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    Saka Sirhind

    Saka Sirhind

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    Chhotte Sahibzade (Punjabi: ਛੋਟੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦੇ (Gurmukhi); younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh Ji) attained martyrdom on 26 December 1704 at a very young age of 7 & 9 only. This is known as Saka Sirhind (Punjabi: ਸਾਕਾ ਸਰਹਿੰਦ) or the Chhotte Sahibzada Saka (Punjabi: ਛੋਟੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦੇ ਸਾਕਾ). Every year on 24 to 26 December, Shaheedi Jor Mela also known as Shaheedi Jor Mel/Sabha is organised at Fatehgarh Sahib Punjab, India, to commemorate the supreme sacrifice at the place of their martyrdom.

    Following are series of events related to Saka Sirhind:

    Eviction of Mata Gujar kaur (mother of Guru gobind singh Ji), Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh younger sons of Guru gobind singh ji from Anandpur Sahib siege.

    Arrest of above three at Morinda and hearing at Sirhind.

    innocent appearance at Sirhind Court.

    Nawab Sher Muhammad Khan defended young Sahibzadas Against Injustice by sooba sirhind nawab wajir khan.

    Declaration of Innocence of Sahibzadas, by Qazis and other officials.

    Provocative arguments by Diwan Sucha Nand to support prosecution.

    Found guilty of keeping ideology rebellious to Mughal Government and religions.

    Punishment - Prisoned all 3 on a Open Tower (Thanda Burj) and both sahibjadas bricked alive and throat slit after the bricked wall fell to the ground rendering both the children unconscious. Mata Gujjar kaur also died same day after both sahibjada's martyrs.


    What happened there Hill rajas and Mughal forces had laid seize to Anandgarh Fort, Anandpur Sahib for about 8 months, in 1704. The Mughals and Hilly Rajas wanted Guru Gobind Singh to leave the fort they swore on Quran and Bhagwat Gita/Gauo Mata to give a safe passage to Guru. The Guru decided to leave the fort on request of panj piaras. Guru Sahib, four Sahibzadas, Mata Gujar kaur, Guru's Mahil (Court and Palace officials including Mata Jeeto Ji, his only wife), five Panj Piaras and a few hundred Sikhs left Anandpur Sahib on the chilly night of 20 December 1704 towards Ropar. In the intervening night of 20–21 December, the enemy breached the vows and attacked Guru's entourage at a site on Sarsa rivulet some 25 km from Anandpur Sahib. Guru's family separated. This spot is now known as Pariwar Vichhora. Mata Gujar Kaur Ji with two younger grandsons, accompanied Guru family cook, Gangoo, a Kashmiri pandit, to his village, Saheri near Morinda. Guru's Mahil left with Bhai Mani Singh, towards Delhi. Guru Gobind Singh with two elder Sahibzadas, 5 Panj Piaras and 40 Sikhs proceeded towards Chamkaur and reached there, in the afternoon of 21 December. Both are in Ropar Distt.(Pb.). The famous Chamkaur battle, took place on 22 and 23 December 1704, where two elder Sahibzadas, 3 Panj Piaras and 40 Sikhs laid down their lives fighting 10 lakh Mughal army. Mata Gujar Kaur ji and the two younger Sahibzadas were betrayed by gangoo brahman(kasmiri pandit) for some gold mohurs and were arrested by Morinda Mughals sent by Wazir Khan at Saheri village. From there, they were handed over to Suba Sirhind. They were imprisoned, in the Thanda Burj (Cold Tower). A farcical Trial began, in the Kacheri, (Court) of Suba Sirhind. It lasted for three days. On 26 December 1704, a heinous and cold-blooded crime was committed in the Sarzameen of Sirhind. Guru Gobind Singh's two younger sons, Baba Zorawar Singh and Baba Fateh Singh aged 9 and 6 years were bricked alive and later killed in the presence of the Assembly of Shaitans, presided over by Suba Sirhind, that bloody Wazir Khan. Two younger Sahibzadas and Mata Gujar Kaur (mother of Guru Gobind Singh Ji) were cremated by a merchant Diwan Todar Mal who covered the cremation grounds in gold coins as their final rites couldn't be done on Mughal ground (land), this place is now known as Jyoti Swaroop Gurudwara Sahib at Fatehgarh Sahib Punjab, India.

    Samat Bikrmi dates and year: Leaving of Anandpur Sahib, 5 Poh 1761, Battle of Chamkaur 6, 7 and 8 Poh 1761, Saka Sirhind 11,12 and 13 Poh 1761.

    See also[edit]

    First Battle of Chamkaur (1702).[1]

    Second Battle of Chamkaur (1704)

    For all in brief


    You can read this from here

    Read whole story with poetry of Kavi Allah Yar Khan Jogi

    ^ Surjit Singh Gandhi (2007). . Atlantic Publishers & Dist. p. 822. ISBN 9788126908585.

    show vte Sikh topics

    Categories: 1704 in IndiaMassacres in IndiaMassacres of SikhsHistory of Punjab, IndiaFestivals in Punjab, IndiaSikh festivalsHistory of SikhismFatehgarh Sahib district

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    The story of Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh

    Some acts and deeds are so profound that they change the course of history! One such is the martyrdom of the two younger sons of the tenth master of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh Ji! The young and innocent boys, Sahibzada (Prince) Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh attained martyrdom on 26, December, 1705, when they were brutally murdered by Wazir Khan the Mughal Governor of Sirhind.

    26 December, 2022

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    The story of Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh

    Col Jaibans Singh

    | Date:31 Dec , 2018


    Col Jaibans Singh

    is a reputed Geo-strategic analyst, columnist and author of Jammu and Kashmir: The Tide Turns.

    Some acts and deeds are so profound that they change the course of history! One such is the martyrdom of the two younger sons of the tenth master of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh Ji! The young and innocent boys, Sahibzada (Prince) Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh attained martyrdom on 26, December, 1705, when they were brutally murdered by Wazir Khan the Mughal Governor of Sirhind.

    The month of December has a special significance for the Sikh community. It was in this month that the combined forces of the Mughals and the small hill principalities used perfidious deceit to draw out Guru Gobind Singh, his family and followers from the Anandpur Sahib fortress and then sought their destruction. These forces, under Wazir Khan, promised the Guru a safe passage from Anandpur Sahib but attacked them with overwhelming numbers when they came out. The two Sahibzadas’ aged nine years and seven years, along with their grandmother Mata Gurjar Kaur got separated from the main contingent as they left the fort. They were promised refuge by an old retainer named Gangu in his native village Sahedi, but were handed over to the Sirhind administration of the Mughals, in what can be termed as the worst possible breach of trust and faith.

    It is notable here that the main contingent of the Sikhs fought to the last man at Chamkaur where Guru Gobind Singh took up a defensive position with a handful of Sikhs. The elder sons of the Guru, Sahibzada Ajit Singh and Sahibzada Jujhar Singh attained martyrdom while fighting in the Battle of Chamkaur. The Guru lost his four sons and his mother in the ensuing tragic turn of events, but was saved in person by the bravery and sacrifice of his dedicated followers.

    Wazir Khan came back to Sirhind a defeated and frustrated man having failed to kill or arrest the Guru. He would have been filled with fear at the prospect of the Guru’s reprisal for the deceitful manner in which he had behaved. It was against the backdrop of this fear and frustration that he attempted to gain control over the young Sahibzadas’ by converting them to Islam and then keeping them captive in his custody.

    In order to achieve his evil objective Wazir Khan subjected the young princes to the worst form of torture and intimidation, he kept them and their grandmother in a Thanda Burj (a cold tower) that was designed to capture the cool night breezes of air drawn over water channels; a perfect place for the summers but very uncomfortable indeed in the middle of winters and that too at night, especially so for the very young Sahibzadas’.

    Wazir Khan subjected the princes to a trial in his court which lasted for two days. On the first day the princes were cajoled to embrace Islam and offered immense riches and power on agreeing to do so. The princes rejected the offer with absolute disdain which left Wazir Khan flustered and very angry. On the next day in court he tried to pass of the sentencing to Sher Mohd Khan, the Nawab of Malerkotla, whose two brothers had been killed in battle by Guru Gobind Singh. Sher Mohd Kahn exhibited the highest form of chivalry by refusing to take revenge from ladies and children and advised Wazir Khan to release the Sahibzadas’ and their grandmother.

    It was at this stage that Wazir Khan committed the most gruesome act which goes against all tenets of honour and principle. He declared the two innocent boys to be enemies of the Mughal Empire and ordered them to be bricked alive. The execution was slated for the next day.

    History chronicles other atrocities and torture being committed on the young boys even as last minute attempts were made to intimidate them into changing their mind and converting to Islam. The courageous princes refused and were incarcerated into the wall. The wall, however, broke down before the boys lost their breath and then was committed the most ghastly acts of all! Wazir Khan ordered the executioners to slit the throats of the young princes. On hearing the news of the martyrdom their grandmother Mata Gurjar Kaur also breathed her last.

    The manner in which the two Sahibzadas’ stood against injustice and discrimination has no parallels in the annals of history.  The ruthless depravity of their prosecutors constitutes the other side of the spectrum. The courage and fortitude exhibited by the young princes galvanised the Sikh/Khalsa community into rising against persecution and injustice. Guru Gobind Singh Ji charged his disciple, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur, to avenge the murder of the Sahibzadas. Baba Banda Singh Bahadur came from Nanded (in modern day Maharashtra) to Punjab for the ordained task, Sikhs in large numbers joined him. He first took Samana and Sadhaura on the periphery of Sirhind and finally attacked Wazir Khan. The ensuing clash known as the Battle of Chappar Chiri took place on 22 May 1710. It witnessed the larger Mughal forces being crushed by the Sikhs. Wazir Khan was killed in the battle and Sirhind occupied in the next two days.

    स्रोत : www.indiandefencereview.com

    Chhote Sahibzade's Pictorial

    Saka Sirhind Martyrdom of Young Sahibzades Baba Zorawar Singh & Baba Fateh Singh On arrival at Mo

    Chhote Sahibzade’s Pictorial

    Saka Sirhind

    Martyrdom of Young Sahibzades Baba Zorawar Singh & Baba Fateh Singh

    On arrival at Morinda, he went straight to the Kotwal. After paying his respects he told him that he desired to convey some confidential information. On an enquiry by the Kotwal, Gangu confided to him in a Low voice that Guru Gobind S.ingh’s mother and his two young sons were hiding in his house. ‘The Kotwal was pleased to get this news. He called his constables and sent them along with Gangu to his house to arrest them.

    When the constables reached Gangu’s house, some neighbours peeped out. The constables ran to the back of the house and were surprised to see Mata Güjri Ji and the two Sahibzadas sitting unconcerned. They apprised them of the Kotwal’s orders to arrest them. Mata Gujri Ji embraced the two Sahibzadas who were ready to go. Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Mata Gujri Ji accompanied the constables.

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    स्रोत : www.allaboutsikhs.com

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