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    Badami Chalukya architecture

    Badami Chalukya architecture

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Sangameshvara temple, Pattadakal built in 725

    Badami Chalukya architecture is a style in Hindu temple architecture that evolved in the 5th – 8th centuries CE in the Malaprabha river basin, in the present-day Bagalkot district of Karnataka state of India, under the Chalukya dynasty; later it spread more widely. This style is sometimes called the Vesara style and Chalukya style, a term that also includes the much later Western Chalukya architecture of the 11th and 12th centuries. Early Chalukya architecture, used by George Michell and others, equates to Badami Chalukya.

    The earliest Badami Chalukya temples date back to around 450 in Aihole when the Badami Chalukyas were vassals of the Kadambas of Banavasi. The Early Chalukya style was perfected in Badami and Pattadakal, both in Karnataka.

    The unknown architects and artists experimented with different styles, blended the Nagara and Dravidian styles. The style includes two types of monuments: rock cut halls or "cave temples", and "structural" temples, built above ground.

    Badami cave temples[edit]

    Cave temple at Badami Karnataka

    Bhutanatha temple complex

    Badami cave temples have rock-cut halls with three basic features: pillared veranda, columned hall and a sanctum cut out deep into rock.

    Early experiments in rock-cut halls were attempted in Aihole where they built three cave temples, one each in Vedic, Buddhist and Jaina styles. Later they refined their style and cut out four marvellous cave temples at Badami. One noteworthy feature of these cave temples is the running frieze of in various amusing postures caved in relief on each plinth.

    The outside verandas of the cave temples are rather plain, but the inner hall contains rich and prolific sculptural symbolism. Art critic Dr. M. Sheshadri wrote of the Chalukya art that they cut rock like Titans but finished like jewellers. Critic Zimmer wrote that the Chalukya cave temples are a fine balance of versatility and restrain.

    The finest structural temples are located in Pattadakal. Of the ten temples in Pattadakal, six are in Dravidian style and four in Rekhanagara style. The Virupaksha temple in many ways holds resemblance to the Kailasanatha temple in Kanchipuram which came into existence a few years earlier.

    This is a fully inclusive temple, it has a central structure, pavilion in front and has a walled enclosure that is entered by a gateway. The main sanctum has a and . The is pillared and has perforated windows (pierced window screens). The external wall surface is divided by pilasters into well-spaced ornamental niches filled with either sculptures or perforated windows. Art critic Percy Brown says about the sculptures that they flow into the architecture in a continuous stream. It is said that the Virupaskha temple is one of those monuments where the spirit of the men who built it, still lives.

    Many centuries later, the serene art of the Badami Chalukya reappeared in the pillared architecture of the Vijayanagar Empire. Their caves include finely engraved sculptures of , , , , , , , and others. Plenty of animal and foliage motifs are also included.

    Some important sculptors of their time were Gundan Anivaritachari, Revadi Ovajja and Narasobba.

    Important Badami Chalukya temples[edit]

    Virupaksha temple at Pattadakal

    Ravana Phadi cave, Aihole


    Virupaksha Temple

    Sangameswarar Temple

    Kashivisvanatha Temple (Rashtrakuta)

    Mallikarjuna Temple Galganatha Temple

    Kadasiddeshvara Temple

    Jambulinga Temple

    Jain Narayana Temple (Rashtrakuta)

    Papanatha Temple

    Museum of the Plains and Sculpture gallery

    Naganatha Temple Chandrashekara

    Mahakuteshwara Temple

    Sun Temple

    Jain tirthankara Parshvanath, cave No. 4, Badami cave temples


    Lad Khan Temple

    Huchiappayyagudi Temple

    Huchiappayya math Durga Temple Meguti Jain Temple Ravanaphadi Temple Gowda Temple

    Museum & Art Gallery

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    Temple Architecture of Chalukyas of Badami

    The Badami Chalukya era (7th and 8th century) was an important period in the development of South Indian architecture. Their style of architecture is called “Chaluk

    Temple Architecture of Chalukyas of Badami

    Published: May 3, 2016


    The Badami Chalukya era (7th and 8th century) was an important period in the development of South Indian architecture. Their style of architecture is called “Chalukyan architecture” or “Karnata Dravida architecture”. Nearly a hundred monuments built by them, rock cut (cave) as well as structural, and are found in the Malaprabha river basin in modern Bagalkot district of northern Karnataka. The building material they used was reddish-golden Sandstone found locally. Though they ruled a vast empire, the Chalukyan workshops concentrated most of their temple building activity in a relatively small area within the Chalukyan heartland – Aihole, Badami, Pattadakal and Mahakuta in modern Karnataka state.

    Contents [hide] Salient Features Examples Ravana Phadi Cave Badami Cave Temples

    Virupaksha Temple, Hampi

    Ladkhan Temple, Aihole

    Navbhramha Group of Temples, Alampur

    Temples at Pattadakal

    Salient Features

    These temples are a mixture of Northern and Dravida style of temple architecture and represent a transition as well as experimentation in the temple architecture.  The temples are located on the banks of River Tungabhadra and Malprabaha in Karnataka and Alampur in Andhra Pradesh , which is near Kurnool.  The largest temple of Chalukyas of Badami is Virupaksha Temple, whose complex encloses 30 sub shrines and a large Nadi mandapa. This was also earliest example of Shiva temples, which have a Nandi pavilion in front of the temple.


    Ravana Phadi Cave

    The earliest monument of Chalukyas of Badami is the Ravana Phadi Cave at Aihole, not far from Badami. It was probably made around A.D. 550 and is dedicated to Siva. Ravana Phadi Cave is one of the Earliest Rock Cut Temple located at Aihole, the first capital of the early Chalukyas. At Aihole, they built more than 70 Hindu Temples later.

    Badami Cave Temples

    Badami cave temples are located at Badami. The red sandstone cliffs of Badami offered a spectacular setting for the excavation of four caves, three Brahmanical and one Jaina (Parshwavanath). The largest and most impressive of these is Cave 3, dedicated to Vishnu. An inscription next to a Varaha depiction states that Mangalesa, a brother of King Kirtivarman, dedicated the cave in A.D. 578. Members of the royal family of Chalukyas patronized many Chalukyan monuments. All of them were created in sixth and 7th century. The architecture is a mixture of the Nagara style and Dravida style. Apart from the above four, there is a fifth natural Buddhist cave in Badami.

    Virupaksha Temple, Hampi

    Virupaksha Temple is located in Hampi in Karnataka on the banks of the Tungabhadra river. Virupaksha Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and was created by the Chalukyas of Badami initially in 8th century. The temple was improvised in Vijaynagar Empire. It is in the Virupaksha temple at Hampi that full glory of the Early Chalukyan art can be seen. This temple was built in 735 AD by a queen of Vikramaditya II to celebrate the victory over the Pallavas of Kanchipuram.

    Ladkhan Temple, Aihole

    The Ladkhan temple is the earliest temple of Aihole, which dates back to 5th century AD. An inscription on this temple says that it was dedicated to Durga. There is a Shiva ling out there. The temple is known as Lad Khan after its owner (in most recent times) at a place used as cattle sheds or houses. This temple has a large porch and is made in a Panchayat hall kind of design with 12 pillars. This was earliest experiment for a pillar based structures in the temple architecture.

    Navbhramha Group of Temples, Alampur

    The Navabrahma Group of temples is located at Alampur in Andhra Pradesh. There are total 9 temples and present a marvelous piece of art of the Chalukyas of Badami outside Karnataka. These temple are based upon the Nagara style and do not reflect the Dravidian style of temple architecture (8 out of 9 are clearly Nagara style). The Alampur temples are the finest example of the Chalukyas of Badami Art. The Nava Bhramma temples are Taraka Bhramma, Swarga Bhramma, Padma Bhramma, Bala Bhramma, Garuda Bhramma, Kumara Bhramma, Arka Bhramma, Vira Bhramma and the Vishwa Bhramma. These temples are all enclosed in a courtyard on the left bank of the river Tungabhadra.

    Temples at Pattadakal

    Numerous temples at Pattadakal on the bank of river Malprabha, some kilometers from Aihole mark the return of the Chalukya patronage to Karnataka after several years of activity in the Andhra Pradesh. The first temple is Galagnatha Temple which is in Nagara style similar to the Alampur temple.

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    स्रोत : www.gktoday.in

    Which are the most beautiful temples built by the Badami Chalukyas?

    Answer (1 of 3): The Chalukya architecture has become a legend and especially that of the Chalukyas of Badami has obtained a classic status. The whole style of architecture during this period is called as Badami Chalukya architecture - Wikipedia. The architecture originated at Aihole and was perf...

    Which are the most beautiful temples built by the Badami Chalukyas?

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    Hari Sarvottama, Vayu JeevottamaAuthor has 1.1K answers and 11.1M answer views6y

    The Chalukya architecture has become a legend and especially that of the Chalukyas of Badami has obtained a classic status. The whole style of architecture during this period is called as Badami Chalukya architecture - Wikipedia

    . The architecture originated at Aihole and was perfected at Pattadakal and Badami. All these magnificent temples are now UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Some of the famous temples that are a legacy of the great Chalukyas of Badami are as follows.

    Virupaksha Temple (Pattadakal)

    This was built by Queen Lokamahadevi to commemorate the victory of her husband Vikramaditya II - W

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    Mohammed 8 day ago

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