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    which food item did yuri gagarin the first man in space eat during his journey

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    What do astronauts eat in space?

    How are foods and drinks prepared for the long journey into space? How do the astronauts eat and drink?

    What do astronauts eat in space?

    How are foods and drinks prepared for the long journey into space? How do the astronauts eat and drink?

    Today, astronauts eat a varied diet that is similar to what we eat on Earth. The menu aboard the International Space Station (ISS) includes more than a hundred items - from vegetables and fruit to pre-prepared meals and desserts. Even condiments such as ketchup and mustard are available. There are three meals per day, plus snacks that can be eaten at any time, ensuring astronauts receive at least 2500 calories each day.

    Foods taken into space are pre-planned by the mission team and are often chosen from a menu by the astronauts themselves. To allow astronauts to stay in space for long periods, scientists have invented unique ways of packaging and preparing produce and meals. When planning which foods will be sent, scientists and Mission Control choose ingredients that are light-weight, nutritious and easy to eat while also remaining tasty.

    Eating in space

    There are numerous challenges to eating in space and low gravity conditions - not only the primary issue of getting the food from the package into astronaut's mouth.

    There are many health considerations. Over long periods in space, muscle mass and bone density can decrease by up to twenty per cent. This loss may not hinder astronauts while they are in orbit, but their weakened bones can prove fragile when they return to Earth, increasing the risk of fractures. Exercise and foods rich in calcium like yoghurt are therefore essential.

    As fluids act differently in space, an astronaut’s sense of taste is changed. On Earth, body fluids generally settle towards our feet. In reduced gravity, these fluids move freely in our bodies, creating a similar feeling to a head cold or blocked sinuses and leaving many foods tasting bland. To reactivate their taste buds, many astronauts to have a preference for piquant and hot foods such as peppers and spicy flavours such as horseradish or wasabi.

    Sandra Magnus and Yuri Lonchakov with food storage containers in the Zvezda Service Module. Image Credit: NASA

    First baking  in space

    In December 2019 the first cookies were baked in space. The cookie dough was provided by DoubleTree by Hilton, and was baked on board the International Space Station, taking two hours in the oven.

    We made space cookies and milk for Santa this year. Happy holidays from the @Space_Station! pic.twitter.com/sZS4KdPmhj

    — Christina H Koch (@Astro_Christina) December 26, 2019

    How do astronauts eat in space? 

    Food and drink are packaged using similar methods to those used in other forms of long voyage, especially those undertaken by the military. Primarily, zip lock bags, retort pouches and cans are used due to their light weight, compact size and airtight seals, which prevent spoilage and spillage.

    Food is prepared using microwaves and convection ovens. At the water stations, a water gun reconstitutes dehydrated meals and fills water bags. When an astronaut chooses their meal, they scan a barcode found on the back of the meal's package. This allows their mission team to keep track of what they are eating.

    Aboard the ISS, a dining room with tables and chairs fixed to the floor allow for a more normalised dining experience. Astronauts strap themselves into chairs with thigh and foot supports and eat from magnetised trays using forks, knives and spoon. Antimicrobial materials line the walls in the room, preventing the spread of bacteria.

    What foods are eaten in space?

    Historically, space food was mainly dehydrated or provided in pastes and eaten from tubes. As science and technology have provided us with new forms of food processing, packaging and ingredients, the foods have also improved to now resemble many meals we have on Earth. When planning which foods to send into space, they are divided into the following groups:

    Fresh foods - produce with a two-day shelf life such as fruit and vegetables are refrigerated onboard the spacecraft and consumed quickly to avoid spoilage. As vitamins and nutrients can generally be satisfied by other means, this produce is sent to keep morale high.

    Irradiated foods - meat and dairy produce have ionising radiation applied to them before packaging. This increases the items’ shelf life and reduces the risks associated with microbial contamination.

    Intermediate moisture - these foods contain a small quantity of water (low enough to limit microbial growth) and are often soft in texture. Processes such as salting or sun-drying are used in the creation of these items and require no further preparation.

    Natural form foods - foods such as nuts, biscuits and chocolate bars are simply packaged and ready to eat.

    Rehydratable foods and drinks - for a long time, this was the standard method of preparing food for space. Removing the water from the food or drink makes it difficult for bacteria to multiply and dramatically extends the product’s shelf-life and reduces the chance of spoilage. These products have water returned to them when the astronauts are ready to eat.

    स्रोत : www.rmg.co.uk

    Space Food

    When the Soviet Union's Yuri Gagarin (pictured, right) became the first human in space, he took along and ate the first meal in space: two servings of

    Home > Space Food

    Space Food

    Space Food

    When the Soviet Union’s Yuri Gagarin (pictured, right) became the first human in space, he took along and ate the first meal in space: two servings of pureed meat and one…

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    When the Soviet Union’s Yuri Gagarin (pictured, right) became the first human in space, he took along and ate the first meal in space: two servings of pureed meat and one of chocolate sauce – all in the yummy form of paste he squeezed from tubes, just like toothpaste!

    The early Mercury astronauts took along freeze-dried food in powdered form and bite-sized cubes, which they did not enjoy trying to rehydrate and eat.

    Eventually, tubes were ousted and menus started consisting of more normal food items that humans enjoy. For Project Gemini during the mid-1960s, improved freeze-drying methods permitted luxuries such as shrimp cocktail, toast, chicken and vegetables and pudding.

    The variety of food options continued to expand for the Apollo missions. The new availability of hot water made rehydrating freeze-dried foods simpler, and produced a more appetizing result. The “spoon-bowl” allowed more normal eating practices. Food could be kept in special plastic zip-closure containers, and its moisture allowed it to stick to a spoon.

    Today’s U.S. space food almost exclusively uses the same kind of packaging used for the military’s Meals, Ready to Eat (MRE) kits, or the room-temperature tuna pouches you can buy in a grocery store. Dehydrated foods are still used, as are foods that are thermostabilized or irradiated and can be served right out of the package – just heat and eat. Dozens of possible menu items range from meatloaf with mashed potatoes and gravy to coconut cream pie. Today, anything that can be kept at room temperature can be eaten on board a spacecraft, including pasta, fruit and other popular foods from home.

    International Variety

    Every country that travels into space brings along the food its citizens enjoy. Russian foods are preserved the same way as U.S. foods, but are packaged differently, many in cans. The Russian space program has about 100 different food items – with some definite cultural differences. In the U.S., we might eat eggs and bacon for breakfast, whereas the Russians traditionally like fish products for breakfast, such as pickled or spiced perch. Other popular Russian space foods include a variety of soups, lamb with vegetables, sturgeon, borsch, goulash, curds and nuts. When China launched into orbit in 2003 for the first time, Yang Liwei brought yuxiang pork, Kung Pao chicken, rice and Chinese herbal tea. Japan sends sushi, ramen, yokan and rice with ume for its astronauts.

    Snacks and Tang!

    The International Space Station stocks an assortment of dried fruit, animal and goldfish crackers, cookies, potato chips, Rice Krispies® treats, candy-coated chocolates, Life Savers candy and gum for snacks.

    Contrary to popular belief, Tang was not invented by NASA or for space travel. But it did become a household name after it was used by the early Mercury, Gemini and Apollo astronauts to make the water that was produced in space taste much better.

    Classifications of Space Food

    Beverages (dehydrated of course)

    Fresh Foods (food with a two-day shelf life)

    Irradiated Meat (to keep it from spoiling)

    Intermediate Moisture (foods that won’t go bad as quickly as fresh foods)

    Natural Form (nuts, cookies, granola bars, etc.)

    Rehydratable Foods (food that can be reconstituted with water)

    Thermostabilized (prepared with heat to kill off possible spoiling agents)

    Current Space Food on Display

    The Russian and U.S. space food on display in the El Pomar Space Gallery was donated by NASA astronaut Col. Michael Good, USAF, Ret., from his days aboard the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station.

    Food eaten on space missions today is more sophisticated – and much tastier – than Apollo-era space food.

    For more information, click here.

    And for more fun… click on the links

    Thanksgiving in space

    Dining in space

    Space food from the European Space Agency

    NASA Space Food

    Purchase your very own Space Food!

    स्रोत : discoverspace.org

    KBC 2022

    KBC 2022| Which of these food items did Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, eat during his his journey?

    By Ishani Santuka - December 26, 2022

    KBC 2022| Choose the correct option

    Question: Which of these food items did Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, eat during his his journey?

    Potato chips Glucose biscuits Sandwich Chocolate sauce

    Ans: Chocolate Sauce

    स्रोत : www.mapsofindia.com

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