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Republic Day Celebration 2023
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Republic day celebration
On Republic Day, flag hoisting ceremonies and parades by armed forces and school children are held in different parts of the country. The grandest and most important of these parades is held at Rajpath in New Delhi, which showcases a multi-hued image of the country's rich cultural heritage and military prowess.
This parade is presided over by the President of India . One of the main functions of the Republic Day Parade is to pay tribute to the martyrs who have sacrificed their lives for the country and to confer bravery awards on military persons, citizenry and children for showing courage in the face of adversity.
The Prime Minister of India first lays a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, in memory of all members of the armed forces who gave up their life for the country. After that there is the 21 gun salute, unfurling of the National Flag and singing of the National Anthem. Next, awards such as the Paramvir Chakra, Ashok Chakra and Vir Chakra are presented to gallantry award winners.
The parade begins with winners of gallantry awards saluting the President in open military jeeps, followed by the display of various tanks, missiles and other equipment added to the arsenal of the military. After this, is the march-past of different regiments of the armed forces, police, Home Guards and National Cadet Corps. The President of India, being the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute. This is followed by a vibrant parade comprising tableaux from different States and cultural dances by patriotic school children.
Children who have won Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar ride past the spectators on colourfully decorated elephants. These children are honoured and awarded by the Indian Council for Child Welfare for performing outstanding deeds of bravery and selfless sacrifice.
The Republic Day Parade is concluded by dare devil motor cycle riding and a flypast by Indian Air Force fighter jets over Rajpath, as spectators look on with their hearts filled with pride.
A salute to the Legends
January 30 is marked as Martyrs Days, to honour and pay homage to those martyrs who gave the ultimate sacrifice for the freedom, welfare and progress of our beloved country. It was on January 30, 1948 when Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated. And, since then every year the nation pays homage to the Mahatma and other martyrs on this day.
The President , the Vice President , the Prime Minister , the Defence Minister, and the three service Chiefs gather at Rajghat and lay wreaths on the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi, decorated with multi-colour flowers. The inter-services contingent reverses arms as a mark of respect to the martyrs. A religious prayer ceremony is held and Gandhiji's favourite bhajans are sung.
Beating Retreat Ceremony
The ceremony at the Vijay Chowk on January 29 every year marks the culmination of the four-day-long Republic Day celebrations. The Chief Guest of the function is the President of India who arrives in a cavalry unit escorted by the 'President's Bodyguards' (PBG). When the President arrives, the PBG commander asks the unit to give the National Salute, which is followed by the playing of the Indian National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana, by the Massed Bands, and at the same time by the unfurling of the National Flag of India on the flagpole. Military Bands, Pipes and Drums Bands, Buglers and Trumpeters from various Army Regiments perform during the ceremony. Besides, there are bands from each of the Navy and Air Force. Most of the tunes being played by the Army's Military Bands are based on Indian tunes.
'Beating the Retreat' has emerged as an event of national pride when the Colours and Standards are paraded. The ceremony traces its origin to the early 1950s when Major Roberts of the Indian Army indigenously developed the unique ceremony of display by the massed bands. 'Beating Retreat' marks a centuries old military tradition, when the troops ceased fighting, sheathed their arms and withdrew from the battlefield and returned to the camps at sunset at the sounding of the Retreat. Colours and Standards are cased and flags lowered. The ceremony creates longing for the times gone by.
The grandest celebrations take place in New Delhi with the flag hoisting ceremony followed by a parade, showcasing India's rich cultural heritage and military prowess...
India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world with a kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage. It has achieved all-round socio-economic progress since Independence. As the 7th largest country in the world, India stands apart from the rest of Asia, marked off as it is by mountains and the sea, which give the country a distinct geographical entity. Bounded by the Great Himalayas in the north, it stretches southwards and at the Tropic of Cancer, tapers off into the Indian Ocean between the Bay of Bengal on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west.
Beating Retreat ceremony marks end of India's 73rd Republic Day celebrations; WATCH
The ‘Beating the Retreat’ ceremony, which marks the end of nearly week-long festivities of Republic Day, was held at Vijay Chowk in New Delhi on January 29.
Last Updated: 29th January, 2022 19:42 IST
Beating Retreat Ceremony Marks End Of India's 73rd Republic Day Celebrations; WATCH
Beating Retreat Ceremony Marks End Of India's 73rd Republic Day Celebrations; WATCH The ‘Beating the Retreat’ ceremony, which marks the end of nearly week-long festivities of Republic Day, was held at Vijay Chowk in New Delhi on January 29.
Written By Vidyashree S
The ‘Beating the Retreat’ ceremony, which marks the end of nearly week-long festivities of Republic Day, was held at Vijay Chowk in New Delhi. The ceremony traditionally comprises of musical performances by military bands, who, each year, play Indian and western tunes.
President Ram Nath Kovid, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, and chiefs of the Indian Tri-services were present at Vijay Chowk for the ‘Beating the Retreat’ ceremony.
Activities of 'Beating Retreat' ceremony
The Military bands played 'Aey Mere Watan ke Logo' as part of the ceremony. A laser projection narrating India's freedom struggle and its journey since Independence was also presented.
READ | Beating Retreat ceremony to have show of nearly 1,000 drones by IIT-Delhi startup
During the Beating Retreat ceremony at Vijay Chowk,1,000 'Made in India' drones made different formations, to commemorate 75 years of the country's independence, which is being celebrated as 'Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav'.
The Ministry of Defense in a press release had said that some new activities including a drone show and projection mapping have been introduced for the 2022 Beating the Retreat.
The novel drone show, involving around 1,000 drones, fabricated through indigenous technology, at the backdrop of synchronised music. This drone show was by a startup ‘Botlab Dynamics’ which was organised under the ‘Make in India' initiative with the support of the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi and the Department of Science & Technology.
READ | Beating Retreat ceremony to have 'Aey Mere Watan Ke Logon' instead of 'Abide With Me' hymn
Histroy of ‘Beating the Retreat’
Beating the Retreat is a centuries-old military tradition dating from the days when troops disengaged from the battle at sunset. In 17th century England, the military tradition began when King James II ordered his troops to beat drums, lower flags, and organise a parade to announce the end of a day of combat. The ceremony that was held at sunset after firing a single round from the evening gun was termed as 'watch setting'.
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READ | WATCH: Awe-inspiring Beating Retreat ceremony at Attari-Wagah border on Republic Day
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First Published: 29th January, 2022 19:42 IST
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Beating Retreat Ceremony
Beating Retreat Ceremony is a military ceremony which officially marks the end of Republic Day festivities in India. For UPSC 2021 Preparation, follow BYJU’S.
IAS PreparationUPSC Preparation StrategyBeating Retreat Ceremony - History of Military Ceremony
Beating Retreat Ceremony - History of Military Ceremony
Beating Retreat Ceremony is a military ceremony that was performed for the first time in India in the 1950’s. This article briefly throws light on the origins of this military ceremony, and lucidly explains facts pertaining to the Beating Retreat Ceremony in India, which marks the end of Republic Day festivities.
Beating Retreat Ceremony is a military ceremony dating back to 17th-century England.
The Beating Retreat Ceremony was originally known as ‘Watch Setting’.
This Ceremony was first used to recall nearby patrolling units to their castle.
It was initiated at sunset by the firing of a single round from the evening gun.
The Beating Retreat Ceremonies usually consist of firing a canon, marching of a band and other decorative presentations.
Currently, most of the armed forces in the ‘Commonwealth’ perform some ceremonial form of the retreat.
Aspirants can find information on the structure and other important details related to the IAS Exam, in the linked article.
Other related links in line with the UPSC Syllabus are given below for the candidate’s reference:
India – Pakistan Relations List of Major Boundary Lines in India and World
Indian National Army (INA) Armed Forces of India
Beating Retreat Ceremony in India – Details of the Military Ceremony
The Beating Retreat Ceremony was first started in the 1950’s when Elizabeth II and Prince Philip visited India for the first time after India attained Independence from the British. The idea was conceived by Major G.A.Roberts, an officer in the Grenadiers Regiment, which is an infantry regiment in the Indian Army. It was conceived by Major G.A.Roberts after he was directed by the First Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru to mark the arrival of Elizabeth II and Prince Phillips with a creative and spectacular event.
In India, the Republic Day festivities officially comes to an end with the Beating Retreating Ceremony.This Beating Retreat Ceremony is conducted on January 29 every year, the third day after Republic Day.
This ceremony is conducted by Section D in the Ministry of Defence, India.
The venue of the Beating Retreating Ceremony is Raisina Hills (An area in New Delhi, which has the most important buildings of the Government of India including Rashtrapati Bhavan, the official residence of President of India).
Beating Retreating ceremony is performed by the pipe band of Indian Army; massed bands of Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, Indian Army.
From 2016, even the bands of Delhi Police and Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) performed in the Beating Retreating Ceremony.
Learn more about the famous Wagah-Attari Border Ceremony also known as ‘Beating Retreat Border Ceremony’, which takes place at the Wagah Border, the international border separating India and Pakistan.
Kickstart your UPSC preparation now and complement it with the links given below:Previous Years UPSC Prelims Questions – Medieval Indian HistoryHistory Of Medieval India – NCERT NotesPrevious Year Modern History Prelims Questions PDF with SolutionsNCERT Notes: Modern Indian HistoryUPSC Previous Year Question Papers
Beating Retreat Ceremony in India – Order of Ceremony
The Chief guest of the Beating Retreat Ceremony is the President of India.
After the salute is given by the President’s Bodyguard (PBG), Indian National anthem will be played by the Massed Bands, with the simultaneous unfurling of the national flag of India.
This is followed by the massed bands of tri services, marching in intricate and beautiful patterns while playing many popular tunes.
The combined bands of Air Force and Navy are the last bands to perform
At the end of the Beating Retreat Ceremony, the national flag is lowered
Once the President leaves the ceremony, there will be a short display of fireworks.
Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Exams by visiting the UPSC Syllabus 2021 page.
Frequently asked Questions about the Beating Retreat Ceremony
What is the Beating Retreat Ceremony?
The Beating Retreat is a sombre ceremony mainly consisting of performances of the bands of the three services. A centuries-old military tradition, it dates back to the days when troops used to disengage from fighting at sunset. A soon as the buglers sounded the “Retreat” the troops stopped fighting.
Why is Beating Retreat Ceremony carried out in India?
Beating Retreat’ marks a centuries old military tradition, when the troops ceased fighting, sheathed their arms and withdrew from the battlefield and returned to the camps at sunset at the sounding of the Retreat. Colours and Standards are cased and flags lowered. The ceremony creates a longing for the times gone by.Related Links
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