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    Census of India: Brief history of census

    Census Data Summary Population Finder

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    Gender Data Sheet (A4)

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    स्रोत : censusindia.gov.in

    Census of India

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    Census of India

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    The decennial Census of India has been conducted 15 times, as of 2011. While it has been undertaken every 10 years, beginning in 1872 under British Viceroy Lord Mayo, the first complete census was taken in 1881.[1] Post 1949, it has been conducted by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. All the censuses since 1951 were conducted under the 1948 Census of India Act. The last census was held in 2011, whilst the next was to be held in 2021. But it has been postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[2]

    Historically, there has been a long time between collection of data and dissemination of data.[3]


    1 Census of India during British Rule

    2 Census of Republic of India

    3 See also 4 References 5 External links

    Census of India during British Rule[edit]

    Main article: Census of India prior to independence

    List of censuses conducted in India before independence:

    1872 Census of india

    1881 Census of India

    1891 Census of India

    1901 Census of India

    1911 Census of India

    1921 Census of India

    1931 Census of India

    1941 Census of India

    Census of Republic of India[edit]

    List of censuses conducted in India after independence:

    1951 Census of India

    1961 Census of India

    1971 Census of India

    1981 Census of India

    1991 Census of India

    2001 Census of India

    2011 Census of India

    2021 Census of India

    See also[edit]

    Demographics of India

    List of states and union territories of India by population

    List of cities in India by population

    List of towns in India by population

    List of million-plus urban agglomerations in India

    List of states in India by past population

    List of states and union territories of India by sex ratio

    List of Indian states and union territories by literacy rate


    Stamps issued by India Post

    ^ "Where Are India's 2011 Census Figures on Religion?". .^ "Government likely to postpone census to 2022". . May 11, 2021.^ Goswami, P. R. (1989-09-01). "The Census of India: A discussion of issues of data collection and dissemination". . 16 (5): 429–438. doi:10.1016/0277-9390(89)90072-1. ISSN 0277-9390.

    External links[edit]

    Media related to Censuses in India at Wikimedia Commons

    show vte Census of India show vte Census in Asia

    Categories: Demographics of IndiaCensuses in India

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    What is a Census? Know about the first and the last Censuses of India conducted so far

    Know all about the word census and the process of census. Also, know about the first and the latest censuses of India.

    What is a Census? Know about the first and the last Censuses of India

    What is a Census? Know about the first and the last Censuses of India Know all about the word census and the process of census. Also, know about the first and the latest censuses of India.


    India Today Web Desk

    New Delhi August 28, 2018

    UPDATED: August 29, 2018 10:18 IST

    What is a Census? Image credits: Getty

    Census, a term that you may have heard before may be while giving your details to a government official who comes to your house. It does not happen every year so those of you who were born after 2011 may not know the existence of this word.

    India saw its last census seven years ago in 2011 and it will again be conducted in 2021 as it happens in an interval of 10 years.

    Every country needs basic information on its residents for the purposes of planning, development, and improvement of the residents' quality of life.

    What is a Census?

    What is a Census?

    Census is the basis for reviewing the country's progress in the past decade, monitoring the ongoing schemes of the government and plan for the future

    Census provides detailed and authentic information on demography, economic activity, literacy and education, housing and household amenities, urbanisation, fertility and mortality, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, language, religion, migration, disability and many other socio-cultural and demographic data.



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    Angles of Population Census

    1. Static aspect

    It provides an instantaneous photographic picture of a community, which is valid at a particular moment of time.

    2. Dynamic aspect

    The census also provides the trends in population characteristics.

    Census: Every 10 years in India

    Censuses are taken only at infrequent intervals:


    Every 10 years in many countriesEvery five years or at irregular intervals in some countries.

    Census is conducted under the provisions of the Census Act 1948, and in India, this data is collected every 10 years.

    Important points to know about the Census process:

    Questions and forms

    Census data is taken by visiting each and every household and gathering particulars by asking questions and filling up census forms.

    Confidential information

    The information collected during the process is confidential. In fact, this information is not even accessible to the courts of law.

    Transportation to data processing centres

    The forms are transported to data processing centres located at 15 cities across the country.

    Intelligent Character Recognition Software (ICR): This technology came in India in Census 2001 and has become the benchmark for censuses all around the globe.Scanning and extraction of data

    This involves the scanning of the census forms at high speed and extracting the data automatically using computer software.

    First Census in India under British rule

    First Census

    The first complete census of India was conducted in 1830 by Henry Walter in Dacca (now Dhaka). In this census the statistics of the population with sex, broad age group, and the houses with their amenities were collected.

    Second Census

    Second Census was conducted in 1836-37 by Fort St.George according to the government website of Census India.

    First synchronous Census

    The first synchronous census was taken under British rule on February 17, 1881, by W.C. Plowden, Census Commissioner of India. Since then, censuses have been undertaken uninterruptedly once every ten years.

    In this census, the main emphasis was not only laid on complete coverage but also on the classification of demographic, economic and social characteristic took in the entire continent of British India (except Kashmir).

    Census 2011: The latest one

    Census 2011 was the 15th National Census of the country since 1872 and the 7th after Independence.

    This census was conducted in two phases which are as follows:

    House Listing or Housing Census

    The first phase was conducted between April and September across the country, in 2010 depending on the convenience of different states/UTs.

    स्रोत : www.indiatoday.in

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