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    NCERT Solutions For Class 9 History Social Science Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern World

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science - History Chapter 5 "Pastoralists in the Modern World" in PDF form. FREE Download NCERT Solutions For Class 9 History at BYJU'S.

    NCERT SolutionsNCERT Class 9NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social ScienceClass 9 HistoryChapter 5 Pastoralists In The Modern World

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    NCERT Solutions For Class 9 History Social Science Chapter 5 : Pastoralists in the Modern World

    NCERT Solutions For Class 9 History Social Science Chapter 5 : Pastoralists in the Modern World NCERT Book Solutions For Class 9 History Chapter 5 – Free PDF Download

    According to the Revised term-wise CBSE Syllabus 2022-23, this chapter has been removed.

    Nomads are people who do not live in one place but move from one area to another to earn their living. In the modern scenario, we still come across nomads and nomadic communities around the world who have no permanent houses. Among all the nomads there is one such typed called pastoral nomads who are cattle herders and roam around in search for pastures for their cattle. Practising the questions mentioned in Chapter 5 – Pastoralists in the Modern World will help the students to analyze their level of preparation and the understanding of concepts. The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History to these questions present in the textbooks can help students to clear their doubts easily.

    Chapter 5 Pastoralists In The Modern World

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern World:- Download PDF Here

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 5- Pastoralists in the Modern World

    The solutions for Chapter 5, Pastoralists in the Modern World are given below. Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 for other subjects.

    Q.1 Explain why nomadic tribes need to move from one place to another. What are the advantages to the environment of this continuous movement?Solution: Nomadic tribes move from one location in order to maintain their sustenance and way of lie. As they are involved in animal husbandry, the availability of water is paramount to their existence along with fresh pastures for their animals. When the pasture is depleted they move to next area looking for new grazing grounds.

    The advantages of the environment are as follows:

    (I) The environment gets a chance to regrow and recover, thus maintaining the ecological balance of the area.

    (II) It prevents overgrazing as this will lead to depletion of future grazing grounds.

    (III) The manure of the animals helps in fertilising the soil, which will be instrumental in repeating the nomadic process of moving from one location to another a possibility.

    Q.2 Discuss why the colonial Government in India brought in the following laws. In each case explain how the law changed the lives of the pastoralists.Wasteland rulesForest ActsCriminal Tribes ActGrazing TaxSolution: a. Wasteland rules: The colonial government considered all uncultivated lands or wastelands as unproductive as it neither generated revenue or agricultural produce. In order to bring these ‘wasteland’ under cultivation, the Waste Land Rules were enacted throughout India from the mid-nineteenth century. These lands were given to select individuals with various concessions and encouraged to settle them. Most of these lands were earlier used by pastoralists for grazing. So the expansion of cultivation meant that there was a decline in the number of pastures and a problem for pastoralists.b. Forest Acts: Various forest acts were enacted in order to produce commercially viable timber like deodar or sal. Some tracts of forests were declared ‘Reserved’ which meant pastoralists were denied access to these forests. Those that were classified as ‘Protected’, pastoralists had some customary grazing rights but their movements were restricted severely.

    These laws were enacted as the colonial authorities believed that grazing destroyed roots and depleted the fertility of the forests. It affected the pastoralists in the sense that their movements were restricted with specific timings to control how much time they spent in the forests. One can safely say their lives were ruled by the permits of the forest departments.

    C. Criminal Tribes Act: The British authorities regarded nomadic people with suspicion and contempt. Nomadic tribes were moved from one place to another in search of grazing grounds. This made it difficult for them to control and identify such people. While on the other hand, they saw the settled people as peaceful and law-abiding.

    Thus in order to bring nomadic and pastoralist people under their control, the British passed the Criminal Tribes Act in 1871. Through this act, communities of craftsmen, traders and pastoralists were classified as criminals by birth and nature.

    They were forced to settle in one location and could not move without a permit. The village police kept a close watch on them as a result.

    d. Grazing Tax: In order to increase its revenue, the colonial government imposed a tax on land, salt, canal water, and also animals. Pastoralists had to pay a tax on every animal they took to grazing in the pastures.

    The Grazing Tax was introduced in India by the mid-nineteenth century. In the 1850s, the right to collect these taxes were auctioned off to contractors. The contractors on their part tried to extract as much tax as possible in order to recover the money they paid to the government. In order to pay less, the pastoralists had to decrease the number of animals they took for grazing.

    स्रोत : byjus.com

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science India and the Contemporary World

    Free PDF download of NCERT solutions for Class 9 Social Science (India and the Contemporary World - I) Chapter 5 - Pastoralists in the Modern World. All questions are explained by the expert Social Science teacher and as per NCERT (CBSE) guidelines.

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science India and the Contemporary World - I Chapter 5 - Pastoralists in the Modern World

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    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science India and the Contemporary World - I Chapter 5 - Pastoralists in the Modern World PDF Download

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    Class 9 Social Studies has an excellent chapter that tells us about the history of pastoralists and their effect on Indian and African culture. This chapter focuses on the agriculture and animal husbandry practices of the nomads. They used to move from one place to the other in different seasons for better cultivation and animal rearing. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 5 will help you revise this chapter quickly and find out the ideal solutions for the questions in the exercises. NCERT Solutions Class 9 History Chapter Pastoralists In The Modern World PDF can be downloaded for free by students for further convenience and offline studying. This solution will help you revise and prepare the chapter before an exam. You can also practice using these answers as a reference and score better in the exams. Download NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths from Vedantu, which are curated by master teachers. Science Students who are looking for Class 9 Science NCERT Solutions will also find the Solutions curated by our Master Teachers really Helpful.

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    Access NCERT Solutions for Social Science Chapter 5- Pastoralists in the Modern World

    Q1. Explain Why Nomadic Tribes Need To Move From One Place to Another. What are the Advantages to the Environment of This Continuous Movement?

    Ans. The nomadic tribes need to move from one place to another for the following reasons:

    a. They don't have access to regular fields where they can feed their cattle. They require pastures for their livestock to graze.

    b. They cannot stay in one place for lengthy periods of time due to a lack of pasture and water.

    c. They reside in lower hills during the winter when the high mountains are covered in snow. Their herds have access to grazing in the dry scrub forests.

    d. During the summer, nomads began travelling up mountain slopes to summer grazing grounds. As the summer season approaches, the snow melts and the mountain fields turn green.

    There are many advantages to the environment of this continuous movement. The pastoralists' cyclic movement provides enough time for natural vegetation to recover. Humans and animals use the vegetation on the upper tracks of mountains and in the foothills, which is not allowed to overgrow. The pastoralist's constant activity gives manure to the fields and allows the pastures to recover. Grazing on pastures avoids land from being overused for agriculture and other purposes.

    Q2. Discuss Why the Colonial Government in India Brought In the Following Laws. In Each Case, Explain How the Law Changed the Lives of Pastoralists:

    स्रोत : www.vedantu.com

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern world

    Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern world (India and the Contemporary World - I) given by expert teachers for latest edition books and as per NCERT (CBSE) guidelines.

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern world

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern world NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern world

    NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 5 Pastoralists in the Modern world

    Question-1

    Explain why nomadic tribes need to move from one place to another. What are the advantages to the environment of this continuous movement?

    Solution:

    People who moved from one place to another, as a community, with all their belongings, were called nomads. These nomads moved from place to place in search of food and a livelihood. The nomadic pastoralists had herds of goats and sheep, or camels and cattle. Finding pasture for their herds was the main purpose of their constant movement.

    The nomads moved between their summer and winter grazing grounds. In winter they usually lived on the low hills and the dry scrub forests provided pasture for their herds. They lived on the low hills during winter as the high mountains were snow-covered. During summer, that is, by the end of April the nomads packed their belongings, round up their herds and start trekking towards the northern mountains. As the snow melted the mountains were converted into carpets of lush green grass.

    This provides ample pasture for their herds.The nomadic pastoralists thus moved annually between their summer and winter grazing grounds. When the pasture was exhausted or unusable in one place they moved their herds and flock to new areas.

    The continuous movement of the nomads with their grazing herds ensured that the natural pastures were not overused. The movement allowed the grass and foliage to grow again and this preserved the environment.

    Question-2

    Discuss why the colonial government in India brought in the following laws. In each case, explain how the law changed the lives of pastoralists:

    Solution:

    Waste Land Rules

    Uncultivated land was taken over by the colonial government and given to selected individuals. This rule was called Waste Land rules. It was brought into force during the mid-nineteenth century. Some of the individuals, who were given this land, by the government, were made headmen. This assured the colonial government their loyalty and support.

    The wastelands that were taken over, were actually grazing tracts, used by the nomadic pastoralists. When this wasteland was brought under cultivation by the new owners, the pastoralists lost their grazing grounds and were put to a lot of hardship

    Forest Acts

    The colonial government passed the Indian Forest Acts in 1865. This Act was amended in the year 1878. Under this amendment the forests were divided into 3 categories, – reserved, protected and village forests.

    The reserved forests were usually forests which produced commercially valuable timber. The Forest Act ensured that the total wealth of these forests could be enjoyed by the colonists alone, as no one was allowed access to these forests.

    Under this Act nomads were not allowed to graze their cattle in these forests. They had to get permit to graze their cattle in a few of these forests. If they overstayed their permit period they were fined or punished. This left the nomads with no pasture for their herds.

    Criminal Tribes Act

    The colonial government in India passed the Criminal Tribes Act in the year 1871. The Act earmarked communities of craftsmen, traders and pastoralists as Criminal Tribes. These communities were forced to live only in notified village settlements, when this Act came into force. They needed a permit to move out of this specified village. The village police also kept a continuous watch over them. The moving nomads disturbed the colonists. They wanted the natives in fixed places with fixed rights so that they could be easily controlled.

    The Criminal Tribes Act was a great insult to the honest hardworking nomads. Their entire way of life was affected .Grazing Tax

    Pastoralists had to pay taxes for the animals they grazed on the pastures. This was called the Grazing Tax.

    The colonial government wanted to increase its revenue. Tax was imposed on land, on canal water, on salt, on trade goods, on animals and even on grazing. In the mid- nineteenth century, grazing tax was introduced in most pastoral tracts of India.

    The pastoralists had to show a pass and pay tax to enter a grazing tract. He had to pay tax according to the number of cattle heads he had .This taxation was a terrible burden on the poor pastoralists.

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    Question-3

    Give reasons to explain why the Maasai community lost their grazing lands.

    Solution:

    The Maasais were a community of cattle herders. They lived primarily in East Africa. There were 300, 000 Maasais in Southern Kenya and 150,000 in Tanzania. The Maasais occupied a vast stretch of land from North Kenya to the steppes of Northern Tanzania. The lush green grass of the steppes provided ample fodder for their herds.

    स्रोत : www.learncbse.in

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