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    what is the name of the 21-gun salute fired during the republic day parade

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    Indian field guns to be used for firing 21

    The vintage artillery with 25-pounder guns that traditionally fires the thundering ceremonial 21-Gun Salute during the Republic Day celebrations will be replaced by 105 mm Indian field guns this year.

    Indian field guns to be used for firing 21-Gun Salute during Republic Day parade

    Indian field guns to be used for firing 21-Gun Salute during Republic Day parade The vintage artillery with 25-pounder guns that traditionally fires the thundering ceremonial 21-Gun Salute during the Republic Day celebrations will be replaced by 105 mm Indian field guns this year.

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    Press Trust of India

    New Delhi,UPDATED: Jan 24, 2023 06:29 IST

    Traditional artillery to be replaced with Indian field guns this year. (File photo/PTI)

    By Press Trust of India: The vintage artillery with 25-pounder guns that traditionally fires the thundering ceremonial 21-Gun Salute during the Republic Day celebrations will be replaced by 105 mm Indian field guns this year, as the government makes a further push for its Make in India initiative.

    During a press interaction here on Monday, Chief of Staff Delhi Area Maj Gen Bhavnish Kumar said, “We are transitioning towards indigenisation” and the “time is not far when all are equipment will be ‘swadeshi'”.

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    All equipment from the Army that will be showcased during the 74th Republic Day celebrations are made-in-India, he said, adding that the Akash weapon system and helicopters, Rudra and ALH Dhruv, will also be part of it. “This year the 21-Gun Salute will be fired by the 105 mm Indian field guns replacing the 25-pounders,” he said.

    Part of the 2281 Field Regiment, seven cannons of early 1940s era form part of the artillery that has been firing the ceremonial salute in the backdrop of the Republic Day celebrations on Rajpath (renamed to Kartavya Path last year). Made in the United Kingdom, they had participated in the World War II.

    The duration of the 21-Gun Salute coincides with the length of the national anthem.

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    “Each gun (25-pounder) is handled by a team of three personnel, and ideally all seven fire in a cyclical fashion until the 21st round is fired when hay of …jay jay hay is being sung or played,” a senior Army official had told PTI on January 26, 2017.

    The weather had played a bit of a spoilsport at the Republic Day parade on Rajpath — now Kartavya Path — in 2017 but the ceremonial artillery unit had fired the traditional 21-Gun Salute with “clockwork precision” despite the rains.

    Asked about the reason behind the move of replacing the 25-pounders, Maj Gen Kumar said, “Since the 105 mm Indian Field Gun is an indigenised gun, so we want to use this to replace the 25-pounder guns used earlier for the 21-Gun Salute. And, it is a matter of pride that we are showcasing our indigenous gun for this too”.

    The 105 IFG (Indian Field Gun) was designed in 1972. The Gun Carriage factory, Jabalpur and Field Gun Factory, Kanpur, manufacture it. They are in service since 1984, he said.

    ALSO READ | West Bengal tableau to display Durga Puja at Republic Day parade

    These field guns are compact light and they can also be airdropped. It is a very good Indian gun, Maj Gen Kumar said.

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    Army sources said these guns (25-pounders) are “obsolete and phased out of the Army now. And, presently being used as warm trophies in various army establishments like the Artillery Centre, etc.”.

    The 74th Republic Day celebrations will take place on the revamped Central Vista avenue as well as be the first at the ceremonial boulevard after Rajpath was renamed Kartavya Path.

    A military contingent and a band contingent from Egypt will also be taking part in the celebrations, Maj Gen Kumar said, adding, they took part in the full dress rehearsal of the parade that took place on Monday.

    ALSO READ | 23 tableaux of states, ministries to be displayed at Republic Day parade

    --- ENDS --- Posted By: Chhabi Kala Published On: Jan 24, 2023

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    स्रोत : www.indiatoday.in

    74th Republic Day celebrations

    With a focus on self-reliance in defence, all Army equipment on display at the Republic Day parade will be indigenous, the Army said.

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    74th Republic Day celebrations | 21-gun salute to President: Indian field gun to replace British-era 25-pounder

    74th Republic Day celebrations | 21-gun salute to President: Indian field gun to replace British-era 25-pounder With a focus on self-reliance in defence, all Army equipment on display at the Republic Day parade will be indigenous, the Army said.

    Written by Amrita Nayak Dutta

    New Delhi | Updated: January 24, 2023 07:09 IST

    Overall, there will be 16 marching contingents and 23 tableaux of various states, ministries and departments. (Express photo by Praveen Khanna)

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    74th Republic Day celebrations | 21-gun salute to President: Indian field gun to replace British-era 25-pounder

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    The Army’s British-era 25-pounder guns—which traditionally offered the symbolic 21-gun salute to the President of India and the National Flag on Republic Day—will be replaced by the indigenous 105-mm Indian Field Guns (IFG) this year as part of efforts to drop colonial-era vestiges, and showcase only indigenous equipment and weapon systems.

    The World War II vintage ’25-pounders’ were designed and made in the 1940s by the British and were put to action in the 1965 and 1971 wars with Pakistan. The guns—which were considered versatile and accurate by the Army—were decommissioned in early 1990s and were since used only for ceremonial purposes.

    In photos |Republic Day rehearsals in full swing in the national capital

    “However, this year, the efforts are to showcase all indigenous equipment and thus the 105mm IFG will offer the 21-gun salute to the President. The ammunition of the 105mm IFG is also made in India,” an Army officer told The Indian Express on Monday.

    The 21-gun salute begins when the sword of the Commandant of President’s Body Guards (PBG) comes down at the shout of ‘Rashtriya Salute’ for the President and is carried out through the duration the National Anthem is played. No shells are fired, and a specifically-designed cartridge—commonly referred to as blank round—is used to create the sound of firing.

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    With a focus on self-reliance in defence, all Army equipment on display at the Republic Day parade will be indigenous, the Army said while addressing the media on Monday.

    Also read |R-Day: Navy’s vintage IL38 SD aircraft to join flypast for first and last time; event to see 45,000 spectators

    At the 90-minute-long Republic Day parade that will march from Vijay Chowk to the Red Fort through the Kartavya Path, the Army will be represented by Mounted Columns of 61 Cavalry comprising 51 horses; nine Mechanised Columns comprising three MBT Arjun MK I; one BrahMos missile; two Akash missile systems among others; six marching contingents, and helicopters of Army Aviation as part of a 50-aircraft-strong flypast.

    As per the Army, three Param Vir Chakra and as many Ashok Chakra awardees will participate in this year’s parade.

    The Egyptian Army will participate in the parade as a foreign contingent. The President of Egypt, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, will be the special guest for the parade.

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    A senior Army officer said preparations for the Republic Day parade started way back in September, and the drills comprise intense practices for the contingent, as well as for the equipment, some of which need to be painted afresh with special paints. The Egyptian contingent, too, has also been rehearsing since their arrival, the officer added.

    Overall, there will be 16 marching contingents and 23 tableaux of various states, ministries and departments. There will be a veterans’ tableau as well at the parade as part of the Army’s marching contingent.

    The event will also see a cultural performance by a group of 475 artistes and participation of 25 Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar winners. Another highlight of the parade is a team of “daredevils” motorcycle riders from Corps of Signals, co-led by a woman officer. Women will be part of the BSF camel contingent for the first time.

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    Lt Gen Dhiraj Seth, General Officer Commanding, Delhi Area, will be the Parade Commander, and Maj Gen Bhavnish Kumar, Chief of Staff, Delhi Area, will be the Second-in-Command of the parade.

    There will be a total of 45,000 spectators to the Republic Day event this year, as compared to over a lakh in the pre-Covid years. The physical invitation cards for guests and spectators have been replaced by e-invitations.

    The week-long celebrations for the 74th Republic Day started on Monday and would end on January 30, which is observed as Martyrs’ Day.

    © The Indian Express (P) Ltd

    First published on: 23-01-2023 at 21:21 IST

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    स्रोत : indianexpress.com

    74th Republic Day: How India is shedding colonial past through its gun salute

    At the 74th Republic Day celebrations the British-era ’25 pounder will be replaced by 105 mm Indian field guns for the 21-gun salute. The move is in line with the Centre’s push for ‘Make in India’ and a step towards an ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’

    EXPLAINERS

    Explained: How India is shedding colonial past at R-Day parade through its gun salute

    EXPLAINERS Explained: How India is shedding colonial past at R-Day parade through its gun salute At the 74th Republic Day celebrations the British-era ’25 pounder will be replaced by 105 mm Indian field guns for the 21-gun salute. The move is in line with the Centre’s push for ‘Make in India’ and a step towards an ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’

    FP Explainers January 24, 2023 15:39:02 IST

    The 74th Republic Day celebrations will focus on 'Made in India' weaponry and will also feature the Akash weapon system and helicopters, Rudra and ALH Dhruv. PTI

    This Republic Day parade will be a spectacle unlike any other. It will be the first time that tanks, weaponry and soldiers will march down Kartavya Path — the new name for the ceremonial boulevard Rajpath.

    It will also be the first time that the 21-gun salute accorded to the President prior to the beginning of the parade will be given by Indian guns, rather than the British guns — as an attempt by the government to step away from the vestiges of the colonial era.

    Chief of Staff Delhi Area Maj Gen Bhavnish Kumar said the move was taken in accordance with the Centre’s ‘Make in India’ push. “We are transitioning towards indigenisation and the time is not far when all are equipment will be ‘swadeshi’. All equipment from the Army that will be showcased during the 74th Republic Day celebrations are made-in-India.”

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    Let’s take a closer look at the Indian guns which will replace the British ones and the history of the 21-gun salute itself.

    The guns used

    Till date, the 21-gun salute has been accorded by the World War II vintage ’25-pounders designed and made in the 1940s by the British. The howitzer was introduced into the British forces right before World War II and remained as the British Army’s primary artillery field piece well into the 1960s.

    The guns were put into use by India in the 1965 and 1971 wars with Pakistan. The guns acquired popularity among the Indian forces for its ability to be used in extreme weather conditions and barely stall. They were considered versatile and accurate and were well-regarded by the Army. They were decommissioned only in the early 1990s and since then used for ceremonial purposes such as the 21-gun salute at Republic Day and Independence Day.

    However, this R-Day, the Centre has announced that the 105 mm Indian field guns (IFG) will replace the ’25 pounders.

    The 105 mm Indian field guns are compact and light and a good replacement for the British ’25 pounders. File image/AFP

    These guns have been designed and developed by the Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE) in 1972 and have been produced at the Gun Carriage Factory (GCF), Jabalpur, since 1984. Talking about the IFG, Maj Gen Kumar said that they were compact, light and could also be airdropped.

    “Since the 105 mm Indian Field Gun is an indigenised gun, so we want to use this to replace the 25-pounder guns used earlier for the 21-gun salute. And, it is a matter of pride that we are showcasing our indigenous gun for this too,” added Maj Gen Kumar.

    Also read: Navy’s IL 38 in R-Day flypast for first and last time: All about Soviet-made aircraftThe gun salute, explained

    At the Republic Day parade, the 21-gun salute begins when the sword of the Commandant of President’s Body Guards (PBG) comes down at the shout of ‘Rashtriya Salute’ for the President and is carried out through the duration the National Anthem is played.

    The tradition, the highest honour given to an individual, has been adopted from the British. In fact, all the Commonwealth nations adopted this tradition from the British Empire.

    But how did the tradition come into being in the first place?

    The 21-gun salute tradition, the highest honour given to an individual, has been adopted from the British. File image/AFP

    This highest honour traces its roots back to the 14th Century and has evolved since. According to the Arlington National Cemetery website, it was a naval custom that when a warship wanted to signal it wasn’t seeking a confrontation it would fire its cannons out to sea until all ammunition was spent.

    The website added that the British navy developed the custom of a seven-gun salute because its ships typically had seven guns. And also maybe that the number seven has Biblical significance. Since forts were on land they could store greater amounts of gunpowder so they could only fire three rounds for every one fired at sea. The number 21 became the world-wide benchmark.

    As gunpowder improved over time naval honours likewise rose to 21.

    India’s tryst with the 21-gun salute

    Today, in a 21-gun salute, seven artillery guns are fired in three rounds at intervals of 2.25 seconds, covering the 52-second duration of the national anthem.

    स्रोत : www.firstpost.com

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