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    which car in india started sub-4m segment in indian automobile industry


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     BHPian pqr recently shared this with other enthusiasts.Genesis and the journey of sub-4-meter passenger vehicles in India"On cars, I propose to reduce the excise duty to 16 per cent from 24 per cent, but only for small cars.

    How the sub-4m segment has shaped India's automotive landscape

    23rd August 2022, 09:04 by Ananth Iyer

    View Forum Discussion

    Maruti, Hyundai, and Tata together have dominated the sub-4m segment with nearly 80% market share over the last decade.

    BHPian pqr recently shared this with other enthusiasts.

    Genesis and the journey of sub-4-meter passenger vehicles in India

    "On cars, I propose to reduce the excise duty to 16 per cent from 24 per cent, but only for small cars. A small car, for this purpose, will mean a car of length not exceeding 4,000 mm and with an engine capacity not exceeding 1,500 cc for diesel cars and not exceeding 1,200 cc for petrol cars. I am confident that industry will seize the opportunity to make India a hub for the manufacture of small and fuel-efficient cars."

    - 2006-07 Union budget speech (point no. 137), Finance Minister, Government of India


    That was the policy decision taken by the union government in 2006, which fostered long-term development and sales of small cars in the Indian market thereafter.

    Sub-4-meter passenger vehicle market share

    On an average, 73% of cars sold in the Indian market have a length of less than 4 meter since policy implementation in 2006.

    In the pre-policy days, there was rapid growth of affordable sedans (Ford Ikon, Hyundai Accent, and Tata Indigo) introduced by manufacturers, and overall sub-4-m car sales were on the downfall. Post policy enactment in 2006, hatchbacks witnessed faster growth than any other category, as per the policy design.

    However, in the previous decade, manufacturers learnt the art of packaging sedans and crossovers to fit into policy-layed constraints and fueled the journey further. The share of this vehicle category reached the highest level of 79% in 2018. In recent times, demand for entry-level hatchbacks and sub-4m sedans has declined, leading to a low share of 73% in 2022. Moreover, a new breed of crossovers with a wide price spectrum in recent times has substituted demand for sedans and hatchbacks in the sub-4-meter category.

    2017 - Opportunity to change the status quo

    At the time of GST implementation in 2017, the government had a chance to rationalise the very idea, which appears to be based on some arbitrary assumptions. However, nothing was reformed, thus paving the path for the status quo, forever.

    Product Innovation

    Hatchbacks sold in India were already shorter than 4 m, so they became more affordable because of lower excise duty. In some cases manufacturers just have to shrink engine size (1200cc for petrol and 1500cc for diesel).

    The Indian market was never ready for hatchback products longer than 4m, as the majority tended to look forward to sedans in that case, for a status symbol (emotional need) in those days. Chevrolet's attempt with the 4.3m long and ambitiously priced SRV bombed in the Indian market.

    Since 2006, manufacturers in India have become innovative to fit sedans and crossovers (with SUV silhouette) body styles within the constraints laid down by the small car policy to fulfil the emotional needs of customers.

    Sub 4m sedan

    The very first non-hatchback product to take advantage of the lower excise duty was the Tata Indigo CS. Basically, it was a truncated boot version of Indigo already on sale. The Indigo was derived from the Indica hatchback by the integration of the boot to make a 3-box structure. The hatchback to sedan development concept was seen earlier in India by FIAT (Palio hatchback/Siena sedan) and Opel (Corsa sail hatchback/Corsa sedan).

    Looking at the success of this approach, every other manufacturer since then has used their hatchback as a donor platform (Maruti Swift-Dzire, Honda Brio-Amaze, Hundai Grand i10-Xcent, Tata Bolt-Zest, Ford Figo-Aspire, Volkswagen Polo-Ameo and Tata Tiago-Tigor) and integrated boot along with complete re-engineering of the body behind the B-pillar. Maruti turned out to be the most successful player in this segment, and Volkswagen the least.

    Sub 4m SUV/Crossover (Monocoque chassis)

    To gain a better understanding of the strategic marketing concept behind the sub-4m crossover, here is a quick apples-to-apples comparison of sub-4m hatchback and sub-4m crossover products from the same stable.

    Sub 4m hatchbacks and SUVs offer similar functional benefits i.e. similar in-cabin and boot space

    स्रोत : www.team-bhp.com

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    5 high-performance sub 4 meter compact SUVs in the Indian market; Hyundai Venue N-Line, Mahindra XUV300 TurboSport and Diesel, Kia Sonet Diesel AT and Tata Nexon EV MAX.



    5 powerful sub-4m compact SUVs you can buy right now: Hyundai Venue N-Line to Mahindra XUV300 TurboSport

    By Vedant Beniwal

    Published: October 8, 2022

    The rising market share of SUVs in the Indian market clearly indicates the practicality that these high-ground clearance vehicles bring with them. This has a lot to do with the deteriorating road condition in the country apart from some of the benefits of these SUVs like commanding sitting position, spacious cabin, road presence etc. Amongst the SUVs, the sub-4 meter segment is the most hotly contested category with nine competitors from all the major car manufacturers. The compact dimensions coupled with powerful powertrain make these SUVs a hoot to drive and have started a sub-segment of performance-oriented driver-focused sub-4-meter SUVs. So today we have shortlisted the top 5 high-performance sub-4-meter SUVs currently selling in the Indian market.

    Hyundai Venue N-Line

    The sportier version of Venue Facelift, the Hyundai Venue N-Line was launched in September and is priced in the range of Rs. 12.16 lakh to Rs. 13.15 lakh (ex-showroom). Powering the N-Line is a 1.0-litre tGDi petrol engine belting out 120 bhp and 172 Nm of peak torque, paired to a 7-speed DCT gearbox. The power figures are just one side of the story, while the retuned suspension setup and steering geometry is what makes it stand out. Apart from the powerful engine and sporty dynamics, the SUV looks the part, all thanks to the N-Line cosmetic touches inside out. The performance SUV can do the 0-100 kmph sprint in around 12 seconds.

    Kia Sonet Diesel AT

    Also read: Tata Punch Diesel spotted ahead of launch

    The Sonet is Kia’s player for the sub-4-meter SUV segment. It comes in a variety of engine and gearbox combos, but the most powerful and fastest of the lot is the 1.5 litre CRDi diesel paired to a 6-speed torque converter automatic gearbox. The power output from the setup is rated at 115 bhp and 250 Nm of peak torque. The SUV is capable to touch 100 kmph from a standstill in just 11.48 seconds. The range of diesel AT starts from Rs. 12.15 lakh and goes all the way up to Rs. 13.99 lakh (ex-showroom).

    Mahindra XUV300 Diesel

    With the 1.5 litre 4-cylinder Turbo Diesel engine under the hood, the XUV300 does the 0-100 kmph sprint in 11.85 seconds. The best-in-segment diesel power figures stand at 115 bhp and 300 Nm of peak torque. The engine comes mated to a 6-speed manual transmission. The range of the XUV300 diesel manual starts from as low as Rs. 9.60 lakh and goes all the way up to Rs. 13.38 lakh (ex-showroom).

    Mahindra XUV300 TurboSport

    The latest addition to the XUV300 line-up, the TurboSport is powered by an all-new 1.2-litre mStallion TGDi petrol engine. The powerhouse churns out 130 bhp at 5000 rpm and 230 Nm of peak torque from 1500 to 3750 rpm. A special over-boost function can boost the torque delivery to 250 Nm for a brief period. The engine is paired to a 6-speed manual gearbox and Mahindra claims that the SUV can go from 0 to 60 kmph in just 5 seconds. The TurboSport version of XUV300 is priced from Rs. 10.35 lakh to Rs. 12.90 lakh (ex-showroom).

    Tata Nexon EV MAX

    Standing tall amongst the ICE SUVs is the fastest and only EV in this list, the Tata Nexon EV MAX. When it comes to raw power, EVs offer an altogether different experience, all thanks to their rapid power and torque delivery. Using its 40.5 kWh battery pack, the electric motor churns out 143 bhp and 250 Nm of peak torque. Tata Motors claim a 0-100 kmph timing of less than 9 seconds for the Nexon EV MAX, while the top speed is limited to 140 kmph. The all-electric EV is priced in the range of Rs. 18.34 lakh to Rs. 19.84 lakh (ex-showroom).

    Also read: 10 DC Design cars & how they look in the REAL world: Maruti Swift to Mahindra XUV500


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    स्रोत : www.cartoq.com

    7 Cars That Started A New Segment In India: The 'OGs'

    We would still be driving a rugged old heavy sedan if it wasn't for them. There are 5 cars that started a ew segment in India

    7 Cars That Started A New Segment In India: The ‘OGs’

    By Vatsal Tripathi May 15, 2021 17 10622

    The Indian automobile industry. From just a couple of models available in the 80s and early 90s to a huge variety of cars available in each segment. But we wouldn’t be where we are if not for these cars. So today GoMechanic is here to pay tribute to the ‘OGs’. These are the 7 cars that started a new segment in India.

    Maruti Suzuki 800- Hatchback

    Maruti 800

    Currently, Maruti Suzuki is the most successful carmaker in India and it owes this success to their first car; the 800. It was launched in 1983 and was the first hatchback Indians could buy and it was an instant hit. It was a lot more modern than the cars offered at that time, a lot more nimble and came with a bulletproof 796 cc 4-speed gearbox transmission.

    Read: 37 Years Of Maruti 800 | Gone But Never Forgotten

    The 800 was the perfect car for that time; especially for the youth since they wanted something cool looking. And although many cars came and went, the 800 continued hustling and stayed in production until 2014; which also makes it one of the cars with the longest life. Even in the era when most of the cars are thoroughly designed using technology, the simple-looking 800 can give most of them are run for their money.

    Fun fact: It is one of the very rare cars that exceeded their limit on the speedometer.

    Tata Indigo CS- Compact Sedan

    Indigo CS

    After the success of their first passenger car Indica, Tata decided to launch its elder cousin, the Indigo. The sedan did fairly decent on the market but it was the Indigo CS that started the ‘compact sedan’ segment in India. Launched in 2008, it was the sub 4m sedan and came with a 1200cc petrol engine which produced 65 bhp. It did not do well in the market at first; but was a huge hit amongst cab operators as it was cheap, easy to maintain and had a decent mileage of 15.4 ARAI.

    Read: The Tata Indigo: When Tata Made a Sedan For India

    Honestly, if it wasn’t for the CS, we would probably never have gotten amazing cars like the Maruti Suzuki Swift Dzire and the Honda Amaze.

    Ford EcoSport- Sub-Compact SUV

    Ford EcoSport

    Although Indians like to have the grand feeling of an SUV; they are pretty inconvenient due to their large dimensions, driving dynamics and maintenance cost. Ford observed this very closely and thus launched the EcoSport in 2013 and this was the car that single-handedly boosted sales for the ‘Blue Oval’ in India.

    The credit was India’s first compact SUV should factually go to the Premier Rio, however, given that the Rio was a sales failure, it seems just to credit the Ecosport for this segment.

    Read: Revisiting The Ford EcoSport EcoBoost 1.0 Turbo Petrol SUV

    It was the first subcompact 4m SUV so Indians got the feel of a big brawny car but with all the practicality of a hatchback. They also offered a number of attractive options; including a 1.0 turbo petrol (bring it back please) and became the perfect car for city and as well as highway cruising. 8 years have passed by and it is still going strong.

    Tata Safari- Luxury SUV

    Tata Safari

    If you ask a late 90s kid about his favourite car, 9 out of 10 times they will say it’s the Tata Safari. It was the first full-sized Indian luxury SUV that was considered affordable. After its launch in 2000, it became the favourite car for movie stars, offroaders and even politicians due to its fierce looks,  futuristic features (it came with a freaking PlayStation!) and a solid turbo diesel as well as a petrol engine. It has undergone a couple of generation changes and even though the current gen does not do justice to the OG model; it is one of the most iconic Indian cars ever.

    Read: Tata Safari History | The Evolution of an SUV Icon

    Tata Sierra- SUV

    Tata Sierra

    If there is one Indian carmaker that could predict the future, it’s Tata. In 1991, Tata launched the first indigenous SUV, the Sierra. It came with 3 doors, a 2.0-litre Peugeot sourced diesel engine and 4WD. What more could you have asked for! It also had a number of features only seen in foreign imports like power windows, adjustable steering wheel and tachometer. But due to all this, it came with a price tag of 5 lakhs which was too much for Indians in the 1990s and thus the Sierra was discontinued in 2000.

    स्रोत : gomechanic.in

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