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    Parliamentary System (CBSE 8)

    Read formulas, definitions, laws from Parliamentary System and Procedures here. Click here to learn the concepts of Parliamentary System (CBSE 8) from Civics

    Class 8 >>Civics

    >>Why Do We Need a Parliament?

    >>Role of the Parliament

    >>Parliamentary System (CBSE 8)

    Parliamentary System (CBSE 8)

    Civics 1534 Views

    SHORTCUT

    The Union Parliament

    The Parliament, which is made up of all representatives together, controls and guides the government. In this sense people, through their chosen representatives, form the government and also control it. The Parliament of India (Sansad) is the supreme law-making institution. It has two Houses, the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha. Rajya Sabha (Council of States), with a total strength of 245 members, is chaired by the Vice-President of India. Lok Sabha (House of the People), with a total membership of 545, is presided over by the Speaker.

    SHORTCUT

    Need of Parliament

    1. Parliament is the final authority for making laws in any country.

    2. Parliaments all over the world exercise some control over those who run the government. In some countries like India, this control is direct and full.

    3. Parliaments control all the money that governments have. In most countries any the public money can be spent only when the Parliament sanctions it.

    LEARN WITH VIDEOS

    Parliamentary System In India

    11 mins

    Introduction to Composition and Functions of Indian Parliament

    10 mins

    Features of Parliamentary System

    9 mins

    QUICK SUMMARY WITH STORIES

    Introduction to Lok Sabha

    3 mins read

    Introduction to Rajya Sabha

    3 mins read IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

    What is the significance of Parliament in a democratic country?

    Medium View solution >

    Why is the minister more powerful than the civil servant?

    Medium View solution >

    India has Parliamentary Government. Explain.

    Hard View solution >

    Describe the composition of the Parliament in our country.

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    What is 'Zero Hour?'

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    Name the two Houses of the Indian Parliament.

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    Which of these is correct so far as powers of the Parliament are concerned, apart from making laws?

    Medium View solution >

    National assembly of elected representatives is called _________.

    Easy View solution >

    What is 'Parliament'?

    Medium View solution >

    What is the position of a 'Minister of State' in the Central Government?

    Medium View solution >

    स्रोत : www.toppr.com

    MSBSHSE Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1: Introduction to the Parliamentary System Textbook Questions and Solutions

    Free solutions of Maharashtra Board Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 can be accessed from this article. Solve textbook questions with the help of these solutions.

    MSBSHSEMSBSHSE Class 8 SolutionsClass 8 Civics Chapter 1

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    MSBSHSE Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1: Introduction to the Parliamentary System Textbook Questions and Solutions

    In this chapter, we will learn the machinery or the system of government as given in the Indian Constitution. The solutions of Maharashtra Board Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 cover all the questions provided in the chapter. These solutions are prepared by subject matter experts who have a deep knowledge in this field. Students are advised to go through MSBSHSE Class 8 solutions Social Science Civics Chapter 1, so that they can face the exam confidently.

    MSBSHSE Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 Objective Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions

    MSBSHSE Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 Textbook Exercise Questions

    Q1. Choose the correct option and rewrite the statements.

    1. Parliamentary System of government developed in …………. .

    (a) England (b) France

    (c) United States of America

    (d) Nepal

    2. In the Presidential system ………… is the executive head.

    (a) Prime Minister

    (b) Lok Sabha Speaker

    (c) President (d) Governor

    Answer 1: Parliamentary System of government developed in England.Answer 2: In the Presidential system the President is the executive head.Q2. Complete the information in the following table.Sl No Name of the Institution Functions

    1 Legislature 2 Executive 3 Judiciary

    Answer:Sl No Name of the Institution Functions

    1 Legislature Law-making is the primary and most important function of the legislature.

    2 Executive The primary function of the executive is to enforce laws and to maintain law and order in the state.

    3 Judiciary The first and foremost function of the judiciary is to give justice to the people, whenever they may approach it.

    Q3. Explain the following statements with reasons.

    1. India adopted the parliamentary system of government.

    2. Discussion and deliberations are important in a parliamentary system of government.

    Answer 1: India adopted the parliamentary system of government for several reasons. The development of parliamentary institutions started during the British rule. The British rulers governed in accordance with this system. The parliamentary system of government in India is also, in a way, a product of the freedom movement. Indians were familiar with this system of government. Many discussions took place in the Constituent Assembly over the system of government. The framers of the Constitution made few changes in the parliamentary system to suit the Indian situation. That is why, India adopted the parliamentary system of government.Answer 2: Discussions and deliberations are an integral part of the parliamentary form of government. Questions related to public welfare are discussed in the legislature. Members from the opposition party also take part in these discussions. Opposition parties may support the government wherever appropriate, point out shortcomings in policies and laws, put up studied arguments and questions, etc. This helps the legislature to make proper laws.Q4. Answer the following in 25 to 30 words.

    1. What is a responsible government?

    2. Enumerate the characteristics of the presidential system of government.

    Answer 1: The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers is responsible to the legislature for all their actions and policies. It means that the Council of Ministers has to work with the legislature. It is for this reason that the parliamentary system is known as a ‘responsible system of government’.Answer 2: The characteristics of the Indian Parliamentary system of government in India are:

    The Parliamentary system is a system of governance. The legislature of the Central government is known as the Parliament. The Indian Parliament is composed of President, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

    Members of the Lok Sabha are directly elected by the people. The number of members in the House is fixed.

    Elections to the Lok Sabha are held at regular intervals. All political parties contest these elections. The party which gets more than half of the seats is considered as the majority party. The majority party forms the government.

    Sometimes, when no party gets a clear majority, some parties come together to form a majority and they can establish the government. This kind of a government is known as a coalition government.

    In this way, candidates directly elected by people become members of the legislature and the party in majority gets a chance to form the government.

    The leader of the majority party becomes the Prime Minister. He/she selects candidates for ministerial positions from among his/her colleagues.

    The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers chosen by the Prime Minister together forms the ‘Executive’ in the Parliamentary system of government. In Parliamentary system, the Executive has a dual responsibility : (1) As an Executive they have to implement laws. (2) As they are the members of the legislature, they also have to fulfill responsibilities of the Legislature.

    स्रोत : byjus.com

    parliamentary government class 8 sst civics

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