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    Solved Important MCQs on Solid Waste Management and their Types

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    MCQs On Solid Waste Management

    1. Waste removal system was established in which of the following cities for the first time?

    (a) Athens (b) Lahore (c) Paris (d) London

    Sol:(a) Athens.2. Which of the following solid wastes describes the term ‘Municipal Solid Waste’?

    (a) Toxic (b) Hazardous (c) Non-toxic (d) Non-hazardous

    Sol:(d) Non-hazardous.3. Why is it difficult to recycle plastics?

    (a) It is very hard

    (b) It comes in different sizes

    (c) It is adhesive

    (d) It contains different types of polymer resins

    Sol:(d) It contains different types of polymer resins4. Which of the following is done on an individual level?

    (a) Burning (b) Disposal (c) Recycling

    (d) Source reduction

    Sol: (d) Source reduction.5. Why is recycled paper banned for use in food containers?

    (a) Because it creates a lot of spaces

    (b) Because it creates contamination

    (c) Because paper can be used only one time

    (d) Because paper is very thick and can’t cover the food containers

    Sol: (b) Because it creates contamination.6. Which of the following plans is used as a waste management plan?

    (a) Plan for reuse

    (b) The integrated plan

    (c) Plan for recycling

    (d) Plan for reducing

    Sol:(b) The integrated plan.7. The organic material of the solid waste will decompose

    (a) By the flow of water

    (b) By the soil particles

    (c) By the action of microorganisms

    (d) By oxidation

    Sol:(c) By the action of microorganisms.8. Which of the following wastes is called the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)?

    (a) Food wastes (b) Wood pieces (c) Plastic cans

    (d) All of the above

    Sol:(d) All of the above.9. The process of burning municipal solid wastes under suitable temperature and conditions in a specific furnace is called ______.

    (a) Landfill (b) Incineration (c) Recycling (d) Vermicomposting

    Sol: (b) Incineration.10. The burning of solid waste is not recommended because

    (a) It is very costly

    (b) It requires a lot of space

    (c) It requires modern technologies

    (d) It causes several environmental issues

    Sol:(d) It causes several environmental issues.11. When the organic matter present in the sanitary landfill decomposes, it generates

    (a) Methane (b) Nitrogen (c) Hydrogen

    (d) All of the above

    Sol: (a) Methane12. Which of the following is the oldest and the most common method used to dump solid wastes?

    (a) River (b) Ocean (c) Landfill

    (d) None of the above

    Sol:(c) Landfill.13. The disposable wastes contain

    (a) Solids (b) Slurries (c) Liquids

    (d) All of the above

    Sol:(d) All of the above.14. Find the correct statement

    (a) The waste from one process becomes the input for another process

    (b) All the processes related to consumption and production produce some kind of waste

    (c) There is no real waste in nature

    (d) All of the above

    Sol:(d) All of the above.15. Which of the following methods is better for the solid waste problem?

    (a) Recycling (b) Landfilling (c) Both a and b

    (d) None of the above

    Sol: (a) Recycling.16. Which of the following statements is incorrect for plastic wastes?

    (a) It is used to make compost

    (b) It lasts for a longer period of time

    (c) Toxic fumes are produced when burnt

    (d) All of the above

    Sol: (a) It is used to make compost.17. Which of the following can be recycled many times?

    (a) Wood (b) Plastic (c) Aluminium

    (d) Organic materials

    Sol:(c) Aluminum.18. Which of the following gas is produced from landfill wastes?

    (a) Biogas (b) Natural gas

    (c) Liquified petroleum gas

    (d) All of the above

    Sol:(a) Biogas.19. Which of the following statements is true about zero waste management?

    (a) Separate collection of each kind of waste

    (b) Segregation of garbage at the source

    (c) Community involvement

    (d) All of the above

    Sol:(d) All of the above.20. How many main components are there in integrated waste management?

    (a) Two (b) Three (c) Seven (d) Eleven

    Sol:(b) Three.

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    MCQs on Solid Waste Management

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    What is Solid Waste Management?

    Solid-waste management is a process of collecting, disposing, and treating solid material that is discarded because it has served its purpose or is no longer useful. An improper municipal solid waste disposal can create unsanitary conditions. In turn, these conditions can lead to environmental pollution and to outbreaks of vector-borne disease -which are the diseases spread by insects and rodents. Solid-waste management tasks present complex technical challenges. Also, they pose a wide range of administrative, social, and economic problems that must be managed and solved.

    (image will be uploaded soon)

    Solid waste management also offers solutions for recycling items that do not belong to trash or garbage. As long as the people have been living in residential areas and settlements, solid or garbage waste has been an issue. Waste management is all about how solid waste can be converted and used as a valuable resource.

    Solid waste management should be adopted by each and every household, including business owners across the world. Industrialization has induced a lot of good things and as well as bad things. One of the adverse effects of industrialization is solid waste creation.

    There are various methods that are planned towards waste management, and on this common issue, some solid waste management micro-projects have also been introduced by many of the experts. Vegetative segregation is also one among them where it results from partitioning of cytoplasmic organelles and from random replication.

    Let Us Get Some Understanding by Taking Some MCQs on Solid Waste Management.

    1. Identify a Sort of Plan That We Should Make to the Disposal of Solid Waste from the Given Ones?

    The integrated waste management plan

    Recycling of waste management plan

    Reducing the waste management plan

    Use of waste management plan

    Answer: (a) Explanation

    Solid waste disposal should be part of an integrated waste management plan. This integrated solid waste management method is a plan of collection, processing, resource recovery, and final disposal of solid waste.

    2. The ‘Municipal Solid Waste’ Is the Term Used to Describe Which Kind of Solid Waste?

    Hazardous Toxic Non-hazardous Non-toxic Answer: (c) Explanation

    Generally, the ‘Municipal Solid Waste’ term is used to describe most of the non-hazardous solid waste from a Village, Town, or City that requires a daily collection and transport to a disposal site or to processing.

    3. Identify the Following Ones Which Can Be Recycled Many Times?

    Plastic Wood Organic materials Aluminum Answer: (d) Explanation

    Recycling means reusing some of the components of the waste that have some economic value. Aluminum can be recycled as many times as we want. The mining of new aluminum is quite expensive, and hence recycling of aluminum plays a vital role in the aluminum industry.

    4. Why Do Plastics Fall Under a Difficult Material to Recycle?

    Because it is a very hard material

    Because plastic is very adhesive in its nature

    Because of different types of polymer resins

    Because of the different sizes of plastic

    Answer: c Explanation

    Plastic is a very difficult material to recycle due to various or mixed types of polymer resins in their production. Since each plastic type has a distinct chemical composition, different plastic materials cannot be recycled together.

    5. How Does an Organic Material Decompose in the Buried Solid Waste?

    By the action of microorganisms

    By the action of oxidation

    By the soil particles

    By the flow of water

    Answer: (a) Explanation

    The organic material will decompose in the buried solid waste due to the action of microorganisms. At first, the waste aerobically decomposes until the oxygen present in the freshly placed fill is used up by the aerobic microorganisms.

    6. What is Called for the Method of Burning Municipal Solid Waste in a Properly Designed Furnace Under Operating Conditions and Suitable Temperature?

    Landfill Recycling Vermicomposting Incineration Answer: (d) Explanation

    Incineration is a chemical process in which the flammable fraction of garbage is mixed with oxygen and discharged into the environment as carbon dioxide and water. For incineration, the right temperature and operational conditions are required.

    7. Why is Recycled Paper Banned for Usage in Food Containers?

    Because paper is used only one time

    Because it creates contamination

    Because the paper is very thick and it cannot cover the food containers

    Because it creates a lot of spaces

    Answer: (b) Explanation

    To avoid contamination, recycled paper is not allowed to be used in food containers. Raw paper pulp is frequently less expensive to carry than scrap paper.

    8. Identify the Wastes That Are Known as the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) from the Following?

    Wood pieces Plastic cans Food wastes All of the above Answer:(d) Explanation

    Trash or rubbish is made up of ordinary goods such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, newspapers, appliances, paint, and batteries that we use and then discard. This is found in our homes, schools, hospitals, and workplaces.

    स्रोत : www.vedantu.com

    Solid Waste

    This set of Energy & Environment Management Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Solid Waste”. 1. Which was the first city to an established system of waste removal? a) Lahore b) Athens c) Paris d) London 2. Why burning waste is not an acceptable practice of solid waste management? a) Because it is ... Read more

    Environment Management Questions and Answers – Solid Waste

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    This set of Energy & Environment Management Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Solid Waste”.

    1. Which was the first city to an established system of waste removal?

    a) Lahore b) Athens c) Paris d) London View Answer

    2. Why burning waste is not an acceptable practice of solid waste management?

    a) Because it is very costly

    b) Because it requires modern technologies

    c) Because it cause several environmental issues

    d) Because it requires lot of space

    View Answer

    3. What plan should we make to the disposal of solid waste?

    a) Integrated waste management plan

    b) Recycling of waste management plan

    c) Reducing of waste management plan

    d) Use of waste management plan

    View Answer

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    4. The term ‘Municipal Solid Waste’ is used to describe which kind of solid waste?

    a) Hazardous b) Toxic c) Non hazardous d) Non toxic View Answer

    5. How many main components are there in integrated waste management?

    a) One b) Two c) Three d) Four View Answer

    Check this: Environmental Management Books | Environmental Engineering MCQs

    Learn more

    6. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) contains a wide variety of materials.

    a) True b) False View Answer

    7. Which of the integrated waste management is reduced on an individual level?

    a) Source reduction b) Recycling c) Disposal d) Burning View Answer advertisement

    8. Which of the following can be recycled many times?

    a) Plastic b) Wood

    c) Organic materials

    d) Aluminum View Answer

    9. Why plastics are difficult to recycle?

    a) Because it is very hard material

    b) Because it is very adhesive in its nature

    c) Because of different types of polymer resins

    d) Because of different sizes of plastic

    View Answer advertisement

    10. How many key characteristics of a municipal sanitary landfill are there?

    a) One b) Two c) Three d) Four View Answer

    11. How does organic material in the buried solid waste will decompose?

    a) By the action of oxidation

    b) By the action of microorganisms

    c) By the flow of water

    d) By the soil particles

    View Answer

    12. What is called for the process of burning municipal solid waste in a properly designed furnace under suitable temperature and operating conditions?

    a) Landfill b) Recycling c) Vermicomposting d) Incineration View Answer

    13. Why the recycled paper is banned for use in food containers?

    a) Because it creates contamination

    b) Because it creates a lot of spaces

    c) Because paper can be used only one time

    d) Because paper is very thick and can’t cover the food containers

    View Answer

    14. Land filling is an economic alternative for solid waste disposal and it can be implemented easily.

    a) True b) False View Answer

    Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.

    To practice all areas of Energy & Environment Management, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

    « Prev - Environment Management Questions and Answers – Hazardous Waste

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    Next Steps:

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