if you want to remove an article from website contact us from top.

    the use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants such as oil spills in the water bodies is known as

    Mohammed

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    get the use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants such as oil spills in the water bodies is known as from screen.

    [Solved] The use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants suc

    The correct answer is Bioremediation.  Key Points Bioremediation is a branch of biotechnology that employs the use of living organisms, like micro

    Home General Knowledge Ecology and Environment Environmental pollution

    Question

    Download Solution PDF

    The use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants such as oil spills in the water bodies is known as:

    This question was previously asked in

    OPSC OAS 2018 General Studies Paper I Official

    Attempt Online

    View all OPSC OAS Papers >

    Biomagnification Bioremediation Biomethanation Bioreduction

    Answer (Detailed Solution Below)

    Option 2 : Bioremediation

    Crack with

    India's Super Teachers

    FREE

    Demo Classes Available*

    Explore Supercoaching For FREE

    Free Tests

    View all Free tests >

    FREE

    UPSC Civil Service Prelims General Studies Mock Test

    10.7K Users

    100 Questions 200 Marks 120 Mins

    Start Now

    Detailed Solution

    Download Solution PDF

    The correct answer is Bioremediation.

    Key Points

    Bioremediation is a branch of biotechnology that employs the use of living organisms, like microbes and bacteria, in the removal of contaminants, pollutants, and toxins from soil, water, and other environments.

    Bioremediation is used to clean up oil spills or contaminated groundwater.

    Important PointsBiomagnification

    Biomagnification is defined as the accumulation of a particular substance in the body of organisms at different trophic levels of a food chain.

    One example of biomagnification is the accumulation of insecticide DDT which gets accumulated in zooplanktons.

    Small fishes consume these zooplanktons.

    Biomethanation

    Biomethanation is a process by which organic material is microbiologically converted under anaerobic conditions to biogas.

    Three main physiological groups of microorganisms are involved: fermenting bacteria, organic acid oxidizing bacteria, and methanogenic archaea.

    Bioreduction

    Bioreduction is a general term for reducing the number of microorganisms, or bioburden, in a product, sometimes referred to as “killing bugs.

    Download Solution PDF

    Share on Whatsapp

    India’s #1 Learning Platform

    Start Complete Exam Preparation

    Daily Live MasterClasses

    Practice Question Bank

    Mock Tests & Quizzes

    Get Started for Free

    Download App

    Trusted by 3,17,07,151+ Students

    ‹‹ Previous Ques Next Ques ››

    More Environmental pollution Questions

    Q1. Which one of following is the most important factor for the formulation of smog?Q2. Which one of the following suggestions is effective in controlling air pollution?Q3. Which of the following is a degradable pollutant ?Q4. Which one of the following gases is considered as atmospheric pollutant?Q5. The chief source of Hydrogen Sulphide pollutant isQ6. Stone cancer of Taj Mahal is primarily due to pollution from?Q7. Acid rain is chiefly due to atmospheric pollution byQ8. ‘Ringelmann scale’ is used to measure density ofQ9. Which of the following is indicator of air pollution ?Q10. Flyash pollution is caused by

    More Ecology and Environment Questions

    Q1. Which one of following is the most important factor for the formulation of smog?Q2. As per the Wild Life Protection Act, The Indian Wild Ass is placed in which of the following Species Category:Q3. Rohia National Park is situated in ______ district of Himachal Pradesh.Q4. Due to air pollution, the temperature on the earth has increased marginally which results into  (a) Increase in rainfall  (b) Change in seasons (c) Decline in agricultural production  (d) Increase in milk production  Choose the appropriate answer :Q5. The Aner Dam, Amba-Barva and Mayureshwar-Supe wild life sanctuary are belongs to _______ districts respectively.Q6. Which one of the following suggestions is effective in controlling air pollution?Q7. Which of the following National parks is not located in Madhya Pradesh?Q8. India's first Divyang Park has been established in which of the following cities of Madhya Pradesh?Q9. Which one of the following National Parks is said to have inspired Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book?Q10. What are the causes of soil erosion in India? (a) Deforestation (b) Destruction of grasslands (c) agriculture (d) Wrong methods of cultivation

    स्रोत : testbook.com

    The use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants such as oil spills in the water bodies is known as

    Click here👆to get an answer to your question ✍️ The use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants such as oil spills in the water bodies is known as

    Question

    The use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants such as oil spills in the water bodies is known as

    A

    biomagnification

    B

    bioremediation

    C

    biomethanation

    D

    bioreduction

    Medium

    स्रोत : www.toppr.com

    The use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants class 12 biology CBSE

    The use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants such as oil spills in the water bodies is known as a Biomagnification b Bioremediation c Biomethanation d Bioreduction

    The use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants such as oil spills in the water bodies is known as

    (a) Biomagnification

    (b) Bioremediation (c) Biomethanation (d) Bioreduction Answer Verified 166.2k+ views

    Hint: Water pollution caused by a number of pollutants, one such pollutant is an oil spill which is a discharge of petroleums in water bodies. Microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi have the physiological ability to detoxify the toxic pollutants used to remove the toxicity of the water.Complete answer:

    Pollutants such as oil spill is a discharge of petroleum from oil refineries, extraction wells, during loading and unloading of tankers, etc in water bodies such as oceans, estuaries, and rivers which leads to death of aquatic living organisms and damage of marine biodiversity.

    Bioremediation is a technique where microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi are used to remove toxic chemicals from water bodies. Bioremediation also includes plants for the detoxification of pollutants from soil. The microorganisms that are used for bioremediation may be already present in the contaminated water body or maybe it gets isolated. Microorganisms grow and work under suitable conditions therefore manipulation of the environmental condition also required to enhance the growth of microorganisms. After the growth of microorganisms, these microorganisms eat up toxic waste and digest them and release out gases like ethane and carbon dioxide. It is a cost-effective process but in case of unsuitable conditions, microorganism dies off leaving the toxic untreated.

    So, the correct answer is Bioremediation.Note:

    Not all bacteria, fungi, and plants are capable of detoxification of toxic chemicals of pollutants, therefore only those organisms are used which have the property of detoxification. Microorganisms that are used in this process are aerobic microorganisms that require oxygen for detoxification of waste and plants detoxify waste of soil by the use of solar energy.

    Crack NEET 2023 with top teachers

    Try Vedantu PRO for free

    Live Interactive Classes

    In-class doubt-solving

    Practice tests and quizzes

    Latest Vedantu courses for you

    Grade 12 Science | CBSE | SCHOOL | English

    CBSE PCM (2022-23)

    Academic year 2022-23

    ENGLISH

    Unlimited access till final school exam

    School Full course for CBSE students

    500+ chapter specific short courses

    Physics Chemistry Maths ₹9,000 per year Select and buy

    Recently Updated Pages

    Most eubacterial antibiotics are obtained from A Rhizobium class 12 biology NEET_UG

    Salamin bioinsecticides have been extracted from A class 12 biology NEET_UG

    Which of the following statements regarding Baculoviruses class 12 biology NEET_UG

    Sewage or municipal sewer pipes should not be directly class 12 biology NEET_UG

    Sewage purification is performed by A Microbes B Fertilisers class 12 biology NEET_UG

    Enzyme immobilisation is Aconversion of an active enzyme class 12 biology NEET_UG

    Trending doubts

    Differentiate between the Western and the Eastern class 9 social science CBSE

    Related Questions Question 1

    A slide under microscope shows following features:

    1. Unicellularity

    2. Well defined nucleus

    3. Biflagellate -one flagellum lying longitudinally and the other transversely.

    What would you identify it as?

    A. Protozoa B. Bacterium C. Euglenoid D. Dinoflagellate Question 2

    The use of fertilizers in farming is an example of

    A. no-cost production

    B. low cost production

    C. high cost D. None of these Question 3

    The most quickly available source of nitrogen to plants are

    A. Nitrate fertilizers

    B. Nitrite fertilizers

    C. Ammonia fertilizers

    D. Ammonium nitrate fertilizers

    Question 4

    The domestic sewage in large cities

    A. Has a high BOD as it contains both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria.

    B. Is processed by aerobic and then anaerobic bacteria in the secondary treatment in sewage treatment plants (STPs).

    C. When treated in STPs does not really require the aeration step as the sewage contains adequate oxygen.

    D. Has very high amounts of suspended solids and dissolved salts.

    Question 5

    The use of fertilizer in farming an example of

    A. No cost production

    B. Low-cost production

    C. High-cost D. None of these Question 6

    Do you think it is better to use compost instead of chemical fertilizers? Why?

    Question 7

    In the case of poultry, antibiotics are used in the treatment of

    (a)Infectious coryza

    (b)Gumboro disease

    (c)Brooder's pneumonia

    (d)Aflatoxicosis Question 8

    Choose the correct sequences of stages of growth curve for Bacteria.

    (A) Lag, Log, Stationary, Decline phase

    (B) Lag, Log, Stationary phase

    (C) Stationary, Lag, Log, Decline phase

    (D) Decline, Lag, Log phase

    Question 9

    Pusa Swarnim a variety of Brassica is resistant to

    A.Bacterial blight B.White rust

    C.Curl and black rot

    D.Mosaic virus

    स्रोत : www.vedantu.com

    Do you want to see answer or more ?
    Mohammed 16 day ago
    4

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    Click For Answer