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    which is the important site of formation of glycoproteins and glycolipids in eukaryotic cells

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    Question

    Which is the important site of the formation of glycoproteins and glycolipids in eukaryotic cells?

    Open in App Solution

    The correct option is A

    Golgi Bodies

    The correct option is A.Explanation of correct option:

    Golgi bodies are cell organelles.

    The main function of Golgi bodies or Golgi apparatus is to synthesize proteins and lipids.

    The complex proteins and lipids like glycolipids and glycoproteins are manufactured by Golgi bodies.

    Explanation of incorrect options:Option B:

    The function of polysomes is to help in the translation process during protein synthesis.

    Option C:

    The function of the endoplasmic reticulum is to carry out post-translational modifications.

    Option D:

    The function of the peroxisomes is to store peroxidase enzymes.

    Final answer: Golgi bodies are the important site of the formation of glycoproteins and glycolipids in Eukaryotic cells.

    Introduction to Cell

    Standard XII Biology

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    Important site for formation of glycoproteins and glycolipid is a. Vacuole b. Plastids c. Lysosomesd. Golgi apparatus.

    Important site for formation of glycoproteins and glycolipid is a. Vacuole b. Plastids c. Lysosomesd. Golgi apparatus. . Ans: Hint: Cell organelle are the structure present in eukaryotic organisms. The membrane bound organelles is a unique character...

    Important site for formation of glycoproteins and glycolipid is

    a. Vacuole b. Plastids c. Lysosomes d. Golgi apparatus. Answer Verified 242.4k+ views 1 likes

    Hint: Cell organelle are the structure present in eukaryotic organisms. The membrane bound organelles is a unique characteristic of Eukaryotic organisms. Organelles at least function in a coordinated manner and constitute an endomembrane system. The components of the endomembrane system are endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, lysosomes and vacuoles.Complete answer:

    > VACUOLE: They are found in both animal and plant cells but are much larger in plant cells. Vacuoles are mostly used to store food. The layer of vacuole is known as tonoplast. in animals . Food vacuoles are mostly found. So, this option is incorrect.

    > PLASTIDS: Blasts are found in all plant cells and euglenoids on the basis of pigment composition. Plastics are classified into three types, namely chloroplast, chromoplast, and leucoplast. Chromoplast contains fat soluble, carotenoid pigments. Leucoplasts are colourless plastid. chloroplast helps in photosynthesis. So, this option is also not correct.

    > LYSOSOMES:They are also known as suicidal bags. They are called, so because when there is Disturbance in any cellular activity they burst and they start to eat their own cell . So this option is also wrong.

    > GOLGI APPARATUS: These were discovered by camillo golgi. The material synthesized by ER is transformed , modified and packaged by golgi. They are the main site involved in formation of glycoproteins and glycolipids, So this option is correct.

    Hence, The correct answer is option (D).Additional information:

    Some important functions of golgi apparatus are:-

    - Absorption of compounds

    - Formation of acrosome

    - Transport of material

    - Modification of material

    - Formation of intracellular crystals.

    Note: Golgi complex was found by camillo golgi. It consists of many flat disc shapes sacks. They are stacked parallel to each other. The principal function of Golgi is packing of materials to be delivered either to the intracellular target. Or they are secreted outside the cells.

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    Which is the important site of formation of glycoproteins and glycolipids in eukaryotic cells?

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    Question

    Which is the important site of formation of glycoproteins and glycolipids in eukaryotic cells?

    A

    Peroxisomes

    B

    Golgi bodies

    C

    Polysomes

    D

    Endoplasmic reticulum

    Medium Open in App

    Updated on : 2022-09-05

    Solution Verified by Toppr

    Correct option is B)

    Golgi apparatus has may functions. It produces materials for secretion, takes part in the transformation of membranes, the formation of a number of glycoproteins (E.g. mucin from goblet cells), glycolipids, complex heteropolysaccharides (E.g. mucilage from root cap cells), hormones, melanin, the matrix of connective tissue, middle lamella of the plant cell wall, acrosome of human sperm and lysosomes.

    Peroxisomes are the storage organelles of the peroxidase enzyme.

    Polysomes are a cluster of ribosomes used for the translation process.

    Endoplasmic reticulum is the organelle that completes the post-translational modification of a protein.

    Thus, the correct answer is (B).

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