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    name the southernmost point of india that completely submerged in the tsunami on the 26 december 2004.

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    Effect of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on India

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    Effect of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on India

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    Countries affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake

    According to official estimates in India, 10,749 people were killed, 5,640 people were missing and thousands of people became homeless when a tsunami triggered by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake near the Indonesian island of Sumatra struck the southern coast on 26 December 2004. The earthquake registered 9.1–9.3 Mw and was the largest in five decades.[1] It was followed by strong aftershocks[2] on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The death toll of the earthquake was 1,500 people.

    Contents

    1 Affected states and regions

    2 Meteorological and seismic reports

    3 payments 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

    Affected states and regions[edit]

    A Body is being retrieved after few days of ordeal at Nagapattinam on 2 January 2005

    A scene of devastation caused by Tsunami waves in Kalapet village near Pondicherry

    An All Party Meeting to discuss Relief and Rehabilitations Measures of Tsunami Tragedy held in New Delhi on 9 January 2005

    This disaster affected a total of fourteen regions.[3] The Andaman and Nicobar Islands comprise 572 islands (land masses at low and high tide), of which 38 are inhabited by people from the mainland and indigenous tribes. The islands were just north of the earthquake epicentre, and the tsunami reached a height of 15 metres (49 ft) in the southern Nicobar Islands. The official death toll was 1,310, with about 5,600 missing. The unofficial death toll (including those missing and presumed dead) was estimated at 7,000. This ocean earthquake goes down in history as the deadliest of all time. It took the lives of over 230,000 victims throughout the fourteen regions and wounded more than double this number.[4] The Great Nicobar and Car Nicobar islands were the worst hit among all the islands because of their proximity to the quake and relatively flat terrain. Aftershocks rocked the area,[5] and one-fifth of the population of the Nicobar Islands was reported dead, injured or missing.[6] Chowra Island lost two-thirds of its population of 1,500. Entire islands were submerged, and Trinket Island was divided in two.[7] Communications were cut to the Nancowry group of islands, some of which were submerged.[8]

    On Car Nicobar, 111 Indian Air Force personnel and their family members were washed away when the tsunami severely damaged their air base.[9] St. Thomas Cathedral (also known as the after John Richardson, a missionary and member of parliament) was washed away. The church, established in 1930 was one of the oldest and prominent churches in the region. A cricket stadium named after John Richardson and a statue dedicated to him were also washed away.[]

    Most of the population of the Andaman Islands are people from the mainland, primarily West Bengal and Tamil Nadu. The natives of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are endangered tribal groups, such as the Jarawa, Sentinelese, Shompen, Onge and the Great Andamanese. They are anthropologically-significant as some of the world's most primitive tribes. Most have maintained their lifestyle for centuries, and government policy is one of non-interference. Most of the native islanders reportedly survived the tsunami because they lived on higher ground or far from the coast.[10] The Onge (with a 2001 census population of 96), Jarawa (240), Sentinelese (39) and Great Andamanese (43) were reached by survey teams. The Sentinelese, on an island reserve, are hostile to outsiders and shot arrows at helicopters sent to check on them.[11][12][13] On the Nicobar Islands the Nicobarese, a tribe with a Southeast Asian heritage (2001 population 28,653), lost about 656 lives with 3,000 missing. Surveys were conducted on the Shompen (2001 census count of 398) located on Great Nicobar island.

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    In which year the southernmost point of the Indian union 'Indira Point' submerged under the Sea water .

    Click here👆to get an answer to your question ✍️ In which year the southernmost point of the Indian union 'Indira Point' submerged under the Sea water .

    Question

    In which year the southernmost point of the Indian union 'Indira Point' submerged under the Sea water _________.

    A

    2000

    B

    2002

    C

    1998

    D

    2004

    Medium Open in App Solution Verified by Toppr

    Correct option is D)

    During 2004 Tsunami the southern most point of lndian union 'Indira Point' got submerged under the sea water. It was situated on Great Nicobar Island in the Nicobar Islands, which are located in the eastern Indian Ocean at 6

    ∘ 45 ′ 10 ′ N and 93 ∘ 49 ′ 36 ′ E.

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    tsunami

    Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, tsunami that hit the coasts of several countries of South and Southeast Asia in December 2004. The tsunami and its aftermath were responsible for immense destruction and loss on the rim of the Indian Ocean. On December 26, 2004, at 7:59 am local time, an undersea earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1 struck off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Over the next seven hours, a tsunami—a series of immense ocean waves—triggered by the quake reached out across the Indian Ocean, devastating coastal areas as far away as East Africa. Some locations reported

    tsunami

    water wave

    Alternate titles: seismic sea wave, tidal wave

    By The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica • Last Updated: Aug 26, 2022 • Edit History

    Aceh, Indonesia: tsunami aftermath

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    Related Topics: earthquake landslide disaster meteotsunami tsunami warning system

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    Top Questions What is a tsunami?

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    Summary

    Read a brief summary of this topic

    tsunami, (Japanese: “harbour wave”) also called seismic sea wave or tidal wave, catastrophic ocean wave, usually caused by a submarine earthquake, an underwater or coastal landslide, or a volcanic eruption. The term tidal wave is frequently used for such a wave, but it is a misnomer, for the wave has no connection with the tides.

    Origin and development

    tsunami

    After an earthquake or other generating impulse occurs, a train of simple, progressive oscillatory waves is propagated great distances over the ocean surface in ever-widening circles, much like the waves produced by a pebble falling into a shallow pool. In deep water a tsunami can travel as fast as 800 km (500 miles) per hour. The wavelengths are enormous, sometimes exceeding 500 km (about 310 miles), but the wave amplitudes (heights) are very small, only about 30 to 60 cm (1 to 2 feet). The waves’ periods (the lengths of time for successive crests or troughs to pass a single point) are very long, varying from five minutes to more than an hour. These long periods, coupled with the extremely low steepness and height of the waves, enables them to be completely obscured in deep water by normal wind waves and swell. A ship on the high seas experiences the passage of a tsunami as an insignificant rise and fall of only half a metre (1.6 feet), lasting from five minutes to an hour or more.

    As the waves approach the coast of a continent, however, friction with the rising sea bottom reduces the velocity of the waves. As the velocity lessens, the wavelengths become shortened and the wave amplitudes (heights) increase. Coastal waters may rise as high as 30 metres (about 100 feet) above normal sea level in 10 to 15 minutes. The continental shelf waters begin to oscillate after the rise in sea level. Between three and five major oscillations generate most of the damage, frequently appearing as powerful “run-ups” of rushing water that uproot trees, pull buildings off their foundations, carry boats far inshore, and wash away entire beaches, peninsulas, and other low-lying coastal formations. Frequently the succeeding outflow of water is just as destructive as the run-up or even more so. In any case, oscillations may continue for several days until the ocean surface reaches equilibrium.

    Review how underwater earthquakes, volcanoes, or landslides can generate tsunamisSee all videos for this article

    Much like any other water waves, tsunamis are reflected and refracted by the topography of the seafloor near shore and by the configuration of a coastline. As a result, their effects vary widely from place to place. Occasionally, the first arrival of a tsunami at a coast may be the trough of the wave, in which case the water recedes and exposes the shallow seafloor. Such an occurrence took place in the bay of Lisbon, Portugal, on November 1, 1755, after a large earthquake; many curious people were attracted to the bay floor, and a large number of them were drowned by the wave crest that followed the trough only minutes later.

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    Notable tsunamis

    Illapel, Chile, earthquake and tsunami

    One of the most destructive tsunamis in antiquity took place in the eastern Mediterranean Sea on July 21, 365 CE. A fault slip in the subduction zone beneath the island of Crete produced an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 8.0–8.5, which was powerful enough to raise parts of the western third of the island up to 10 metres (33 feet). The earthquake spawned a tsunami that claimed tens of thousands of lives and caused widespread damage throughout the Mediterranean, from islands in the Aegean Sea westward to the coast of present-day Spain. Tsunami waves pushed ships over harbour walls and onto the roofs of houses in Alexandria, Egypt, while also ruining nearby croplands by inundating them with salt water.

    स्रोत : www.britannica.com

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