism.

    A combination of Mughals and Hindu hillmen besieged Anandpur Sahib on the orders of emperor Aurangzeb. The stock of food in the town ran out. The Mughals promised to leave the Sikhs alone if they would hand over the fortress of Anandpur Sahib. To this Guru Gobind Singh agreed and left the town with his family and a small band of retainers. They had not gone very far when the Mughals, breaking their promise, came after them. Guru Gobind Singh entrusted his two younger sons, Jorawar Singh and Fateh Singh as well as his mother, Mata Gujri, to the care of a cook in his household named Gangu. Gangu brought Mata Gujri and the two boys to his native village of Sahedi. Bribed by the Mughals, he turned over the three members of Guru Gobind Singh's family to the of Morinda. They were then brought to Sirhind in the presence of Wazir Khan, the Nawab of Sirhind.

    The two sons of Guru Gobind Singh, Jorawar (7 years old) and Fateh (7 years old) were offered safe passage if they became Muslims. Both refused, and so Wazir Khan sentenced them to death. They were bricked alive.[2]

    After Guru Gobind Singh's death, Madhodas Bairagi, a hermit from Nanded, whom the Guru baptised as Gurbaksh Singh, commonly known as Banda Singh Bahadur, besieged Punjab. After laying waste the cities of Samana and Sandhaura, he moved towards Sirhind and after defeating the Mughal forces, beheaded Wazir Khan.[3]

    The place where the two children of Guru Gobind Singh were bricked alive is today known as Fatehgarh Sahib.

    Zorawar Singh with his father (right) and brothers

    On 9 January 2022, Narendra Modi announced that 26 December will be celebrated as Veer Baal Diwas in remembrance of the sacrifices by Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh.[4]

    References[edit]

    ^ Jump up to:

    Shamsher Singh Ashok. "JORAWAR SINGH (1696-1704)". . Punjabi University Patiala. Retrieved 27 March 2016.

    ^ Singh, Patwant (2001). . ISBN 9780385502061.^ Syad Muhammad Latif (1984), , Progressive Books, p. 274^ "December 26 to be observed as 'Veer Baal Diwas'". . Retrieved 9 January 2022.

    External links[edit]

    Quotations related to Zorawar Singh (Sikhism) at Wikiquote

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    ☬ Guru Gobind Singh ☬

    Categories: Sikh martyrsFamily members of the Sikh gurusHistory of PunjabPeople executed for refusing to convert to IslamExecuted Indian peoplePeople executed by the Mughal EmpireExecuted children18th-century executions in IndiaPunjabi people1696 births1705 deaths

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    How Young Children of Guru Gobind Singh Were Buried Alive by Mughal Governor

    Here is an account of how the young sons of Guru Gobind Singh bravely defended their faith and accepted martyrdom instead of converting to Islam.

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    MYINDIAMYGLORY ANCIENT. MEDIEVAL. POST-MEDIEVAL. PRESENT.

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    How Young Children of Guru Gobind Singh Were Buried Alive by Mughal Governor

    Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru, founded the Sikh warrior community called Khalsa in 1699 especially for ‘the defence of Sikhism and Hinduism against the Mughals’. He was the only son of Mata Gujri and Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Sikh Guru. Guru Gobind Singh fought 13 battles against the Mughals; he won most of the battles.

    Among Guru Gobind Singh’s four sons, two of the eldest, aged 13 and 17, were martyred at the Battle of Chamkaur in December 1704 against the Mughal army. His younger sons Baba Zoravar Singh (9 years old) and Baba Fateh Singh (6 years old) were captured by Wazir Khan, the Muslim governor (Nawab) of Sirhind under Mughals. Wazir Khan executed the young sons by burying them alive into a wall after they refused to convert to Islam. Here is an account of how the young children of the 10th Sikh Guru bravely defended their faith and accepted martyrdom. It was 26th December 1705.

    The Nawab ordered them to be confined to a tower. They had to pass the cold December night lying on the bare and hard floor. The next day they were parted from their grandmother Mata Gujri and were taken to Wazir Khan’s court.

    On reaching there they shouted together loudly, “Wahe Guru Ji Da Khalsa, Wahe Guru JI Di Feteh!”

    A courtier of the Nawab advised the little princes to bow down before the Nawab.

    “No,” said Baba Zorawar Singh, the elder of the two, “we have been taught to bow down to none other than God and the Guru. We will not bow down before the Nawab.”

    The bold and unexpected reply astonished everybody including the Nawab.

    He said to the children, “Your two elder brothers have already been killed in the battle of Chamkaur. Your father is killed too. They were infidels and so they deserved the fate, but you are much more lucky. Good luck had brought you to an Islamic Darbar. Embrace Islam now and become one of us. You will be given Wealth, Rank and Honour and you will have the opportunity to live good lives. You will be honoured by the Mughal Emperor himself. But if you say No to my offer you will be treated as infidels, and will be put to death!”

    Baba Zorawar Singh looked at his younger brother and whispered, “My brother, the time to sacrifice our lives have arrived. What do you think we should reply?”

    Baba Fateh Singh who was just six years old replied, “Dear brother, our grandfather Guru Teg Bahadur parted with his head. He stoutly refused to part with his religion! We should follow his example. We have received the baptism of the spirit and the sword! We are the Guru’s lions! Why should we fear death? It’s best that we should give our lives for the sake of our religion!”

    Baba Zorawar Singh raised his voice, “You say that our father has been killed, but that’s a lie! He is alive and have yet to do a good deal of work in this world. He will have to shake your empire at its root! You know that we are his brave sons who at our age sent our father to sacrifice his life at Delhi. We hereby reject your offer of pleasure. It had been the custom of our family to give our life but not to give our faith! Let your swords do their job. We invite you to do the worst you can!”

    These words alone were enough to inflame the haughty Nawab.

    Sucha Nand, the courtier poured oil into the fire, “If such is their behaviour at this tender age, what will it be when they grow up? They will follow the example of their father and destroy your imperial armies! The offsprings of a cobra should be crushed!”

    The Nawab said, “You are true and wise, Sucha Nand, but I want them to embrace Islam. Let us give them sometime to think and consult with their grandmother. We shall try again tomorrow to make them yield.”

    Then he said to the two brothers, “I don’t want to act in haste, I will give you some time to think. If you refuse, you will be so much tortured that your cries will be heard far and wide! Then you will be cut into pieces!”

    Then he ordered to take them back to the tower where Mata Gujri had been waiting for them. A look at their faces convinced her they stayed firm in their faith and she said a brief prayer of thanks to God. Then she rushed towards them and hugged them lovingly to her bosom. Seating them on her lap she asked them to tell her what had happened.

    Baba Zorawar Singh narrated the whole account to his grandmother. Mata Gujri was immensely pleased to hear what her grandsons narrated to her.

    She said to them, “You should behave tomorrow in the same way as you did today. Remember your grandfather’s example and his teachings. If they torture you, pray to God for strength and think of your grandfather.”

    The next day when they were presented before the Nawab, he gave them the same threats and made the same offer if they embraced Islam. They refused his offer. Sucha Nand again pressed the Nawab to give them capital punishment. But the Nawab decided to give them one more day to think. He still hoped they would yield.

    The next day they were taken to the Court for the third time. The Nawab again gave them the same offer but the brave sons of Guru Govind Singh gave the same reply as the previous two occasions.

    स्रोत : www.myindiamyglory.com

    Story of the four Sons of Guru Gobind Singh

    The four Sahibzade Khalsa warriors princes were the sons of Guru Gobind Singh (1666–1708), the leader of the Sikhs in the Punjab region of...

    Story of the four Sons of Guru Gobind Singh

    Adv. Yukti Rathi Follow December 22, 2020 26K

    The four Sahibzade Khalsa warriors princes were the sons of Guru Gobind Singh (1666–1708), the leader of the Sikhs in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent during the Mughal reign (1526–1857). In 1699, Gobind Singh (born Gobind Rai) established the Khalsa, an elite warrior band of initiated devout orthodox Sikhs to protect the innocent from religious persecution.

    Gobind Singh had three wives and four sons: Ajit, Jujhar, Zorawar, Fateh. All four of his sons were initiated into the Khalsa and all were executed by Mughal forces before the age of 19.

    Sikhism honors the illustrious martyred sons of Guru Gobind Singh in the prayer of ardas for their valor and sacrifice as “Char Sahibzade,” the four princes of the Khalsa warrior order.

    The four Sahibzade Khalsa warriors

    Sahibzada Ajit Singh (1687–1699)

    Ajit Singh was born on January 26, 1687 CE, according to the Sikh calendar called the Vikram Samvat (SV) on the fourth day of the waxing moon in the month of Magh, SV year 1743. He was Guru Gobind Rai’s eldest son, and he was born to the guru’s second wife Sundari at Paonta, and at birth named Ajit, meaning “unbeatable’

    He was given the name Singh when he was initiated into the Khalsa at the early age of 12 and drank the immortal nectar along with his family on the first Vaisakhi Day, April 13, 1699, at Anandpur Sahib, where his father took the name Tenth Guru Gobind Singh.

    He was martyred at the age of 18, on December 7, 1705 CE at Chamkaur, after he volunteered to leave the besieged fortress with five Singhs and face the enemy on the battlefield.

    Sahibzada Jujhar Singh (1691–1705)

    Sahibzada Jujhar Singh was born on Sunday, March 14, 1691 CE, in the seventh of the month of Chet, SV year 1747. He was the second eldest son of Guru Gobind Rai, was born to his first wife Jito at Anandpur, and at birth named Jujhar, meaning ” fighter”

    He was initiated at eight years of age along with his family and given the name Singh at Anandpur Sahib on Vaisakhi, April 13, 1699, when his father Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa order of warrior saints.

    He was martyred at very early age of 14, on December 7, 1705 CE at Chamkaur where he earned the reputation of being likened to a crocodile for his fierceness in battle, when he volunteered to leave the besieged fortress with five of the last Singhs standing, and all achieved immortality in the battlefield.

    Sahibzada Zorawar Singh (1696–1699)

    Zorawar Singh was born on Wednesday, November 17, 1696, on the first day of the waning moon in the month Maghar, SV year 1753. The third son of Guru Gobind Singh, he was born to the Guru’s first wife Jito at Anandpur, and at birth named Zorawar, meaning “fearless”

    He was given the name Singh at the age of nine and was initiated along with his family members Anandpur Sahib in the first Amritsanchar ceremony held on Vaisakhi Day, April 13, 1699.

    He was martyred at the age of nine, on Sirhind Fatehghar, December 12, 1705 CE, on the 13th day of the month of Poh, SV year 1762. Zorawar Singh and his younger brother Fateh Singh were captured with their grandmother Gujri, the mother of Guru Gobind Singh. The sahibzade were imprisoned along with their grandmother and were executed by cruel Mughal rulers who attempted to suffocate them ​inside a brick enclosure.

    Sahibzada Fateh Singh (1699–1705)

    He was Born on Wednesday, February 25, 1699 CE, the 11th day of the month Phagan, SV year 1755, the youngest son of Guru Gobind Rai was born to the guru’s first wife Jito at Anandpur, and at birth named Fateh, meaning “Victory.

    He was given the name Singh when initiated at the age of three along with his family members on Vaisakhi Day April 13, at Anandpur Sahib 1699, where he partook of baptism by the sword, created by his father, and his mother took the name Ajit Kaur, and brought sugar to sweeten the immortal Amrit nectar.

    Fateh was attained martyrdom at the age of six on Sirhind Fatehghar, December 12, 1705 CE, the 13th day of the month of Poh, SV year 1762. Fateh Singh and his brother survived being bricked up alive, but then the order was given for them to be beheaded. Seeing the atrocities their grandmother Mata Gujri died of shock in the prison tower.

    DISCLAIMER: The author is solely responsible for the views expressed in this article. The author carries the responsibility for citing and/or licensing of images utilized within the text.

    स्रोत : kreately.in

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