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    what are the parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude

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    What are parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude?

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    Parallels of latitudes: All of the imaginary circles parallel to the Equator are called parallels of latitudes. These circles have varying centres and all these central points lie on the same line: the axis of the earth.

    Meridians of longitudes: All of the imaginary circles perpendicular to the Equator are called meridians of longitudes. These circles have the same centre, which is also the centre of the earth.

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    The Earth Our Habitat

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    NCERT Exercises SIMILAR QUESTIONS 0

    30'S are known as ___________.

    The parallels at 66

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    What are parallels of latitude and meridians of lo class 6 social science CBSE

    What are parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude

    What are parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude?

    Answer Verified 167.7k+ views

    Hint: Parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude are lines or circles which cross each other usually measured in degrees. They help us to find the location and time of the place.Complete answer: Parallels of latitude are the circles which are parallels from the equator to the poles whereas the lines of reference running from the North Pole to the South Pole are called meridians of longitude.

    Latitude and Longitudes are measured in degrees and each degree is subdivided into 60 minutes which is denoted as (‘) and each minute is subdivided into 60 seconds which is denoted as (“).

    The equator has zero degrees latitude and its distance from the equator to poles is one-fourth of a circle round the earth. It is measured as 1/4th of 360 degrees which is 90 degrees.Through this we can find that 90 degrees towards north latitude marks the North Pole and (0 degrees towards south latitude marks the South Pole.

    In terms of Longitude, the time which we are able to count is on the basis of Greenwich mean time. The meridian which passes through Greenwich is also known as Prime Meridian.

    Earth is divided into the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere as the Equator lies in between whereas the prime meridian divides into Western and Eastern Hemisphere.

    Note: The degrees of important parallels and meridians are as follows:

    Tropic of Cancer- 23 ½ degree North.

    Tropic of Capricorn - 23 ½ degrees South.

    Arctic Circle - 66 ½ degrees North of the equator.

    Antarctic Circle - 66 ½ degrees South of the equator.

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    Differentiate between

    Differentiate between- Parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude

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    Differentiate between-

    Parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude

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    SOLUTION

    Basis Meridians of Longitude Parallels of Latitude

    Meaning The meridians of longitude refer to the angular distance, in degrees, minutes, and seconds, of a point east or west of the Prime (Greenwich) Meridian. The parallels of latitude refer to the angular distance, in degrees, minutes and seconds of a point north or south of the Equator.

    Name Lines of longitude are often referred to as meridians. Lines of latitude are often referred to as parallels.

    Reference point 0° longitude is called prime meridian. 0° latitude is called equator.

    Division It divides the earth into eastern hemisphere and western hemisphere. It divides the earth into northern hemisphere and southern hemisphere.

    Number These are 360 in number: 180 in the eastern hemisphere and 180 in the western hemisphere. These are 180 in number: 90 in southern hemisphere and 90 in northern hemisphere.

    Importance It helps to determine time of a place. It helps to determine temperature of a place.

    Equality These are not equal. These are equal.

    Concept: Elements of Map Projection

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    Chapter 4: Map Projections - Exercise [Page 47]

    Q 3. (iv) Q 3. (iii) Q 4. (i)

    APPEARS IN

    NCERT Geography - Practical Work in Geography Class 11

    Chapter 4 Map Projections

    Exercise | Q 3. (iv) | Page 47

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