if you want to remove an article from website contact us from top.

    the first mechanical computer designed by charles babbage was called

    Mohammed

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    get the first mechanical computer designed by charles babbage was called from screen.

    The first mechanical computer designed by Charles Babbage was called .

    Click here👆to get an answer to your question ✍️ The first mechanical computer designed by Charles Babbage was called .

    Question

    The first mechanical computer designed by Charles Babbage was called _____________.

    A

    Abacus

    B

    Analytical Engine

    C

    Calculator

    D

    Processor

    Medium Open in App

    स्रोत : www.toppr.com

    [Solved] The first mechanical computer designed by Charles Babbage wa

    The correct answer is Analytical Engine.  Key Points Analytical Engine generally considered the first computer, designed and partly built by the Englis

    Home Computer Awareness Introduction to Computers

    Question

    Download Solution PDF

    The first mechanical computer designed by Charles Babbage was called?

    This question was previously asked in

    UKPSC RO/ARO Previous Year Official Paper 1 (Held on : 2016)

    Download PDF Attempt Online

    View all UKPSC RO ARO Papers >

    Abacus Analytical Engine Calculator

    Central processing unit (CPU)

    Answer (Detailed Solution Below)

    Option 2 : Analytical Engine

    Crack with

    India's Super Teachers

    FREE

    Demo Classes Available*

    Explore Supercoaching For FREE

    Free Tests

    View all Free tests >

    FREE

    UKPSC RO/ARO Previous Year Official Paper 1 (Held on : 2016)

    4 K Users

    150 Questions 150 Marks 120 Mins

    Start Now

    Detailed Solution

    Download Solution PDF

    The correct answer is Analytical Engine. 

    Key PointsAnalytical Engine generally considered the first computer, designed and partly built by the English inventor Charles Babbage in the 19th century (he worked on it until his death in 1871).

    While working on the Difference Engine, a simpler calculating machine commissioned by the British government, Babbage began to imagine ways to improve it.

    Chiefly he thought about generalizing its operation so that it could perform other kinds of calculations.

    By the time funding ran out for his Difference Engine in 1833, he had conceived of something far more revolutionary: a general-purpose computing machine called the Analytical Engine. 

    The Analytical Engine was to be a general-purpose, fully program-controlled, automatic mechanical digital computer.

    It would be able to perform any calculation set before it.

    The machine was designed to consist of four components: the mill, the store, the reader, and the printer. These components are the essential components of every computer today.

    Additional InformationAbacus:Abacus, plural abaci or abacuses, calculating device, probably of Babylonian origin, that was long important in commerce.

    It is the ancestor of the modern calculating machine and computer.

    The earliest “abacus” likely was a board or slab on which a Babylonian spread sand so he could trace letters for general writing purposes.

    The word abacus is probably derived, through its Greek form abakos, from a Semitic word such as the Hebrew ibeq (“to wipe the dust”; noun abaq, “dust”).

    The abacus, generally in the form of a large calculating board, was in universal use in Europe in the Middle Ages, as well as in the Arab world and in Asia.

    It reached Japan in the 16th century. The introduction of the Hindu-Arabic notation, with its place value and zero, gradually replaced the abacus, though it was still widely used in Europe as late as the 17th century and survives today in the Middle East, China, and Japan; an expert practitioner can compete against many modern mechanical calculating machines.

    Calculator:Calculator, machine for automatically performing arithmetical operations and certain mathematical functions.Modern calculators are descendants of a digital arithmetic machine devised by Blaise Pascal in 1642.Later in the 17th century, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz created a more advanced machine, and, especially in the late 19th century, inventors produced calculating machines that were smaller and smaller and less and less laborious to use.

    In the early decades of the 20th century, desktop adding machines and other calculating devices were developed. Some were key-driven, others required a rotating drum to enter sums punched into a keyboard, and later the drum was spun by an electric motor.

    A central processing unit (CPU):

    The central processing unit (CPU), the principal part of any digital computer system, generally composed of the main memory, control unit, and arithmetic-logic unit.

    It constitutes the physical heart of the entire computer system; to it is linked various peripheral equipment, including input/output devices and auxiliary storage units.

    In modern computers, the CPU is contained on an integrated circuit chip called a microprocessor.

    The control unit of the central processing unit regulates and integrates the operations of the computer.

    It selects and retrieves instructions from the main memory in proper sequence and interprets them so as to activate the other functional elements of the system at the appropriate moment to perform their respective operations.

    Download Solution PDF

    Share on Whatsapp

    स्रोत : testbook.com

    gravimeter

    Analytical Engine, generally considered the first computer, designed and partly built by the English inventor Charles Babbage in the 19th century (he worked on it until his death in 1871). While working on the Difference Engine, a simpler calculating machine commissioned by the British government, Babbage began to imagine ways to improve it. Chiefly he thought about generalizing its operation so that it could perform other kinds of calculations. By the time funding ran out for his Difference Engine in 1833, he had conceived of something far more revolutionary: a general-purpose computing machine called the Analytical Engine. The Analytical Engine

    Analytical Engine

    computer

    By Paul A. FreibergerSee All Edit History

    Analytical Engine See all media

    Key People: Ada Lovelace

    Related Topics: computer machine calculation Difference Engine No. 2

    See all related content →

    Analytical Engine, generally considered the first computer, designed and partly built by the English inventor Charles Babbage in the 19th century (he worked on it until his death in 1871). While working on the Difference Engine, a simpler calculating machine commissioned by the British government, Babbage began to imagine ways to improve it. Chiefly he thought about generalizing its operation so that it could perform other kinds of calculations. By the time funding ran out for his Difference Engine in 1833, he had conceived of something far more revolutionary: a general-purpose computing machine called the Analytical Engine.

    The Analytical Engine was to be a general-purpose, fully program-controlled, automatic mechanical digital computer. It would be able to perform any calculation set before it. There is no evidence that anyone before Babbage had ever conceived of such a device, let alone attempted to build one. The machine was designed to consist of four components: the mill, the store, the reader, and the printer. These components are the essential components of every computer today. The mill was the calculating unit, analogous to the central processing unit (CPU) in a modern computer; the store was where data were held prior to processing, exactly analogous to memory and storage in today’s computers; and the reader and printer were the input and output devices.

    BRITANNICA QUIZ

    Computers and Technology Quiz

    Computers host websites composed of HTML and send text messages as simple as...LOL. Hack into this quiz and let some technology tally your score and reveal the contents to you.

    As with the Difference Engine, the project was far more complex than anything theretofore built. The store was to be large enough to hold 1,000 50-digit numbers; this was larger than the storage capacity of any computer built before 1960. The machine was to be steam-driven and run by one attendant. The printing capability was also ambitious, as it had been for the Difference Engine: Babbage wanted to automate the process as much as possible, right up to producing printed tables of numbers.

    The reader was another new feature of the Analytical Engine. Data (numbers) were to be entered on punched cards, using the card-reading technology of the Jacquard loom. Instructions were also to be entered on cards, another idea taken directly from Joseph-Marie Jacquard. The use of instruction cards would make it a programmable device and far more flexible than any machine then in existence. (In 1843 mathematician Ada Lovelace wrote in her notes for a translation of a French article about the Analytical Engine how the machine could be used to follow a program to calculate Bernoulli numbers. For this, she has been called the first computer programmer.) Another element of programmability was to be its ability to execute instructions in other than sequential order. It was to have a kind of decision-making ability in its conditional control transfer, also known as conditional branching, whereby it would be able to jump to a different instruction depending on the value of some data. This extremely powerful feature was missing in many of the early computers of the 20th century.

    By most definitions, the Analytical Engine was a real computer as understood today—or would have been, had Babbage not run into implementation problems again. Actually building his ambitious design was judged infeasible given the current technology, and Babbage’s failure to generate the promised mathematical tables with his Difference Engine had dampened enthusiasm for further government funding. Indeed, it was apparent to the British government that Babbage was more interested in innovation than in constructing tables.

    All the same, Babbage’s Analytical Engine was something new under the sun. Its most revolutionary feature was the ability to change its operation by changing the instructions on punched cards. Until this breakthrough, all the mechanical aids to calculation were merely calculators or, like the Difference Engine, glorified calculators. The Analytical Engine, although not actually completed, was the first machine that deserved to be called a computer.

    Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.

    Subscribe Now Paul A. Freiberger Michael R. Swaine

    gravimeter

    measurement instrument

    Alternate titles: gravity meter

    By The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Edit History

    Related Topics: gravity superconducting gravimeter spring gravimeter vibrating string gravimeter gravitation

    See all related content →

    gravimeter, also called gravity meter, sensitive device for measuring variations in the Earth’s gravitational field, useful in prospecting for oil and minerals. In one form, it consists of a weight suspended from a spring; variations in gravity cause variations in the extension of the spring. A number of different mechanical and optical schemes have been developed to measure this deflection, which in general is very small. Gravimeters have been developed that can detect variations in the Earth’s gravitational field as small as one part in 10,000,000.

    स्रोत : www.britannica.com

    Do you want to see answer or more ?
    Mohammed 9 day ago
    4

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    Click For Answer