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    Electoral College (India)

    Electoral College (India)

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    The President of India is indirectly elected with Instant-runoff voting[1] by means of an electoral college consisting of the elected members of the Parliament of India and the Legislative assemblies of the States of India and the Union territories (having an elected assembly). The number and value of votes are based on the population in 1971 rather than the current population, as a result of the 42nd Amendment, and extended by the 84th Amendment,[2] with the intention to encourage family planning programs in the states by ensuring that states are not penalised for lowering their population growth and development.

    The Vice-President is elected by a different electoral college, consisting of members (elected as well as nominated) of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

    Composition[edit]

    The presidential electoral college is made up of the following:

    elected members of the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Parliament of India);

    elected members of the Lok Sabha (lower house of the Parliament of India);

    elected members of each state's Legislative Assembly (lower house of the state legislature); and

    elected members of each union territory possessing a Legislative assembly (i.e. Delhi, (Jammu & Kashmir not included)[3] and Puducherry etc.)

    Weighing of votes[edit]

    The value of votes cast by elected members of the state legislative assemblies and both houses of parliament are determined by the provisions of article 55(2) of the Constitution of India.[4] The details of number of voters and votes for the presidential election are given below.[5] Per the 84th Amendment, the 1971 census is used, and will continue to be used until 2026.[2]

    The formula for determining the number of votes held by an MLA is:

    {\displaystyle {\mbox{Value of an MLA vote}}={\cfrac {\mbox{Total population of the state or union territory}}{{\mbox{Total number of elected members of the State Legislative Assembly}}\times {1000}}}}

    That is, the average constituency size, determined by the 1971 census, in his/her state or union territory, divided by 1,000.

    The number of votes for MLAs are as follows:

    S. No. Name of the State/Union Territory Number of State Legislative Assembly seats (elective) Population (1971 Census)[5] Value of the vote of each MLA Total value of votes for the State/Union Territory

    1 Andhra Pradesh 175 27,800,586† 159 27,825

    2 Arunachal Pradesh 60 467,511 8 480

    3 Assam 126 14,625,152 116 14,616

    4 Bihar 243 42,126,236 173 42,039

    5 Chhattisgarh 90 11,637,494 129 11,610

    6 Delhi 70 4,065,698 58 4,060

    7 Goa 40 795,120 20 800

    8 Gujarat 182 26,697,475 147 26,754

    9 Haryana 90 10,036,808 112 10,080

    10 Himachal Pradesh 68 3,460,434 51 3468

    11 Jammu and Kashmir[6] 87 6,300,000 72 6,264

    12 Jharkhand 81 14,227,133 176 14,256

    13 Karnataka 224 29,299,014 131 29,344

    14 Kerala 140 21,347,375 152 21,280

    15 Madhya Pradesh 230 30,016,625 131 30,130

    16 Maharashtra 288 50,412,235 175 50,400

    17 Manipur 60 1,072,753 18 1,080

    18 Meghalaya 60 1,011,699 17 1,020

    19 Mizoram 40 332,390 8 320

    20 Nagaland 60 516,499 9 540

    21 Odisha 147 21,944,615 149 21,903

    22 Puducherry 30 471,707 16 480

    23 Punjab 117 13,551,060 116 13,572

    24 Rajasthan 200 25,765,806 129 25,800

    25 Sikkim 32 209,843 7 224

    26 Tamil Nadu 234 41,199,168 176 41,184

    27 Telangana 119 15,702,122† 132 15,708

    28 Tripura 60 1,556,342 26 1,560

    29 Uttar Pradesh 403 83,849,905 208 83,824

    30 Uttarakhand 70 4,491,239 64 4,480

    31 West Bengal 294 44,312,011 151 44,394

    Total 4,120 549,302,005 549,495Note:- †http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/ElectoralLaws/HandBooks/President_Election_08062017.pdf.

    The value of an MP's vote is calculated by dividing the total value of all MLAs' votes by the number of MPs. The formula for determining the number of votes held by an MP is:

    {\displaystyle {\mbox{Value of an MP vote}}={\cfrac {\mbox{The sum of vote value of elected members of all the State Legislative Assemblies}}{\mbox{The sum of elected members of both the houses of Parliament}}}}

    That is, the total Members of Parliament (Elected) = Lok Sabha (543) + Rajya Sabha (233) = 776

    Value of each vote = 549,495 / 776 = 708.11, rounded to 708

    Total value of votes of Parliament = 776 × 708 = 549,408

    The number of votes for MPs are as follows:

    Name of the House Number of Parliamentary seats (elective) Value of the vote of each MP Total value of votes for the House

    Lok Sabha 543 708 384,444

    Rajya Sabha 233 708 164,964

    Total 776 708 549,408

    Total number of votes for Presidential electors are as follows:

    Elector Total number of electors Total value of votes

    Members of Legislative Assemblies (elected) 4,120 549,495

    Members of Parliament (elected) 776 549,408

    Total 4,896 1,098,903

    References[edit]

    ^ The Constitution of 1950 use the term Single transferable vote, which is now used for a system with multiple-member constituencies. When there is only one of the latter, the system is now called Instant-runoff voting

    ^ Jump up to: 84th Amendment

    ^ Mishra, Soni (19 May 2020). "'J&K not included in electoral college for Presidential election'". . Retrieved 7 March 2022.

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

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    The President of India is elected by an electoral college consisting of ____________.A. Elected members of the Council of State and House of PeopleB. Elected members of both the House of Parliament and the State AssembliesC. Members of the Council of States, State Legislative councils and Members of Union Territorial Assemblies.D. Members of municipalities, local bodies and Panchayat, graduate of three years standing, teachers of higher educational institutions and members of State Assemblies

    The President of India is elected by an electoral college consisting of ____________.A. Elected members of the Council of State and House of PeopleB. Elected members of both the House of Parliament and the State AssembliesC. Members of the Council of...

    The President of India is elected by an electoral college consisting of ____________.

    A. Elected members of the Council of State and House of People

    B. Elected members of both the House of Parliament and the State Assemblies

    C. Members of the Council of States, State Legislative councils and Members of Union Territorial Assemblies.

    D. Members of municipalities, local bodies and Panchayat, graduate of three years standing, teachers of higher educational institutions and members of State Assemblies

    Answer Verified 214.8k+ views 2 likes

    Hint: According to Article 52 of the Indian Constitution the head of the Republic of India is the President. He is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.Complete answer: Executive is the branch of government charged with putting into effect a country’s laws and administering of its function. It is divided into two levels in India - Union level executive and State level executive. The union executive consists of the President, the Vice-President and the Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister being the head to aid and advise the President. The President is the executive head of the Republic and can exercise his powers directly or through his subordinates. According to the Warrant of Precedence, he occupies the First position.

    He is elected indirectly by an electoral college. Elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and elected members of Legislative Assemblies of States to constitute the electoral college. The voting is held on the basis of proportional representation by the single transferable vote system.

    The President is elected for a period of five years. The President can be removed from office by impeachment only. He can be impeached for ‘violation of the Constitution’.The impeachment procedure can be initiated against the President for the violation of the Constitution, in either house of the Parliament i.e., Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha.

    Let us examine the option

    Option A - The President is not elected by the people of the country but by an electoral college consisting of elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and elected members of Legislative Assemblies of States.

    Option B - The President is the head of the State and is elected by an electoral college consisting of elected members of both the House of Parliament and the State Assemblies.

    Option C - The electoral college does not consist of members of State Legislative councils and members of Union Territorial Assemblies but the elected members of both the House of Parliament and the State Assemblies.

    Option D - The members of municipalities, local bodies and Panchayat, graduate of three years standing, teachers of higher educational institutions and members of State Assemblies constitute the Legislative Councils or Vidhan Parishad and not an electoral college.

    Thus, the correct answer is option (B). Note: The order of precedence of the Republic of India is the Protocol List, a hierarchy of important positions, at which the functionaries and officials are listed according to their rank and office in the Government of India.

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