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Census of India
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Census of India
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The decennial Census of India has been conducted 15 times, as of 2011. While it has been undertaken every 10 years, beginning in 1872 under British Viceroy Lord Mayo, the first complete census was taken in 1881. Post 1949, it has been conducted by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. All the censuses since 1951 were conducted under the 1948 Census of India Act. The last census was held in 2011, whilst the next was to be held in 2021. But it has been postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Historically, there has been a long time between collection of data and dissemination of data.
1 Census of India during British Rule
2 Census of Republic of India
3 See also 4 References 5 External links
Census of India during British Rule
Main article: Census of India prior to independence
List of censuses conducted in India before independence:
1872 Census of india
1881 Census of India
1891 Census of India
1901 Census of India
1911 Census of India
1921 Census of India
1931 Census of India
1941 Census of India
Census of Republic of India
List of censuses conducted in India after independence:
1951 Census of India
1961 Census of India
1971 Census of India
1981 Census of India
1991 Census of India
2001 Census of India
2011 Census of India
2021 Census of India
Demographics of India
List of states and union territories of India by population
List of cities in India by population
List of towns in India by population
List of million-plus urban agglomerations in India
List of states in India by past population
List of states and union territories of India by sex ratio
List of Indian states and union territories by literacy rate
Stamps issued by India Post^ "Where Are India's 2011 Census Figures on Religion?". .^ "Government likely to postpone census to 2022". . May 11, 2021.^ Goswami, P. R. (1989-09-01). "The Census of India: A discussion of issues of data collection and dissemination". . 16 (5): 429–438. doi:10.1016/0277-9390(89)90072-1. ISSN 0277-9390.
Media related to Censuses in India at Wikimedia Commons
show vte Census of India show vte Census in Asia
Categories: Demographics of IndiaCensuses in India
What is a Census? Know about the first and the last Censuses of India conducted so far
Know all about the word census and the process of census. Also, know about the first and the latest censuses of India.
What is a Census? Know about the first and the last Censuses of India
What is a Census? Know about the first and the last Censuses of India Know all about the word census and the process of census. Also, know about the first and the latest censuses of India.
India Today Web Desk
New Delhi August 28, 2018
UPDATED: August 29, 2018 10:18 IST
What is a Census? Image credits: Getty
Census, a term that you may have heard before may be while giving your details to a government official who comes to your house. It does not happen every year so those of you who were born after 2011 may not know the existence of this word.
India saw its last census seven years ago in 2011 and it will again be conducted in 2021 as it happens in an interval of 10 years.
Every country needs basic information on its residents for the purposes of planning, development, and improvement of the residents' quality of life.
What is a Census?
What is a Census?
Census is the basis for reviewing the country's progress in the past decade, monitoring the ongoing schemes of the government and plan for the future
Census provides detailed and authentic information on demography, economic activity, literacy and education, housing and household amenities, urbanisation, fertility and mortality, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, language, religion, migration, disability and many other socio-cultural and demographic data.
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Angles of Population Census1. Static aspect
It provides an instantaneous photographic picture of a community, which is valid at a particular moment of time.2. Dynamic aspect
The census also provides the trends in population characteristics.
Census: Every 10 years in India
Censuses are taken only at infrequent intervals:
ADVERTISEMENTEvery 10 years in many countriesEvery five years or at irregular intervals in some countries.
Census is conducted under the provisions of the Census Act 1948, and in India, this data is collected every 10 years.
Important points to know about the Census process:Questions and forms
Census data is taken by visiting each and every household and gathering particulars by asking questions and filling up census forms.Confidential information
The information collected during the process is confidential. In fact, this information is not even accessible to the courts of law.Transportation to data processing centres
The forms are transported to data processing centres located at 15 cities across the country.Intelligent Character Recognition Software (ICR): This technology came in India in Census 2001 and has become the benchmark for censuses all around the globe.Scanning and extraction of data
This involves the scanning of the census forms at high speed and extracting the data automatically using computer software.
First Census in India under British ruleFirst Census
The first complete census of India was conducted in 1830 by Henry Walter in Dacca (now Dhaka). In this census the statistics of the population with sex, broad age group, and the houses with their amenities were collected.Second Census
Second Census was conducted in 1836-37 by Fort St.George according to the government website of Census India.First synchronous Census
The first synchronous census was taken under British rule on February 17, 1881, by W.C. Plowden, Census Commissioner of India. Since then, censuses have been undertaken uninterruptedly once every ten years.
In this census, the main emphasis was not only laid on complete coverage but also on the classification of demographic, economic and social characteristic took in the entire continent of British India (except Kashmir).
Census 2011: The latest one
Census 2011 was the 15th National Census of the country since 1872 and the 7th after Independence.
This census was conducted in two phases which are as follows:House Listing or Housing Census
The first phase was conducted between April and September across the country, in 2010 depending on the convenience of different states/UTs.