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    Christmas tree

    Christmas tree

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    For other uses, see Christmas tree (disambiguation).

    Christmas tree decorated with ribbons, stars and glass balls

    by Viggo Johansen (1891)

    Family decorating Christmas tree (c. 1970s)

    A Christmas tree is a decorated tree, usually an evergreen conifer, such as a spruce, pine or fir, or an artificial tree of similar appearance, associated with the celebration of Christmas.[1] The custom was further developed in early modern Germany where German Protestant Christians brought decorated trees into their homes.[2][3] It acquired popularity beyond the Lutheran areas of Germany[2][4] and the Baltic governorates during the second half of the 19th century, at first among the upper classes.

    The tree was traditionally decorated with "roses made of colored paper, apples, wafers, tinsel, [and] sweetmeats".[2] Moravian Christians began to illuminate Christmas trees with candles,[5] which were often replaced by Christmas lights after the advent of electrification.[6] Today, there is a wide variety of traditional and modern ornaments, such as garlands, baubles, tinsel, and candy canes. An angel or star might be placed at the top of the tree to represent the Angel Gabriel or the Star of Bethlehem, respectively, from the Nativity.[7][8] Edible items such as gingerbread, chocolate, and other sweets are also popular and are tied to or hung from the tree's branches with ribbons. The Christmas tree has been historically regarded as a custom of the Lutheran Churches and only in 1982 did the Catholic Church erect the Vatican Christmas Tree.[9]

    In the Western Christian tradition, Christmas trees are variously erected on days such as the first day of Advent or even as late as Christmas Eve depending on the country;[10] customs of the same faith hold that the two traditional days when Christmas decorations, such as the Christmas tree, are removed are Twelfth Night and, if they are not taken down on that day, Candlemas, the latter of which ends the Christmas-Epiphany season in some denominations.[10][11]

    The Christmas tree is sometimes compared with the "Yule-tree", especially in discussions of its folkloric origins.[12][13][14]

    Contents

    1 History

    1.1 Origin of the modern Christmas tree

    1.2 Possible predecessors

    1.3 Historical practices by region

    1.3.1 Estonia, Latvia, and Germany

    1.3.2 Poland

    1.4 18th to early 20th centuries

    1.4.1 Adoption by European nobility

    1.4.2 Adoption by country or region

    1.4.2.1 Germany 1.4.2.2 Slovenia 1.4.2.3 Britain 1.4.2.4 Georgia 1.4.2.5 The Bahamas

    1.4.2.6 North America

    1.5 1935 to present

    1.5.1 Public Christmas trees

    2 Customs and traditions

    2.1 Setting up and taking down

    2.2 Decorations 3 Production 3.1 Natural trees

    3.2 Artificial trees

    4 Environmental issues

    5 Religious issues 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

    History[edit]

    Origin of the modern Christmas tree[edit]

    Martin Luther is depicted with his family and friends in front of a Christmas tree on Christmas Eve

    Modern Christmas trees originated during the Renaissance in early modern Germany. Its 16th-century origins are sometimes associated with Protestant Christian reformer Martin Luther, who is said to have first added lighted candles to an evergreen tree.[15][16][17] The Christmas tree was first recorded to be used by German Lutherans in the 16th century, with records indicating that a Christmas tree was placed in the Cathedral of Strasbourg in 1539, under the leadership of the Protestant Reformer, Martin Bucer.[18][19] The Moravian Christians put lighted candles on those trees."[5][20] The earliest known firmly dated representation of a Christmas tree is on the keystone sculpture of a private home in Turckheim, Alsace (then part of Germany, today France), with the date 1576.[21]

    Possible predecessors[edit]

    Modern Christmas trees have been related to the "tree of paradise" of medieval mystery plays that were given on 24 December, the commemoration and name day of Adam and Eve in various countries. In such plays, a tree decorated with apples (which "set up a symbolic relation to the paradisal apple of knowledge and thus to the original sin that Christ took away") and round white wafers (to represent the Eucharist and redemption) was used as a setting for the play.[6] Like the Christmas crib, the Paradise tree was later placed in homes. The apples were replaced by round objects such as shiny red balls.[13][14][22][23][24][25]

    स्रोत : en.wikipedia.org

    which country started the tradition of putting up a christmas tree

    which country started the tradition of putting up a christmas tree Christmas

    which country started the tradition of putting up a christmas tree

    Author December 20, 2022

    which country started the tradition of putting up a christmas tree ?First assumption

    The tradition of putting up a Christmas tree dates back to the 16th century in Germany. According to legend, the Protestant reformer Martin Luther is credited with starting the tradition of decorating Christmas trees. It is said that one winter evening, while walking home through the woods, he was awestruck by the beauty of the stars shining through the branches of the trees. To capture the beauty of the moment, he set up a small tree in his home and decorated it with candles to mimic the twinkling stars.

    The tradition of putting up a Christmas tree quickly spread throughout Germany and other parts of Europe, and it eventually made its way to the United States. Today, the Christmas tree is a popular holiday decoration in many countries around the world.

    Second assumption

    Prince Albert of Germany married Queen Victoria of England in 1841 and brought the Christmas tree tradition with him to England.

    Other links

    What is White Christmas ?

    Christmas story and Famous Quotes of Jesus

    which country started the tradition of putting up a christmas tree

    Who is Santa Claus , Is Santa Claus real ?

    GENERAL KNOWLEDGE

    स्रोत : www.sarkarilibrary.in

    The Real History of Christmas Trees

    How Christmas trees became a Christmas tradition—and the one image that popularized Christmas trees in the U.S.

    How Christmas Trees Became a Holiday Tradition

    A man walks past the Christmas tree in Rockefeller Center before sunrise on Dec. 5, 2019, in New York City. Gary Hershorn—Getty Images

    BY OLIVIA B. WAXMAN

    UPDATED: DECEMBER 21, 2020 5:21 PM EST | ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED: DECEMBER 5, 2019 6:36 PM EST

    M

    any people who celebrate Christmas have already decorated their own evergreens this year, but there’s a new layer of meaning to the demand for Christmas trees during the continuing pandemic. As the New York reported in 2020, some people have used them to spruce up their homes and promote holiday cheer in a year when it’s especially needed amid isolating lockdowns and COVID-19 fears.

    Shortages of Christmas trees and price hikes have also become somewhat of a holiday tradition in recent years. Here’s a look at how Christmas trees — both real and artificial — became such a popular holiday tradition in the first place.

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    The Origins of Christmas Trees

    Records of using greenery to celebrate the holidays predate widespread use of the phrase “Christmas tree.” Rural English church records from the 15th and 16th centuries indicate that holly and ivy were bought in the winter — hence the British carol “The Holly and the Ivy.” Private houses and streets were also decorated with greenery at this time, according to Judith Flanders’ Christmas: A Biography. Flanders posits that a precursor to the Christmas tree can be seen in the pole that parishes would decorate with holly and ivy, like a winter Maypole; one account describes a storm in London that knocked over a poll that’s described as “for disport of Christmas to the people.”

    A lot of myths surround the origins of Christmas trees. One legend says that Martin Luther, who catalyzed the Protestant Reformation, believed that pine trees represented the goodness of God. Another myth popular in the 15th century tells the story of St. Boniface, who in the 8th century thwarted a pagan human sacrifice under an oak tree by cutting down that tree; a fir tree grew in its place, with its branches representing Christ’s eternal truth. Some versions of this St. Boniface legend say he cut down the new fir tree and hung it upside down, which is believed to have led to the tradition of trees being hung upside down to represent the Holy Trinity — sometimes with an apple wedged at the point instead of a star. All of these stories may have helped the Christmas tradition spread.

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    But the real origins of Christmas trees appear to be rooted in present-day Germany during the Middle Ages.

    In 1419, a guild in Freiburg put up a tree decorated with apples, flour-paste wafers, tinsel and gingerbread. In “Paradise Plays” that were performed to celebrate the feast day of Adam and Eve, which fell on Christmas Eve, a tree of knowledge was represented by an evergreen fir with apples tied to its branches. Flanders finds documentation of trees decorated with wool thread, straw, apples, nuts and pretzels.

    The oldest Christmas tree market is thought to have been located just over the southwestern German border in Strasbourg in Alsace (which was back then part of the Rhineland, now in present-day France), where unadorned Christmas trees were sold during the 17th century as Weihnachtsbaum, German for Christmas tree. Flanders says the “first decorated indoor tree” was recorded in 1605, in Strasbourg, decorated with roses, apples, wafers and other sweets, according to her research.

    Demand for Christmas trees was so high in the 15th century that laws were passed in Strasbourg cracking down on people cutting pine branches. Ordinances throughout the region of Alsace limited each household to one tree in the 1530s.

    How Christmas trees got popular in U.S.

    References to Christmas trees in private homes or establishments in North America date back to the late 18th century and early 19th century. Flanders mentions a reference to a pine tree in North Carolina in 1786. In 1805, a school for American Indians run by Moravian missionaries sent students “to fetch a small green tree for Christmas.” Similar examples pop up in the first half of the 19th century in the Midwest and further West, such as the German immigrants in Texas who decorated trees with moss, cotton, pecans, red pepper swags and popcorn.

    But the image of a decorated Christmas tree with presents underneath has a very specific origin: an engraving of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert and their children gathering around a Christmas tree, eyeing the presents underneath, published in the Illustrated London News in 1848. The premier women’s magazine in America back then, Godey’s Lady’s Book, reprinted a version of the image a couple of years later as “The Christmas Tree.”

    स्रोत : time.com

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