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    The Pros and Cons of Open Source Software Development

    It is high time to give back to the people who enable you to use the Internet! Many developers are fond of open source projects, and for good reason: they use them every day to speed up their work. There are a lot of successful examples of open source software

    JANUARY 16, 2020 / #OPEN SOURCE

    The Pros and Cons of Open Source Software Development

    Oleg Romanyuk

    It is high time to give back to the people who enable you to use the Internet!

    Many developers are fond of open source projects, and for good reason: they use them every day to speed up their work. There are a lot of successful examples of open source software solutions, such as Linux (an operating system) or React (a JavaScript library). These solutions are often well-crafted, and it is a pleasure to work with that kind of high-quality code.

    So, let’s have a closer look at what open source means and what the pros and cons are for working with open source projects.

    What Is Open Source?

    The term “open source” was coined within the software development industry and refers to something that anyone can inspect, modify, and share. It represents a specific approach to creating computer programs which celebrates the values of collaboration, transparency, and community-oriented development.

    Open source code is written by developers and for developers.

    To protect all the parties engaged in open source, the project owner can use a Creative Commons license. A Creative Commons (CC) license enables everyone to share, use, and build upon your work.

    Open source software is usually a free software product, where developers have access to the source code. They can enhance the program’s performance, add some features, and fix errors. Some examples of such software are LibreOffice, Mozilla Firefox, and Chromium.

    By contrast, there is proprietary software, also called “closed source software”. The source code of such a program can be inspected or altered only by its owners. Some examples of proprietary software include some products of Microsoft, Adobe, or Apple.

    Some companies see open source software as the norm, while others prefer developing closed source software. And to be sure, the open source model has its pros and cons.

    What Is Great About Developing Open Source Software?

    Personal benefits

    If I say that open source developers are driven by altruism and the desire to help others, a lot of people reading this article may smile in disbelief. But this intrinsic motivation is the primary reason most people work on open source projects.

    Don't underestimate the importance of personal benefits – those feelings of being helpful and self-accomplished.

    Community recognition

    Scientists and doctors share their experience by writing scholarly articles and participating in scientific conferences. UI/UX designers share their experience on Behance or Dribbble. Writers print their books or share them via online platforms. Musicians and moviemakers share their work with the world via different streaming services. Why would software developers be any different and want to miss their opportunity to get recognition?

    When working on or running open source projects, you can get recognition from the developer community in a number of ways, such as creating a great GitHub-profile and participating in events like Hacktoberfest.

    You might also get discounts, free admissions to events, and a well-developed infrastructure to run your projects. Not only does working on open source projects save you money, but also it inspires you to use all the greatest tools available to you in your own projects.

    Here are a few participants of Lviv Hacktoberfest.

    Self-advertising

    If you or your company actively participate in the open source community, you can earn a great reputation. This way, if you are an individual or self-employed developer, it will be easier for you to find a job as a freelancer or a full-time employee. If you represent a software development company, it will be easier for you to find people willing to work for you, partners willing to cooperate, and clients willing to request your professional services.

    This is why developing open source software creates a perfect advertising opportunity – a win-win situation both for developers and development agencies.

    Sense of value

    No need to hide the truth: job burnout plagues developers’ work and software vendors’ HR strategies. If you are a company owner, by motivating your employees to participate in open source development, you show them that their work has value. Not only will they be working on your commercial projects but they will also be providing value to the wider developer community by working on open source projects.

    By helping your developers achieve these feelings of purpose and value, you keep them interested in working with you.

    The same is true if you are a self-employed developer. Engaging in open source software development will make your work meaningful, and you will not grow to hate it as time passes.

    Software quality

    Open source code is often higher quality. A piece of software created by a team of developers can be lower quality than that developed by thousands of developers from all over the world with experience in different technologies, industries, and projects. And bugs in open source software are identified very quickly as the code is being constantly reviewed by multiple developers.

    स्रोत : www.freecodecamp.org

    Why is it important to mention open

    Answer (1 of 3): It’s not. It’s important to mention projects where the license requires mentioning them or providing access to the source. This isn’t something particular to open source software; there’s plenty of open source software that has either no relevant requirements (is “permissive” i...

    Why is it important to mention open-source projects used in any app or software development?

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    It’s not.

    It’s important to mention projects where the license requires mentioning them or providing access to the source.

    This isn’t something particular to open source software; there’s plenty of open source software that has either no relevant requirements (is “permissive” in the parlance) or is restricted in other ways.

    Free software, on the other hand (which is a subset of open-source software) generally has a requirement to provide the source to the original or whatever changes you’ve made to it and incorporated in your product. As such, you could have a web page that talks about it or you

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    Why is open source a project?

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    Performance Measurement Lead at Fastly (company) (2019–present)Upvoted by

    Marcelo De Zen

    , 15+ years as a software developer.Author has 13.1K answers and 68.7M answer views2y

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    Who decides what code goes into an “open-source” project? Wouldn’t all code (including bad) theoretically be included?

    That’s the myth of “open-source is a free-for-all, you can’t trust it”.

    In practice, major open source projects are public peer review, with considerable discretion from the maintainers. You don’t get to be a maintainer without either a) starting the project or b) considerable reputation for good judgement.

    If you want to submit some code to Clang, say, or the Linux kernel… expect a level of scrutiny in the code review that is well beyond what you would see in most commercial code.

    Clang code review is tougher than the legendarily tough standards at Google, for example, and the code standards are

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    Former Developer (2004–2009)Author has 948 answers and 1.4M answer views2y

    A2A.

    Mentioning the OS project is normally a condition of using the OS licensed software.

    Failure to do so is tantamount to attributing the work to yourself.

    This is plagiarism, fraud and breaks copyright law all of which are criminal offenses in many countries.

    By sticking to the license agreement you cover yourself against litigation.

    It’s also just common decency, failure to attribute may result in future employment challenges as some employers do not take this lightly.

    Russell McCabe

    Former Senior Software Engineer & Founder at Correct Software, Inc. (1986–2010)Author has 3.1K answers and 1.2M answer views2y

    From the top:

    You have the moral and often legal obligation to do just that, since plagiarism and copyright and or licensing violations are illegal and just plain wrong. You give credit where credit is due — and if you DON’T, and an employer finds out that you didn’t, termination is then legal for that offense. You’ll find that many employers do NOT want to have legal liability problems on their hands, and the chances of you getting a job go down if your behavior violates intellectual property rights.

    Trausti Thor Johannsson

    Computer programmerAuthor has 13.2K answers and 45.9M answer views3y

    Related

    What is the biggest no-no when starting an open source project?

    Forgetting to put a license on the code, just assuming it is a public domain when you release it.

    Not adding GPL, MIT or PD license, or any other pretty much blocks anyone from using the code.

    Just a simple license is a difference between useful and useless.

    Also thinking that you can just put out some crap code and people will just be waiting to help you, pretty much never happens. You need to make useful and good code, else no one looks at it.

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    Dinu Kumarasiri

    Open source enthusiast, GSoC Mentor 2015,2016Author has 189 answers and 329K answer views6y

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    Why should a software developer contribute to open source projects?

    There is no rule saying that a software developer should contribute to an open source projects. Many including me do it as a hobby. It gives you the ability to network with the people all around the world, you get to learn from them and they get to learn from you.

    The open source culture is different than the corporate culture. You get to involve in every design decision. It’s a community effort. You learn to communicate positively and respect other people’s ideas.

    You also gain exposure because whatever you suggest or do in open source is out there for everyone to see. Because of that you can i

    स्रोत : www.quora.com

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    Open source is more important than ever, say developers. Here's what's driving adoption

    The open-source software community continues to go from strength to strength, yet persistent challenges around skills, security and integration are hampering progress.

    Written by Owen Hughes, Senior Editor on Feb. 17, 2022

    These days, open source is everywhere.

    Image: nikkimeel/Getty

    More than three-quarters of organizations increased their use of open-source software during the past year as the popularity of DevOps tooling, data technologies and AI/ML tooling grows.

    A survey of 2660 open-source software (OSS) professionals by Perforce-owned OpenLogic and the nonprofit Open Source Initiative (OSI) found that 77% of organizations were more reliant on OSS than they were 12 months ago, with 36% reporting they had increased their use of open source "significantly".

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    Open-source skills are also in high demand, the survey found, with researchers identifying talent shortages as the key barrier to the adoption of OSS.

    The growth and diversity of open-source data technologies is the result of high demand for innovation and alternatives to proprietary software, the 2022 State of Open Source Report found, with researchers finding that adoption is "no longer dominated by one or two types of technologies such as programming languages and Linux operating system."

    The survey quizzed developers, CTOs, data scientists, DevOps professionals, project managers and various other software professionals about the use of open source within their company.

    While programming languages and frameworks were the most common form of OSS used by organizations (39.3%), the report also recorded strong growth in the use of open-source databases and data technologies (36.5%), operating systems (34%), Git repositories (27.7%), frameworks and tooling for artificial intelligence and machine learning (26.8%), and CI/ CD tooling (25.1%).

    Image: OpenLogic by Perforce/OSI

    More than a fifth of respondents also reported using open-source cloud tools and security tools. "The 22% use of open-source security tools is an important number that we hope to see increasing over the next 12 months," researchers noted.

    While the increased adoption of OSS is good news for the strength, security and maturity of the open-source community, the report found that this growth was "accompanied by familiar and emerging challenges" – most notably around configuration, installation, interoperability and updates.

    Respondents also reported a lack of internal skills to test, integrate and support open-source software tools, as well as restrictions in open-source licenses and limitations around the scalability of OSS in comparison to proprietary software.

    SEE: Open source is everywhere in business. Here's why

    "The ongoing success, stability, and even security, of any software solution requires a concerted effort from organizations to support the open source they ingest," said Stefano Maffulli, executive director at OSI.

    "While a high percentage of respondents sponsor open-source organizations, surprisingly only 30% have processes for security compliance and only 15% or less have either an OSPO or a legal department familiar with open-source licensing. This suggests that organizations see the importance and positive impact of supporting open source but there are plenty of opportunities to improve."

    Image: OpenLogic by Perforce/OSI

    Much like the rest of the technology community, a shortage of technical skills is also hampering the growth of open-source software.

    This was felt most acutely by respondents in the finance and telecommunications industries, who cited this as the top concern around the greater adoption of open-source software.

    "Open-source skills are in high demand, and that demand is only continuing to grow," said Rod Cope, CTO at Perforce Software.

    "Organizations need highly skilled open-source talent to develop new, innovative products and features – and to support, optimize, and improve their existing systems."

    SEE: Developers are in short supply. Here are the skills and programming languages employers need

    Overall, 29.5% of survey respondents cited a lack of skills as their top concern in using OSS. A quarter (26%) cited restrictions in open-source licenses as a concern, while 22.7% noted a lack of real-time support as a key limitation.

    स्रोत : www.zdnet.com

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