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Tigers still roam wild in these 13 tiger
The wild tiger population has dropped 97% over the last 100 years, making them an endangered species. These are the 13 countries where wild tigers may still be found.
13 countries where you might find wild tigers
WWF July 27, 2018 SHARE: Share with Facebook Share via Twitter Share via Linkedin Share in email
The wild tiger population has dropped 97% over the last hundred years, making them an endangered species. The TX2 campaign is a global commitment to double the number of wild tigers made by the governments of 13 tiger range countries. Take a spin around these 13 countries where wild tigers can still be found and where we hope this amazing species can continue to thrive.
Bangladesh conducted its first national survey in 2015 in the challenging Sundarbans where tigers swim between dense mangroves. The survey revealed that there are just 106 tigers left in the Sundarbans. This female is part of a research study and is wearing a radio collar.
© naturepl.com / Tim Laman / WWF
Anecdotal information suggests there are few tigers in Vietnam. They have not been photographed by camera traps since 1997. An updated figure is needed.
This is the last tiger photographed in Cambodia. It was taken in 2007, by camera trap in Mondulkiri Protected Forest. In 2016, WWF declared tigers to be functionally extinct in Cambodia. WWF is now collaborating with the Cambodian government to re-introduce the species to the region.
© Cambodia WWF/FA
India’s first national survey in 2006 counted 1,411 tigers. Four years later 1,706 tigers were counted, and by 2014 that number had grown to 2,226. The tiger population in India is known to have been increasing at a rate of 5.8 per cent each year since 2006.
Bhutan is the only country where tigers roam in high mountains at 4,200 m above sea level and share their range with snow leopards. Bhutan conducted its first national tiger survey in 2014 and learned that the tiny Himalayan country was home to 103 tigers, up from the previous estimate of 75.
In Thailand, tigers live in protected areas. There are known to be at least 189 tigers in Thailand. In 2016 camera traps discovered a new breeding population of the critically endangered Indochinese tiger living in a national park in eastern Thailand. This is likely due to recent increases in anti-poaching efforts.
© Martin Harvey / WWF
Indonesia is a home to the last surviving population of Sumatran tigers – the smallest tiger subspecies. In 1978, experts estimated the population of Sumatran tigers at 1,000. This number has now dropped to as few as 400 individuals. Surveying tigers through the dense jungles of the Sumatra is challenging. This female Sumatran tiger was captured by camera trap in Rimbang Baling-Bukit Tigapuluh Corridor.
© WWF-Indonesia / Tiger Survey Team
Anecdotal information suggests there are few or no breeding female tigers left in Laos. In 2010 the government said there were 17. An updated figure is needed.
The largest of the tiger sub-species, the Amur tiger is found in two provinces in the Russian Far East and small pockets in the border areas of China. In 2010, facilitated by WWF, Jilin province of China and neighbouring Primorsky province in Russia agreed an agreement to collaborate formally in working towards the first transboundary Amur tiger protected area. In 2015, the evidence of breeding Amur tigers was found for the first time in 10 years in China. A success attributed largely to improved law enforcement and protection. Currently, no more than 50 wild tigers are left in China.
The Malay Peninsula occupies the southern end of the distribution of the Indo-Chinese tiger and supports substantial populations of the subspecies. The tiger population of Malaysia is currently estimated to range between 250 and 340 individuals.
Russia conducts site-specific tiger surveys every year and national surveys every 10 years. The first national survey was in 2005, and estimated the population to be between 423 and 502. The most recent survey was in 2015 and showed that populations had increased to between 480 and 540 tigers.
© Vladimir Filonov / WWF
Nepal had 121 tigers in 2009. By 2013 this number had increased by over 60 per cent to 198 individuals. Nepal is on track to achieve the Tx2 goal of doubling tiger numbers by 2022.
Anecdotal information suggests tigers still exist in Myanmar. Surveys are needed to know the national tiger population.Learn more about WWF’s global TX2 campaign to double wild tiger populations. Read more about Tigers and WWF’s work to protect them, or symbolically adopt a tiger today.
Where do tigers live? And other tiger facts
Tigers are the most iconic of the big cats. With their gorgeous black-and-orange coats and long, white whiskers, they invoke in many a feeling of wonder and admiration. But though they are adored, they’re also vulnerable to extinction.
WHERE DO TIGERS LIVE? AND OTHER TIGER FACTS
© Theo Allofs / WWF-US
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Tigers are the most iconic of the big cats. With their gorgeous black-and-orange coats and long, white whiskers, they invoke in many a feeling of wonder and admiration.
But though they are adored, they’re also vulnerable to extinction. Around 3,890 wild tigers roam forests and savannas today. Tigers are poached for their parts and lose habitat to human activity every day.
WWF’s is committed to Tx2—the global goal of doubling the number of wild tigers by 2022. By working with tiger range countries, we are pushing forward on zero poaching across Asia even as we secure vital tiger landscapes and curb the demand for illegal tiger parts and products.
Want to know more about tigers, including how you can help? Take a look at the questions and answers below.
© Shutterstock / Ammit Jack / WWF-Sweden
Where do tigers live?
Tigers are found in amazingly diverse habitats: rain forests, grasslands, savannas and even mangrove swamps. Unfortunately, 93% of historical tiger lands have disappeared primarily because of expanding human activity. Saving tigers means saving forests that are vital to the health of the planet. You can help by taking action to save tiger forests.
© James Warwick / JamesWarwick.co.uk
How many subspecies of tiger are there?
There are two subspecies of tiger, commonly referred to as the continental tiger and the Sunda island tiger. All remaining island tigers are found only in Sumatra, with tigers in Java and Bali now extinct. These are popularly known as Sumatran tigers. The continental tigers currently include the Bengal, Malayan, Indochinese, and Amur (Siberian) tiger populations, while the Caspian tiger is extinct in the wild. The South China tiger is believed to be functionally extinct. These tigers need our help. Every part of the tiger, from whisker to tail, is traded in illegal wildlife markets. WWF is urging governments to strengthen law enforcement, invest in more boots on the ground, and commit to long-term demand reduction efforts to stop wildlife crime.
© Emmanuel Rondeau / WWF-UK
How much do tigers weigh?
Tigers are the largest of all Asian big cats, weighing in at up to 660 pounds. The smallest of tiger subspecies—the Sumatran tiger—weighs about 310 pounds at most. Within each subspecies, the males are heavier than the females.
© James Warwick / JamesWarwick.co.uk
Do tigers live in groups?
Tigers are solitary animals, with the exception of mothers and their cubs. Individual tigers roam across large areas, also known as home ranges, the size of which is determined by the availability of food. Tigers don’t patrol their range, but they do mark their domain with urine and feces over a period of days or weeks to let other tigers know that the space is occupied.
© Shutterstock / FX / WWF
How do scientists identify individual tigers?
Much like the human fingerprint, tiger stripes are unique to each individual. Scientists set up staggered camera traps that snap photos of each side of the tiger. With this method, they can identify individuals and properly count the population in certain areas. Counting tigers and determining where they live is a critical step in monitoring the progress we are making to protect the species.
© naturepl.com/Andy Rouse/WWF
How long do tigers live?
Tigers have been known to live to the age of 26 in the wild. Female tigers give birth to two to four cubs at a time, on average, and can do so every two years. Survival is difficult for cubs; about half of all cubs do not live more than two years.Support tigers and other species. Sign on to stop wildlife crime.
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Tiger Location: Where Do Tigers Live?
Discover exactly where tigers live. Would you believe that tigers occupy less than 5% of their historic range?
Tiger Location: Where Do Tigers Live?
Written by Brandi Allred
Updated: November 5, 2022
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Tigers are among the most famous and beloved of all big cats. They’re known for their extraordinary coloring, as well as their ferocious hunting abilities. But where do tigers live? You might be surprised to learn that tigers once occupied a vast territory that stretched all the way from Turkey and the Caspian Sea, down to the islands of Indonesia.
Today, tigers live in just 5% of their former range. Additionally, three of the nine subspecies of tiger have officially been declared extinct. Here, we’ll discover where the world’s remaining tigers live and what is being done to preserve them.
Read on to learn the answer to the question: where do tigers live?
Are Tigers Endangered?
All tigers face tremendous pressure from expanding human population and activity.
In the past, scientists classified tigers into nine subspecies, three of which are now extinct. However, today, most define only two species of tiger: the continental tiger and the Sunda Island tiger. Continental tigers are those that live in mainland Asia, while Sunda Island tigers are those found on Indonesian islands.
But, no matter where they are, all remaining tigers face tremendous pressure from expanding human population and activity. Today, there are fewer than 5,000 tigers left in the wild. Some, like those in Russia, China, Nepal, and Bhutan, have stable populations. While others, like those in Southeast Asia and Indonesia, continue to decline.
Where Do Tigers Live in the World?
Present tiger ranges are much smaller than historic ranges.
Once, tigers lived across Asia. When answering the question of where tigers live, it’s important to recognize that present tiger ranges are much, much smaller than historic ranges. Tigers once occupied the entirety of forested habitat from the Russian Far East, to the Indian subcontinent, to the island of Indonesia, and as far west as Turkey.
Where do tigers live today and what kind of habitats do they prefer? Let’s take a look.
1. Russian Far East
In historic times, tigers lived throughout the forests of the east coast of Russia. Today, there are fewer than 600 wild Siberian (Amur) tigers left in the Russian Far East. Their biggest threats are poaching, habitat loss, and fragmentation. Like all tigers, Siberian tigers in the Russian Far East are both apex predators and keystone species. They’re at the top of the food chain; without tigers, the entire local ecosystem suffers. Historically, Siberian tigers could be found in Mongolia, China, and the Korean Peninsula. They’re the largest of all extant tigers, with males growing up to 11 feet long and weighing up to 600 pounds.
2. Indian Subcontinent
India, Nepal, and Bhutan are home to the largest and stablest population of wild tigers left in the world. These tigers are known as Bengal tigers. In addition to forests, Bengal tigers also live in mangrove swamps, grasslands, and mountainous areas. They hunt chital, wild pig, wild buffalo, and other media to large-sized ungulates. Bengal tigers are quite large; males grow up to 570 pounds and may reach 10 feet in length. Unfortunately, negative interactions with humans have led to widespread fear and hatred of these predators in some areas.
3. Indochinese Peninsula
Just where do tigers live? The easy answer is Asia. But, a closer look reveals that tigers now exist in four distinct subsections. The most widespread of these lies on the Indochinese Peninsula, which includes southern China, Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Thailand. The tiger subspecies living in this area are the Malayan tiger, the Indochinese tiger, and the South China tiger. These tigers live in lush tropical forests. Their primary threats are habitat loss and fragmentation, loss of prey species, and poaching.
Formerly, Indonesian tigers lived on the islands of Java, Bali, and Sumatra. Today, both the Javan and Bali tigers are extinct, with only the Sumatran tiger remaining. Further, scientists now commonly classify only two subspecies of tiger; the continental tiger and the Sunda Island tiger. The Sumatran tiger is the only remaining member of the Sunda Island subspecies. There are thought to be fewer than 400 of these tigers living in the forests of Sumatra. Like other species, their primary threats come from habitat loss and poaching.
Captive Populations of Tigers
There are an estimated 5,000 captive tigers in the United States.
If you’re wondering where tigers live, then you might be interested to know that there are potentially more tigers living in captivity than in the wild. There are an estimated 5,000 captive tigers, around 94% of which live in poor conditions, in the United States. Further, there are an estimated 8,000 tigers living on Asian tiger farms, most of which are used for the trade in tiger parts, like bones, teeth, and fur.