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    what made indian scientists to lay the foundation of indigenous institutions

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    THE EMERGENCE OF THE INDIAN SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY on JSTOR

    V. V. Krishna, THE EMERGENCE OF THE INDIAN SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY, Sociological Bulletin, Vol. 40, No. 1/2 (March-September 1991), pp. 89-107

    स्रोत : www.jstor.org

    Indian scientists helped India in gaining Independence, sustained it for 75 years: Jitendra Singh

    New Delhi [India], December 1 (ANI): Union Minister of State Dr Jitendra Singh on Tuesday said that science and Indian scientists not only helped India in gaining Independence but also in sustaining it for 75 years.

    Indian scientists helped India in gaining Independence, sustained it for 75 years: Jitendra Singh

    ANI | Updated: Dec 01, 2021 07:38 IST

    New Delhi [India], December 1 (ANI): Union Minister of State Dr Jitendra Singh on Tuesday said that science and Indian scientists not only helped India in gaining Independence but also in sustaining it for 75 years.

    Addressing a National Conference for Science Communicators and Teachers on the subject of "Indian Independence Movement and the Role of Science", Dr Jitendra Singh said, "India has made a 'giant leap' in the field of science and technology in the past seven years under Prime Minister Narendra Modi."

    He reiterated that India is already on the ascent and Science and Technology will be the key determinants of the roadmap for the next 25 years when we celebrate 100 years of India's Independence.

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    Singh described Mahatma Gandhi as one of the greatest scientific strategists who, through his weapon of Non-Violence, waged scientific battle against British subjugation and aggression. He further narrated that Bapu and many of his contemporaries had also adopted psychological techniques to put the British adversaries on the defensive.

    Paying rich tributes to Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, an eminent biologist, physicist, botanist and an early writer of science fiction on his birth anniversary, Dr Jitendra Singh said, patriotic fervour exhibited by scientists in imperial India added to the spirit of the Nationalist Movement. He said, in the freedom movement of our country, we remember the sacrifices and struggles of the political leaders, but on the other hand, our scientists also struggled and opposed the discriminatory policy of British rule.

    Singh said that Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav coinciding with the 75th year of the country's Independence gives us an opportunity to remember our science heroes. Saluting the indomitable spirit of Indian scientists, science communicators, and science teachers of Indian Independence Movement, the Minister said, we must remember their unmatched contribution as individuals, institutions, and movements that laid the foundation of our present-day Science and Technology.

    Dr Jitendra Singh said, "Vision of 'Self-reliance' during the colonial era encouraged Indian scientists and patriots to establish their own scientific institutions and industries. Dr Mahendralal Sircar established the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science in 1876. Acharya PC Ray established The Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works in 1901 which was the foundation stone of indigenous industry in our country."

    He said, "Indian scientists during the freedom struggle emphasized on social harmony, equality, rationalism, secularism and universalism." (ANI)

    स्रोत : www.aninews.in

    Indian Scientists, Freedom Struggle And Jawaharlal Nehru

    The popular phrase of the freedom struggle led by Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Nehru, Maulana Azad, Vallabhbhai Patel and hundreds of others were based essentially on the principle of Ahimsa (non-violence) an active force of the highest order, in the words of Gandhiji.

    Indian Scientists, Freedom Struggle And Jawaharlal Nehru

    The popular phrase of the freedom struggle led by Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Nehru, Maulana Azad, Vallabhbhai Patel and hundreds of others were based essentially on the principle of Ahimsa (non-violence) an active force of the highest order, in the words of Gandhiji.

    Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

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    Updated: 22 Feb 2022 3:25 pm

    When the nation is celebrating 75 years of Indian independence and the effort is to highlight the roles of Indian scientists in the freedom struggle, we must take this opportunity to look back at the collective efforts made by the legends of that time. The popular phrase of the freedom struggle led by Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Nehru, Maulana Azad, Vallabhbhai Patel and hundreds of others were based essentially on the principle of Ahimsa (non-violence) an active force of the highest order, in the words of Gandhiji. This form of freedom struggle was unique in the world as it was based on people’s resistance like the Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movements and choice of issues like the Salt Satyagrah, and other events, and not adopting the mode of escape or exile. Building pressure on the British via this slow, but firm, method of "No use of arm and ammunition" and in the words of Gandhiji using the “soul-force on the power of Godhead within us” was tactfully done broadly for the following three reasons:

    1. Any such violent activity could be easily suppressed by the mighty British forces.

    2. To prepare and train Indian masses to secure Independence with dignity and without loss of blood, so that people having grievances with the state even after independence will resort to persuasion and mass struggle, rather than becoming impatient and resorting to violence.

    3. In the meantime such modus kept throwing up leaders to inculcate   mindset among the Indian masses to work and bring themselves at par with the developed countries.

    During this popular phase of the freedom struggle, the dreamer of progressive India, Nehru played an instrumental and decisive role in convincing the field of experts in different areas to provide inputs to plan a self-reliant, socialistic and cohesive, equitable society. To Nehru, science and technology had to be employed for the agrarian and industrial development of India. Nehru had a firm conviction that “the future belongs to science and those who make friends with science.” A person, who, on one hand, took the help of a film star like Dilip Kumar (Yusuf Khan), in the words of Lord Meghnad Desai “Nehru’s Hero”, to make films to convince people the much needed Socio-Economic Revolution. This can be ascertained by the fact that 36 of Kumar’s 57 films were made during 1947-1964 when Nehru was India’s Prime Minister. Dilip Kumar developed a range of highly popular characters that reflected the idealism and optimism of that period. He played characters that inspired Indian youth, and the idea was that the stardom of Dilip Kumar would result in imitating these characters in the people of young independent India. Besides, Raj Kapoor and scripts were written by the Left-leaning people like Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, a Nehru fan, supplemented the project of nation-building through cinema. The socialistic patterns in the economy and pluralistic tolerance in social relations were paramount concerns articulated through cinema as well. [These points are brought out well by Akbar S Ahmad’s (1992) and Shyam Benegal’s essays (2006)].

    स्रोत : www.outlookindia.com

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