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    Zorawar Singh (Sikhism)

    Zorawar Singh (Sikhism)

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    "Zorawar Singh" Sikhism – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR

    Sahibzada Baba Jorawar Singh Ji

    ਜ਼ੋਰਾਵਰ ਸਿੰਘ, ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਾ

    Old fresco art depiction of Zorawar Singh

    Pronunciation zōrāvara sigha

    Born 28 November 1697[1]

    Anandpur, India

    Died 26 December 1704 (aged 8)

    Fatehgarh Sahib, India

    Cause of death Extrajudicial execution

    Title Sahibzada

    Parent(s) Guru Gobind Singh, Mata Jito

    Relatives Sahibzada Ajit Singh (half-brother)

    Sahibzada Jujhar Singh (brother)

    Sahibzada Fateh Singh (brother)

    Zorawar Singh (Punjabi: ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਾ ਜ਼ੋਰਾਵਰ ਸਿੰਘ, 28 November 1697 – 26 December 1704),[1] also transliterated as Jorawar, was the third of Guru Gobind Singh's four sons. He and his younger brother, Fateh Singh are among the most hallowed martyrs in Sikhism.

    A combination of Mughals and Hindu hillmen besieged Anandpur Sahib on the orders of emperor Aurangzeb. The stock of food in the town ran out. The Mughals promised to leave the Sikhs alone if they would hand over the fortress of Anandpur Sahib. To this Guru Gobind Singh agreed and left the town with his family and a small band of retainers. They had not gone very far when the Mughals, breaking their promise, came after them. Guru Gobind Singh entrusted his two younger sons, Jorawar Singh and Fateh Singh as well as his mother, Mata Gujri, to the care of a cook in his household named Gangu. Gangu brought Mata Gujri and the two boys to his native village of Sahedi. Bribed by the Mughals, he turned over the three members of Guru Gobind Singh's family to the of Morinda. They were then brought to Sirhind in the presence of Wazir Khan, the Nawab of Sirhind.

    The two sons of Guru Gobind Singh, Jorawar (7 years old) and Fateh (7 years old) were offered safe passage if they became Muslims. Both refused, and so Wazir Khan sentenced them to death. They were bricked alive.[2]

    After Guru Gobind Singh's death, Madhodas Bairagi, a hermit from Nanded, whom the Guru baptised as Gurbaksh Singh, commonly known as Banda Singh Bahadur, besieged Punjab. After laying waste the cities of Samana and Sandhaura, he moved towards Sirhind and after defeating the Mughal forces, beheaded Wazir Khan.[3]

    The place where the two children of Guru Gobind Singh were bricked alive is today known as Fatehgarh Sahib.

    Zorawar Singh with his father (right) and brothers

    On 9 January 2022, Narendra Modi announced that 26 December will be celebrated as Veer Baal Diwas in remembrance of the sacrifices by Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh.[4]

    References[edit]

    ^ Jump up to:

    Shamsher Singh Ashok. "JORAWAR SINGH (1696-1704)". . Punjabi University Patiala. Retrieved 27 March 2016.

    ^ Singh, Patwant (2001). . ISBN 9780385502061.^ Syad Muhammad Latif (1984), , Progressive Books, p. 274^ "December 26 to be observed as 'Veer Baal Diwas'". . Retrieved 9 January 2022.

    External links[edit]

    Quotations related to Zorawar Singh (Sikhism) at Wikiquote

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    ☬ Guru Gobind Singh ☬

    Categories: Sikh martyrsFamily members of the Sikh gurusHistory of PunjabPeople executed for refusing to convert to IslamExecuted Indian peoplePeople executed by the Mughal EmpireExecuted children18th-century executions in IndiaPunjabi people1696 births1705 deaths

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    Sahibzada Zorawar Singh & Sahibzada Fateh Singh

    The youngest two sons of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

    DISCOVER SIKHISM SIKH GURUS GURDWARAS SIKH LIBRARY DAILY HUKUMNAMA MORE LIVE KIRTAN LIVE TV ABOUT

    Sahibzada Zorawar Singh & Sahibzada Fateh Singh

    Sahibzada Zorawar Singh (Punjabi: ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਾ ਜ਼ੋਰਾਵਰ ਸਿੰਘ) was the third of Guru Gobind Singh's four sons. He and his younger brother, Sahibzada Fateh Singh are among the most hallowed martyrs in Sikhism.

    Departure from Anandpur Sahib

    Guru Gobind Singh encouraged the highest of spirits in his people. This enabled them to resist the tyranny and oppression of the armies of the moghul Emperor as seen by the events of Anandpur Sahib and Chamkaur Sahib battles. The army of the moghul Emperor included a million men in joint armies of the Emperor, 22 Hill states, Government of Lahore and Sarhind.

    This army laid seige at Anandgarh where only a few thousand Sikhs were defending the fort. The siege continued for 7 months with daily skirmishes.

    The generals of Moghul army got weary and saw no end to the battle. They felt ashamed their sense of pride injured, as they saw no end to the siege. So they proposed a solution whereby they told Guru Gobind Singh that they were interested in the semblance of a victory, if the Guru and his Sikhs agreed to temporarily leave the fort and return later on, as and when they desired. They assured Guru Gobind Singh a safe passage in leaving by vowing on Muslim and Hindu holy books.

    Guru's Family Seperated After Muslim Treachery

    After the Guru, his family and a few hundred Sikhs vacated the fort and gone a few miles towards Kiratpur Sahib, they were treacherously attacked from behind. Guru planned for defense and assigned fifty Singhs with Bhai Udhay Singh and a hundred Singhs with Bhai Bachittar Singh to hold Moghul attack. Bhai Uday Singh killed Rustam Khan, the commander of the Moghul army thus halting the onslaught. On reaching river Sirsa, which was in flood, Guru Gobind Singh was seperated from his mother and two younger sons Baba Zorawar Singh (eight years) and Baba Fateh Singh (six years). The Guru with forty Sikhs, five beloved ones and both elder Sahibzaade Baba Ajit Singh and Baba Jujhar Singh crossed the Sirsa river and moved towards village of Kotla Nihang Khan. The Khan had great respect for the Guru.

    After few days they moved towards village Chamkaur and occupied a mud fortress (Garhi). The Moghul forces of lakhs surrounded the fortress. Each time, five Sikhs would come out and gave a very tough fight. The Moghul army lost thousands of lives. The Guru lost both his eldest sons, three beloved ones (Sahib Singh, Himmat Singh and Mohkam Singh), Kirpal Singh Kashmeeree, three sons of Bhai Mani Singh and other Sikhs also attained martyrdom. The Guru obeyed the directive of the Sangat. It was decided that Bhai Daya Singh, Bhai Dharam Singh, Ram Singh and Man Singh would also accompany him. The Guru transferred his Kalghi to the forehead of Bhai Sangat Singh who had strong resemblance to the Guru. At around 2 a.m. the Guru moved out of the fortress. After walking about 200 yards from the fortress (Garhi), the Guru repeatedly clapped declaring loudly that he was going, so as to make the enemy aware and to challenge them.

    After crossing Sirsa, Mata Gujri ji and youngest Sahibzaade spent night in the hut of Kumma Maashki (boatman). Mata ji had one mule carrying some important articles and ornaments. The Sikh accompanying them became separated due to the floods and bad weather during the darkness at night. A man called Kumma Maashki, also known as Keema Mallah, used to be a Hindu and was known by the name Karma Jheevar.

    Kumma Maashki was forcibly converted as muslim. But still used to worship as per Hindu rituals. Mata Gujri stayed in his hut for two days. A Brahmin lady by the name of Laxhhmi looked after them, serving food and providing shelter. During that time Gangu Brahmin met them. Gangu used to serve in the Guru's kitchen as a cook.

    The Brahmin Thief and Traitor

    Guru's mother entrusted herself and the two grandsons, who accompanied her, to Gangu, a Brahmin. Gangu took them to his house and convinced them to put their faith in him. Gangu's true intentions were made known when the Guru's mother went to sleep, he stole her money, which she carried in a saddlebag and buried it.

    The next day, Gangu came up with a plan to avoid suspicion of the theft. He mentioned to Mata Gujri that there were several thieves prowling about the neighbourhood, and she must be careful with her valuables. Gangu said he was giving her this information so that she should not suspect him of anything. He almost immediately informed her that her saddlebag was missing. As no one had entered the house overnight except for Gangu, Mata Gujri questioned Gangu about the theft.

    Gangu pretended to be furious at the suspicion directed against him. Gangu tried to distract Mata Gujri by saying they were taking advantage of his hospitality by accusing him of being a thief when they were the ones that were outlaws. Worried at the turn of events, Gangu decided to turn Mata Gujri and the two young Sahibzadey over to the authorities, almost cetrtainly knowing they would meet their death, thereby hiding his crime.

    स्रोत : www.discoversikhism.com

    The story of Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh

    Some acts and deeds are so profound that they change the course of history! One such is the martyrdom of the two younger sons of the tenth master of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh Ji! The young and innocent boys, Sahibzada (Prince) Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh attained martyrdom on 26, December, 1705, when they were brutally murdered by Wazir Khan the Mughal Governor of Sirhind.

    26 December, 2022

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    The story of Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh

    Col Jaibans Singh

    | Date:31 Dec , 2018

    21 Comments

    Col Jaibans Singh

    is a reputed Geo-strategic analyst, columnist and author of Jammu and Kashmir: The Tide Turns.

    Some acts and deeds are so profound that they change the course of history! One such is the martyrdom of the two younger sons of the tenth master of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh Ji! The young and innocent boys, Sahibzada (Prince) Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh attained martyrdom on 26, December, 1705, when they were brutally murdered by Wazir Khan the Mughal Governor of Sirhind.

    The month of December has a special significance for the Sikh community. It was in this month that the combined forces of the Mughals and the small hill principalities used perfidious deceit to draw out Guru Gobind Singh, his family and followers from the Anandpur Sahib fortress and then sought their destruction. These forces, under Wazir Khan, promised the Guru a safe passage from Anandpur Sahib but attacked them with overwhelming numbers when they came out. The two Sahibzadas’ aged nine years and seven years, along with their grandmother Mata Gurjar Kaur got separated from the main contingent as they left the fort. They were promised refuge by an old retainer named Gangu in his native village Sahedi, but were handed over to the Sirhind administration of the Mughals, in what can be termed as the worst possible breach of trust and faith.

    It is notable here that the main contingent of the Sikhs fought to the last man at Chamkaur where Guru Gobind Singh took up a defensive position with a handful of Sikhs. The elder sons of the Guru, Sahibzada Ajit Singh and Sahibzada Jujhar Singh attained martyrdom while fighting in the Battle of Chamkaur. The Guru lost his four sons and his mother in the ensuing tragic turn of events, but was saved in person by the bravery and sacrifice of his dedicated followers.

    Wazir Khan came back to Sirhind a defeated and frustrated man having failed to kill or arrest the Guru. He would have been filled with fear at the prospect of the Guru’s reprisal for the deceitful manner in which he had behaved. It was against the backdrop of this fear and frustration that he attempted to gain control over the young Sahibzadas’ by converting them to Islam and then keeping them captive in his custody.

    In order to achieve his evil objective Wazir Khan subjected the young princes to the worst form of torture and intimidation, he kept them and their grandmother in a Thanda Burj (a cold tower) that was designed to capture the cool night breezes of air drawn over water channels; a perfect place for the summers but very uncomfortable indeed in the middle of winters and that too at night, especially so for the very young Sahibzadas’.

    Wazir Khan subjected the princes to a trial in his court which lasted for two days. On the first day the princes were cajoled to embrace Islam and offered immense riches and power on agreeing to do so. The princes rejected the offer with absolute disdain which left Wazir Khan flustered and very angry. On the next day in court he tried to pass of the sentencing to Sher Mohd Khan, the Nawab of Malerkotla, whose two brothers had been killed in battle by Guru Gobind Singh. Sher Mohd Kahn exhibited the highest form of chivalry by refusing to take revenge from ladies and children and advised Wazir Khan to release the Sahibzadas’ and their grandmother.

    It was at this stage that Wazir Khan committed the most gruesome act which goes against all tenets of honour and principle. He declared the two innocent boys to be enemies of the Mughal Empire and ordered them to be bricked alive. The execution was slated for the next day.

    History chronicles other atrocities and torture being committed on the young boys even as last minute attempts were made to intimidate them into changing their mind and converting to Islam. The courageous princes refused and were incarcerated into the wall. The wall, however, broke down before the boys lost their breath and then was committed the most ghastly acts of all! Wazir Khan ordered the executioners to slit the throats of the young princes. On hearing the news of the martyrdom their grandmother Mata Gurjar Kaur also breathed her last.

    The manner in which the two Sahibzadas’ stood against injustice and discrimination has no parallels in the annals of history.  The ruthless depravity of their prosecutors constitutes the other side of the spectrum. The courage and fortitude exhibited by the young princes galvanised the Sikh/Khalsa community into rising against persecution and injustice. Guru Gobind Singh Ji charged his disciple, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur, to avenge the murder of the Sahibzadas. Baba Banda Singh Bahadur came from Nanded (in modern day Maharashtra) to Punjab for the ordained task, Sikhs in large numbers joined him. He first took Samana and Sadhaura on the periphery of Sirhind and finally attacked Wazir Khan. The ensuing clash known as the Battle of Chappar Chiri took place on 22 May 1710. It witnessed the larger Mughal forces being crushed by the Sikhs. Wazir Khan was killed in the battle and Sirhind occupied in the next two days.

    स्रोत : www.indiandefencereview.com

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