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    1957 Kerala Legislative Assembly election

    1957 Kerala Legislative Assembly election

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    1957 Kerala Legislative Assembly election

    ← 1954 (Travancore–Cochin) ← 1952

    (Madras) 28 February – 11 March 1957 1960 →

    All 126 seats in the Kerala Legislative Assembly

    64 seats needed for a majority

    Turnout 65.49%

    Leader E. M. S. Namboodiripad P. T. Chacko

    Party CPI INC

    Leader's seat Nileshwaram Vazhoor

    Seats won 60 43

    Popular vote 20,59,547 22,09,251

    Percentage 35.28% 37.85%

    Chief Minister before election

    Position established

    Chief Minister

    E. M. S. Namboodiripad

    Communist Party of India

    The Kerala Legislative Assembly election of 1957 was the first assembly election in the Indian state of Kerala. The Communist Party of India won the election with 60 seats. The election led to the formation of first democratically elected communist government in India.[1]

    State Reorganization[edit]

    On 1 November 1956, under the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, Kerala was formed by the merger of Travancore-Cochin state with the Malabar district (including Fort Cochin and the Laccadive Islands) of Madras State, Kasaragod taluk of the South Canara district and the Amindive Islands. The southern part of Travancore-Cochin, the five taluks of Agastheeswaram, Thovala, Kalkulam, Vilavahcode, and Shencotta, were transferred from Travancore-Cochin to the Madras State.[2] After the reorganization, the assembly constituencies increased from 106 with 117 seats in 1954 to 114 with 126 seats in 1957.


    Following the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the Malabar District of Madras state merged with Travancore-Cochin to form the new state of Kerala on 1 November 1956. The merger helped the Communist Party of India to increase their base in the region.[3] The ruling Indian National Congress lost the prominence due to the factionalism within the party.[] Furthermore, communalism and struggles against feudalism played a major role.[3][4]


    The Election Commission of India conducted elections to the newly created state between 28 February – 11 March 1957.[5] The elections were held to the 126 seats (114 constituencies) including 12 two member constituencies of which 11 and one reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes respectively, in which 406 candidates were contested. The voter turnout was 65.49%.[6]


    The result of the elections listed below:

    Summary of results of the 1957 Kerala Legislative Assembly election[7]

    Political party Flag Seats

    Contested Won % of

    Seats Votes Vote % Vote % in

    contested seats

    Indian National Congress 124 43 34.13 2,209,251 37.85 38.1

    Communist Party of India 101 60 47.62 2,059,547 35.28 40.57

    Praja Socialist Party 65 9 7.14 628,261 10.76 17.48

    Revolutionary Socialist Party 28 0 188,553 3.23 11.12

    Independent 86 14 11.11 751,965 12.88 N/A

    Total seats 126 Voters 89,13,247 Turnout 58,37,577 (65.49%)

    In the election, five women candidates were elected out of nine candidates.[6][8]

    By Constituency[edit]

    Assembly Constituency Winner Runner

    No. Constituency Name Category Name Party Vote Name Party Vote

    1 Parassala GEN Kunjukrishnan Nadar M. INC 16,742 Krishna Pillai K PSP 8,338

    2 Neyyattinkara GEN Janardhanan Nair O. CPI 18,812 Krishna Pillai N. K. PSP 16,558

    3 Vilappil GEN Sreedhar G. Ponnara PSP 18,221 Surendranath K. V. CPI 14,278

    4 Nemom GEN Sadasivan A. CPI 15,998 Viswambharan P. PSP 14,159

    5 Trivandrum I GEN Eapan E. P. PSP 15,466 Krishnan Nair K. Independent 13,418

    6 Trivandrum II GEN Thanu Pillai A. PSP 21,816 Anirudhan K. CPI 17,082

    7 Ullur GEN Sreedharan V. CPI 16,904 Alikunju Sastri M. PSP 14,182

    8 Arianad GEN Balakrishna Pillai R. CPI 16,728 Kesavan Nair R. INC 6,987

    9 Nedumangad GEN Neelakandaru Pandarathil N. CPI 20,553 Somasekharan Nair K PSP 7,888

    10 Attingal GEN Prakasam R. CPI 24,328 Gopala Pillai PSP 11,151

    11 Varkala (SC) Abdul Majeed T. A. CPI 41,683 Sivadasan K. CPI 31,454

    12 Eravipuram GEN Raveendran CPI 19,122 Kunju Sankara Pillai V. PSP 8,762

    13 Quilon GEN A. A. Rahim INC 20,367 Divakaran T. K RSP 12,571

    14 Thrikkadavur (SC) Karunakaran K. CPI 33,782 T. Krishnan INC 32,596

    15 Karunagappally GEN Kunjukrishnan P. INC 13,709 P. K. Kunju PSP 13,063

    16 Krishnapuram GEN Karthikeyan G. CPI 23,963 Sekhara Panicker K. INC 14,493

    17 Kayamkulam GEN Aysha Bai K. O. CPI 27,067 Sarojini INC 13,138

    18 Karthigapally GEN Sugathan R. CPI 20,978 Velu Pillai G. INC 14,887

    19 Haripad GEN Ramakrishna Pillai V. Independent 20,184 K. Balagangadharan INC 15,812

    20 Mavelikara GEN Kunjachan P. K. CPI 44,630 K. C. George CPI 39,617

    21 Kunnathur (SC) Madhavan Pillai P. R. CPI 41,569 Govindan R. CPI 37,321

    22 Kottarakkara (SC) Chandrasekharan Nair E. CPI 23,298 Ramachandran Nair K. INC 14,307

    23 Chadayamangalam GEN Bhargavan K. CPI 19,375 Abdul Majeed M. PSP 9,143

    24 Pathanapuram GEN Rajagopalan Nair CPI 24,499 Kuttan Pillai K. INC 14,440

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    was the first state to have a non Congress government in independent India.

    was the first state to have a non Congress government in independent India.

    Byju's Answer Standard X Civics CPI and CPI(M) was the first... Question

    was the first state to have a non-Congress government in independent India.

    A Bihar B West Bengal C Kerala Open in App Solution

    The correct option is C Kerala

    The Communist Party of India was one of the first opponents of the Indian National Congress in India. The party succeeded in defeating Congress in 1957 in a state election. Thus, it formed the first non-Congress state government in Kerala.

    Suggest Corrections 7


    Q. was the first state to have a non-Congress government in independent India.Q. In 1967, elections were held for the 5th Lok Sabha. Under Indira Gandhi, the Congress government came to power. A few years later, however, there was a split in the Congress party. For the very first time in the history of independent India, the Lok Sabha was prematurely dissolved. Elections were held again in 1971, and the Indira Gandi led Congress government came back to power.

    Which of the following options correctly categorises the two elections?

    Q. Who was the first non-Congress Prime Minister of India to have completed a full term in office?Q. Which of these committees was the first to be established to look into Local Self Government in independent India?Q. Who was the first non-Congress Prime Minister of India?


    CPI and CPI(M) CIVICS Watch in App EXPLORE MORE CPI and CPI(M) Standard X Civics

    स्रोत : byjus.com

    E.M.S. Namboodiripad

    Communist Party of India (CPI), national political party in India whose headquarters are in New Delhi. Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy became head of the CPI in 2012, following his election as general secretary. According to the CPI’s official history, the party was founded in late 1925 in Kanpur (now in Uttar Pradesh state). Earlier in the decade, however, a number of people, both within and outside India, attempted to establish a communist presence on the subcontinent. Notable was a manifesto issued in 1920 in Tashkent (now in Uzbekistan) by Manabendra Nath Roy (who would become the party’s first leader), Abani Mukherji,

    E.M.S. Namboodiripad

    Indian politician

    Alternate titles: Elamkulam Manakal Sankaran Namboodiripad

    Written and fact-checked by The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica

    Last Updated: Mar 15, 2023 • Article History

    Born: June 13, 1909 India

    Died: March 19, 1998 (aged 88) Thiruvananthapuram India (Died on this day)

    Political Affiliation: Communist Party of India Communist Party of India (Marxist)

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    E.M.S. Namboodiripad, in full Elamkulam Manakal Sankaran Namboodiripad, (born June 13, 1909, near Perinthalmanna, India—died March 19, 1998, Thiruvananthapuram), Indian communist leader and theorist who served as chief minister of Kerala state from 1957 to 1959 and from 1967 to 1969.

    Namboodiripad was born to an upper-caste Nambudiri Brahman family in a small village near Perinthalmanna, in what is now central Kerala. He was initially tutored at home in Sanskrit scriptures, especially the Rigveda. He then attended a school founded by the Namboodiri Yogakshema Sabha, a social-reform society that advocated modernized education and criticized the injustices of the caste system. Namboodiripad joined the civil disobedience movement launched by Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi in 1932 and was imprisoned for a year by the British government.

    Namboodiripad became a member of the Congress Socialist Party in 1934, but he soon shifted to the Communist Party of India (CPI). He was elected to the party’s central committee in 1941 and to its politburo in 1951. During that period he played a key role in formulating party doctrine, and he studied and wrote extensively about the economic and social problems facing Kerala, which included insufficient agricultural output, high unemployment, and overpopulation.

    Namboodiripad was elected chief minister of Kerala in 1957. During his tenure he oversaw land reforms, increased salaries for civil servants, and helped attract new private industrial investment to the state. His efforts to require private schools to hire teachers from a government list met with opposition from religious leaders and members of the upper castes, who feared that schools would be used for communist indoctrination. In 1959 the national government in Delhi, fearing that communism would spread beyond Kerala, dismissed the Kerala state government and imposed presidential rule.

    In 1960 Namboodiripad was elected to the Kerala legislative assembly, where he served as the leader of the opposition. Internal disputes led to the breakup of the CPI in 1964, and Namboodiripad’s hard-line faction became the Communist Party of India (Marxist). He won another term as chief minister in 1967. In 1969 his coalition split, and he resigned as chief minister to once again become the leader of the opposition in the Kerala legislative assembly. Although he retired from active political life in 1991, he continued to write prolifically about politics.

    This article was most recently revised and updated by Kenneth Pletcher.

    स्रोत : www.britannica.com

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