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## National Mathematics Day 2022: History, significance and date

National Mathematics Day honours legendary Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan.

## National Mathematics Day 2022: History, significance and date

National Mathematics Day 2022: History, significance and date National Mathematics Day honours legendary Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan.

CURATED BY : MONEYCONTROL NEWS DECEMBER 22, 2022 / 08:56 AM IST

## Srinivasa Ramanujan.

December 22 marks the birth anniversary of Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan and is celebrated as National Mathematics Day. Ramanujan is regarded as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time, whose legacy includes as many as 4,000 theorems.

Born in 1887 in what is now Tamil Nadu, Ramanujan did most of his research in the United Kingdom. He was the first Indian to become a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge and the second Indian member of the Royal Society.

His contributions extend to the fields of number theory, mathematical analysis, continued fractions and infinite series.

The mathematical genius died young, the year after he returned home from the UK. He was 32.

He has been remembered over the years through many events highlighting his accomplishments.

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In 2011, during the celebrations of Ramanujan's 125th birth anniversary, Manmohan Singh, who then the prime minister, announced that December 22 will be celebrated annually as National Mathematics Day in his honour.

"India has a long and glorious tradition of mathematics that we need to encourage and nurture," Singh had said during his speech in Chennai. "I hope these steps will help in providing the additional impetus to the study of mathematics in our country, apart from making our people more aware of the work of Ramanujan."

"Indeed, Srinivas Ramanujan's genius was ranked by the English mathematician G. H. Hardy in the same class as giants like Euler, Gauss, Archimedes and Isaac Newton," he added. "While we rightly claim Ramanujan as one of our own, he equally belonged to all humanity like the other great men and women in any sphere of human thought."

Many books have been written on Ramanujan, the most prominent one being Robert Kanigel's The Man Who Knew Infinity (1991).

The book inspired a 2016 movie of the same name, starring British actor Dev Patel as Ramanujan.

TAGS: #maths #National Mathematics Day 2022 #Srinivasa Ramanujan

FIRST PUBLISHED: DEC 22, 2022 08:52 AM

## National Mathematics Day (India)

## National Mathematics Day (India)

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The 2012 Indian stamp featured Srinivasa Ramanujan. The Indian government declared 22 December to be **National Mathematics Day**. It was introduced by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 26 December 2011 at Madras University, to mark the 125th birth anniversary of the Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. On this occasion Prime minister Manmohan Singh also announced that 2012 would be celebrated as the National Mathematics Year.[1]

Since then, India's National Mathematics Day is celebrated on 22 December every year with numerous educational events held at schools and universities throughout the country.[2] In 2017, the day's significance was enhanced by the opening of the Ramanujan Math Park in Kuppam, in Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh.[3] National Mathematics Day is celebrated in all schools and universities throughout the country.

## References[edit]

**^**"PM's speech at the 125th Birth Anniversary Celebrations of ramanujan at Chennai". Prime Minister's Office, Government of India. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2012.

**^**C Jaishankar (27 December 2011). "Ramanujan's birthday will be National Mathematics Day". . Retrieved 24 April 2012.

**^**"Math park set up government school to innovate teaching techniques" by Neel Kamal, India]]

Categories: Science and technology in IndiaIndian mathematicsObservances in India

## National Mathematics Day 2022: Know History, Significance, Celebrations, and Key facts here

National Mathematics Day is observed on 22 December every year to pay tribute to the famous mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan on his birthday. Let us read more about National Mathematics Day, its history, significance and how is it celebrated in

## National Mathematics Day 2022: Date, History, Significance, Celebrations, Key facts & More

National Mathematics Day 2022: It is celebrated on 22 December annually to mark the birth anniversary of legendary Indian mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan and his contributions to the field of mathematics. Check here for more details about National Mathematics Day, its history, significance, etc.

Shikha Goyal Updated: Dec 22, 2022 10:52 IST

National Mathematics Day

**National Mathematics Day 2022:**It is observed on 22 December every year to mark the birth anniversary of legendary Indian Mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan. The day recognizes and celebrates his works. On this day, the genius mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan was born in 1887 to a Tamil Brahmin Iyengar family in Erode, Tamil Nadu.

Since ancient times various scholars had made significant contributions to mathematics including Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Mahavira, Bhaskara II, Srinivasa Ramanujan, etc. At a very young age, Srinivasa Ramanujan showed signs of an unfolding genius, and his contributions regarding fractions, infinite series, number theory, mathematical analysis, etc. set an example in mathematics.

**National Mathematics Day: History**

In 2012, the former Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, paid tribute to Srinivasa Ramanujan at a function organized on the occasion of the birth anniversary of the great mathematician Srinivasa Iyengar Ramanujan in Chennai. 22 December was declared National Mathematics Day. Thus, on 22 December 2012, National Mathematics Day was celebrated across the country for the first time.

**Why is December 2022 celebrated as National Mathematics Day?**

**National Mathematics Day: Significance**

The main objective behind the celebration is to raise awareness among people about the importance of mathematics for the development of humanity. We can't ignore that several initiatives are taken to motivate, enthuse, and inculcate a positive attitude towards learning mathematics among the younger generation of the country. On this day, training is also provided to the mathematics teachers and students through camps and highlights the development, production, and dissemination of teaching-learning materials (TLM) for Mathematics and research in related areas.

**READ|**

**List of famous Indian mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India**

**How is National Mathematics Day celebrated?**

National Mathematics Day is celebrated in various schools, colleges, universities, and educational institutions in India. Even the International Society of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) and India had agreed to work together to spread mathematics learning and understanding. Along with this, various steps were taken to educate the students in mathematics and spread knowledge to students and learners all over the world.

NASI (The National Academy of Science India) is the oldest science academy situated in Allahabad. To celebrate National Mathematics Day, NASI conducts a workshop on applications of Mathematics and Ramanujan. The workshop is attended by popular lecturers and experts in the field of mathematics from across the nation. Speakers at the country and world levels discuss Srinivasa Ramanujan's contribution to mathematics.

The two days workshop on the topic 'History of Indian Maths before 16th Century' was organized during 30-31 December 2019 at the NASI headquarters at Prayagraj.

Discussion in the workshop covered the below-mentioned topics:

- Indian Contribution during the Vedic Period

- Indian Contribution during the Classical period

- Indian Contribution during the medieval period.

All the states of India celebrate National Mathematics Day in different ways. Various competitions and mathematical quizzes are conducted at schools, colleges, and universities. Mathematics talent and students from all over India participate in these programs and workshops.

**About Srinivasa Ramanujan and his contributions to Mathematics**

Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on 22 December 1887, in Erode, India, and died on 26 April 1920 at Kumbakonam. His family was of the Brahmin caste and lived in poverty. At the age of 12, he gained knowledge in Trignometry, and without anyone's help, he developed his own theorems and ideas. Do you know that at the age of 15 only he obtained a copy of George Shoobridge Carr's Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure and Applied Mathematics?

He had spent his childhood days in great difficulty in poverty. He used to borrow books and read books from friends in school. When he was young, he took up the job of a clerk to meet the economic needs of the house, and when he gets time he used to solve mathematics questions and worked on various types of theorems. Once, an Englishman saw those pages, he was impressed and took a personal interest. He sends Srinivasa Ramanujan to Hardy, the Professor at Oxford University. He then recognized the talent hidden in him and thereafter he got famous worldwide.

His papers were published in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society in 1911. He had compiled about 3900 results mainly identities and equations that too on his own without anyone's assistance. Several results them are original and novel like the Ramanujan prime, The Ramanujan theta function, partition formulae, and mock theta functions. These results further inspired several other research and opened new fields of work. He discovered his theory of divergent series and worked out the Riemann series, the elliptic integrals, the hypergeometric series, and the functional equations of the zeta function. Let us tell you that the number 1729 is known as the Hardy-Ramanujan number.

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